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North Carolina Democratic Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The North Carolina Democratic Party (NCDP) is the North Carolina affiliate of the Democratic Party. It is headquartered in the historic Goodwin House, located in Raleigh.

Governor Roy Cooper is a North Carolina Democrat. Since the 2010 passage of the Affordable Care Act, North Carolina Democrats have advocated Medicaid expansion in the state, a policy that would provide a federally subsidized health insurance plan to approximately 500,000 North Carolinians. Another priority for North Carolina Democrats in the 2010s and 2020s has been increasing the minimum wage.

History

Previous logo of the North Carolina Democratic Party
Previous logo of the North Carolina Democratic Party

The Second Party System emerged from a divide in the Democratic-Republican Party in 1828. They split off into two groups, the Democrats, led by Andrew Jackson, and the Whigs. In North Carolina, people from the west and northeast supported the Whigs mainly for their policies on education and internal improvements. Meanwhile, eastern North Carolina was dominated by wealthy planters who tended to oppose activist government. During the Civil War, Whigs and Unionist Democrats formed the Conservative Party and elected Zebulon Vance as governor on a platform of supporting the Confederate war effort while defending states' rights and civil liberties against the Confederate government in Richmond.[4] Postwar, the Conservative Party reorganized to oppose the reconstruction policies enacted by the U.S. Congress following the Civil War.[5] By 1870, the two main parties were the Conservatives (who changed their name to "Democratic-Conservatives"[6] and then to Democrats by 1876) and the Republicans.[7]

Before the 1960s, many NCDP leaders, as was the case with most state parties in the South, supported racial segregation. But beginning with the Republicans' 1964 presidential campaign and Richard Nixon's "Southern strategy" in 1968, white segregationists, including former U.S. Senator Jesse Helms, flocked to the Republican Party. Since then, most minority voters have supported the NCDP. Jimmy Carter carried North Carolina in the 1976 election, but from 1980 to 2004, the Republican presidential nominee won the state.

In spite of the conservative bent of North Carolina politics, a number of Democrats, such as Terry Sanford and John Edwards, have been elected to represent the state at the federal level. Edwards was the Democratic nominee for vice president in 2004. Republican U.S. Senator Elizabeth Dole was defeated for reelection in 2008 by Democrat Kay Hagan, the same year Barack Obama carried the state in his victory over Republican John McCain by a margin of less than one half of a percentage point.[8]

Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, North Carolina Democrats have prioritized advocating Medicaid expansion in the state, a policy that would provide a federally subsidized healthcare plan to approximately 500,000 North Carolinians.[9] Another priority for North Carolina Democrats in the 2010s and 2020s has been increasing the minimum wage.[10]

Recent electoral results

2006

North Carolina Democrats scored impressive victories in the 2006 general elections, increasing their majorities in both houses of the North Carolina General Assembly and defeating incumbent Republican U.S. Representative Charles H. Taylor. In addition, most candidates backed by Democrats in the non-partisan races for the North Carolina Supreme Court and the North Carolina Court of Appeals were elected. These victories came despite controversies surrounding Jim Black, a Democrat and former Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives.[11][12]

2008

In 2008, the North Carolina Democratic Party once again earned major victories in state and federal elections. For the first time since 1976, the Democratic nominee carried North Carolina in the presidential election. Meanwhile, Kay Hagan was elected to the U.S. Senate over incumbent Elizabeth Dole, and Beverly Perdue was elected governor to succeed fellow Democrat Mike Easley.

2010

In 2010, Republicans swept North Carolina, taking control of both houses of the General Assembly for the first time since 1896, reelecting Richard Burr to a second term by double digits, and unseating incumbent Democratic U.S. Representative Bob Etheridge.

2012

Bev Perdue retired as governor and the Democratic nominee for governor, Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina Walter H. Dalton was defeated in the general election by Republican Pat McCrory. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Representative Larry Kissell was unseated, and two open U.S. House seats previously controlled by Democrats were also gained by Republicans.

2014

2014 saw incumbent Senator Kay Hagan defeated for reelection, and the seat of U.S. Representative Mike McIntyre who had retired was taken by a Republican. Democrats in the North Carolina House of Representatives flipped four seats from Republican held districts in Wake and Buncombe counties. The state party also saw success in the non-partisan races for North Carolina Supreme Court and the North Carolina Court of Appeals.

2016

In 2016, Democrats retook the governor's office, electing then-Attorney General Roy Cooper, while also electing a Democrat to succeed him as Attorney General, Josh Stein. Meanwhile, Democrats lost seats in the North Carolina Council of State, picked up one seat in the state House[13] and lost one seat in the state Senate.[14] Democratic nominee Deborah K. Ross lost the U.S. Senate election to incumbent Richard Burr. Democrats retook the majority on the North Carolina Supreme Court for the first time in the 21st century.

NCDP organizations

Leadership

The state party chair is Bobbie Richardson, who was elected in 2021. The chair is elected by and leads the state Executive Committee, a body of more than 700 Democratic Party leaders and activists from all 100 counties, which governs the party.[15] Floyd McKissick Jr. is the First Vice-Chair, Matt Hughes is the second Vice-Chair, Shannon Auer is the Third Vice-Chair and Melvin Williams is the Secretary.[16]

Current elected officials

Members of Congress

U.S. Senate

  • None

Both of North Carolina's U.S. Senate seats have been held by Republicans since 2014. Kay Hagan was the last Democrat to represent North Carolina in the U.S. Senate. First elected in 2008, Hagan lost her bid for a second term in 2014 to Republican challenger Thom Tillis who has held the seat since.

U.S. House of Representatives

Out of the 13 seats North Carolina is apportioned in the U.S. House of Representatives, five are held by Democrats:

Statewide offices

Democrats control four of the ten elected statewide offices:

State legislative leaders

State House

Old House of Representatives Chamber, used until 1963 at the State Capitol
Old House of Representatives Chamber, used until 1963 at the State Capitol

There are 51 Democratic State House members as of 2021. Current members are listed below:[17][18]

State Senate

Old Senate Chamber of North Carolina, used until 1963 construction of separate state legislative building
Old Senate Chamber of North Carolina, used until 1963 construction of separate state legislative building

There are 22 Democratic State Senators. Current senators are listed below:[19][20]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ WRAL.com
  2. ^ "Goodwin House – North Carolina Democratic Party". www.ncdp.org. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
  3. ^ "Voter Registration Statistics". North Carolina State Board of Elections.
  4. ^ Faulkner, Ronnie W. "Conservative Party". NCPedia. North Carolina Government & Heritage Library at the State Library of North Carolina. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  5. ^ "The North Carolina Election of 1898 · UNC Libraries". www.lib.unc.edu. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
  6. ^ Address of the Central Executive Committee
  7. ^ "Whigs and Democrats - North Carolina Digital History". www.learnnc.org. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
  8. ^ "President Map - Election Results 2008". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2017-01-21. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
  9. ^ Goodnough, Abby. "A Chance to Expand Medicaid Rallies Democrats in Crucial North Carolina". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  10. ^ Craver, Richard. "$7.25 an hour has been state's minimum wage for 12th consecutive year". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  11. ^ http://abclocal.go.com/wtvd/story?section=central&id=5031714
  12. ^ http://www.newsobserver.com/politics/jimblack/
  13. ^ Ballotpedia: North Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2016
  14. ^ Ballotpedia: North Carolina State Senate elections, 2016
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2007-01-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ NC Democratic Party elects diverse leadership team
  17. ^ "N.C. House of Representatives". www.ncdp.org. NC Democratic Party website. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  18. ^ "North Carolina Representatives 2019-2020 Session". ncleg.gov. Retrieved 2020-05-06.
  19. ^ "NC Senate". NC Democratic Party website. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  20. ^ "North Carolina Senators 2019-2020 Session". Retrieved 2020-05-07.

External links

This page was last edited on 9 June 2021, at 10:05
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