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Lisa Murkowski

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lisa Murkowski
Lisa Murkowski official photo.jpg
Official portrait, 2017
United States Senator
from Alaska
Assumed office
December 20, 2002
Serving with Dan Sullivan
Preceded byFrank Murkowski
Vice Chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee
Assumed office
February 3, 2021
Preceded byTom Udall
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2009
Preceded byByron Dorgan
Succeeded byJohn Barrasso
Chair of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee
In office
January 3, 2015 – February 3, 2021
Preceded byMary Landrieu
Succeeded byJoe Manchin
Ranking Member of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2015
Preceded byPete Domenici
Succeeded byMaria Cantwell
Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference
In office
June 17, 2009 – September 17, 2010
LeaderMitch McConnell
Preceded byJohn Thune
Succeeded byJohn Barrasso
Member of the Alaska House of Representatives
from the 14th district
In office
January 19, 1999 – December 20, 2002
Preceded byTerry Martin
Succeeded byVic Kohring
Personal details
Lisa Ann Murkowski

(1957-05-22) May 22, 1957 (age 65)
Ketchikan, Territory of Alaska, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Verne Martell
(m. 1987)
EducationGeorgetown University (AB)
Willamette University (JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Lisa Ann Murkowski (/mɜːrˈksk/ mur-KOW-skee; born May 22, 1957) is an American attorney and politician serving as the senior United States senator representing Alaska, having held that seat since 2002. She is the Senate's second-most senior Republican woman, after Susan Collins of Maine. She became dean of Alaska's Congressional delegation upon Representative Don Young's death.

Murkowski is the daughter of former U.S. senator and governor of Alaska Frank Murkowski. Before her appointment to the Senate, she served in the Alaska House of Representatives and was elected majority leader. She was controversially appointed to the Senate by her father, who resigned his seat in December 2002 to become governor of Alaska. She completed her father's unexpired Senate term, which ended in January 2005, and became the first Alaskan-born member of Congress.

Murkowski ran for and won a full term in 2004. After losing the 2010 Republican primary to Tea Party candidate Joe Miller, she ran as a write-in candidate and defeated both Miller and Democrat Scott McAdams in the general election. She is the second U.S. senator (after Strom Thurmond in 1954) to be elected by write-in vote. She was elected to a third term in 2016 and a fourth term in 2022, running as a Republican.

Murkowski was vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference from 2009 to 2010, chair of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee from 2015 to 2021, and has been vice chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee since 2021.

She is often described as one of the Senate's most moderate Republicans, and a crucial swing vote. According to CQ Roll Call, she voted with President Barack Obama's position 72.3% of the time in 2013, one of only two Republicans to do so over 70% of the time. In recent years, she opposed Brett Kavanaugh and supported Ketanji Brown Jackson in their respective nominations to the Supreme Court. On February 13, 2021, she was one of seven Republican senators to vote to convict Donald Trump of incitement of insurrection in his second impeachment trial, for which she was censured by the Alaska Republican Party.

Early life, education, and early career

Murkowski was born in Ketchikan in the Territory of Alaska, the daughter of Nancy Rena (née Gore) and Frank Murkowski.[1] Her paternal great-grandfather was of Polish descent, and her mother's ancestry is Irish and French Canadian.[2] As a child, she and her family moved around the state with her father's job as a banker.

She earned a B.A. degree in economics from Georgetown University in 1980, the same year her father was elected to the U.S. Senate. She is a member of Pi Beta Phi sorority[3] and represented Alaska as the 1980 Cherry Blossom Princess.[4] She received her J.D. degree in 1985 from Willamette University College of Law.[5]

Murkowski worked as an attorney in the Anchorage District Court Clerk's office from 1987 to 1989.[6] From 1989 to 1998, she was an attorney in private practice in Anchorage. She served on the Mayor's Task Force for the Homeless from 1990 to 1991.[7]

Alaska House of Representatives

In 1998, Murkowski was elected to the Alaska House of Representatives. Her District 18 included northeast Anchorage, Fort Richardson and Elmendorf Air Force Base (now Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, or JBER), and suburban parts of Eagle River-Chugiak. In 1999, she introduced legislation establishing a Joint Armed Services Committee. She was reelected in 2000 and, after her district boundaries changed, in 2002. That year she had a conservative primary opponent, Nancy Dahlstrom, who challenged her because Murkowski supported abortion rights and rejected conservative economics. Murkowski prevailed by 56 votes.[8][9] She was named as House Majority Leader for the 2003–04 legislative session. She resigned her House seat before taking office, due to her appointment by her father to the seat he had vacated in the U.S. Senate, upon his stepping down to assume the Alaska governorship.[10] Murkowski sat on the Alaska Commission on Post Secondary Education and chaired both the Labor and Commerce and the Military and Veterans Affairs Committees. After she resigned to join the U.S. Senate, her father appointed Dahlstrom, the District Republican committee's choice, as her replacement.[9]

U.S. Senate


In December 2002, Murkowski—while a member of the state House—was appointed by her father, Governor Frank Murkowski, to fill his own U.S. Senate seat made vacant when he resigned from the Senate after being elected governor.

The appointment caused controversy in Alaska. Many voters disapproved of the nepotism. Her appointment eventually resulted in a referendum that stripped the governor of his power to directly appoint replacement Senators.[11] Along with others eligible to be considered, future Alaska governor Sarah Palin interviewed unsuccessfully for the seat.[8]


Murkowski in 2005
Murkowski in 2005

Murkowski has won four full terms to the Senate; she won 48.6% of the vote in 2004, 39.5% in 2010, 44.4% in 2016 and 53.7% in 2022.[12]


Murkowski ran for a full Senate term against former Governor Tony Knowles in the 2004 election after winning a primary challenge by a large margin. She was considered vulnerable due to the controversy over her appointment, and polling showed the race was very close. The centrist Republican Main Street Partnership, which wanted to run TV ads for Murkowski, was told no airtime was left to buy.[13] Near the end of the campaign, senior U.S. Senator Ted Stevens shot ads for Murkowski and claimed that if a Democrat replaced Murkowski, Alaska would likely receive fewer federal dollars.[citation needed] Murkowski defeated Knowles by a narrow margin.


Murkowski faced the most difficult election of her career in the August 24, 2010, Republican Party primary election against Joe Miller, a former U.S. magistrate judge[14] supported by former Governor Sarah Palin.[15][16] The initial results showed her trailing Miller, 51–49%, with absentee ballots yet to be tallied.[17] After the first round of absentee ballots were counted on August 31, Murkowski conceded, saying that she did not believe that Miller's lead could be overcome in the next round of absentee vote counting.[18][19]

After the primary, the Murkowski campaign floated the idea of her running as a Libertarian in the general election.[20] But on August 29, 2010, the state Libertarian Party executive board voted not to consider Murkowski as its Senate nominee.[21]

On September 17, 2010, Murkowski said that she would mount a write-in campaign for the Senate seat.[22] Her campaign was aided in large part by substantial monetary assistance from Native corporations and PACs, as well as state teachers' and firefighters' unions.[23]

On November 17, 2010, the Associated Press reported that Murkowski had become only the second Senate candidate (after Strom Thurmond in 1954) to win a write-in campaign, thereby retaining her seat.[24][25] She emerged victorious after a two-week count of write-in ballots showed she had overtaken Miller.[26][27] Miller did not concede.[27] U.S. Federal District Judge Ralph Beistline granted an injunction to stop the certification of the election due to "serious" legal issues and irregularities Miller raised about the hand count of absentee ballots.[28] On December 10, 2010, an Alaskan judge dismissed Miller's case, clearing the way for Murkowski,[29] but on December 13, Miller appealed the Alaska Superior Court decision of the previous week to the Alaska Supreme Court. The state Supreme Court rejected Miller's appeal on December 22.[30] On December 28, U.S. District Judge Ralph Beistline dismissed Miller's lawsuit. Governor Sean Parnell certified Murkowski as the winner on December 30.[31]


After securing the Republican Party nomination by a wide margin, Murkowski was again reelected to the Senate in 2016. Joe Miller, this time the Libertarian Party nominee, was again the runner-up.

The election was unusual in featuring a Libertarian Party nominee who endorsed the Republican presidential nominee, Donald Trump, running against a Republican incumbent who did not.[32] The Libertarian vice-presidential nominee, former Governor of Massachusetts Bill Weld, endorsed Murkowski, citing Miller's support for Trump and "devoted social conservative" views as incompatible with libertarianism.


In 2017, Murkowski filed to run for a fourth term in 2022.[33] Due to her opposition to some of his initiatives and her vote to convict him during his second impeachment trial, former President Donald Trump pledged in June 2020 to campaign against Murkowski, implicitly endorsing a primary challenge in the process.[34][35] Of the seven Republican senators who voted to convict Trump, Murkowski was the only one up for reelection in 2022. After the second impeachment trial, Alaska's GOP had censured her and demanded her resignation.[35] Despite Trump's pledge, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell signaled Republican senators' commitment to back Murkowski's 2022 campaign.[36]

On June 18, 2021, Trump endorsed former Alaska Department of Administration commissioner Kelly Tshibaka for the Senate in 2022, calling her "MAGA all the way".[37] Murkowski later called Tshibaka "apparently...someone with a pulse",[38] referencing Trump's previous statement that "if [any 2022 Murkowski challenger has] a pulse, [he is] with [them]".[39] On July 10, 2021, the Alaska Republican Party endorsed Tshibaka.[40] Murkowski won reelection by beating Tshibaka in ranked-choice voting.[41] Murkowski's votes amounted to 53.7% after the ranked-choice tabulation.[42]

Tenure and political positions

Murkowski is considered a moderate Republican.[43][44] Since she was reelected in 2010, some have deemed her voting record "more moderate" than that of her previous years in the Senate.[45] In 2013, the National Journal gave Murkowski a composite score of 56% conservative and 45% liberal[46] and ranked her the 56th most liberal and 44th most conservative member of the Senate.[47]

According to GovTrack, Murkowski is the second most liberal Republican senator and, as of 2017, is placed by GovTrack's analysis to the left of all Republicans except Susan Collins, and to the left of Democratic Senator Joe Manchin.[48] The New York Times arranged Republican senators by ideology and also ranked Murkowski the second most liberal Republican.[49][50] According to FiveThirtyEight, which tracks Congressional votes, she voted with Trump's position approximately 72.6% of the time as of January 2021.[51] According to FiveThirtyEight, as of October 2022, Murkowski has voted with Biden's position about 67% of the time.[52] According to CQ Roll Call, Murkowski voted with President Barack Obama's position 72.3% of the time in 2013, one of only two Republicans voting for his positions over 70% of the time.[53] According to the American Conservative Union's Center for Legislative Accountability, Murkowski has a lifetime conservative score of 56.72.[54] The liberal Americans for Democratic Action gave her a score of 10% in 2019.[55]

In 2018, she voted "present" on the confirmation of Justice Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court of the United States as a favor to Senator Steve Daines, who was unable to attend the vote because his daughter's wedding took place that day.[56] In 2020, she voted against procedural motions to accelerate Amy Coney Barrett's confirmation to that court, though she later voted to confirm Barrett.[57] On April 7, 2022, she voted to confirm Ketanji Brown Jackson to the Supreme Court, with only two other Republicans joining her: Mitt Romney and Susan Collins.[58]

In a March 2019 op-ed for The Washington Post, Murkowski and Joe Manchin wrote that climate change debate in Congress was depicted as "an issue with just two sides—those who support drastic, unattainable measures to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, and those who want to do nothing" and affirmed their support for "adopting reasonable policies that maintain that edge, build on and accelerate current efforts, and ensure a robust innovation ecosystem."[59]

In December 2020, during his lame-duck period, Trump vetoed the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.[60] The veto left new Coast Guard cutters that were scheduled to be homeported in Alaska without port facilities to maintain them.[60] Murkowski issued a press release that said, in part, "It’s incredible that the President chose to veto the annual National Defense Authorization Act, particularly because his reason for doing so is an issue not related to national defense."[60]

After Trump supporters attacked the United States Capitol on January 6, 2021, Murkowski said Trump should resign for inciting the insurrection. With this call for his resignation, she became the first Republican in the Senate to say that Trump should leave office before the inauguration of Joe Biden. When asked whether she would remain a Republican, she replied, "if the Republican Party has become nothing more than the party of Trump, I sincerely question whether this is the party for me",[61] but added, "I have absolutely no desire to move over to the Democratic side of the aisle. I can't be somebody that I'm not."[62] On May 27, 2021, along with five other Republicans and all present Democrats, Murkowski voted to establish a bipartisan commission to investigate the Capitol attack. The vote failed for lack of 60 required "yes" votes.[63] She was one of seven Republican senators to vote on February 13, 2021, to convict Trump in his second impeachment trial. That vote failed for lack of a two-thirds majority.[64]

Murkowski, along with all other Senate and House Republicans, voted against the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.[65] On September 30, 2021, she was among the 15 Senate Republicans to vote with all Democrats and both Independents for a temporary spending bill to avoid a government shutdown.[66][67] On October 7, 2021, Murkowski voted with 10 other Republicans and all members of the Democratic caucus to break the filibuster of raising the debt ceiling.[68][69] However, she voted with all Republicans against the bill to raise the debt ceiling.[70] On February 5, 2022, Murkowski joined Arkansas Governor Asa Hutchinson in condemning the Republican National Committee's censure of Representatives Adam Kinzinger and Liz Cheney for supporting and participating in the Select Committee of the U.S. House that was tasked with investigating the January 6 United States Capitol attack.[71] The RNC contended that the Capitol riot was "legitimate political discourse."[71] During her 2022 reelection campaign, Murkowski was supported by Democratic colleagues, including Jeanne Shaheen, and Independent Senator Angus King.[72]

Murkowski supports the Equal Rights Amendment.[73]

As of 2023, Murkowski supports ConocoPhillips's controversial Willow oil drilling project on North Slope Borough, Alaska.[74]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Electoral history

Alaska House of Representatives, District 14, Republican primary results, 1998[76]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski 830 65.6%
Republican Mike Miller 436 34.4%
Total votes 1,266 100%
Alaska House of Representatives, District 14, election results, 1998[77]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski 2,676 96.5%
Write-ins 96 3.5%
Total votes 2,772 100%
Alaska House of Representatives, District 14, Republican primary results, 2000[78]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski (incumbent) 368 100%
Total votes 368 100%
Alaska House of Representatives, District 14, election results, 2000[79]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski (incumbent) 3,828 96.40%
Write-ins 145 3.6%
Total votes 3,973 100%
Alaska House of Representatives, District 18, Republican primary results, 2002[80]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski 486 53.1%
Republican Nancy A. Dahlstrom 429 46.9%
Total votes 915 100%
Alaska House of Representatives, District 18, election results, 2002[78]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski 2,231 93.3%
Write-ins 161 6.7%
Total votes 2,392 100%
United States Senate Republican primary results in Alaska, 2004[81]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski (incumbent) 45,710 58.1%
Republican Mike Miller 29,313 37.3%
Republican Wev Shea 2,857 3.6%
Republican Jim Dore 748 0.9%
Total votes 78,628 100%
United States Senate election in Alaska, 2004[82]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski (incumbent) 149,446 48.62%
Democratic Tony Knowles 139,878 45.51%
Independent Marc J. Millican 8,857 2.88%
Independence Jerry Sanders 3,765 1.22%
Green Jim Sykes 3,039 0.99%
Libertarian Scott A. Kohlhaas 1,237 0.40%
Independent Ted Gianoutsos 726 0.24%
Total votes 306,948 100%
United States Senate Republican primary results, in Alaska, 2010[83]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Joe Miller 55,878 50.91%
Republican Lisa Murkowski (incumbent) 53,872 49.09%
Total votes 109,750 100%
United States Senate election in Alaska, 2010[84]
Party Candidate Votes %
Write-In Lisa Murkowski (incumbent) 101,091 39.49%
Republican Joe Miller 90,839 35.49%
Democratic Scott McAdams 60,045 23.46%
Libertarian David Haase 1,459 0.57%
Independent Timothy Carter 927 0.36%
Independent Ted Gianoutsos 458 0.18%
Write-In Other write-in votes 1,143 0.44%
Invalid or blank votes 2,784 1.08%
Total votes 258,746 100%
Turnout 52.3%
United States Senate Republican primary results, in Alaska, 2016[85]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski 39,545 71.52%
Republican Bob Lochner 8,480 15.34%
Republican Paul Kendall 4,272 7.73%
Republican Thomas Lamb 2,996 5.42%
Total votes 55,293 100%
United States Senate election in Alaska, 2016[86]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski (incumbent) 138,149 44.36%
Libertarian Joe Miller 90,825 29.16%
Independent Margaret Stock 41,194 13.23%
Democratic Ray Metcalfe 36,200 11.62%
Independent Breck A. Carter 2,609 0.84%
Independent Ted Gianoutsos 1,758 0.56%
Write-In Write-in votes 706 0.23%
Invalid or blank votes 5,363 1.69%
Total votes 316,804 100%
Turnout 59.9%
2022 United States Senate election in Alaska[87][88]
Party Candidate First Choice Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Votes % Transfer Votes % Transfer Votes % Transfer Votes %
Republican Lisa Murkowski (incumbent) 113,495 43.37% +623 114,118 43.39% +1,641 115,759 44.49% +20,571 136,330 53.70%
Republican Kelly Tshibaka 111,480 42.60% +621 112,101 42.62% +3,209 115,310 44.32% +2,224 117,534 46.30%
Democratic Pat Chesbro 27,145 10.37% +1,088 28,233 10.73% +901 29,134 11.20% −29,134 Eliminated
Republican Buzz Kelley (withdrew)[a] 7,557 2.89% +1,018 8,575 3.26% −8,575 Eliminated
Write-in 2,028 0.77% -2,028 Eliminated
Total votes 261,705 263,027 260,203 253,864
Blank or inactive ballots 3,770 +2,824 6,594 +6,339 12,933
Republican hold

Personal life

Lisa Murkowski and Verne Martell pose with Jeff King during the ceremonial start of the 2019 Iditarod.
Lisa Murkowski and Verne Martell pose with Jeff King during the ceremonial start of the 2019 Iditarod.

Murkowski is married to Verne Martell.[90] They have two sons, Nicolas and Matthew.[91] Murkowski is Roman Catholic.[92]

As of 2018, according to, Murkowski's net worth was more than $1.4 million.[93]

Property sale controversy

In July 2007, Murkowski said she would sell back land she bought from Anchorage businessman Bob Penney, a day after a Washington watchdog group filed a Senate ethics complaint against her alleging that Penney sold the property well below market value.[94] The Anchorage Daily News wrote, "The transaction amounted to an illegal gift worth between $70,000 and $170,000, depending on how the property was valued, according to the complaint by the National Legal and Policy Center."[94] According to the Associated Press, Murkowski bought the land from two developers tied to the Ted Stevens probe.[95]

In 2008, Murkowski amended her Senate financial disclosures for 2004 through 2006, adding income of $60,000 per year from the sale of a property in 2003, and more than $40,000 a year from the sale of her "Alaska Pasta Company" in 2005.[96]

See also


  1. ^ Remained on the ballot because of his withdrawal after the deadline of 64 days ahead of the election.[89]


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  2. ^ "murkowski". Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
  3. ^ "Notable Pi Beta Phis in Government and Politics". Pi Beta Phi. Archived from the original on 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
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  5. ^ Kim, Mallie Jane (August 30, 2010). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Lisa Murkowski". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on April 6, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  6. ^ Bolstad, Erika (October 1, 2010). "Alaska's Murkowski failed bar exam 4 times". McClatchy Newspapers. Archived from the original on 2018-09-23. Retrieved 2016-02-16. Murkowski, who graduated in 1985 from Willamette University's College of Law in Oregon, wasn't admitted to the Alaska Bar until November 1987. She flunked the exam in July 1985, February 1986, July 1986 and again in February 1987. She passed on her fifth try in July 1987.
  7. ^ "MURKOWSKI, Lisa - Biographical Information". Archived from the original on 2010-07-11. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
  8. ^ a b Donald Craig Mitchell (May 25, 2011). "Alaska Governor Girl's Revenge". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 9, 2023.
  9. ^ a b "Murkowski picks Nancy Dahlstrom for House seat". Alaska Journal of Commerce. January 12, 2003. Archived from the original on December 23, 2019. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  10. ^ Mike Chambers (December 20, 2002). "Gov. Murkowski appoints daughter to fill Senate seat". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2014-12-28. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  11. ^ Volz, Matt (3 November 2004). "Voters approve Senate vacancy initiative". Peninsula Clarion. Archived from the original on 2017-07-29. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
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  18. ^ Cockerham, Sean (2010-08-31). "It's another Tea Party win as Alaska's Murkowski concedes". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on 2010-09-01. Retrieved 2010-09-01. Alaska Sen. Lisa Murkowski late Tuesday conceded the Republican primary election to Joe Miller, the Tea-Party backed challenger who maintained his Election Day lead after thousands of additional absentee and other ballots were counted through the day.
  19. ^ Joling, Dan (August 31, 2010). "Murkowski Concedes Alaska Primary Race". WBBM-TV. Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 1, 2010.
  20. ^ Memoli, Michael A. (2010-08-27). "Libertarians an option for Murkowski". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-30. Retrieved 2010-08-28. The state Libertarian Party told the Anchorage Daily News that it was open to the possibility of nominating Murkowski as a third-party candidate, a notion that her campaign is not embracing but has not ruled out.
  21. ^ Cockerham, Sean (2010-09-07). "Libertarians cool to Murkowski candidacy". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
  22. ^ Bohrer, Becky (2010-09-18). "Murkowski mounting write-in bid for Alaska Senate". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2010-09-21. Retrieved 2010-09-18. Murkowski faces tough odds with her write-in candidacy. She has lost support from members within the Republican establishment, who are backing the Republican nominee, Joe Miller.
  23. ^ Murphy, Kim (2010-11-18). "Lisa Murkowski claims victory in Alaska Senate election". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2010-11-20. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
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  33. ^ "FEC Form 2: Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). FEC. May 25, 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 19, 2017. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
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External links

Alaska House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the Alaska House of Representatives
from the 14th district

Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Alaska
Served alongside: Ted Stevens, Mark Begich, Dan Sullivan
Preceded by Ranking Member of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by Ranking Member of the Senate Energy Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the Senate Energy Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by Vice Chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee
Party political offices
Preceded by
Frank Murkowski
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Alaska
(Class 3)

Succeeded by
Preceded by
Joe Miller
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Alaska
(Class 3)

Most recent
Preceded by Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference
Succeeded by
John Barrasso
Order of precedence
Preceded by Order of precedence of the United States
as United States Senator
Succeeded by
United States senators by seniority
This page was last edited on 21 May 2023, at 04:38
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