To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Newry City, Northern Ireland (collage).jpg

Top: Newry skyline, Middle: The Buttercrane, The Quays, Newry Town Hall, Bottom: Drumalane Mill, Newry Cathedral
Newry is located in Northern Ireland
Location within Northern Ireland
Population26,967 (2011 Census)
Irish grid referenceJ085265
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWRY
Postcode districtBT34, BT35
Dialling code028
PoliceNorthern Ireland
FireNorthern Ireland
AmbulanceNorthern Ireland
UK Parliament
List of places
Northern Ireland
54°10′34″N 6°20′56″W / 54.176°N 6.349°W / 54.176; -6.349

Newry (/ˈnjʊəri/;[3] from Irish: An Iúraigh[4]) is a city[5] in Northern Ireland, divided by the Clanrye river in counties Armagh and Down, 34 miles (55 km) from Belfast and 67 miles (108 km) from Dublin. It had a population of 26,967 in 2011.[6]

Newry was founded in 1144 alongside a Cistercian monastery, although there are references to earlier settlements in the area, and is one of Ireland's oldest towns. The city is an entry to the "Gap of the North", five miles (eight kilometres) from the border with the Republic of Ireland. It grew as a market town and a garrison and became a port in 1742 when it was linked to Lough Neagh by the first summit-level canal built in Ireland or Great Britain. A cathedral city, it is the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dromore. In 2002, as part of Queen Elizabeth's Golden Jubilee celebrations, Newry was granted city status along with Lisburn.[7]


The name Newry is an anglicization of An Iúraigh, an oblique form of An Iúrach, which means "the grove of yew trees".[8]

The modern Irish name for Newry is An tIúr (pronounced [ənʲ ˈtʲuːɾˠ]), which means "the yew tree". An tIúr is an shortening of Iúr Cinn Trá, "yew tree at the head of the strand", which was formerly the most common Irish name for Newry.[8] This relates to an apocryphal story that Saint Patrick planted a yew tree there in the 5th century.

The Irish name Cathair an Iúir (City of Newry) appears on some bilingual signs around the city.[9]


Merchants Quay, Newry, in the late 19th century
Merchants Quay, Newry, in the late 19th century
Hill Street in the early 1900s
Hill Street in the early 1900s
Trevor Hill in the early 1900s
Trevor Hill in the early 1900s

There is strong evidence of continual human habitation in the area from early times, where it is seen during the Bronze Age that Newry had a factory-type community who were producing in abundance very detailed jewellery for garments. Three of these Newry Clasps can be found in the Ulster Museum, and a massive arm clasp from the same period was also found in Newry.[10] In recent times the survey for the new bypass revealed a number of standing stones on a central area down the Omeath Road. These, like many other finds, such as that of an ancient cave at the top of the Dublin Road area, have seemingly been noted and forgotten about. It is estimated that as many as 130 ancient sites were discovered at the top of the Camlough Road. Among them three Neolithic homesteads were discovered. At the time, all were noted and left to be destroyed by the new road. Standing stones were also seen on at least one of these sites, but they stand no more. In AD 820, the Danes made one of their "earliest irruptions at Newry abbey, from whence they proceeded to Armagh, taking it by storm, and plundering and desolating the country around".[11]

In AD 835 the Danes again made a sudden incursion into Newry, with a large body of Danes landing at Inbher-Chin-Tra-gha, or Newry, and raided the area before attacking Armagh, where they set fire to the churches and university, plundering gold and other items from them and killing an estimated one thousand people in the city and surrounding area. The Victorian era historian James Henthorn Todd goes into further detail in his 1867 Volume, (Chronicles and memories of England and Ireland in the Middle Ages) recording that the abbey was attacked in AD 824. A small medieval town was on the site to the north and south of the abbey, which was rebuilt in 1142 (Keating G) by King O Carroll of the Oriel at the request of Saint Malachi (Ibid). The landing stage of the abbey was situated close to the western bank of the Newry River in what is now Kilmorey Street. From these early times, it was the main pier and port of the town; it remained as such until the construction of the new canal took place. The abbey was later converted to a collegiate church in 1543, before being surrendered to the Crown in 1548. The abbey is seen to be giving its earnings to the Crown almost 200 years before this date. It is described as being one of the richest and largest in Ireland. The Vikings attacked the Abbey many times, slaughtering its occupants. The town was granted its first charter between 1157 by High King of Ireland Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn.[12]

In 1162 the monastery was attacked and raided by the Chiefs of Irish clans. De Courcy's lordship ensured a safe spell for the abbey after he had built several castles in and around Newry. These were typical Norman affairs, of motte-and-bailey construction.

In 1539 an English mercenary, Nicholas Bagenal, fled to Ireland after murdering a man in Leek, Staffordshire, apparently with the aid of his two brothers.[13] After some time in the employment of the O Neill he reached a high status, was granted a pardon in 1543, and became Marshal of the army. During his early years in the Louth area he lived at Carlingford where his son Henry was born. Lord Bingham is seen sending Oriel labourers to Newry in 1546 at which time Bagenal is seen restoring the castle of Newry, which belonged to Hugh O Neill, being first built by John De Courcy in 1186 (De Arcy McGee See also Lewis 1815). Not long after this the Marshal, in 1552, secured a 21-year lease on the Newry property, which was confiscated from the Cistercians. The castle was then razed to the ground by Shane O'Neill, who banished Bagenal from Newry in 1566.

The nearby convent was also part of the Abbey, and is mentioned in the Bagenal patent. A small medieval church can be found in its grounds. The abbey site is mentioned in the rent rolls of 1575, and said to consist of a church, a steeple, a cemetery, a chapterhouse, dormitory and hall, two orchards and one garden, comprising 1 acre (0.4 hectares), within the precincts of a monastic college.

During the 1689 Raid on Newry, Williamite forces under Toby Purcell repulsed an attack by the Jacobites under the Marquis de Boisseleau. At the period of the Battle of the Boyne, the Duke of Berwick set fire to the parts of the town which he had restructured to defend it, (see Berwicks Journal). Schomberg sent troops in during the early hours of the mornings when seeing the flames, they successfully extinguished them. While it is believed that King William may have stayed at a Newry Castle, the story is a far-fetched one. King William took a portable wooden bedroom with him on this campaign, which he called his "coach". (see The Impartial History by Rev Story) The King refused to sleep in castles or houses, preferring to be amongst his men.

One of the main castles of Newry at this date was an ancient abbey building which stood at Mill Street corner, in the northwest end of the abbey complex. Its remains were finally demolished in 1965. The other abbey buildings were once used by Bagenal (30-odd years), as pigsties and stables, according to the O'Neill website. These buildings lay neglected when King William passed through the town. For over 100 years they were nothing more than great massive stores or sheds in the background and not considered as part of the town. Isaac Corry demolished some of them in the early 1800s. Those he did not demolish were turned into homesteads or warehouses. Included were the 140 feet of the great church that was constructed in 1142. He demolished its altar and completely dug up the ancient graveyard beside the church, removing ancient bones by the cartload to St Mary's at Chapel Street. While there was deep mourning from the Catholics of the town at these actions, no one complained because of Corry's status. The graveyard is currently a carpark for Lidl and the great church is now a museum: Bagenal Castle.

By 1881 the population of Newry had reached 15,590.[14] Newry Urban District Council was unusual in that during the period from the 1920s to the 1960s it was one of only a handful of councils in Northern Ireland which had a majority of councillors from the Catholic/Nationalist community. (The others were Strabane UDC and a handful of rural district councils.) The reason, according to Michael Farrell, was that this community formed such a large majority in the town, around 80% of the population, making it impossible to gerrymander. Also an oddity was that for a time it was controlled by the Irish Labour Party, after the left wing of the Northern Ireland Labour Party defected to them in the 1940s.[15]

The Troubles

Newry saw several violent incidents during the conflict known as the Troubles, including a triple killing in 1971, a bombing in 1972, and a mortar attack in 1985. These continued into the late 1990s and even in 2010 – such as bomb scares and car bombs.

See also: The Troubles in Killeen, for information on incidents at the border and customs post at Newry on the border with the Republic of Ireland and close to Newry. In 2003, the hilltop watchtowers were taken down. The British Army withdrew from the area on 25 June 2007 when they closed their final base at Bessbrook.[16][17] As there are no garrisons in the area the British Army has had no official presence in Newry or South Armagh since the end of Operation Banner.


Newry lies in the most south-eastern part of both Ulster and Northern Ireland. About half of the city (the west) lies in County Armagh and the other half (the east) in County Down. The Clanrye River, which runs through the city, forms the historic border between County Armagh and County Down.

The city sits in a valley, between the Mourne Mountains to the east and the Ring of Gullion to the south-west, both of which are designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The Cooley Mountains lie to the south east. The Clanrye River runs through the centre of town, parallel to the Newry Canal. The city also lies at the northernmost end of Carlingford Lough, where the canal enters the sea at Victoria Locks.


Newry is within the civil parishes of Newry and Middle Killeavy. The parishes have long been divided into townlands, the names of which mainly come from the Irish language. The following is a list of townlands in Newry's urban area,[18] alongside their likely etymologies:[4][19]

County Armagh (west of the River Clanrye)
Townland Origin (Irish unless stated) Translation
Aghnaveigh (alternate local name)
Alt na bhFiach
Achadh na bhFiach
glen of the ravens
field of the ravens
Ballinlare Baile na Ladhaire townland of the fork/gap
Carnagat Carn na gCat cairn of the cats
Carnbane Carn Bán white cairn
Derry Beg Doire Beag little oak wood
Drumalane An Droim Leathan broad ridge
Lisdrumgullion Lios Droim gCuilinn fort of the holly ridge
Lisdrumliska Lios Druim Loiscthe fort of the burnt ridge
County Down (east of the River Clanrye)
Townland Origin (Irish unless stated) Translation
Ballynacraig Baile na gCreag townland of the crags
Ballinaire Baile an Iubhair settlement of the yew tree
Carneyhough Cárn Uí hEochadha[20] O'Haughey's Carn
Cloghanramer Clochán Ramhar thick stone structure/causeway
Commons an English name that first appeared in 1810[21]
Creeve Craobh tree/bush
Damolly probably Damh Maoile house of the round hill
Drumcashellone Droim Caisil Eoghain the ridge of Eoghan's cashel
Greenan Grianán eminent or sunny place


On Census day (27 March 2011) there were 26,967 people living in Newry, accounting for 1.49% of the NI total.[6] Of these:

  • 21.46% were aged under 16 years and 12.74% were aged 65 and over;
  • 51.02% of the usually resident population were female and 48.98% were male;
  • 88.27% belong to or were brought up in the Catholic religion and 8.47% belong to or were brought up in a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' religion;
  • 56.12% had an Irish national identity, 27.27% had a Northern Irish national identity and 12.65% indicated that they had a British national identity (respondents could indicate more than one national identity);
  • 35 years was the average (median) age of the population;
  • 19.60% had some knowledge of Irish (Gaelic) and 2.37% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots.


As with the rest of Northern Ireland, Newry has a temperate climate, with a narrow range of temperatures, regular windy conditions, and rainfall throughout the year.

Climate data for Newry, United Kingdom (Glenanne climate station at 161m elevation) 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
Average rainfall mm (inches) 108.9
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16.2 12.4 15.4 13.0 12.4 12.0 12.8 13.2 12.5 15.8 15.8 15.2 166.6


Newry has a reputation as one of the best provincial shopping-towns in Northern Ireland, with the Buttercrane Centre and The Quays Newry attracting large numbers of shoppers from as far away as Cork.[23]

In 2006 Newry house prices grew the most across the whole United Kingdom over the previous decade, as prices in the city had increased by 371% since 1996.[24] The city itself has become markedly more prosperous in recent years. Unemployment has reduced from over 26% in 1991 to scarcely 2% in 2008.[25]

Since the inception of the global financial crisis of 2008–2009, residents of the Republic of Ireland have increasingly been cross-border shopping to Newry to buy cheaper goods due to the difference in currency. The harsh budget in the Republic of Ireland in October 2008, and the growing strength of the euro against the pound sterling and VAT reductions in the United Kingdom, compared with increases in the Republic of Ireland, are among the reasons. This remarkable increase in cross-border trade has become so widespread that it has lent its name to a general phenomenon known as the Newry effect. In December 2008, The New York Times described Newry as "the hottest shopping spot within the European Union's open borders, a place where consumers armed with euros enjoy a currency discount averaging 30 percent or more".[26]

However the increased flow of trade has led to resultant tailbacks, sometimes several miles long (many kilometres), on approach roads from the south. This has created huge traffic and parking problems in Newry and the surrounding area. It has also become a political issue, with some politicians in the Republic of Ireland claiming that such cross-border shopping is "unpatriotic".[27]

Newry is the global HQ of FD Technologies Plc.[28][29]


Local government

The city of Newry is part of Newry, Mourne and Down District Council. The 2019 Newry, Mourne and Down District Council election resulted in 3 Sinn Féin, 2 SDLP and 1 Independent councillors being elected in the Newry electoral area, only change from the 2014 result was Kevin McAteer who went from SDLP to Independent in 2015 stood down in 2017 to be replaced by Michael Savage. Individually Roisín Mulgrew replaced her party colleague Liz Kimmens, while independent Davy Hyland was replaced by another independent, Gavin Malone.

Council members from 2019 election
District electoral area Name Party
Newry Gavin Malone  Independent
Roisin Mulgrew †  Sinn Féin
Michael Savage   SDLP
Charlie Casey  Sinn Féin
Valerie Harte  Sinn Féin
Gary Stokes  SDLP
Council members from 2014 election
District electoral area Name Party
Newry Charlie Casey  Sinn Féin
Liz Kimmins  Sinn Féin
Valerie Harte   Sinn Féin
Davy Hyland  Independent
Gary Stokes  SDLP
Kevin McAteer  SDLP

Northern Ireland assembly

Newry is part of the Newry and Armagh assembly constituency. In the 2017 elections, the following were elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly: Megan Fearon, Cathal Boylan, Conor Murphy (all members of Sinn Féin), Justin McNulty of the SDLP and William Irwin of the DUP.[citation needed]


Together with part of the district of Newry, Mourne and Down, Newry forms the Newry & Armagh constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly. The Member of Parliament is Mickey Brady of Sinn Féin. He won the seat in the 2015 United Kingdom general election.


Transport history

The Newry Canal, which opened in 1742, is the oldest canal in Ireland or Britain and when functioning as an inland transport waterway, it ran for 18 miles (29 kilometres) to Lough Neagh. Some surviving 18th and 19th century warehouses still line the canal, with some containing shops and restaurants.[citation needed]

In 1885 an electric tramway, the Bessbrook and Newry Tramway, was opened between Newry and Bessbrook.

MacNeill's Egyptian Arch is a railway bridge located near Newry. It was selected for the design of the British One Pound coin to represent Northern Ireland for 2006.


Newry railway station, just off the Camlough road, offers cross border services on the Dublin-Belfast line as well as some regional services around areas of County Armagh and County Down. Transport to other places generally requires a change in either Belfast or Dublin. Planning permission for the construction of a new station to the east of the current station, was granted in May 2006 and the new station opened on 7 September 2009 by Northern Ireland Railways.

In terms of bus transport, Newry is served by an Ulsterbus bus station in the city centre. The bus station is located along The Mall, suspended over the Clanrye River. Services in Newry include local, regional and cross-border transport with a free shuttle bus service to the local train station and services to local schools around Newry and Mourne.

Newry is on the main M1/A1 route from Dublin to Belfast. Originally the route passed through the town centre, but in the 60s was bypassed by the Abbey Link. This remained the sole relief road until 1996[30] when it was superseded by a single carriageway bypass round the western side of the town. By 2008 the road on either side of the town had been upgraded to motorway/high quality dual carriageway standard (southwards from Cloghogue) and low quality dual carriageway (northwards from Beechill). In July 2010 a new high quality dual carriageway with motorway characteristics was opened to bridge the gap, thus connecting Dublin with Belfast by motorway/dual carriageway for the first time. The opening of this section of Road meant that motorists could travel from Clogh in County Antrim to Midleton, County Cork by dual carriageway/motorway. Part of this older bypass is still in use between the Camlough Road (A25) and the Belfast Road (A1). Newry suffers from very heavy traffic with shoppers coming from across the border.[31] Newry is connected with Warrenpoint by a lower quality dual carriageway, some seven miles (eleven kilometres) to the south.

Newry is linked to Belfast via National Cycle Route 9, via Portadown, Lisburn and Craigavon.[32]

Notable buildings

Catholic Cathedral of SS. Patrick and Colman, Newry
Catholic Cathedral of SS. Patrick and Colman, Newry

Saint Patrick's Church was built in 1578 on the instructions of Nicholas Bagenal, who was granted the monastery lands by Edward VI, and is considered to be the first Protestant church in Ireland.

The Cathedral of SS Patrick and Colman on Hill Street was built in 1829 at a cost of £8,000. The structure, which consists of local granite, was designed and built by Thomas Duff, arguably Newry's greatest architect to date.[33] Thomas Duff was also the architect for the cathedral in Dundalk, just over the border in County Louth, and it is said that he mixed up the plans for both cathedrals and sent Dundalk Cathedral to the builders in Newry, and Newry Cathedral to the builders in Dundalk.[citation needed]

Newry Town Hall is notable for being built over the River Clanrye which is the historic boundary between the counties of Armagh and Down.[34]

The Craigmore Viaduct lies just north of the city on the Northern Ireland Railways Belfast-Dublin mainline. The bridge was designed by Sir John MacNeill with construction beginning in 1849. The bridge was formally opened in 1852. The viaduct consists of eighteen arches the highest being 126 feet, the highest viaduct in Ireland. It is around one-quarter mile (400 metres) long and was constructed from local granite. The Enterprise Train link from Belfast to Dublin crosses the bridge.

Daisy Hill Hospital, which has its origins in the Newry Union Workhouse and Infirmary of 1841,[35][36] was rebuilt in 1902.[37]


Roman Catholic churches in Newry include the Cathedral of Saints Patrick and Colman (Hill Street; built 1825–1829), the Church of the Sacred Heart and St Catherine (Dominic Street; 1875), St Brigid's (Derrybeg; 1970), St Mary's on Chapel Street (1789; formerly Newry Cathedral), the Church of the Sacred Heart (1916; colloquially connected to Cloghoge, but really localized in Drumalane Townland[38]) and the Church of the Assumption (Drumalane; 1954).[citation needed]

Protestant churches serving the area include St Patrick's Church of Ireland (possibly the first Protestant church ever built in Ireland in 1578),[39] St Mary's Church of Ireland (1819),[39] the Methodist Church on Sandy's Street, Newry Baptist Church on Downshire Place, the First Presbyterian Church (Non-Subscribing) on John Mitchel Place (designed by W.J. Barre),[40] Downshire Road Presbyterian Church (1843), Sandy's Street Presbyterian Church, Riverside Reformed Presbyterian Church, The Salvation Army on Trevor Hill and Metropolitan Church on Edward Street.[citation needed]

The Jehovah's Witnesses have a Kingdom Hall on Belfast Road.[citation needed]



Until 2012, Newry City F.C. played at the Showgrounds before being liquidated. A phoenix club named Newry City AFC was formed to play in amateur leagues in 2013, and was promoted to the NIFL Premiership in 2018.

Gaelic Athletic Association

The Down GAA team has its home ground at Páirc Esler in the city. Local clubs, within the Down GAA area, include Newry Bosco GFC, Newry Shamrocks GAC, John Mitchel GFC.[citation needed]

GAA clubs, within the Armagh GAA area, include Thomas Davis GFC, Corrinshego and Killeavy St Moninna's GAC.[citation needed]

Rugby Union

Newry RFC (also known as Newry Rugby Club, Newry RFU or Newry) is an Irish amateur rugby union club, founded in 1925. The club is a member of the Irish Rugby Football Union's Ulster branch. The club currently fields three senior teams and several junior teams ranging from under-12 to under-18 and a women's team for the first time in 2010–2011 season. The club's home ground is known as Telford Park. The team currently has two playing fields located at this ground along with the clubhouse on the outskirts of Newry.


There are approximately 10 primary schools in the area, including Killean Primary School and St Malachy's Primary School.[41]

Local post-primary schools include Abbey Christian Brothers Grammar School, Newry High School, Our Lady's Grammar School, Sacred Heart Grammar School, St Colman's College, St Joseph's Boys' High School, St. Mary's High School and St. Paul's High School, Bessbrook.[citation needed]

Southern Regional College, a further and higher education college, has campus facilities in Newry.[citation needed]

Notable people

Arts and media



Academia and science

Politics and diplomacy


See also


  1. ^ 2010 annual report in Ulster-Scots Archived 27 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine North/South Ministerial Council.
  2. ^ Guide to Inch Abbey in Ulster-Scots Archived 25 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Department of the Environment.
  3. ^ " – Newry". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Newry and Mourne (C. Dunbar)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 December 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2011. Newry (town), County Armagh/County Down. The modern Irish name of Newry is An tIúr 'the yew tree' being an abbreviation of Iúr Cinn Trá 'yew tree at the head of the strand'. The anglicised form comes from An Iúraigh an oblique form of An Iúrach 'the grove of yew trees' (PNI vol. I).
  5. ^ Turner, B, ed. (2006). The Statesman's Yearbook 2006: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 1655. ISBN 9781403992765.
  6. ^ a b "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Newry Settlement". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  7. ^ "BBC report". 14 March 2002. Archived from the original on 6 March 2003. Retrieved 15 September 2004.
  8. ^ a b "Placenames NI: Newry". Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  9. ^ Welcome sign in Newry, Northern Ireland, in English and Irish
  10. ^ H. E. Kilbride-Jones Craftmanship in Bronze, free to read in Google books
  11. ^ Anthony Mamions Ancient and Modern History of the Maritime Ports of Ireland (1855)
  12. ^ See Flanagan, M.: Irish Royal Charters – Texts and Contexts (2005) Oxford University Press: London.
  13. ^ John McCullagh (10 April 2021). "Nicholas Bagenal 1509-1590". Newry Journal. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  14. ^ "Banbridge / Newry and Mourne Area Plan 2015 District Proposals: Newry City Background". Archived from the original on 1 April 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2009.
  15. ^ Michael Farrell Northern Ireland: The Orange State
  16. ^ "British army has pulled out of its base at Bessbrook in County Armagh". Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2009.
  17. ^ "Soldiers depart Bessbrook Mill for the final time". Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2009.
  18. ^ Ordnance Survey Ireland: Online map viewer Archived 29 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine (choose "historic" to see townland boundaries)
  19. ^ "The Northern Ireland Place-Name Project". Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  20. ^ Placenames NI – The Northern Ireland Place-Name Project. "Townland of Carneyhough". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  21. ^ Placenames NI – The Northern Ireland Place-Name Project. "Townland of Commons". Archived from the original on 16 November 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  22. ^ "Climate Normals 1981–2010". Met Office. Archived from the original on 14 June 2021. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  23. ^ "David McKittrick: The great nappy rush (no, not rash)". The Independent. London. 1 January 2009. Archived from the original on 6 December 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
  24. ^ "Halifax House Price Survey". 27 October 2006. Archived from the original on 7 November 2006. Retrieved 5 November 2006.
  25. ^ Article by Frances McDonnell, Belfast Briefing, page 21, Irish Times, 9 December 2008, quoting Dr Gerard O'Hare
  26. ^ Quinn, Eamon (18 December 2008). "A Northern Ireland Town Is a Shoppers' Paradise". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
  27. ^ Irish Times, 9 December 2008, op cit
  28. ^ "First Derivatives Plc". Archived from the original on 22 June 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  29. ^ "First Derivatives Plc offices". Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  30. ^ "New £150m Newry bypass opens". UTV. 29 July 2010. Archived from the original on 31 July 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  31. ^ "Northern Ireland Assembly debates, 9 March 2009, 2:45 pm". mySociety. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2009.
  32. ^ "Route 9". Sustrans. Archived from the original on 2 March 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  33. ^ "Newry Cathedral". Newry and Mourne District Council. Archived from the original on 13 October 2006. Retrieved 25 June 2008.
  34. ^ "Town Hall, Bank Parade, Newry, Co. Down (HB 16/28/018 B)". Department for Communities. Archived from the original on 19 July 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  35. ^ "History of Newry Workhouse". Archived from the original on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  36. ^ "Newry". Workhouses. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  37. ^ "Hospital Was On Front-Line Of 'Troubles'". Newry Memoirs. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  38. ^ Irish Townlands, Drumalane Townland, Co. Armagh Cloghoge Townland is south of it, with a larger portion in County Armagh and a smaller portion east of Newry River in County Down
  39. ^ a b Newry and Mourne District Council. "Newry City, The town's history". Archived from the original on 16 September 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
  40. ^ Harron, Paul (2021). W J Barre, 1830-1867: A Vigorous Mind. Belfast: Ulster Architectural Heritage Society. ISBN 978-0-900457-84-5.
  41. ^ "St Malachy's Primary School, Newry". EANI. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
  42. ^ Taylor & Francis Group; Cathy Hartley; Susan Leckey (2003). A Historical Dictionary of British Women. Routledge. p. 186. ISBN 1-85743-228-2.
  43. ^ "Frequently asked questions". Belfast City Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2009.
  44. ^ Journal of the Association for the Preservation of Memorials of the Dead in Ireland Archived 10 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine (1898), p. 255
  45. ^ "Culture Northern Ireland". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 6 May 2006.
  46. ^ "Down to celebrate the Michael Cusack Connection". Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 3 July 2022, at 19:38
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.