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Dundrum, County Down

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dundrum
Dundrum and Dundrum Bay - geograph.org.uk - 798481.jpg
Location within County Down
Population1,555 (2011 Census)
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWCASTLE
Postcode districtBT33
Dialling code028
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Down
54°15′N 5°51′W / 54.25°N 5.85°W / 54.25; -5.85

Dundrum (from Irish: Dún Droma, meaning 'fort of the ridge')[1][2] is a village and townland in County Down, Northern Ireland. It is beside Dundrum Bay, about 4 miles outside Newcastle on the A2 road. The village is best known for its ruined Norman castle. It had a population of 1,555 people at the 2011 Census.[3]

History

Norman times

In 1177, the Normans, who had conquered great swathes of Ireland, invaded eastern Ulster and captured territories along its coast. John de Courcy, who had led the invasion, began building Dundrum Castle in the early 13th century on top of an earlier fort, "Dun Rury" (Rudraige), which wad a seat for the remaining Ulaid tribes east of the bann river, after the collapse of the kingdom in the 4th century. The castle was to guard the land routes from Drogheda to Downpatrick. In 1203, de Courcy was expelled from Ulster by fellow Norman Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster. Two years later, de Courcy tried to re-take the castle but failed. It was visited by King John in 1210, who spent money for minor works to the castle and paid for a garrison there.

15th Century

Dundrum castle was held by the Earls of Ulster until the 15th century, it was captured by the Magennises of Mourne, a Gaelic clan. In 1517, the Earl of Kildare briefly captured the castle, as did the Lord Deputy Leonard Grey, 1st Viscount Grane in 1538. The castle was surrendered to the English Crown in 1601 by Phelim Magennis, granted to Edward Lord Cromwell and sold to the Blundell family. The Magennises re-took the castle during the Irish Confederate Wars/Eleven Years' War (1641-1653) but lost it to the Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") of the contenders versus the Cavaliers of King Charles I in the simultaneous English Civil War. The Blundells returned after the civil war during the Restoration of the Monarchy and built the house on the south edge of the castle.

17th Century

[4] Dundrum was a commercial port until 1984.

SS Great Britain

SS Great Britain stranded ashore in Dundrum Bay, 1846
SS Great Britain stranded ashore in Dundrum Bay, 1846
A view of Dundrum from the castle
A view of Dundrum from the castle

20th Century

In 1967, nearby Murlough became Ireland's first nature reserve.[5]

Transport

Dundrum railway station was opened by the Belfast & County Down Railway on 25 March 1869 and operated until 16 January 1950.[6]

Sport

Dundrum Cricket Club plays in the NCU Senior League. Dundrum also has a Gaelic football club whose senior men play in Down's division 4 league and junior championship.Dundrum also have a senior men's football club Dundrum United Fc who play in the Premier division of the Newcastle league.

Climate

Climate data for Murlough (12m elevation) 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
8.5
(47.3)
10.2
(50.4)
12.1
(53.8)
14.9
(58.8)
17.2
(63.0)
19.1
(66.4)
18.9
(66.0)
17.0
(62.6)
13.8
(56.8)
10.6
(51.1)
8.5
(47.3)
13.3
(55.9)
Average low °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
2.3
(36.1)
3.3
(37.9)
4.2
(39.6)
6.5
(43.7)
9.2
(48.6)
11.1
(52.0)
11.0
(51.8)
9.4
(48.9)
7.1
(44.8)
4.5
(40.1)
2.9
(37.2)
6.2
(43.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 106.6
(4.20)
74.8
(2.94)
80.4
(3.17)
63.2
(2.49)
66.8
(2.63)
68.3
(2.69)
60.5
(2.38)
81.8
(3.22)
73.6
(2.90)
100.0
(3.94)
105.3
(4.15)
101.9
(4.01)
983.1
(38.70)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 14.2 10.6 12.7 10.4 11.2 10.1 10.0 11.3 10.0 13.0 13.4 13.2 140.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 46.3 76.2 108.5 147.7 180.6 140.1 146.5 148.9 121.1 99.5 61.3 31.1 1,307.8
Source: metoffice.gov.uk[7]

People

Demography

On Census Day (27 March 2011) the usually resident population of Dundrum Settlement was 1,555, accounting for 0.09% of the NI total.[3] Of these:

  • 22.77% were under 16 years old and 13.50% were aged 65 and above;
  • 48.04% of the population were male and 51.96% were female; and
  • 60.51% were from a Catholic community background and 32.54% were from a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' community background.

References

  1. ^ Placenames NI
  2. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland
  3. ^ a b "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Dundrum Settlement". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). Retrieved 8 June 2021.
    UKOpenGovernmentLicence.svg
    This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0. © Crown copyright.
  4. ^ O'Sullivan, Aidan; Breen, Colin (2007). Maritime Ireland. An Archaeology of Coastal Communities. Stroud: Tempus. p. 211. ISBN 978-0-7524-2509-2.
  5. ^ "Murlough National Nature Reserve". Discover Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2008.
  6. ^ "Dundrum station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  7. ^ "Climate Normals 1981–2010". Met Office. Retrieved 25 February 2021.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 June 2021, at 10:05
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