To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Ed H. Campbell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ed Hoyt Campbell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 11th district
In office
March 4, 1929 – March 3, 1933
Preceded byWilliam D. Boies
Succeeded byGuy M. Gillette (Redistricting)
Personal details
Born(1882-03-06)March 6, 1882
Battle Creek, Iowa, U.S.
DiedApril 26, 1969(1969-04-26) (aged 87)
Battle Creek, Iowa, U.S.
Resting placeMount Hope Cemetery
Political partyRepublican

Ed Hoyt Campbell (March 6, 1882 – April 26, 1969) was the last U.S. Representative from Iowa's 11th congressional district. When Iowa lost two seats in Congress due to the 1930 census, Campbell's district was renumbered but its boundaries were left intact.[1] In the Roosevelt landslide of 1932, he failed to win re-election.

Born in Battle Creek, Iowa, Campbell attended the public schools of his native city, and graduated from the University of Iowa College of Law in 1906. He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Battle Creek. Two years later, he was elected as mayor of Battle Creek, and served until 1911. That year, he was elected to the Iowa House of Representatives, where he served until 1913.

During the First World War Campbell served as a private in Company Six, First Officers Training School, at Fort Snelling, Minnesota.

Following his discharge, he was elected to the Iowa Senate in 1920. He served two four-year terms, serving as president pro tempore from 1924 to 1926.

In 1928, Campbell was elected as a Republican to the U.S. House of Representatives, to represent Iowa's 11th congressional district (in northwestern Iowa). He was re-elected two years later. Iowa lost two seats in Congress due to the 1930 census, which required the 1931 Iowa Legislature to reapportion the state's congressional districts for the first time in over four decades. However, the districts of the old 11th district were kept intact, and were renumbered as the 9th district, leading commentators to predict that Campbell's seat was "apparently safe."[1] In the next election (in 1932), Campbell won the Republican nomination for that seat, but faced maverick Democrat Guy M. Gillette in the general election. Franklin D. Roosevelt's landslide election also carried many Democrats to victory; Campbell was one of several incumbent Republican congressmen in Iowa who were unseated that year. In all, Campbell served in the Seventy-first and Seventy-second Congresses, from March 4, 1929 to March 3, 1933.

After returning to Iowa, Campbell resumed the practice of law. He died in Battle Creek on April 26, 1969, and was interred in Mount Hope Cemetery.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    743 802
    3 541 022
    1 356 732
  • ✪ Are ghost ships real? - Peter B. Campbell
  • ✪ What makes a hero? - Matthew Winkler
  • ✪ History vs. Cleopatra - Alex Gendler


One foggy morning in 1884, the British steamer "Rumney" crashed into the French ship "Frigorifique." Seeing their ship filling with water, the French crew climbed aboard the "Rumney." But as they sailed towards the nearest port, a silent form suddenly emerged from the fog: the abandoned "Frigorifique." It was too late to turn, and the impact was enough to sink the "Rumney." As the sailors scrambled into the lifeboats, the empty "Frigorifique" sailed back into the fog, having seemingly taken its revenge. In reality, the French sailors had left the engines running, and the "Frigorifique" sailed in a circle before striking the "Rumney" and finally sinking. But its story became one of the many tales of ghost ships, unmanned vessels that apparently sail themselves. And although they've influenced works like "Dracula" and "Pirates of the Caribbean," crewless ships aren't the product of ghostly spirits, just physics at work. One of the most famous ghost ships was the "Mary Celeste" found sailing the Atlantic in 1872 with no one aboard, water in its hold, and lifeboats missing. The discovery of its intact cargo and a captain's log that ended abruptly led to wild rumors and speculation. But the real culprits were two scientific phenomena: buoyancy and fluid dynamics. Here's how buoyancy works. An object placed in a liquid displaces a certain volume of fluid. The liquid in turn exerts an upward buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid that's been displaced. This phenomenon is called Archimedes's Principle. Objects that are less dense than water, such as balsa wood, icebergs, and inflatable rafts always float. That's because the upward buoyant force is always stronger than the downward force of gravity. But for objects or ships to float when they're made of materials, like steel, that are denser than water, they must displace a volume of water larger than their weight. Normally, the water filling a ship's hull would increase its weight and cause it to sink - just what the "Mary Celeste's" crew feared when they abandoned ship. But the sailors didn't account for fluid dynamics. The water stopped flowing at the point of equilibrium, when it reached the same level as the hull. As it turned out, the weight of the water wasn't enough to sink the ship and the "Mary Celeste" was found a few days later while the unfortunate crew never made it to shore. Far stranger is the tale of "A. Ernest Mills," a schooner transporting salt, whose crew watched it sink to the sea floor following a collision. Yet four days later, it was spotted floating on the surface. The key to the mystery lay in the ship's heavy cargo of salt. The added weight of the water in the hull made the vessel sink, but as the salt dissolved in the water, the weight decreased enough that the force of gravity became less than the buoyant force and the ship floated back to the surface. But how do we explain the most enduring aspect of ghost ship legends: multiple sightings of the same ships hundreds of miles and several years apart? The answer lies in ocean currents, which are like invisible rivers flowing through the ocean. Factors, like temperature, salinity, wind, gravity, and the Coriolis effect from the Earth's rotation create a complex system of water movement. That applies both at the ocean's surface and deep below. Sailors have always known about currents, but their patterns weren't well known until recently. In fact, tracking abandoned ships was how scientists determined the shape and speed of the Atlantic Gyre, the Gulf Stream, and related currents in the first place. Beginning in 1883, the U.S. Hydrographic Office began collecting monthly data that included navigation hazards, like derelict ships, whose locations were reported by passing vessels. So abandoned ships may not be moved by ghost crews or supernatural curses, but they are a real and fascinating phenomenon born through the ocean and kept afloat by powerful, invisible, scientifically studied forces.


  1. ^ a b "Five of Iowa's 9 Congress Posts Sure for G.O.P.", Waterloo Courier, 1932-11-02, at p. 13.

External links

  • United States Congress. "Ed H. Campbell (id: C000081)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George C. Scott
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 11th congressional district

March 4, 1929 – March 3, 1933
Succeeded by
District created

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

This page was last edited on 23 January 2020, at 19:47
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.