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1968 Major League Baseball season

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 1968 Major League Baseball season was contested from April 10 to October 10, 1968. It was the last season of the traditional two-league system before each of the leagues were split into divisions for the following season. It featured the most dominant pitching year of the modern era, and the first season of the Oakland Athletics (having moved from Kansas City after the 1967 season). The 1968 season was the last year of baseball's pre-playoffs era, in which the team that finished in first place in each league went directly to the World Series to face each other for the "World Championship." Following the addition of expansion teams in 1961 and 1962, the regular season was extended from 154 games to 162 games. In order to maintain a 162-game season, a playoff system was developed following the addition of expansion teams in 1969.

The Year of the Pitcher

In Major League Baseball, the trend throughout the 1960s was of increased pitching dominance, caused by enforcing a larger strike zone (top of armpit to bottom of knee) beginning in 1963. The delicate balance of power between offense and defense reached its greatest tilt in favor of the pitcher by 1968.

During what later became known as "the year of the pitcher",[1] Bob Gibson set a modern earned run average record of 1.12 and a World Series record of 17 strikeouts in Game 1, while Series opponent Denny McLain of the Detroit Tigers won 31 regular season games, the only player to reach the 30 win milestone since Dizzy Dean in 1934. Don Drysdale of the L.A. Dodgers pitched 6 consecutive shutout games in May and June, ending with 58 2/3 scoreless innings. Mickey Lolich won three complete games in the World Series, the last player as of today to do so. Luis Tiant of the Cleveland Indians had the American League's lowest ERA at 1.60 and allowed a batting average of only .168, a major league record (since broken by Pedro Martinez in 2000 (.167)[2]). Both MVPs for that year were pitchers.

In the American League and National League combined, 339 shutouts were recorded in 1,619 regular-season games.[3][4] The St. Louis Cardinals alone pitched 30 shutouts, the most in the Majors. The 472 runs allowed by the Cardinals led the MLB that year and remains the lowest total ever recorded by any Major League team in a 162-game season.

Hitting was anemic. Carl Yastrzemski of the Boston Red Sox had the lowest batting average of any league champion when his .301 was good enough for the American League batting title. The AL's collective slugging average of .339[5] remains the lowest since 1915 (when the game was still in the so-called dead-ball era), while the collective batting average of .230 is the all-time lowest.[6] The Chicago White Sox scored only 463 runs during the regular season and were shut out a league-high 23 times. Both those totals are still all-time records in the era of the 162-game season.

After the season, the Rules Committee, seeking to restore balance, restored the pre-1963 strike zone and lowered the height of the pitching mound from 15 to 10 inches. Four expansion teams joined the majors. 1969 batting averages returned to their historical averages and never again would pitching have as large a statistical average over batting in the major leagues.

Awards and honors

Statistical leaders

  American League National League
Type Name Stat Name Stat
AVG Carl Yastrzemski BOS .301 Pete Rose CIN .335
HR Frank Howard WSH 44 Willie McCovey SF 36
RBI Ken Harrelson BOS 109 Willie McCovey SF 105
Wins Denny McLain DET 31 Juan Marichal SF 26
ERA Luis Tiant CLE 1.60 Bob Gibson STL 1.12
SO Sam McDowell CLE 283 Bob Gibson STL 268
SV Al Worthington MIN 18 Phil Regan LAD/CHC 25
SB Bert Campaneris OAK 62 Lou Brock STL 62

Major league baseball final standings

American League final standings

American League W L Pct. GB Home Road
Detroit Tigers 103 59 0.636 56–25 47–34
Baltimore Orioles 91 71 0.562 12 47–33 44–38
Cleveland Indians 86 75 0.534 16½ 43–37 43–38
Boston Red Sox 86 76 0.531 17 46–35 40–41
New York Yankees 83 79 0.512 20 39–42 44–37
Oakland Athletics 82 80 0.506 21 44–38 38–42
Minnesota Twins 79 83 0.488 24 41–40 38–43
California Angels 67 95 0.414 36 32–49 35–46
Chicago White Sox 67 95 0.414 36 36–45 31–50
Washington Senators 65 96 0.404 37½ 34–47 31–49

National League final standings

National League W L Pct. GB Home Road
St. Louis Cardinals 97 65 0.599 47–34 50–31
San Francisco Giants 88 74 0.543 9 42–39 46–35
Chicago Cubs 84 78 0.519 13 47–34 37–44
Cincinnati Reds 83 79 0.512 14 40–41 43–38
Atlanta Braves 81 81 0.500 16 41–40 40–41
Pittsburgh Pirates 80 82 0.494 17 40–41 40–41
Los Angeles Dodgers 76 86 0.469 21 41–40 35–46
Philadelphia Phillies 76 86 0.469 21 38–43 38–43
New York Mets 73 89 0.451 24 32–49 41–40
Houston Astros 72 90 0.444 25 42–39 30–51

Events

Movies

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "1968 – The Year of the Pitcher" Sports Illustrated, August 4, 1998.
  2. ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/stats/sortable.jsp#elem=%5Bobject+Object%5D&tab_level=child&click_text=Sortable+Player+pitching&game_type='R'&season=&season_type=SINGLE&league_code='MLB'&sectionType=sp&statType=pitching&page=1&ts=1523801929736&sortColumn=avg&sortOrder='asc'&extended=0&split=&playerType=ALL&timeframe=
  3. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/leagues/AL/1968.shtml
  4. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/leagues/NL/1968.shtml
  5. ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/stats/sortable.jsp#elem=%5Bobject+Object%5D&tab_level=child&click_text=Sortable+Team+hitting&game_type='R'&season=1968&season_type=ANY&league_code='NL'&sectionType=st&statType=hitting&page=1&ts=1523801533612&playerType=QUALIFIER&sportCode='mlb'&split=&team_id=&active_sw=&position=&page_type=SortablePlayer&sortOrder='desc'&sortColumn=avg&results=&perPage=50&timeframe=&last_x_days=&extended=0
  6. ^ Charlie Finley: The Outrageous Story of Baseball's Super Showman, p.123, G. Michael Green and Roger D. Launius. Walker Publishing Company, New York, 2010, ISBN 978-0-8027-1745-0
  7. ^ "Ejected While Warming Up". goldenrankings.com. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
This page was last edited on 30 March 2020, at 07:37
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