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2002 United States elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2002 United States elections
Midterm elections
Election dayNovember 5
Incumbent presidentGeorge W. Bush (Republican)
Next Congress108th
Senate elections
Overall controlRepublican Gain
Seats contested34 of 100 seats
(33 seats of Class II +1 special election)
Net seat changeRepublican +2[1]
2002 Senate election map.svg
2002 Senate election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall controlRepublican Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting seats
Popular vote marginRepublican +4.8%
Net seat changeRepublican +8
2002 House Elections in the United States.png
2002 House of Representatives election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold
  Independent hold

Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested38 (36 states, 2 territories)
Net seat changeDemocratic +1
2002 Gubernatorial election map.svg
2002 gubernatorial election results
Territorial races not shown

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

The 2002 United States elections were held on November 5, in the middle of Republican President George W. Bush's first term. Unusual in midterm elections, the incumbent president's party gained seats in both chambers of the United States Congress. The Republicans picked up net gains of 2 Senate seats and 8 House seats.[2]

These elections were held just a little under fourteen months after the September 11 attacks. Thus the elections were heavily overshadowed by the war on terror, the impending war with Iraq, the Early 2000s recession, and the sudden death of Democratic Minnesota Senator Paul Wellstone about one week before the election.

These elections marked only the third time since the Civil War that the president's party gained seats in a midterm election (the first two being 1934 and 1998),[3] and the first time that this happened under a Republican president.[4] These elections were the second consecutive midterm elections held in a President's first term (regardless of the President's party) where Republicans netted a gain in both houses of Congress, and the only midterm House elections (as of 2018) since 1978 to be won by the President's party.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Geography of United States Elections | Lecture 4
  • ✪ Political Campaigns: Crash Course Government and Politics #39
  • ✪ The Speech that Made Obama President
  • ✪ Why Our Election Process Is Unfair: How the Winner-Take-All System Is Undemocratic (2002)
  • ✪ Terrorism, War, and Bush 43: Crash Course US History #46



Federal elections

United States congressional elections

Despite being the incumbent party in the White House, which is usually a disadvantage for the President's party during midterm Congressional elections, Republicans achieved gains in both chambers of the United States Congress.

United States Senate elections

During the 2002 U.S. Senate elections, all thirty-three regularly scheduled Class II Senate seats as well as a special election in Missouri were held.

In the United States Senate elections, the Republican Party achieved an overall net gain of two seats with victories in Georgia, Minnesota, and Missouri while the Democrats took a seat in Arkansas. Thus, the balance of power in the Senate changed from 51-49 Democratic Majority to 51-49 Republican Majority.

United States House of Representatives elections

During the 2002 House elections, all 435 seats in the House of Representatives plus five of the six non-voting Delegates from non-state districts were up for election that year. These elections were the first to be held following redistricting in apportionment according to the 2000 United States Census.

Republicans succeeded in expanding their majority in the House of Representatives by a net gain of eight, resulting in a 229-204 (excluding Delegates) Republican majority.

In addition to all regularly scheduled House elections, there were two special elections held, one for Oklahoma's 1st congressional district on January 8 and another for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district on November 30.

State elections

Gubernatorial elections

During the 2002 gubernatorial elections, the governorships of the thirty-six states, two territories, and the District of Columbia were up for election.

Going into the elections, Republicans held the governorships of twenty-seven states and one territory (that being the Northern Mariana Islands), Democrats held those of twenty-one states, four territories, and the Mayorship of the District of Columbia, and two governorships were held by incumbents of neither party (those being Angus King (I-ME) and Jesse Ventura (MIP-MN)). Following the elections, Republicans sustained a net loss of one state governorship (but did gain the governorship of the territory of Guam), Democrats gained an overall net gain of three state governorships and held on to all other territorial governorships and the Mayorship of the District of Columbia, and there would be no governorships held by Independents or third parties. Thus the balance of power (excluding non-state entities) would be changed from 27-21 Republican majority to 26-24 Republican Majority.

Other state-wide officer elections

In some states where the positions were elective offices, voters elected candidates for state executive branch offices (Lieutenant Governors (though some were elected on the same ticket as the gubernatorial nominee), Secretary of state, state Treasurer, state Auditor, state Attorney General, state Superintendent of Education, Commissioners of Insurance, Agriculture or, Labor, etc.) and state judicial branch offices (seats on state Supreme Courts and, in some states, state appellate courts).

State legislative elections

In 2002, the seats of the Legislatures of forty-six states and five non-state entities were up for election.

Republicans captured eight legislative chambers from Democrats and also won the majority of state legislative seats for the first time in half a century.[5]

Local elections

Nationwide, there were some cities, counties, school boards, special districts and others that elected members in 2002.

Mayoral elections

During 2002, various major American cities held their mayoral elections that year, including the following:


  1. ^ Republicans gained one seat in the regularly-scheduled elections and gained another seat in a special election.
  2. ^ "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  3. ^ Glass, Andrew (2015-11-05). "GOP makes gains in midterm elections, Nov. 5, 2002". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  4. ^ Nagourney, Adam (2002-11-06). "The 2002 Elections: The Overview; G.o.p. Retakes Control of the Senate in a Show of Presidential Influence; Pataki, Jeb Bush and Lautenberg Win". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  5. ^ Storey, Tim. The Book of the States 2005. The Council of State Governments. Retrieved 2010-01-01 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2010-01-09. Retrieved 2010-01-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "The Augusta Chronicle: Local & World News, Sports & Entertainment in Augusta, GA". The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved 9 May 2018.[dead link]
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - Candidate - James L. "Hutch" Hutchison Sr". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  8. ^ "History of the City Council". City of Independence, Missouri. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  9. ^ "Fayette County Clerk > Election Results". Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  10. ^ "City Mayors: Jerry Abramson - Mayor of Louisville". Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  11. ^ Dahir, Mubarak (December 24, 2002). "Leading Providence: David Cicilline becomes the first openly gay mayor of a U.S. state capital - Politics". The Advocate. Gale Group. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
  12. ^ "Salem (Oregon) Online History - Salem Mayors List". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 25 April 2019, at 17:49
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