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Irvin S. Pepper

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Irvin St. Clair Pepper
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1911 – December 22, 1913
Preceded byAlbert F. Dawson
Succeeded byHenry Vollmer
Personal details
Born(1876-06-10)June 10, 1876
Davis County, Iowa, U.S.
DiedDecember 22, 1913(1913-12-22) (aged 37)
Clinton County, Iowa, U.S.
Resting placeShaul Cemetery, Ottumwa, Iowa, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic

Irvin St. Clair Pepper (June 10, 1876 – December 22, 1913) was a Democratic U.S. Representative from Iowa's 2nd congressional district.

Pepper was born on a farm in Davis County, Iowa.[1] He attended public schools and graduated from Southern Iowa Normal School at Bloomfield in 1897. He later served as principal of the Atalissa, Iowa High School and of the Washington School at Muscatine, Iowa.

He relocated to Washington, D.C. to serve as secretary for Democratic Congressman Martin J. Wade of Iowa's 2nd congressional district from 1903 to 1905. In 1905, he graduated from the George Washington University Law School, in Washington. He was admitted to the bar the same year and returned to Muscatine to commence practice. He served as prosecuting attorney of Muscatine County from 1906 to 1910.

In 1910, Pepper ran as a Democrat for an open seat in the U.S. House to represent Iowa's 2nd congressional district. He won the Democratic nomination, then defeated Republican Charles Grilk in the general election.[1] He was then re-elected two years later with "little opposition."[1]

On December 22, 1913, part way through his second term, Pepper died following an operation for infection of the gall bladder.[2] He was recovering in Clinton County, Iowa, from typhoid fever, which had left him in a weakened state.[2]

In the Sixty-third Congresses, he served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department. He also served as a member of the House Committee on Military Affairs.[1] At the time of his death, he served as secretary of the Democratic National Congressional Committee.[3] In all, he served from March 4, 1911 until his death.

Pepper had planned to enter the contest in Iowa for the U.S. Senate seat held by Albert B. Cummins, in what would be Iowa's first direct election of a U.S. Senator.[2]

He was interred in Shaul Cemetery, near Ottumwa, Iowa.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ How To Cleanse Your Liver


Hey, guys. Dr. Axe here, Doctor of Functional Medicine and founder of Today I wanted to talk about how to cleanse your liver and the top ways to detox your liver. Your liver is your second largest organ, and it is so important for detoxification, for cleansing, for your overall health. So I'm going to go over my five top ways that you can detox your liver on a regular basis. And number one is start by removing all the toxic stuff in your diet. Listen, you can take all the pills, all the supplements, all the potions. And you know what? They will not do any good until you start getting the junk out of your diet. So step number one in doing a liver cleanse is to remove the processed grains and sugars and fast foods and packaged foods. Get rid of it all and just eat real food. Fruit it in its whole form, vegetables in its whole form, organic grass-fed meats, sprouted whole ancient grains, stick with those types of foods if you want to naturally cleanse your liver, and stay away from packaged, processed foods, especially conventional meat and dairy. Conventional meat and dairy are loaded with pesticides, herbicides, GMO residue, antibiotic drugs, steroids, hormones, other medication residue. Those are all stuck in those meat products that you consume. So again, stop consuming conventional meat and dairy is the number one step to detox your liver for good. Step number two is start consuming liver-detoxifying herbs. There's three specifically -- milk thistle, turmeric, and dandelion. Now, milk thistle is known as the king of detoxifying herbs, and it's been shown to specifically boost an antioxidant in your body called glutathione, which helps detox your liver and your cells. So milk thistle, again, the number one herb, typically 150 milligrams twice daily of milk thistle will play a huge role in supporting liver detoxification. The second herb is turmeric. Turmeric has been shown to be very high in antioxidants that helps both the liver and the gallbladder. So turmeric, you typically want to do about a tablespoon daily in your food or supplementing with two capsules daily of about 1000 milligrams. That's also going to help. The other great thing about turmeric is it reduces liver inflammation. So it reduces inflammation of your GI tract, so your colon as well as of your liver. So again, 1000 milligrams of turmeric daily, great for reducing liver inflammation and cleansing the liver. The third herb is dandelion. Dandelion is packed with potassium and other herbal compounds that have been shown to act as a diuretic and causing your liver to release toxins and also support the gallbladder in releasing bile. That's really what's going to cause that liver to dump the toxins. So there's a great benefit of taking milk thistle, turmeric, and dandelion in a combination in a cell detox or a liver detox supplement. But again, those three herbal extracts are the most effective herbs at naturally detoxifying the liver. Not to say there's not others, like bupleurum and a few others that are great for the liver. But those are some of my favorites. The third thing you need to do to detox your liver is to work on your body emotionally and detox your emotions. According to ancient Chinese medicine, the emotions you experience directly affect certain organs. When it comes to your liver and cleansing your liver, there are specific emotions of number one would be frustration. The other one is resentment, unforgiveness, and anger. Those are the four emotions that directly affect your liver. So if you know you struggle with frustration, if you tend to get frustrated easily, if you have anyone in your life, including your spouse or coworkers that you tend to have resentment towards them, know that you're not hurting them, you're hurting yourself. You're hurting your liver. Those toxic emotions are literally shutting down your liver and your body, creating disease in your system. And what I'd recommend you to do is get out a sheet of paper, write down all the people you haven't forgiven, all the people you feel any ounce of resentment towards, your parents, spouses, coworkers, and really work to absolutely forgive and forget. I also just recommend as you do that, you may want to work with a counselor on this. You may want to work with a dear friend that's close to you. But listen, those toxic emotions aren't hurting them, they are hurting you. So you really want to make sure that you work on healing and detoxing those emotions. Another great way to do that is practice gratitude. One of the things I do every morning is I get up and say what I'm grateful for. But practicing gratitude, forgiveness, building joy into your life, reading personal growth books, reading your Bible and reading scripture and memorizing verses, those types of things really will help you become free. But listen, don't keep it inside. You really have to talk and work with somebody on this as well. So again, a best friend, a counselor, a church, those things can all help. But again, if you truly want to detox your entire system and liver, you've got to work on that emotional aspect as well. Step number four, eat real liver. That's right. I'm telling you to eat liver, like chicken liver or beef liver. In fact, ancient practitioners or practitioners from the past 100 years really used liver supplementation to help overcome liver toxicity and other diseases. If you look at men like Weston A. Price, the famous dentist who traveled the world and found what really caused disease, gum disease and liver disease and disease in the body. He recommended liver supplementation. Dr. Royal Lee, who started the company Standard Process, recommended raw liver supplementation and liver capsules and had great results with patients. Dr. Gerson, who started Gerson therapy, recommended beef liver in overcoming cancer. So you can see here real liver is great. So what I do is I do a chicken liver. You can make a chicken liver p�t�. I'll do a chicken liver Crock-Pot, where I'll do two-thirds chicken, two pounds of chicken and maybe one pound of chicken liver I pick up at my farmer's market or health food store. Do that with celery and onions and carrots and make it into a big Crock-Pot. That's another way to do it. Or hey, if you just can't eat liver, you can buy desiccated liver tablets online. Another easy way to do it is getting liver in your diet. And then step number five for a natural liver cleanse is consume foods that cleanse the liver and specifically think spring. Think sprouts, salads, sour foods. In fact, sour foods, according to ancient Chinese medicine, are the foods that are most nourishing to the liver. So think about this, again, a big spinach salad with sprouts, maybe some tomatoes, some cucumber and then sprinkle a little bit of olive oil. Then along with that, some apple cider vinegar. Again, you've got the sourness, you've got the fresh sprouts. But again, apple cider vinegar, sprouts, vegetables, vegetable juices, all of those foods are very cleansing to the liver along with sour foods, including most probiotic-rich foods, things like kefir. Also, sauerkraut, kimchi, beets, artichokes, dandelion greens, all of those are fantastic for naturally cleansing the liver. So guys, I hope you've learned a lot. This has been my five tips for naturally cleansing and detoxifying the liver. Hey, if you've liked what you've learned, make sure to subscribe here to the YouTube channel. I've got a lot more great information coming out on how to cleanse other organs in your body. Also I recently wrote an article on my six-step liver cleanse. If you want to learn what the sixth one is, you can go online, search "" and find out what my number six tip is to cleanse the liver. Hey, guys, hope you've enjoyed this video on natural ways to detox the liver.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Congressman Pepper Died at Clinton," Williamsburg Journal-Tribune, 1913-12-25, at p. 1.
  2. ^ a b c "Congressman Pepper is Dead," Estherville Democrat, 1913-12-23 at p. 1.
  3. ^ "Irvin St. Clair Pepper (late a Representative from Iowa): Memorial Addresses Delivered in the House of Representatives and in the Senate of the United States," By Joint Committee on Printing, United States Congress, United States, United States Congress. Joint Committee on Printing,p. 83 (U.S. G.P.O. 1915).

External links

  • United States Congress. "Irvin S. Pepper (id: P000220)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • "The lone duck in the brood," Jay "Ding" Darling editorial cartoon regarding Iowa's election of one Democrat (Pepper) to Congress in 1910, Iowa Digital Library.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Albert F. Dawson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1911 - December 22, 1913
Succeeded by
Henry Vollmer

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

This page was last edited on 13 June 2019, at 12:28
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