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Jack Miller (politician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jack Miller
SenatorJackMillerIA.jpg
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
In office
June 6, 1985 – August 29, 1994
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
In office
October 1, 1982 – June 6, 1985
Appointed byoperation of law
Preceded bySeat established by 96 Stat. 25
Succeeded byGlenn Leroy Archer Jr.
Associate Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
In office
July 6, 1973 – October 1, 1982
Appointed byRichard Nixon
Preceded byJames Lindsay Almond Jr.
Succeeded bySeat abolished
United States Senator
from Iowa
In office
January 3, 1961 – January 3, 1973
Preceded byThomas E. Martin
Succeeded byDick Clark
Personal details
Born
Jack Richard Miller

(1916-06-06)June 6, 1916
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedAugust 29, 1994(1994-08-29) (aged 78)
Temple Terrace, Florida, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
EducationCreighton University (AB)
Catholic University of America (AM)
Columbia Law School (JD)

Jack Richard Miller (June 6, 1916 – August 29, 1994) was a Republican United States Senator from Iowa who served two terms from 1961 to 1973, and then served as a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

Education and career

Miller was born in Chicago, Illinois. He first moved to Sioux City, Iowa in 1932 as a teen. He attended The Oratory School in England, then received an Artium Baccalaureus degree from Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska in 1938 and an Artium Magister degree from the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. in 1939. In World War II, Miller served with the United States Army Air Corps from 1942 to 1946, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel. During this time his military service included the China-Burma-India Theater, the faculty at the Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and duty at Air Force Headquarters in Washington, D.C. After the war, Miller received his Juris Doctor from Columbia Law School in 1946, and did postgraduate study at University of Iowa College of Law later that year. He served between 1947 and 1948 as an attorney with the Office of Chief Counsel of the United States Internal Revenue Service. After one year as an assistant professor of law at Notre Dame Law School, he then returned to Sioux City, where he went into private practice.[1]

Political career

Miller was elected to the Iowa House of Representatives in 1955, and to the Iowa Senate in 1957. Miller was first elected to the United States Senate in 1960. In a race to replace the retiring Republican Senator Thomas E. Martin, Miller defeated Iowa's sitting governor, Herschel C. Loveless, in a close contest. Senator Miller was a member of the Senate Finance Committee.[2] He was reelected in 1966, easily defeating Democrat E.B. Smith, but in 1972 was upset by Democrat Dick Clark. During a phone call in the early hours of the morning following that election, President Nixon told Henry Kissinger that "we lost Jack Miller because he's a jackass."[3]

Miller voted in favor of the Civil Rights Act of 1964,[4] as well as the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,[5] the Voting Rights Act of 1965,[6] and the confirmation of Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Supreme Court,[7] while Miller did not vote on the Civil Rights Act of 1968.[8]

Federal judicial service

Grave at Arlington National Cemetery
Grave at Arlington National Cemetery

Miller was nominated by President Richard Nixon on June 28, 1973, to a seat on the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals vacated by Judge James Lindsay Almond Jr. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 28, 1973, and received his commission on July 6, 1973. He was reassigned by operation of law on October 1, 1982, to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, to a new seat authorized by 96 Stat. 25. He assumed senior status on June 6, 1985. His service terminated on August 29, 1994, due to his death.[1]

Retirement and death

Miller retired to Temple Terrace, Florida where he died on August 29, 1994. He is interred at Arlington National Cemetery.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b Jack Richard Miller at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Semple, Robert (3 September 1970). "President Praises Smooth Transition In South's Schools; PRESIDENT LAUDS SCHOOL CHANGES" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Conversation 033-060 at 1:43 – Nixon Tapes". 1972-11-08.
  4. ^ "HR. 7152. PASSAGE".
  5. ^ "S.J. RES. 29. APPROVAL OF RESOLUTION BANNING THE POLL TAX AS PREREQUISITE FOR VOTING IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS". GovTrack.us.
  6. ^ "TO PASS S. 1564, THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965".
  7. ^ "CONFIRMATION OF NOMINATION OF THURGOOD MARSHALL, THE FIRST NEGRO APPOINTED TO THE SUPREME COURT". GovTrack.us.
  8. ^ "TO PASS H.R. 2516, A BILL TO PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN SALE OR RENTAL OF HOUSING, AND TO PROHIBIT RACIALLY MOTIVATED INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON EXERCISING HIS CIVIL RIGHTS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES".
  9. ^ Arlington National Cemetery

Sources

  • United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit: A History: 1990–2002 / compiled by members of the Advisory Council to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in celebration of the court's twentieth anniversary. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. 2004. p. 147. LCCN 2004050209.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Thomas E. Martin
Republican nominee for United States Senator from Iowa
(Class 2)

1960, 1966, 1972
Succeeded by
Roger Jepsen
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Thomas E. Martin
United States Senator (Class 2) from Iowa
1961–1973
Served alongside: Bourke B. Hickenlooper, Harold Hughes
Succeeded by
Dick Clark
Legal offices
Preceded by
James Lindsay Almond Jr.
Associate Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
1973–1982
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Seat established by 96 Stat. 25
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
1982–1985
Succeeded by
Glenn Leroy Archer Jr.
This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 04:20
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