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Arizona State Legislature

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arizona State Legislature
54th Arizona Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
HousesSenate
House of Representatives
History
FoundedFebruary 14, 1912 (1912-02-14)
Preceded byArizona Territorial Legislature
New session started
January 14, 2019
Leadership
Karen Fann (R)
since January 14, 2019
Eddie Farnsworth (R)
since January 14, 2019
Russell “Rusty” Bowers (R)
since January 14, 2019
Thomas “T.J.” Shope (R)
since January 14, 2019
Structure
Seats
  • 90
  • 30 Senators
  • 60 Representatives
53rd Arizona Senate.svg
Senate political groups
Arizona House of Representatives (31 Republicans, 29 Democrats).svg
House political groups
Elections
Senate last election
November 6, 2018
House last election
November 6, 2018
Senate next election
November 3, 2020
House next election
November 3, 2020
RedistrictingArizona Independent Redistricting Commission
Meeting place
AZ State Capitol Building 80635.JPG
Arizona State Capitol
1700 W. Washington St.
Phoenix, Arizona • 85007
Website
http://www.azleg.gov/

The Arizona State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Arizona. It is a bicameral legislature that consists of a lower house, the House of Representatives, and an upper house, the Senate. Composed of 90 legislators, the state legislature meets in the Capitol Complex in the state capital of Phoenix, Arizona. Created by the Arizona Constitution upon statehood in 1912, the Arizona State Legislature met biennially until 1950. Today, they meet annually.

Arizona's electoral districts are different from the majority of U.S. states. The state is divided into 30 legislative districts, each of which elects one senator and two representatives. Legislators are term limited to eight consecutive years in office, but can run again after two years or run for the other house than the one in which they serve.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ What is the Arizona Legislative Internship Program?

Transcription

Hi I'm Dr. Tara Lennon and I coordinate ASU's participation in the Arizona Legislative and Governmental Internship Program. Now this selective program is open actually to all the universities in Arizona and we placed interns down at the Capitol at the legislature, the governor's office, the Supreme Court and at ASU we also partner with several other agencies that include: Secretary of State, the Attorney General and several others that you can find on our website. In this brief video we're going to go over expectations for the interns that are representing ASU down at the Capitol. Some of the benefits and most importantly a couple tips for how to apply. So this is as I suggested, a selective program. The interns that serve the Capitol - it's a full-time job plus it's the 40-hour workweek minimum. You begin in the spring semester. It takes 18 weeks from January up to May and those hours are downtown in business attire 8:00 to 5:00 at least and when legislative session runs long it can go into the evenings. So we expect our ASU interns to represent us well in terms of their work ethic but also to go and start the internship program running basically having some research skills, writing skills and communication skills. This is not a get coffee kind of internship. This is the system that has been in place for almost 50 years with an ASU relationship in the capital. So we've been sending interns there for a while. They have a training system that helps you understand how to do your work the best you can. And the type of work no matter where you end up in the legislative internship program is going to be about tracking bills and legislation, researching how they have served statutory and fiscal and policy impacts and then presenting that information both in written form and in oral testimony down at the legislature. So even if you're working for the Supreme Court or the Secretary of State these offices they have concerns and interests in legislation so they have bills that they need to track. So regardless of whether you end up at a specific agency or down at the house or the Senate then you will be tracking legislation and reporting on its possible impacts. So this work experience is so valuable you get trained to do real legislative and policy research and public speaking. Now what you benefit from is essentially twelve undergraduate credit hours and nine if you're a graduate student. You get the whole spring tuition paid for that semester and then you also get a forty seven hundred dollar stipend. So you get the credits the experience and the stipend once you're accepted. The hours are tough but the experience is great professionally and personally at least according to our other interns so please check out some of our testimonials. Now how do you apply? There's the applications available on our website the basics are there so in this video I wanted to let you know just some tips that might not be so obvious. This is selective - a selective internship in which you need to be precise you need to be accurate and follow whatever directions their application puts out. So the legislature is provided the application that we make available on our website. When they say, "please type your responses", do not handwrite responses on that application. So follow their instructions carefully. Answer every one of the questions that they have. Any of these incomplete applications, if you're missing a letter or you're missing your transcripts, they simply won't go any farther. So they would be considered incomplete and ineligible. So follow all the basic directions. Okay that seems obvious. We also expect that your writing sample is completely 100% free of typos. Now these tips might seem obvious but just keep them in mind and have someone else double-check your work. All right the less obvious tips. This is a political environment. This is a legislature that has multiple parties represented so I would say the bulk of the internships down there at the Capitol our bipartisan. You are serving a committee that is needing you to research on a certain topic. Now there are partisan caucuses that some interns will be assigned to and there are some agencies that are headed by partisan elected officials. So those agencies have essentially interns that they hire that fit a particular party. However, what you should take into consideration when you're filling out the application is the bipartisan nature of being a legislative staff. They're not asking you to advocate a particular policy or partisan position. They're asking you to summarize and objectively report fiscal implication, statutory implications and the basics of the bill. So consider that when you're answering the question about your political leanings. So be sure to be truthful but be effective. Now the another question that comes up is, they'll ask on the application do you know any elected officials that are currently down in the Capitol and for this what I strongly recommend is that you limit that to individuals that you know well. So if you've met a senator or representative once or twice, those are not the names that you should be putting on there. Only if you have close ties, friendly ties, family ties to a particular current representatives should you include that information in the application. The other aspects is make sure that you have asked for your letters of recommendation early. There needs to be two letters of recommendation. One has to be from someone, a professor that knows your writing, that knows your work and it can the second one can be from our employer but we strongly recommend that you really only include letters that are not friends of the families with high titles but people that can really speak to your academic ability or work ethic, your writing, your research ability, your critical thinking so think of those people that can write those kinds of letters. Ask them early because the deadline for the application is in mid-September so it comes up fast. So I hope that this video was helpful. We have high expectations for the interns in this program. We try to match them with substantial benefits and I hope these tips were helpful in making you a success as an applicant.

Contents

History

Pre-statehood

Congress formed the New Mexico Territory in 1850 consisting of the land that is now Arizona north of the Gila River, along with what is now New Mexico, parts of Colorado and Nevada.[1] In 1853, the territory expanded under the Gadsden Purchase agreement by nearly 30,000 square miles of land south of the Gila River in Arizona, forming the state’s current boundary with Mexico.[1] In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Arizona Organic Act creating the Territory of Arizona. In 1864, the First Territorial Legislature convened in Prescott, the territory’s first capital.[1] The capital moved from Prescott to Tucson and back to Prescott before being permanently established in Phoenix in 1889.[1]

Early years of statehood

On June 20, 1910, President William Howard Taft signed the Enabling Act, allowing the Arizona Territory to hold a constitutional convention. Elected Arizona delegates convened in Phoenix at the territorial capitol on October 10, 1910 to draft the Arizona Constitution.[1] Although constitutional provisions for prohibition and women’s suffrage were rejected, voters added both within three years of statehood.[1] The new constitution was ratified by voters on February 9, 1911, and Arizona statehood took place on February 14, 1912, after eliminating a provision that caused an initial veto by the president.[1]

Arizona's First Legislature had 19 state senators and 35 state representatives and convened March 18, 1912.[1] The Legislature met on a biennial basis until 1950, when a constitutional amendment provided for annual sessions.[1]

Legislative process

The Arizona Legislature is responsible for making laws in the state of Arizona. The first step in the legislative process is bill drafting. First, legislators must submit a bill request to the legislative council staff.[2] Additionally, a legislator-elect may submit a bill request or private citizens can obtain authorization from a legislator to use the legislator's name before giving instructions to the legislative council staff.[2] The legislative council staff delivers a bill draft to the sponsor or requester and if directed, will prepare the bill for introduction.[2]

Bills undergo three or four readings during the legislative process. After the first reading, they are assigned to committee. Committees can amend measures or hold legislation and prevent it from advancing. Once committee action is completed, the bill undergoes a second hearing and a third hearing, which happens just before the floor vote on it.[1] The bill is then sent to the opposite legislative house for consideration. If approved, without amendment, it is sent to the governor. If there is amendment, however, the Senate may either reconsider the bill with amendments or ask for the establishment of a conference committee to work out differences in the versions of the bill passed by each chamber. Once a piece of legislation approved by both houses is forwarded to the governor, it may either be signed or vetoed. If it is signed, it takes effect on the effective date of the legislation. If it is vetoed, lawmakers may override the veto with a vote by a three-fifths majority in both chambers.[1]

Alternatively, instead of presenting the measure to the Governor, the Legislature may order that it be submitted to the people.[3] If the measure is approved by the people, the Governor has no power to veto it,[4] and the Legislature may not repeal it,[5] and may not amend it unless the amending legislation furthers the purposes of such measure and at least three-fourths of the members of each house of the Legislature, by a roll call of ayes and nays, vote to amend such measure.[6]

Membership

Districting

There are 30 legislative districts in Arizona, each of which is a multi-member constituency. Each district elects a state senator and two state representatives for a two-year term. The combining of upper and lower house districts into a single constituency is known as nesting and is found in only seven U.S. state legislatures: Arizona, Idaho, Maryland, New Jersey, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Washington.

Term limits

Under article 4, part 2, section 21 of the Constitution of Arizona, members of the Arizona Legislature serve two-year terms, and legislators are subject to term limits.[7] With regard to term limits, members may only serve four consecutive terms (or eight years) in each house; however, once serving the limit, former members are re-eligible for election after a 2-year respite.[7] Members who are term-limited in one house frequently seek election to other positions within the state.

Party composition and elections

Party division of the legislature since the 1996 Elections[8]:

Year Senate House
1997-1998 18 R, 12 D 38 R, 22 D
1999-2000 16 R, 14 D 40 R, 20 D
2001-2002 15 R, 15 D 36 R, 24 D
2003-2004 17 R, 13 D 39 R, 21 D
2005-2006 19 R, 11 D 38 R, 22 D
2007-2008 16 R, 14 D 33 R, 27 D
2009-2010 18 R, 12 D 35 R, 25 D
2011-2012 21 R, 9 D 40 R, 20 D
2013-2014 17 R, 13 D 38 R, 22 D
2015-Nov. 2015 17 R, 13 D 36 R, 24 D
Dec. 2015-2016 18 R, 12 D[9] 36 R, 24 D
2017-2018 17 R, 13 D 35 R, 25 D
2019-2020 17 R, 13 D 31 R, 29 D

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Legislative Manual" (PDF). Arizona Legislative Council. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "Legislative Council". Azleg.gov. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  3. ^ Ariz. Const. Art. IV, Part I, § 1(15).
  4. ^ Ariz. Const. Art. IV, Part I, § 1(6)(A).
  5. ^ Ariz. Const. Art. IV, Part I, § 1(6)(B).
  6. ^ Ariz. Const. Art. IV, Part I, § 1(6)(C).
  7. ^ a b "Constitution of Arizona, art. 4, pt. 2, § 21". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
  8. ^ "State of Arizona Official Canvass". Arizona Secretary of State. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
  9. ^ "Arizona lawmaker Carlyle Begay switches political party". AZCentral. November 23, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  10. ^ Federal Writers’ Project (1956). "Chronology". Arizona, the Grand Canyon State. American Guide Series (4th ed.). New York: Hastings House.

External links

This page was last edited on 5 June 2019, at 09:07
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