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1912 United States Senate elections in Arizona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1912 United States Senate election in Arizona
(Class 1)

December 12, 1911
and March 27, 1912
1916 →
Henry Fountain Ashurst.jpg
Ralph H Cameron seated.jpg
Nominee Henry F. Ashurst Ralph H. Cameron
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 10,872 9,640
Percentage 50.00% 44.33%

Elected U.S. Senator

Henry F. Ashurst

The 1912 United States Senate elections in Arizona took place on December 12, 1911. The Arizona State Legislature confirmed the selection of Marcus A. Smith and Henry F. Ashurst as the state's first U.S. Senators on March 27, 1912.[1] This marked the first U.S. Senate elections held in the state after it was admitted to the union as the 48th state on February 14, 1912. The two men were sworn in on April 2, 1912.[2]

The Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution established the direct election of United States senators in each state. The amendment supersedes Article I, §3, Clauses 1 and 2 of the Constitution, under which senators were elected by state legislatures. The amendment was proposed by the 62nd Congress in 1912 and became part of the Constitution on April 8, 1913, on ratification by three-quarters (36) of the state legislatures.

Class 1

Henry F. Ashurst was elected to the Territorial House of Representatives in 1897. He was re-elected in 1899, and became the territory's youngest speaker. In 1902, he was elected to the Territorial Senate. In 1911, Ashurst presided over Arizona's constitutional convention.[3] During the convention, he positioned himself for a U.S. Senate seat by avoiding the political fighting over various clauses in the constitution which damaged his rivals.[4]

1912 United States Senate election in Arizona(Class 1)[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Henry F. Ashurst 10,872 50.00%
Republican Ralph H. Cameron 9,640 44.33%
Socialist E. Johnson 1,234 5.68%
Majority 1,232 5.67%
Turnout 21,746
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

Class 3

1912 United States Senate election in Arizona
(Class 3)

December 12, 1911
and March 27, 1912
1914 →
Marcus Aurelius Smith.jpg
Hoval A. Smith.jpg
Nominee Marcus A. Smith Hoval A. Smith
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 10,598 9,228
Percentage 50.35% 43.85%

Elected U.S. Senator

Marcus A. Smith

Marcus A. Smith announced his candidacy for one of Arizona's two senate seats on September 24, 1911.[6] As the campaign began, Smith abandoned his long standing conservative stand and declared himself a "Progressive".[7]

1912 United States Senate election in Arizona(Class 3)[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Marcus A. Smith 10,598 50.35%
Republican Hoval A. Smith 9,228 43.85%
Socialist E. B. Simonton 1,221 5.80%
Majority 1,370 6.50%
Turnout 21,047
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

See also


  1. ^ Goff 1989, p. 60.
  2. ^ "Senate Now Numbers 96". New York Times. April 3, 1912.
  3. ^ "Henry Fountain Ashurst Dead; Former Senator from Arizona". New York Times. June 1, 1962. p. 27.
  4. ^ Johnston, Alva (December 25, 1937). "The Dean of Inconsistency". The Saturday Evening Post. 210: 23, 38–40.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Fazio 1970, p. 55.
  7. ^ Goff 1985, p. 145.
  8. ^


  • Fazio, Steven A. (Spring 1970). "Marcus Aurelius Smith: Arizona Delegate and Senator". Arizona and the West. 12 (1): 23–62. JSTOR 40168029.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Goff, John S. (1985). Arizona Territorial Officials Volume III: The Delegates to Congress 1863-1912. Cave Creek, Arizona: Black Mountain Press. OCLC 12559708.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Goff, John S. (1989). Marcus A. Smith. Arizona biographical series. v. 5. Cave Creek, Arizona: Black Mountain Press. OCLC 21013345.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 18:40
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