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2020 Democratic National Convention

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 Democratic National Convention
2020 presidential election
DNCC-2020-logo.png
Wisconsin Entertainment and Sports Center - Northeast view.jpg
The Fiserv Forum in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, may be the site of the 2020 Democratic National Convention
Convention
Date(s)August 17–20, 2020
CityMilwaukee, Wisconsin
VenueFiserv Forum
ChairTom Perez
Candidates
Presidential nomineeJoe Biden of Delaware (presumptive)
Vice Presidential nomineeTBD
Voting
Total delegates3,979[a]
Votes needed for nomination1,991[1]
‹ 2016  ·  2024 ›

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is an event in which delegates of the United States Democratic Party will choose the party's nominees for president and vice president in the 2020 United States presidential election. Originally scheduled to be held July 13–16, 2020,[2] the convention was postponed to August 17–20, 2020, due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic in the United States.[3] The event is scheduled to be held at the Fiserv Forum in Milwaukee, Wisconsin,[4] but may be held virtually.[5] Joe Solmonese, former President of the Human Rights Campaign, was named convention CEO in March 2019.[6]

Site selection

Bids on the site for the convention were solicited in late 2017 and were made public in the spring of 2018. Las Vegas later withdrew and decided to focus on the 2020 Republican National Convention, for which its bid was subsequently defeated by Charlotte.[7]

On June 20, 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced four finalists for the convention site. Immediately following the announcement, the finalist city of Denver withdrew from consideration due to apparent scheduling conflicts.[8]

Democratic National Committee Chairman Tom Perez announced on March 11, 2019, that Milwaukee would host the convention.[9]

The selection of Milwaukee will make this the first Democratic National Convention to be hosted in the Midwestern United States since Chicago hosted the 1996 Democratic National Convention,[10] and the first to be hosted in a midwestern city other than Chicago since St. Louis hosted the 1916 Democratic National Convention.[11]

Bids

Winner

Finalists

With the exception of Milwaukee, each of the finalist cities was a past host of a Democratic convention. Denver hosted in both 1908 and 2008. Houston hosted in 1928. Miami hosted in 1972. In addition, both Houston and Miami have also previously hosted Republican National Conventions, with Houston hosting it once in 1992 and Miami having hosted both the 1968 and 1972 RNCs.

Other bids

Atlanta had previously hosted the 1988 convention.

Logistics

Host committee logo
Host committee logo

Approximately 50,000 people are expected to attend the convention. 31 state delegations will stay in 2,926 Milwaukee-area hotel rooms and 26 delegations will stay in 2,841 hotel rooms in Lake County and Rosemont, Illinois. Another 11,000 hotel rooms will house volunteers, members of the media, donors, and other attendees.[18]

Milwaukee had been planning an extension of its streetcar line to be completed in advance of the convention. However, these plans faltered, and the expansion will not be completed in time for the convention.[19][20]

Organizers are also recruiting 15,000 volunteers.[21]

Delay

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the convention has been delayed to August 17–20.[3] The DNC authorized its convention planners on May 12 to research alternative methods for participants to cast votes, considering that the DNC may decide to hold the entire convention online.[22]

Format

Role of superdelegates

Superdelegates are delegates to the convention who are automatically chosen by the party, rather than by the results of primaries and caucuses. While technically unpledged, many of them have informally pledged themselves to a predesignated front-runner in previous elections. During the 2016 Democratic primaries, most of these favored Hillary Clinton over Bernie Sanders.[23] The superdelegate system is controversial among Democrats, and supporters of both Clinton and Sanders have called for their removal in 2020.[24][25]

The Unity Reform Commission, created after the 2016 election, recommended[26] that the number of 2020 superdelegates be drastically reduced. As of July 2018, the DNC plans to revoke voting rights for superdelegates on the first ballot. They will be able to affect the selection of the presidential and vice presidential nominees only if voting continues to another ballot,[27] which has not happened since 1952 for the presidential nomination and 1956 for the vice-presidential nomination.[28]

Politico reported on January 31, 2020, that a small group of DNC members has been discussing plans to weaken Bernie Sanders's campaign by changing the rules to allow superdelegates to vote on the first ballot, in what would be a reversal of the reforms made following the 2016 election. However, prominent former DNC members, including Donna Brazile and Don Fowler, have argued against changing the rules again, while DNC chair Perez has denied the possibility of a rule change.[29]

Selection of pledged delegates

The number of delegates allocated to each of the 50 states and Washington, D.C., are based on, among others, the proportion of votes each state gave to the Democratic candidate in the 2008, 2012, and 2016 presidential elections. A fixed number of pledged delegates are allocated to each of the five U.S. territories and Democrats Abroad.[30]

Qualification of suspended campaigns

The Democratic National Committee's 2020 selection rules state that any candidate who is no longer running loses the statewide delegates they have won and those delegates are then reallocated to candidates still in the race. However, the interpretation of this rule in 2020 races might be different than the interpretation in past races.[31] In previous elections, such as the 2008 presidential primary, candidates would suspend their candidacies rather than formally withdraw, allowing their already pledged delegates to attend the convention and pick up new ones along the way.[32] They would then formally withdraw when it was too late to reallocate the delegations.[citation needed]

Some controversy occurred in April 2020 when the New York state presidential primary was canceled over the COVID-19 pandemic. The New York State Board of Elections then cancelled the Democratic primary, in part to protect public health, but citing a state law allowing cancellation of elections that are uncontested.

The Sanders campaign stated that Sanders had not withdrawn and neither Sanders nor the DNC had requested the cancellation, and demanded that the DNC overturn the decision or disqualify New York's delegates.[33]

On April 28, Andrew Yang and several Yang delegates filed a federal lawsuit against the New York State Board of Elections over the same cancellation.[34] Oral arguments were heard on May 4.[35] On May 5, Judge Analisa Torres of the Southern District of New York ruled that Governor Andrew Cuomo's decision to scrap the state's primary violated the 1st and 14th Amendment rights of presidential contenders who have ended their campaigns, and the Board of Elections issued a ruling requiring New York to hold its presidential primary in June, and to restore Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and other former presidential candidates to the ballot. [36]

Pre-convention delegate count

The table below reflects the presumed delegate count as per the 2020 Democratic primaries.

As of January 2020, the following overall number of pledged delegates is subject to change, as possible penalty/bonus delegates (awarded for each states scheduled election date and potential regional clustering) may be altered.[37]

Candidates who have suspended their campaigns without having received any pledged or superdelegate endorsements, as well as those who've suspended their campaigns and subsequently lost their endorsements to other candidates, are not included in the table below.

Pre-convention delegate count
Candidate First ballot
pledged delegates[37][38]
Presumed 2nd ballot
"soft" count,
including superdelegates[39]
Joe Biden 1,566 1,747
Michael Bennet 3
Michael Bloomberg 43 49
Cory Booker 9
Steve Bullock 3
Pete Buttigieg 21 27
Tulsi Gabbard 2 2
Kirsten Gillibrand 1
Kamala Harris 12
Jay Inslee 3
Amy Klobuchar 7 14
Bernie Sanders 1,007 1,034
Tom Steyer 2
Eric Swalwell 1
Elizabeth Warren 58 81
Available delegates 1,275[37] 1,762
Total delegate votes 3,979[37] 4,753

Presidential and vice presidential balloting

Since 1996, uncontested balloting has been done by a full roll call vote. In 2008, the balloting was stopped short by agreement of the two candidates (there was a "secret ballot" earlier in the day so delegates for the losing side, in this case, Hillary Clinton, could cast their votes). In 2016, there were attempts to do away with the roll call, but the Sanders campaign refused this idea.[40]

Neither the Democratic nor Republican national conventions have had a multi-ballot vote for president since 1952.[41]

See also

External links

Notes

  1. ^ The overall number of pledged delegates is subject to change as possible penalty/bonus delegates (awarded for each states scheduled election date and potential regional clustering) are not yet included.

References

  1. ^ "How to Win the Democratic Nomination, and Why It Could Get Complicated". New York Times. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Exclusive: Democrats, anticipating heated primary, set earlier 2020 convention date". CNN. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Evans, Brad (April 2, 2020). "DNC Convention delayed to August due to coronavirus". WISN.
  4. ^ Verhovek, John (March 11, 2019). "Milwaukee chosen as 2020 Democratic National Convention site". ABC News. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  5. ^ "Joe Biden raises idea of holding virtual DNC convention". WISN. Associated Press. 5 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  6. ^ Glauber, Bill (26 March 2019). "Joe Solmonese named chief executive of 2020 Milwaukee Democratic convention". Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b Verhovek, John (July 20, 2018). "Charlotte to host the 2020 Republican National Convention". ABC News.
  8. ^ a b c d e "City of Milwaukee 1 of 3 finalists to host 2020 Democratic National Convention". FOX6Now.com. 2018-06-20. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  9. ^ Barrow, Bill; Bauer, Scott; Moreno, Ivan (March 12, 2019). "Democrats: Milwaukee convention choice shows party values". Associated Press. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  10. ^ Korecki, Natasha; Thompson, Alex (11 March 2019). "Milwaukee to host Democrats' 2020 convention". Politico. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  11. ^ Lipaz, Jessica (24 February 2019). "2020 Democratic National Convention has eyes on Milwaukee". The Daily Cardinal. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  12. ^ Glauber, Bill (August 22, 2018). "Selection committee for 2020 Democratic Convention will visit Milwaukee next week". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  13. ^ Ketterer, Samantha (August 16, 2018). "Houstonians rally around 2020 Democratic National Convention bid". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  14. ^ Kyra Gurney, Joey Flechas, Chabeli Herrera (June 27, 2018). "Cruise ship hotels, zoo parties and an NBA arena: Miami's Democratic convention pitch". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 22, 2018.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ Sands, Darren (March 23, 2018). "Atlanta Will Bid To Host The 2020 Democratic National Convention". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  16. ^ Poe, Kelly (August 1, 2016). "Mayor Bell: Birmingham will seek the DNC again in 2020". AL.com. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  17. ^ Poe, Kelly (April 20, 2018). "Yes, Birmingham is again vying for the Democratic national convention". AL.com. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  18. ^ Glauber, Bill; Beck, Molly. "2020 DNC: 31 delegations to stay in Wisconsin and 26 in Illinois". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  19. ^ Jannene, Jeramey (23 July 2019). "Transportation: No Streetcar Expansion in Time for DNC". Urban Milwaukee. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  20. ^ Sandler, Larry (13 December 2019). "Why The Hop's Expansion Plans Went Off the Rails". Milwaukee Magazine. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  21. ^ Hauer, Sarah. "5 things Milwaukeeans can expect to see in the year before the 2020 Democratic National Convention". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  22. ^ Levy, Adam; Stark, Liz (May 12, 2020). "DNC committee approves rule changes that could allow for virtual convention". CNN. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  23. ^ Washington Week. "What are superdelegates? (And, yes, Republicans have them, too)", PBS, July 12, 2016.
  24. ^ Gabriel Debenedetti, Kaine calls for eliminating superdelegates: Hillary Clinton’s VP sides with Bernie Sanders in a fight that’s divided Democrats, Politico (November 15, 2017).
  25. ^ Bowden, John (December 7, 2017). "DNC leaders call for 'significant' cut in Dem superdelegates". Thehill.com. The Hill. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
  26. ^ O'Malley Dillon, Jen, and Cohen, Larry. "Report of the Unity Reform Commission", Dec. 8-9, 2017.
  27. ^ Herndon, Astead W. "Democrats Take Major Step to Reduce Role of Superdelegates", New York Times, July 11, 2018.
  28. ^ Levy, Adam. "A new, smaller role proposed for superdelegates", CNN, June 8, 2018.
  29. ^ David Siders (Jan 31, 2020). "DNC members discuss rules change to stop Sanders at convention". Politico. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  30. ^ "The Math Behind the Democratic Delegate Allocation 2020". thegreenpapers.com. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  31. ^ Putnam, Josh (2020-04-24). "Sanders Could Lose A Third Of His Delegates, Making For A Messy Convention". FiveThirtyEight. ABC News Internet Ventures. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  32. ^ Beam, Christopher (2008-06-06). "Suspending vs. Withdrawing". Slate. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  33. ^ Kinery, Emma (2020-04-27). "Bernie Sanders Assails New York's Decision to Cancel Its Primary". Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  34. ^ Montellaro, Zach (2020-04-28). "Andrew Yang sues over New York's shutdown of presidential primary". Politico.com. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  35. ^ Larry Neumeister (May 4, 2020). "Judge weighs constitutionality of New York primary shutdown". Associated Press. Retrieved 2020-05-05.
  36. ^ Axelrod, Tal (May 5, 2020). "Judge orders Sanders, others to be reinstated on New York primary ballot". The Hill. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  37. ^ a b c d "Democratic Convention 2020". thegreenpapers.com. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
  38. ^ See Results of the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries
  39. ^ See Superdelegate endorsements
  40. ^ Stein, Jeff (26 July 2016). "How the DNC roll call vote managed to avoid impending disaster". Vox.
  41. ^ Kamarck, Elaine (February 21, 2020). "What is a brokered convention? What is a contested convention?". Brookings Institution. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
This page was last edited on 26 May 2020, at 04:43
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