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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rostrevor
Rostrevor (elevated view) - geograph.org.uk - 278010.jpg

Rostrevor seen from Kilbroney Forest
Location within County Down
Population2,800 (2011 Census)
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWRY
Postcode districtBT34
Dialling code028, +44 28
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
Websitenewryandmourne.gov.uk
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Down
54°06′04″N 6°12′04″W / 54.101°N 6.201°W / 54.101; -6.201
Rostrevor seen from Rostrevor Forest in 2010 (Carlingford Lough is to the left of the picture)
Rostrevor seen from Rostrevor Forest in 2010 (Carlingford Lough is to the left of the picture)
Rostrevor welcome sign in Irish and English, with Slieve Martin in the background
Rostrevor welcome sign in Irish and English, with Slieve Martin in the background
Kilfeaghan dolmen
Kilfeaghan dolmen

Rostrevor is a village and townland in County Down, Northern Ireland. It lies at the foot of Slieve Martin on the coast of Carlingford Lough, near Warrenpoint. The Kilbroney River flows through the village and Rostrevor Forest is nearby. It is within Newry, Mourne and Down District.

Rostrevor had a population of 2,800 in the 2011 Census.[1]

Name

The first part of the name "Rostrevor" comes from the Irish word ros, meaning a wood or wooded headland.[2][3] The second part of the name comes from Sir Edward Trevor from Denbighshire in Wales, who settled in the area in the early 17th century and was succeeded by his son Marcus Trevor, who later became Viscount Dungannon. Walter Harris, writing in 1744, mistakenly believed that the first part of the name came from Sir Edward Trevor's wife Rose, a daughter of Henry Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh. His etymology was later repeated by some other writers.[2][4] Before Sir Edward Trevor's renaming of the area it was known as Caisleán Ruaidhrí (English: Rory's castle), anglicised "Castle Rory" or "Castle Roe", after one of the Magennis lords of Iveagh.[2]

Today the spelling Rostrevor is used for the village, while the spelling Rosstrevor is used for the townland.[2]

Places of interest

Nearby Cloughmore is a 50-ton granite boulder perched on the slopes of Slieve Martin, 1,000 ft above the village of Rostrevor, and known locally as 'the big stone'. It was deposited there by retreating glaciers during the Last Glacial Maximum. Local legend states that the stone was thrown by Irish mythological hero and frequent giant Finn McCool from the Cooley Mountains, on the other side of Carlingford Lough, to settle a fight with a local frost-giant named Ruiscairre, burying him underneath the boulder. Walking around the stone seven times will allegedly bring good luck.

The old church, supposedly built on an original site established by St Brónach, stands in the graveyard on the Kilbroney road. It became a listed building in 1983.

In the village's Catholic church is the bell of Bronach, dating from around 900 A.D. There are many stories of how the bell used to scare locals walking past St Bronach's church on stormy nights. All they could hear was a mighty sound and did not know the source; many believed it to be a calling from God.[citation needed]

The village has two rivers, the Ghan and the Fairy Glen, so named because many fairies are suspected of living along the banks of the river.[citation needed]

The Troubles

For more information see The Troubles in Rostrevor, which includes a list of incidents in Rostrevor during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities.

People

Education

  • Kilbroney Integrated Primary School
  • Killowen Primary School
  • St. Bronagh's Primary School
  • Ywam Rostrevor

Horse Tram

Rostrevor Tram station opened on 1 August 1877 with a horse-drawn tram service to Warrenpoint. It closed in February 1915.[8]

Demography

On Census Day (27 March 2011) the usually resident population of Rostrevor Settlement was 2,800, accounting for 0.15% of the NI total.[1] Of these:

  • 21.14% were under 16 years old and 14.57% were aged 65 and above;
  • 48.68% of the population were male and 51.32% were female; and
  • 88.96% were from a Catholic community background and 7.75% were from a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' community background.

Sport

The local Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) club is St Bronagh's. The local association football club is Rossowen F.C.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Rostrevor Settlement". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). Retrieved 21 June 2021.
    UKOpenGovernmentLicence.svg
    This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0. © Crown copyright.
  2. ^ a b c d Placenames NI: Rostrevor
  3. ^ Rostrevor/Ros Treabhair. Placenames Database of Ireland.
  4. ^ "Raymonds County Down". Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  5. ^ Somerled the Great Sea Lord, http://cunninghamh.tripod.com/somerled/somerled.html
  6. ^ https://macinnes.org/somerled/somerled.html[bare URL]
  7. ^ "Rooted in history ... idyllic corner of Northern Ireland which is a haven of peace and even hosted the Queen". Belfast Telegraph. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Rostrevor station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 24 November 2007.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 July 2021, at 14:29
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