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Loughbrickland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Photograph of a small stone church with tower and steeple, situated in a tidy graveyard.

St Mellon's parish church, Loughbrickland
Loughbrickland is located in County Down
Loughbrickland
Loughbrickland
Location within County Down
Population693 
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBanbridge
Postcode districtBT
Dialling code028
PoliceNorthern Ireland
FireNorthern Ireland
AmbulanceNorthern Ireland
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Down
54°18′58″N 6°18′14″W / 54.316°N 6.304°W / 54.316; -6.304

Loughbrickland (/lɒxˈbrɪklæn/ or /lɒxˈbrɪklænd/ lokh-BRIK-lan(d); from Irish: Loch Bricleann)[1] is a small village in County Down, Northern Ireland, south of Banbridge on the main Belfast to Dublin road. In the 2011 Census it had a population of 693. Loughbrickland is within the Banbridge District.

History

Carn Cochy near Loughbrickland as named in the Annals of the Four Masters
Carn Cochy near Loughbrickland as named in the Annals of the Four Masters

Loughbrickland may have been the site where the Three Collas fought the Battle of Achadh Leithdheirg in 331 AD, defeating the forces of Fergus Foga, king of Ulster.[2][3] The victors killed Fergus and burned Emain Macha, the famous palace of the Ultonian kings, to the ground. The sovereignty of Ulster thus passed from the race of Ir to the race of Heremon. John O'Mahony the Gaelic scholar states that the battle site was commemorated by "a huge Carn of loose stones near Loughbrickland".[4] Samuel Lewis (publisher) in his "Topographical dictionary of Ireland - County Down" states - "At Drummillar is a vast cairn of loose stones, 60 feet high and 226 feet in circumference."[5] This Carn, known as Carn Cochy[citation needed] in the Annals of the Four Masters, stood seventy feet high but appears to have been destroyed when the Scarva to Banbridge railway line was constructed in 1859. What appears to be the Carn can be seen on the image of a 1778 map as a huge pile of stones to the left of the Loughbrickland to Scarva Road, about 2 miles outside Loughbrickland.

Four seventh-century saints are associated with the area: Nasad, Beoan, Ross and Mellan, hermits of Down.

Loughbrickland was a major seat of the Magennises of Iveagh. The Magennis castle was believed to be on the shores of Loughbrickland Lake, although they also inhabited the crannog on the lake as late as the seventeenth century. The Magennises were succeeded in the Loughbrickland area by Sir Marmaduke Whitechurch.[6] Probably the most prominent developer of the district, Whitechurch established villages, churches, and markets that formed the basis of the local infrastructure. Sir Marmaduke built his castle by the lake,[7] which was subsequently dismantled by Cromwell's army. The castle remained in ruins until 1812, when they were removed and a dwelling-house was erected on its site. Its exact location has never been accurately identified; possible sites range from the site of the Magennis castle to where the old Aghaderg School now stands to where the Church of Ireland built their rectory in 1801.

In 1690, William III camped near Loughbrickland with his army from 14 to 25 June, on his march to the Boyne. Tradition has it that William stayed overnight at Bovennet house, and mounted his horse from a stone on the corner of the Poyntzpass Road.

Demography

Loughbrickland is classified as a small village or hamlet by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. On Census day (27 March 2011) there were 693 people living in Loughbrickland.[citation needed] Of these:

  • 99.86% were from the white (including Irish Traveller) ethnic group;
  • 49.49% belong to or were brought up Catholic and 45.31% belong to or were brought up'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related); and
  • 51.52% indicated that they had a British national identity, 25.40% had an Irish national identity and 29.29% had a Northern Irish national identity.
  • 10.57% had some knowledge of Irish;
  • 4.98% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots; and
  • 2.11% did not have English as their first language.

Education

Places of interest

Loughbrickland Lake and the A1 road (Northern Ireland)
Loughbrickland Lake and the A1 road (Northern Ireland)

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland
  2. ^ http://www.lisburn.com/books/dromore-diocese/parish-aghaderg.html[bare URL]
  3. ^ "Place Names NI - Home".
  4. ^ JOHN O'MAHONY (1866). FORAS FEASA AR EIRINN DO REIR AN ATHAR, SEATHRUN CEITING, OLLAMH RE DIADHACHTA.THE HISTORY OF IRELAND, FROM THE GAELIEST PERIOD TO THE ENGLISH INBASION. pp. 726–.
  5. ^ "Topoligical Dictionary of Ireland - Co Down".
  6. ^ Raymond. "Loughbrickland". Raymonds County Down Website. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  7. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1847). "Loughbrickland". A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. 2 (2nd ed.). London. p. 275. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  8. ^ "Dermot Lennon: Champion of the World". Equestrian Federation of Ireland. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
This page was last edited on 29 August 2021, at 20:02
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