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Adoniram J. Holmes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Adoniram Judson Holmes
Sergeant at Arms of the United States House of Representatives
In office
December 2, 1889 – December 8, 1891
Preceded byJohn P. Leedom
Succeeded bySamuel S. Yoder
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 10th district
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1889
Preceded byNew District
Succeeded byJonathan P. Dolliver
Member of the Iowa House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
BornMarch 2, 1842 (1842-03-02)
Wooster, Ohio
DiedJanuary 21, 1902 (1902-01-22) (aged 59)
Clarinda, Iowa
Citizenship United States
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Emma Folsom Holmes
ChildrenLulu Emma
Judson Harold
Clarence Folsom
Alma materUniversity of Michigan Law School
ProfessionAttorney, politician
Military service
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Branch/serviceUnion Army
Second Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
Unit24th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment
CommandsCompany K
Company D
Battles/warsCivil War

Adoniram Judson Holmes (March 2, 1842 – January 21, 1902) a Republican, was the first U.S. Representative from Iowa's 10th congressional district.

Early life

Born in Wooster, Ohio, Holmes moved with his parents to Palmyra, Wisconsin, in 1853. He attended the common schools, and entered Milton College of Milton, Wisconsin, but left in 1862 after the outbreak of the Civil War, to enter the Union Army. He enlisted as a Private in Company D, 24th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant of Company F on March 7, 1864, to 1st Lieutenant of Company K on May 12, 1865, and was honorably mustered out on July 27, 1865. He married Emma Folsom Holmes, and they had three children, Lulu Emma, Judson Harold, and Clarence Folsom.


After the war Holms completed his studies in Milton College. Returning to Janesville he studied law and was admitted to the bar,[1] but afterwards took the full course from the University of Michigan Law School, graduating in 1867. He commenced practice in Boone, Iowa, in 1868 in partnership with another young lawyer, L. W. Reynolds.[2] In 1880 and 1881, he was the mayor of Boone. He also served as a member of the Iowa House of Representatives in 1882 and 1883.

Political career

Iowa received a tenth and eleventh seat in the U.S. House as a result of the 1880 Census. The Iowa General Assembly created the new 10th congressional district from counties in the old 4th and 9th congressional districts,[3] including Boone County, where Holmes lived. In 1882, Holmes won the Republican nomination in the new district, and won the general election, and was elected to the 48th United States Congress.Twice he was re-elected, serving in the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth Congresses. He held the seat from March 4, 1883, to March 3, 1889. However, when running for a fourth term in 1888, he was challenged in the district convention by future U.S. Senator Jonathan P. Dolliver. After 110 ballots in the district nominating convention, Dolliver won.[4]

After his defeat, Holmes went to work for Congress. He was chosen as Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives in the Fifty-first Congress, at the urging of Congressman David B. Henderson of Iowa's 3rd congressional district.[5] He then resumed the practice of law in Boone, where he served as county attorney from 1896 to 1899.


Holmes died in Clarinda, Page County, Iowa, on January 21, 1902 (age 59 years, 325 days). He is interred at Linwood Park Cemetery, Boone, Iowa.


  1. ^ Benjamin F. Gue, History of Iowa From the Earliest Times To the Beginning of the Twentieth Century, 4 vols. (New York: Century History Co., 1903).
  2. ^ "Adoniram J. Holmes". The Strangest Names In American Political History. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  3. ^ Iowa Congressional District Maps Archived 2008-06-30 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 2009-05-04.
  4. ^ Editorial, "State Convention," The Perry Chief, 1888-08-24 at p. 4.
  5. ^ "Reed Secures the Prize," New York Times, 1889-12-01 at p. 1.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
New District
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 10th congressional district

Succeeded by
Jonathan P. Dolliver
Preceded by
Samuel S. Yoder
Sergeant at Arms of the United States House of Representatives
Succeeded by
Benjamin F. Russell

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

This page was last edited on 6 May 2020, at 23:25
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