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Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party
AbbreviationDFL
ChairpersonKen Martin
Governor of MinnesotaTim Walz
Lieutenant Governor of MinnesotaPeggy Flanagan
Senate Minority LeaderSusan Kent
House SpeakerMelissa Hortman
FoundedApril 15, 1944; 77 years ago (1944-04-15)
Merger ofMinnesota Democratic Party and Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party
Headquarters255 Plato Boulevard East
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Youth wingMinnesota Young DFL (MYDFL)
IdeologyCentrism
Modern liberalism
Progressivism
Populism
Political positionCenter to center-left
National affiliationDemocratic Party
Colors  Blue
Senate
31 / 67
House of Representatives
70 / 134
Statewide Executive Offices
5 / 5
U.S. Senate
2 / 2
U.S. House of Representatives
4 / 8
Website
www.dfl.org

The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the U.S. state of Minnesota.

Formed by a merger between the Minnesota Democratic Party and the Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party in 1944, the DFL is one of two state Democratic Party affiliates with a different name, the other being the North Dakota Democratic–Nonpartisan League Party.

History

DFL logo used on a lectern at the 2006 DFL state convention.
DFL logo used on a lectern at the 2006 DFL state convention.
DFL 2006 state convention registration desk.
DFL 2006 state convention registration desk.

The DFL was created on April 15, 1944, with the merger of the Minnesota Democratic Party and the larger Farmer–Labor Party. Leading the merger effort were Elmer Kelm, the head of the Minnesota Democratic Party and the founding chairman of the DFL; Elmer Benson, effectively the head of the Farmer–Labor Party by virtue of his leadership of its dominant left-wing faction; and rising star Hubert H. Humphrey, who chaired the Fusion Committee that accomplished the union and then went on to chair its first state convention.

By the party's second convention in 1946, tensions had re-emerged between members of the two former parties. While the majority of delegates supported left-wing policies, Humphrey managed to install a more conservative ally, Orville Freeman, as party secretary. Some Farmer–Labor leaders such as Benson moved to the Progressive Party.[1]

Freeman was elected the state's first DFL governor in 1954. Important members of the party have included Humphrey and Walter Mondale, who each went on to be United States senators, vice presidents of the United States, and unsuccessful Democratic nominees for president; Eugene McCarthy, a U.S. senator who ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1968 as an anti-Vietnam War candidate; and Paul Wellstone, a U.S. senator from 1991 to 2002 who became an icon of populist progressivism.[2]

Current elected officials

Members of Congress

U.S. Senate

U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar
U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar
U.S. Senator Tina Smith
U.S. Senator Tina Smith

Democrats have held both of Minnesota's seats in the U.S. Senate since:

Similarly, Democrats hold the two US Senate positions in the state of New York, and the two women Senators (Klobuchar, MN and Gillibrand, NY) competed for the 2020 Democratic nomination for US President. Of course, Kamala Harris of California instead won the first historical women's slot as Biden's nomination for first woman US Vice President.

U.S. House of Representatives

Out of the eight seats Minnesota is apportioned in the U.S. House of Representatives, four are held by Democrats:

Ilhan Omar became noteworthy as part of the new "freshmen squad" (aligned with Bernie Sander's of Vermont, socialism) who were prominent in taking on the House by storm as outspoken minority candidates "not towing the Democratic party line".

Statewide officials

Democratic Farmer Laborer Party control of all five of the elected statewide offices:

Governor Tim Walz of Minnesota will be running for re-election in 2022 together with leading Democrats -Governor Andrew M. Cuomo of New York "in order to retain gubernatorial control in US".

State legislative leaders

Current leadership

  • Chair: Ken Martin (since 2011)
  • Vice Chair: Marge Hoffa (since 2011)
  • Treasurer: Tyler Moroles (since 2017)
  • Secretary: Adi Penugonda (since 2019)
  • Outreach Officer: Shivanthi Sathanandan (since 2015)

See also

References

  1. ^ Nathanson, Iric (February 26, 2016). "The caucus that changed history: 1948's battle for control of the DFL". Minnesota Post.
  2. ^ Loughlin, Sean (October 25, 2002). "Wellstone Made Mark as a Liberal Champion". CNN. Retrieved June 23, 2014.

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 10 June 2021, at 15:23
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