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2009 United States elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2009 United States elections
2007          2008          2009          2010          2011
Off-year elections
Election dayNovember 3
Senate elections
Seats contested1 mid-term vacancy
Net seat changeRepublican +1
2010 United States Senate special election in Massachusetts2009 Senate election map.svg
About this image
Map of the 2009 Senate special elections
     Republican gain (1)
Congressional special elections
Seats contested5
Net seat changeDemocratic +1
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested3 (2 states, 1 territory)
Net seat changeRepublican +2
2009 Northern Mariana Islands gubernatorial election2009 New Jersey gubernatorial election2009 Virginia gubernatorial election2009 United States gubernatorial elections results map.svg
About this image
2009 Gubernatorial election results map
     Republican gain      Covenant hold

2009 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 3. During this off-year election, the only seats up for election in the United States Congress were special elections held throughout the year. In total, only the seat representing New York's 23rd congressional district changed party hands, increasing the Democratic Party's majority over the Republicans in the United States House of Representatives, 258–177.

However, there were also several gubernatorial races and state legislative elections, and numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races in several major cities, and several types of local offices on the ballot.[1]

Although the number of elections was relatively small considering it was an off-year election, Republicans dominated. Winning all statewide races including a senate race in Massachusetts, one of the most solidly Democratic states in the nation. These results represented the first in a pattern of Republican dominance in non-general election years during the Obama Presidency.[2] Just one year later in 2010 Republicans gained 63 seats in the House of Representatives, six Senate seats, and 12 Governor's Mansions (net +6 gain). The pattern was repeated in 2014 when Republicans won unified control of Congress.

United States Congress

In total, there were five special elections to the United States House of Representatives during 2009. The only election which changed party hands (from Republican to Democratic) was in New York's 23rd congressional district.

Also, a primary election was held in Massachusetts on December 8, 2009, for the senate seat left open by the death of U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy; the general special election for that later seat occurred on January 19, 2010.


New Jersey and Virginia, along with the U.S. territory of the Northern Mariana Islands, held gubernatorial elections in 2009. Both governorships in New Jersey and Virginia changed party hands from Democrat to Republican. Meanwhile, the local Covenant Party maintained control of the governorship of the Marianas.

State legislatures

Legislative elections were held for the New Jersey General Assembly, the Virginia House of Delegates and the Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature.


Cities, counties, school boards, special districts and others elect members in 2009. Several large cities held mayoral elections in 2009, including: New York City, Boston, Los Angeles, Houston, Minneapolis, Seattle, San Antonio, and Detroit. Memphis, Tennessee also had a special election to replace former mayor Willie Herenton.

Some of these mayoral elections included the following:


  1. ^ Davis, Tom (November 6, 2009). "7 Lessons for Democrats and Republicans From the 2009 Elections". Archived from the original on 2011-01-19.
  2. ^ "Under Obama, Democrats suffer largest loss in power since Eisenhower". Quorum. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
This page was last edited on 22 February 2022, at 23:02
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