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Democratic Party presidential debates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Since 1983, the Democratic Party of the United States holds a few debates between candidates for the Democratic nomination in presidential elections during the primary election season. Unlike debates between party-nominated candidates, which have been organized by the bi-partisan Commission on Presidential Debates since 1988, debates between candidates for party nomination are organized by mass media outlets.

Party presidential debates are typically not held when an incumbent president is running for a second term.

List of debates

1956

On May 21, 1956 in Miami, FL,[1] Former Illinois Governor Adlai E. Stevenson and Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee debated on the ABC Television network. It was moderated by Quincy Howe.

1960

On May 5 of that year, just prior to the 1960 West Virginia primary, Senators John F. Kennedy (D-Massachusetts) and Hubert Humphrey (D-Minnesota) debated in Charleston.[2] Kennedy won the primary and Humphrey dropped out.

Later, at the National Convention, Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas challenged Kennedy to a televised debate before a joint meeting of the Texas and Massachusetts delegations; Kennedy accepted. Most observers felt that Kennedy had won and Johnson was not able to expand his delegate support beyond the South.

1968

Senators Robert F. Kennedy and Eugene McCarthy engaged in a television debate on ABC's Issues and Answers a few days before the California primary; it was generally considered a draw. This would be the last time there would be this few debates in years without an incumbent.

1972

The first "regular" presidential debate took place in Manchester New Hampshire two days before the March 7th primary. The five candidates on the ballot, Democratic front-runner Sen. Edmund Muskie of Maine faced long-shots Senators George McGovern of South Dakota and Vance Hartke of Indiana; Los Angeles Mayor Sam Yorty; and Edward T. Coll, a 32-year-old social worker, who waved a rubber rat to symbolize the problem of urban decay.[3][4]

Muskie's lackluster performance helped doom his campaign and boost McGovern to top tier status.

There were no further debates until May, shortly before the California primary, when McGovern twice debated former Vice President Hubert Humphrey one-on-one. There was also a multicandidate debate with five candidates participating -- Shirley Chisholm, Humphrey, McGovern, Yorty, and Taylor Hardin (Alabama's director of finance, substituting for a wounded George Wallace).[5][6]

1976

The campaign was unusual as there were no front-runners, or in fact any well-known candidates at all. The first debate took place in Boston on February 23, with Birch Bayh, Jimmy Carter, Fred Harris, Henry M. Jackson, Milton Shapp, Sargent Shriver, and Mo Udall[7] participating.

A second, a month later, had Carter, Frank Church, Harris, Jackson and Udall on the panel. And in May, with now-front runner Jimmy Carter boycotting, Church and Udall participated in a third.

1980

Despite repeated calls by Massachusetts Senator Edward M. Kennedy, President Jimmy Carter refused to debate.

1984

With President Reagan's poll ratings down in the spring of 1983, a full dozen major candidates announced for the Democratic nomination.

A series of debates began on January 15 in New Hampshire, with Ruben Askew, Alan Cranston, John Glenn, Gary Hart, Fritz Hollings, Jesse Jackson, George McGovern and Walter F. Mondale on the panel. Later, the field was winnowed down to just Mondale, Hart and Jackson.

Hart was badly hurt during a televised debate when former Vice-President Walter Mondale used a popular television commercial slogan to ridicule Hart's vague "New Ideas" platform. Turning to Hart on camera, Mondale said that whenever he heard Hart talk about his "New Ideas", he was reminded of the Wendy's fast-food slogan "Where's the beef?". The remark drew loud laughter and applause from the audience and caught Hart off-guard. Hart never fully recovered from Mondale's charge that his "New Ideas" were shallow and lacking in specifics. Earlier in the same Democratic primary debate, Hart committed a serious faux pas that largely went underreported. Asked what he would do if an unidentified airplane flew over the Iron Curtain from a Warsaw Pact nation, Hart replied that he would send up a United States Air Force plane and instruct them to determine whether or not it was an enemy plane by looking in the cockpit window to see if the pilots were wearing uniforms. Fellow candidate John Glenn, a former Marine Corps fighter pilot, replied that this was physically impossible.

At a roundtable debate between the three remaining Democratic candidates moderated by Phil Donahue, Mondale and Hart got in such a heated argument over the issue of U.S. policy in Central America that Jesse Jackson had to tap his water glass on the table to get them to simmer down.

1987–1988

In the most chaotic primary to date, the series for the first time began in the year before the election. The first debate took place on July 1, 1987, over a full year before the convention. This had Bruce Babbitt, Joe Biden, Mike Dukakis, Dick Gephardt, Al Gore, Jesse Jackson and Paul Simon on stage.

Before the year had ended, Biden was out, and former front-runner Gary Hart was back in the race. All in all there would be twelve debates.

1991–1992

Wishing to keep things manageable, it was decided to hold the first debate (of 14)[8] in December 1991. It took place on the 15th with Jerry Brown, Bill Clinton, Tom Harkin, Bob Kerrey, Paul Tsongas and Douglas Wilder on the platform. Wilder would soon drop out.

The debate was marked by protests against moderator Tom Brokaw of NBC by candidates he had excluded perennial candidates Eugene McCarthy and Lenora Fulani; as well as minor candidates former Irvine, California mayor Larry Agran, Billy Jack actor Tom Laughlin, and others) unsuccessfully took legal action in an attempt to be included.

The fifth debate of the 1992 season was held on February 23, 1992 in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Moderated by CNN correspondent Ken Bode and co-hosted by South Dakota Public Broadcasting, candidates Brown, Clinton, Tsongas, Agran, Harkin and Kerrey debated the economy, agriculture, healthcare, the environment and Native American issues.

Kerrey would win the South Dakota primary, only to be wiped out by Clinton on Super Tuesday.

Later on, during the final debate in Buffalo, New York on March 21, perennial candidate Eugene McCarthy would be allowed to participate along with Clinton, Agran and Brown.[9]

1999–2000

The last of nine Democratic presidential debates was held on March 1, 2000 between Vice-President Al Gore and New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley at the Harry Chandler Auditorium in Los Angeles. It was moderated by CNN anchorman Bernard Shaw, co-sponsored by CNN and the Los Angeles Times, and paneled by Jeff Greenfield and Ron Brownstein. The candidates largely agreed with each other on gun control, abortion, gay rights, and policy towards China, but differed in regards to Gore's record in the Senate on abortion and other issues.

2003–2004

With President George W. Bush unpopular due to the war in Iraq, "debate season" began earlier than ever before.

On May 3, 2003, Democrats met at the University of South Carolina, located in Columbia, South Carolina, in the first formal debate between the nine challengers for the 2004 Democratic party presidential nomination. Candidates Howard Dean, John Edwards, Dick Gephardt, Bob Graham, John Kerry, Dennis Kucinich, Joe Lieberman, Carol Mosely Braun and Al Sharpton disagreed on the war against Iraq, health insurance, and even President Bush's tax cuts, but unite in criticizing Bush's handling of the economy.

Later, Wesley Clark would join the group for a total of ten debates before the end of the year.

There would be six debates between New Year's Day and Super Tuesday. With Gephardt and Dean bludgeoning each other out of contention and allowing Kerry to sweep the primaries.

2007–2008

With President Bush more unpopular than ever, Debate season started earlier than ever before, on April 26, 2007, in Orangeburg, South Carolina.

Eight Democrats (Joe Biden, Hillary Clinton, Chris Dodd, John Edwards, Mike Gravel, Dennis Kucinich, Barack Obama and Bill Richardson) had formally filed papers with the Federal Election Commission, and were invited to participate. Twelve debates took place in 2007 and by the end of the year Dennis Kucinich withdrew, and Mike Gravel, had defected to the Libertarian Party.

Christopher Dodd and Joe Biden dropped out of the race following the Iowa caucuses, which was also the earliest ever held, Bill Richardson dropped out after the New Hampshire primary and Edwards after South Carolina's.

There would be seven debates during 2008, four of which would be between the two survivors, Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama.

2015–2016

The Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced on May 5, 2015, that there would be 6 debates, which they considered "a reasonable number and in line with what the national committee sanctioned in 2008."[10] On August 6, 2015, the DNC announced the locations for all six original debates, with exact venues still to be determined, and the specific dates for the first four debates.[11]

In late January 2016, trailing the New Hampshire primary race, the Clinton campaign requested a second New Hampshire debate, which had already been scheduled to February 4, to be officially sanctioned by the DNC. The Sanders campaign said they would only agree with that proposal if a total of four additional debates would be held, one in February, March, April and May each. Both campaigns agreed to a March 3 debate in Flint, Michigan. There also seemed to be agreement on a California debate on May 24, but not at the remaining April 14 debate in Brooklyn, New York, as proposed by Sanders.[12] On February 3, just ahead of the second New Hampshire debate, Clinton's and Sanders's campaigns agreed in principle to holding four more debates, also sanctioned by the DNC, for a total of 10.[13]

2019–2020

In December 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020. Candidates are allowed to participate in forums featuring multiple other candidates as long as only one candidate appears on stage at a time; if candidates participate in any unsanctioned debate with other presidential candidates, they will lose their invitation to the next DNC-sanctioned debate.[14][15]

The debates scheduled to take place in the first four primary/caucus states (Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, and South Carolina) all took place in 2020 rather than 2019.[14] The DNC also announced that it would not partner with Fox News as a media sponsor for any debates.[16][17] Fox News had last held a Democratic debate in 2003.[18] All media sponsors selected to host a debate will as a new rule be required to appoint at least one female moderator for each debate, to ensure there will not be a gender-skewed treatment of the candidates and debate topics.[19]

Debate schedule
Debate Date Time
(ET)
Viewers Location Sponsor(s) Moderator(s)
1A June 26, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~24.3 million
(15.3m live TV; 9m streaming)[20]
Arsht Center,
Miami, Florida[21]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
Jose Diaz-Balart
Savannah Guthrie
Lester Holt
Rachel Maddow
Chuck Todd[22]
1B June 27, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~27.1 million
(18.1m live TV; 9m streaming)[23]
2A July 30, 2019 8–10:30 p.m. ~11.5 million
(8.7m live TV; 2.8m streaming)
Fox Theatre,
Detroit, Michigan[24]
CNN Dana Bash
Don Lemon
Jake Tapper[25]
2B July 31, 2019[26] 8–10:30 p.m. ~13.8 million
(10.7m live TV; 3.1m streaming)[27]
3 September 12, 2019 8–11 p.m. 14.04 million live TV[28] Health and Physical Education Arena,
Texas Southern University,
Houston, Texas[29]
ABC News
Univision
Linsey Davis
David Muir
Jorge Ramos
George Stephanopoulos[30]
4 October 15, 2019[31] 8–11 p.m. 8.34 million live TV[32] Rike Physical Education Center,
Otterbein University,
Westerville, Ohio
CNN
The New York Times[33]
Erin Burnett
Anderson Cooper
Marc Lacey[34]
5 November 20, 2019[35] 9–11 p.m. ~7.9 million
(6.6m live TV; 1.3m streaming)[36]
Oprah Winfrey sound stage,
Tyler Perry Studios,
Atlanta, Georgia[37]
MSNBC
The Washington Post
Rachel Maddow
Andrea Mitchell
Ashley Parker
Kristen Welker[38]
6 December 19, 2019 8–11 p.m.[39] 6.17 million live TV[40] Gersten Pavilion,
Loyola Marymount University,
Los Angeles, California[41]
PBS
Politico
Tim Alberta
Yamiche Alcindor
Amna Nawaz
Judy Woodruff[42]
7 January 14, 2020 9–11:15 p.m.[43] ~11.3 million
(7.3m live TV; 4.0m streaming)[44]
Sheslow Auditorium,
Drake University,
Des Moines, Iowa[45][46]
CNN
The Des Moines Register
Wolf Blitzer
Brianne Pfannenstiel
Abby Phillip[47]
8 February 7, 2020 8–10:30 p.m.[48] ~11.0 million
(7.8m live TV; 3.2m streaming)[49]
Thomas F. Sullivan Arena,
Saint Anselm College,
Manchester, New Hampshire[45][50]
ABC News
WMUR-TV
Apple News
Linsey Davis
Monica Hernandez
David Muir
Adam Sexton
George Stephanopoulos[48]
9 February 19, 2020 9–11 p.m.[51] TBA Le Théâtre des Arts,
Paris Las Vegas,
Las Vegas, Nevada[51]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
The Nevada Independent
Vanessa Hauc
Lester Holt
Hallie Jackson
Jon Ralston
Chuck Todd[51]
10 February 25, 2020 8–10 p.m.[52] TBA Gaillard Center,
Charleston, South Carolina[45]
CBS News
BET
Twitter
Congressional Black Caucus Institute[53]
Margaret Brennan
Major Garrett
Gayle King
Norah O'Donnell
Bill Whitaker[53]
11 March 15, 2020 8–10 p.m.[54] TBA Phoenix, Arizona[54] CNN
Univision
Congressional Hispanic Caucus BOLD
TBA
12 TBA


See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.debates.org/index.php?page=1956-debate
  2. ^ https://www.c-span.org/video/?c4609019/1960-democratic-presidential-primary-debate
  3. ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/jun/13/5-candidates-and-a-rat-the-1972-democratic-debate/
  4. ^ Kovach, Bill (1972-03-06). "2 Rivals in New Hampshire Clash on Campaign Funds". The New York Times. pp. 1, 24.
  5. ^ http://www.centerforpolitics.org/crystalball/articles/eight-decades-of-debate/?upm_export=print
  6. ^ Turner, Wallace (1972-06-05). "Democrats Firm on Prisoner Issue in Coast Debate". The New York Times. p. 1.
  7. ^ http://www.centerforpolitics.org/crystalball/articles/eight-decades-of-debate/?upm_export=print
  8. ^ http://www.centerforpolitics.org/crystalball/articles/eight-decades-of-debate/?upm_export=print
  9. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1992/03/22/us/the-1992-campaign-democrats-there-are-still-enough-candidates-for-4-man-debate.html
  10. ^ Preston, Mark (May 5, 2015). "First on CNN: Clinton, Democratic presidential opponents to debate six times". CNN.com.
  11. ^ Wasserman Schultz, Debbie (August 6, 2015). "Announcing the Democratic Debate Schedule". medium.com.
  12. ^ Gabriel Debenedetti; Hadas Gold (January 30, 2016). "DNC moving to assert control as more Democratic debates agreed". Politico. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  13. ^ Greg Sargent (February 3, 2016). "It's on: Looks like we're getting four more Democratic debates". Washington Post. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  14. ^ a b "DNC announces framework for the 2020 Democratic presidential primary debates (December 20, 2018)". Democratic National Committee. December 20, 2018. Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  15. ^ Perez, Tom (June 11, 2018). "Climate Change and the 2020 Debates". Medium. Archived from the original on June 12, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  16. ^ Fahri, Paul (March 6, 2019). "Democratic National Committee rejects Fox News for debates, citing New Yorker article". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  17. ^ Nielsen, Ella (May 11, 2019). "How DNC Chair Tom Perez plans to avoid the chaos of the GOP's 2016 debates". Vox. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  18. ^ Laslo, Matt. "Fox News is key to the 2020 election, whether liberals like it or not. Denying it a debate only hurts Democrats". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 7, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  19. ^ Gontcharova, Natalie (May 31, 2019). "Exclusive: DNC Requires Female Moderators At Every 2020 Debate". Refinery29. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  20. ^ Patten, Dominic (June 27, 2019). "Democratic Debate Night 1 Gets 15.3M Viewers Across NBC, MSNBC & Telemundo; 9M Watch Via Streaming – Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  21. ^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (May 10, 2019). "First Democratic presidential debate set for Miami's Arsht Center, host NBC News announces". NBC News. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  22. ^ Smith, Allan. "NBC announces five moderators for first Democratic debate" (June 11, 2019). NBC News. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  23. ^ Oprysko, Caitlin (June 28, 2019). "Thursday's debate ratings shatter previous Dem record, NBC says". Politico. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  24. ^ Spangler, Todd (June 11, 2019). "Detroit's Fox Theatre will host Democratic presidential debates in July". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  25. ^ Zhou, Li (July 30, 2019). "3 CNN correspondents will moderate the second Democratic debate". Vox. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  26. ^ Cole, Devan (April 2, 2019). "CNN's 2020 Democratic debate set for July 30-31 in Detroit". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  27. ^ Quint Forgey (August 1, 2019). "Night 2 of Detroit Dem debates drew 10.7 million viewers, well below June ratings". Politico. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  28. ^ Porter, Rick. "TV Ratings: Third Democratic Debate Scores Big". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  29. ^ Zach Despart (July 21, 2019). "TSU selected as site of September Democratic primary debate". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  30. ^ Zhou, Li (September 12, 2019). "These 4 ABC and Univision reporters will moderate the third Democratic debate in Texas". Vox. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  31. ^ Montellaro, Zach (September 27, 2019). "October Democratic debate will be on one night". Politico. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  32. ^ Porter, Rick. "TV Ratings: Fourth Democratic Debate Falls on CNN". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  33. ^ Astor, Maggie (September 13, 2019). "The Times and CNN Will Host the Next Democratic Debate in Ohio". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  34. ^ Zhou, Li (October 15, 2019). "Journalists from CNN and the New York Times are tag-teaming this week's Democratic debate". Vox. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  35. ^ Galloway, Jim (October 25, 2019). "Democratic presidential debate on Nov. 20 headed for Tyler Perry's studio complex". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
  36. ^ Stelter, Brian (November 21, 2019). "MSNBC's Democratic debate was the least-watched so far". CNN. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  37. ^ Jim Galloway; Greg Bluestein; Tia Mitchell (November 11, 2019). "The Jolt: Democratic presidential candidates will debate in the Oprah Winfrey sound stage". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  38. ^ Gregorian, Dareh (October 23, 2019). "MSNBC names four renowned female journalists as moderators for November debate". NBC News. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  39. ^ Grace Panetta (December 17, 2019). "Here's who will be onstage for Thursday's Democratic debate co-hosted by PBS NewsHour and Politico, what time it starts, and how to watch". Business Insider. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  40. ^ Porter, Rick. "Sixth Democratic Debate Hits Ratings Low for 2020 Cycle". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  41. ^ Quint Forgey (November 8, 2019). "New venue announced for December Democratic debate in Los Angeles". Politico. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  42. ^ Ted Johnson (November 27, 2019). "PBS & Politico Announce Moderators For Next Democratic Debate". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  43. ^ "Des Moines Register, CNN moderators announced for Tuesday's Democratic presidential debate". USA Today. January 8, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  44. ^ Thorne, Will (January 15, 2020). "Seventh Democratic Debate Draws 7.3 Million Viewers on CNN, Beating Previous Two". Variety. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  45. ^ a b c Montellaro, Zach (December 12, 2019). "DNC announces 2020 debates in four early states". Politico. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  46. ^ Bernstein, Jared (December 12, 2019). "7th Democratic Presidential Debate at Drake University". Drake University: University Calendar. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  47. ^ Blaine, Kyle (January 8, 2020). "CNN announces moderators for Iowa Democratic debate". CNN. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  48. ^ a b Kendall Karson (January 22, 2020). "ABC News announces moderators for February Democratic debate". ABC News. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  49. ^ Johnson, Ted; Johnson, Ted (2020-02-08). "Democratic Debate Viewership Rises Slightly To 7.86 Million, ABC News Says". Deadline. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
  50. ^ Laura Lemire, Alexis Soucy (January 28, 2020). "Saint Anselm College to Host New Hampshire's Only Democratic Presidential Primary Debate". Saint Anselm College. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  51. ^ a b c Smith, Allan (February 6, 2020). "NBC News, MSNBC announce 5 moderators for Democratic debate in Las Vegas". NBC News. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  52. ^ Cite error: The named reference DNC-added-Nevada was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  53. ^ a b CBS News. "CBS News announces moderators for South Carolina Democratic debate". CBS News. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  54. ^ a b Zach Montellaro (February 14, 2020). "Dems will hold mid-March debate in Arizona". Politico. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
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