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Watkins Glen International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Watkins Glen International
"The Glen"

Long course at Watkins Glen International

Short course at Watkins Glen International
LocationWatkins Glen, New York
Time zoneUTC−5 (UTC−4 DST)
Coordinates42°20′13″N 76°55′38″W / 42.33694°N 76.92722°W / 42.33694; -76.92722
FIA Grade2[a]
OwnerNASCAR (2019–present)
International Speedway Corporation (1997–2019)
OperatorNASCAR (1997–present)
Opened1956 (as a permanent circuit)
Former namesWatkins Glen Grand Prix Circuit (1956–1971)
Watkins Glen International Raceway (1972–2000)
Major eventsCurrent:
IMSA SportsCar Championship
6 Hours of Watkins Glen
(1956–1981, 1984–2019, 2021–present)
WeatherTech 240 at the Glen (1984–1991, 2001–2011, 2021)
NASCAR Cup Series
Go Bowling at The Glen
(1957, 1964–1965, 1986–2019, 2021–present)
NASCAR Xfinity Series
Shriners Children's 200 at The Glen
(1991–2019, 2021–present)
Trans-Am Series (1968–1980, 1984–1985, 1990–1998, 2009, 2012–2013, 2016–2019, 2021–present)
Formula One
United States Grand Prix
IndyCar Series
Grand Prix at The Glen
(1979–1981, 2005–2010, 2016–2017)
NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series
United Rentals 176
(1996–2000, 2021)
GT World Challenge America
(1992, 1996–1998, 2007–2010, 2018–2019, 2021–2022)
Grand Prix Circuit (with Inner Loop Chicane) (1992–present)
SurfaceAsphalt and concrete
Length3.450 miles (5.552 km)
Race lap record1:23.9166 (France Sébastien Bourdais, Dallara DW12, 2017, IndyCar)
Short Circuit (with Inner Loop Chicane) (1992–present)
Length2.450 miles (3.943 km)
Race lap record0:59.920 (United States Davy Jones, Jaguar XJR-14, 1992, IMSA GTP)
Short Circuit (with Esses Chicane) (1979–1991)
Length2.428 miles (3.907 km)
Race lap record0:59.920 (United States Davy Jones, Jaguar XJR-16, 1991, IMSA GTP)
Grand Prix Circuit (1971–1974, 1986–present)
Length3.377 miles (5.435 km)
Race lap record1:35.600 (United States Chip Robinson, Nissan NPT-90, 1990, IMSA GTP)
Grand Prix Circuit (with Esses Chicane) (1975–1985)
Length3.377 miles (5.435 km)
Race lap record1:34.068 (Australia Alan Jones, Williams FW07B, 1980, F1)
Sports Car Circuit (1971)
Length2.430 miles (3.911 km)
Race lap record1:06.083 (New Zealand Denny Hulme, McLaren M8F, 1971, Can-Am)
Original Grand Prix Circuit (1956–1970)
Length2.350 miles (3.782 km)
Race lap record1:02.600 (New Zealand Denny Hulme, McLaren M8B, 1969, Can-Am)
Second Public Road Course (1953–1955)
SurfaceAsphalt, cobbles, concrete, wood, dirt, steel
Length4.600 miles (7.403 km)
Race lap record3:10.800 (United States Bill Spear, Ferrari 375 MM, 1954, Sports car)
Original Public Road Course (1948–1952)
SurfaceAsphalt, cobbles, concrete, wood, dirt, steel
Length6.600 miles (10.622 km)
Turns28 (approximately)
Race lap record5:13.500 (United States Phil Walters, Healey-Cadillac Special, 1950, Formula Libre)

Watkins Glen International, nicknamed "The Glen", is an automobile race track located in the town of Dix just southwest of the village of Watkins Glen, New York, at the southern tip of Seneca Lake. It was long known around the world as the home of the Formula One United States Grand Prix, which it hosted for twenty consecutive years (1961–1980). In addition, the site has also been home to road racing of nearly every class, including the World Sportscar Championship, Trans-Am, Can-Am, NASCAR Cup Series, the International Motor Sports Association and the IndyCar Series. The facility is currently owned by NASCAR.

The course was opened in 1956 to host auto races previously held on public roads in and around the village. The circuit's current layout has more or less been the same since 1971, with minor modifications after the fatal crashes of François Cevert in 1973 and J.D. McDuffie in 1991.

The site has also hosted music concerts: the 1973 Summer Jam, featuring The Allman Brothers Band, the Grateful Dead and The Band and was attended by 600,000 fans;[2] and two Phish festivals: Super Ball IX in 2011 and Magnaball in 2015.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Race 1 – 2023 Lamborghini Super Trofeo Cup At Watkins Glen International
  • Race 1 - 2023 Mazda MX-5 Cup At Watkins Glen International
  • Race 1 - 2023 Porsche Carrera Cup North America At Watkins Glen International
  • 2023 Sahlen's 120 At The Glen
  • 2023 Sahlen's Six Hours of The Glen



The Watkins Glen International racecourse has undergone several changes over the years, with five general layouts widely recognized over its history. Currently, two distinct layouts are used: the "Boot" layout (long course) and the "NASCAR" layout (short course).

Public roads

The original Watkins Glen street course

The first races in Watkins Glen were organized by Cameron Argetsinger, whose family had a summer home in the area. With local Chamber of Commerce approval and SCCA sanction, the first Watkins Glen Grand Prix took place in 1948 on a 6.600-mile (10.622 km) course[3] over local public roads.[4] For the first few years, the races passed through the heart of the town with spectators lining the sidewalks. However, after a car driven by Fred Wacker left the road in the 1952 race, killing seven-year-old Frank Fazzari and injuring several others, the race was moved to a new location on a wooded hilltop southwest of town. The original 6.600-mile (10.622 km) course is listed in the New York State Register and National Register of Historic Places as the Watkins Glen Grand Prix Course, 1948–1952.[5]

The second layout 4.600-mile (7.403 km) began use in 1953 and also used existing roads. The Watkins Glen Grand Prix Corporation was formed to manage spectators, parking, and concessions. This arrangement lasted three years.

Grand Prix Course

Watkins Glen from 1956 to 1970

The first permanent course, known as the Watkins Glen Grand Prix Race Course was constructed on 550 acres, overlapping part of the previous street course. It was designed by Bill Milliken and engineering professors from Cornell University. The layout measured 2.350-mile (3.782 km). This course was used from 1956 to 1970. In 1968 the sports car race was extended to six hours.

Short Course

The short course at Watkins Glen International with the Inner Loop. This is the layout NASCAR uses.
The full Long Course (1971–1991) including the "Boot"; the 1971 Six Hours layout is illustrated with the gray connection after the Outer Loop
The full Long Course with the "Boot" and the Inner Loop (1992–present).

The circuit underwent a major overhaul for the 1971 season. The "Big Bend" and the turns leading up to it were eliminated and replaced with a new pit straight. The pits and start/finish line were moved to this new straightaway. "The 90" now became Turn 1 instead of Turn 8.

When the 1971 Six Hours of Watkins Glen arrived in July 1971, the overall circuit renovations were still unfinished. The short course had been finished, but the Boot segments were not complete, nor was the new pit area. The 1971 Six Hours race was run on the short course layout. That layout colloquially became known as the 1971 Six Hours Course. In addition, for 1971 only, the cars used the original start/finish line and the old pits.

When NASCAR returned to the track in 1986, it used the short course layout. IMSA initially used the "Boot", but eventually, that series also began using the shorter 1971 layout.

The short course was slightly lengthened in 1992 (see "Inner Loop" below).

Long Course (The "Boot")

The most significant change to the track, a new segment known as "The Boot", was finished in time for the Formula One race in 1971. The start-finish line was moved to the new pit straight as planned. At the end of the backstretch, after the Loop-Chute, cars swept left into a new four-turn complex that departed from the old layout, curling left-hand downhill through the woods. The track followed the edge of the hillside to two uphill right-hand turns, over an exciting blind crest into a right-hand turn, down and up into a left-hand turn rejoining the old track.

The new layout measured 3.377 mi (5.435 km). With its intrinsic link to the Formula One race, it became known colloquially as the Grand Prix Circuit.

For 1972, the Six Hours sportscar race also began using the full "Boot" layout. By that time, nearly all facility improvements were completed. The pits and start/finish line were permanently moved to the new pit straight.

In 1973, French driver François Cevert, a previous winner at the Glen, died in a crash during practice at the 1973 United States Grand Prix. This led course officials in 1975 to add a fast right-left chicane to slow speeds in the turn 3-4 Esses section. Dubbed the "Scheckter Chicane", it was eliminated in 1985.

In the early 1990s, the IMSA sports cars bypassed the "Boot" in favor of the short course. NASCAR events have never used the Boot layout. The "Long/Boot" course was slightly lengthened in 1992 (see "Inner Loop" below). In the mid-2000s, the Boot segment, which had seen little use in many years, was repaved and upgraded. When the IndyCar Series returned to Watkins Glen starting in 2005, they used the Boot segment.

The entire course was repaved in 2015. There has been a renewed interest and appreciation of the full Grand Prix Course layout in recent years. Consideration had even been made for NASCAR to start using the Boot.[6]

Inner Loop

The most recent significant change to the course was made in 1992, after several serious crashes at the "Loop" at the end of the backstretch. During the 1989 Budweiser at the Glen, Geoff Bodine blew a tire at the end of the backstretch. He broke into a hard spin and sailed straight off the track, crashing head-on into the barrier. In 1991, during the IMSA Camel Continental VIII, Tommy Kendall's Intrepid RM-1 prototype crashed in the Loop, severely injuring his legs. Seven weeks later, NASCAR Winston Cup driver J. D. McDuffie died in an accident at the same site during the 1991 Budweiser at The Glen.

Before the 1992 season, track officials constructed a bus stop chicane along the back straight just before the Loop. Dubbed the "Inner Loop", it led into what was now being called the "Outer Loop." This addition slightly increased the lap distance for both layouts.


Watkins Glen Grand Prix

Along with the annual SCCA race, the track hosted its first professional race (NASCAR Grand National Division) in 1957. It hosted its first international event with the Formula Libre races from 1958 to 1960. Among the drivers participating were Jack Brabham, Stirling Moss, Phil Hill, and Dan Gurney.

United States Grand Prix

1973 United States Grand Prix ticket

After two editions of the Formula One United States Grand Prix that were deemed less than successful (Sebring in 1959, and Riverside in 1960), promoters were looking for a new venue to become the permanent home for the United States Grand Prix.

In 1961, just six weeks before the scheduled date for another Formula Libre race that fall, Argetsinger was tapped to prepare Watkins Glen for the final round of the Formula One World Championship. While many of the necessary preparations had already been made, new pits were constructed to satisfy international standards of pit boxes with overhead cover.

Seven American drivers participated, and the 1961 United States Grand Prix was won by British driver Innes Ireland in a Lotus-Climax. American Dan Gurney driving a Porsche 718 placed second. Having already won both Driver's and Constructor's World Championships and still mourning the death of Wolfgang von Trips at the 1961 Italian Grand Prix, Ferrari decided not to compete in the United States GP. Ferrari's decision not to travel to the United States for the season's final round deprived Hill of participating in his home race as the newly crowned World Champion, and Hill appeared only as the event's Grand Marshal.

The United States Grand Prix at Watkins Glen quickly became an autumnal tradition as huge crowds of knowledgeable racing fans flocked to Upstate New York each year amid the region's spectacular autumn leaf color. The race was also among the most popular on the global Grand Prix calendar with the teams and drivers[citation needed] because its starting and prize money often exceeded those of the other races combined. The race received the Grand Prix Drivers' Association award for the best organized and best staged GP of the season in 1965, 1970, and 1972.

Tom Pryce at the 1975 United States Grand Prix in the Boot's main straight

One fixture of the USGP at Watkins Glen was the starter for the races, Richard Norman "Tex" Hopkins. Hopkins was the most recognizable starter in Grand Prix racing, wearing a lavender suit, clenching a big cigar in his mouth, and giving the job everything he had. Once the cars had taken their places, Hopkins strode across the front of the grid with his back to the field, turned, and jumped into the air while waving the national flag to start the race. He would similarly meet the winner at the finish, this time waving the checkered flag as the car crossed the line.

Before the 1971 race, the course underwent its most significant changes of the Grand Prix era, as it was extended from 2.35 mi (3.78 km) to 3.377 mi (5.435 km) by the addition of four corners in a new section called the 'Boot' or 'Anvil'. The new layout departed from the old course near the south end into a curling downhill left-hand turn through the woods. The track followed the edge of the hillside to two consecutive right-hand turns, over an exciting blind crest to a left-hand turn, and back onto the old track. In addition, the circuit was widened and resurfaced. The pits and start-finish line were moved back before the northwest right-angle corner known as "The 90". In 1975, a fast right-left chicane was added to slow speeds through the series of corners in the Esses section.

Despite the improvements, the circuit was unsafe for the increasingly faster and stiffer ground effect cars of the late 1970s. A few horrendous, sometimes fatal accidents occurred (such as those that claimed the lives of Helmut Koinigg and François Cevert). Increasingly rowdy segments of the crowd began to tarnish its image as well. Finally, in May 1981, several months after Alan Jones had won the 1980 race for Williams, the International Auto Sports Federation removed the race from its schedule because the track had failed to pay its $800,000 debt to the teams.[7]

American road-racing Mecca

The Glen hosted a variety of other events throughout the Grand Prix years: from Can-Am, Trans-Am, IROC, and Endurance Sports car racing, to Formula 5000 and the CART series, these races strengthened the circuit's reputation as the premier road racing facility in the United States. From 1968 through 1981, the "Six Hours at The Glen" endurance race featured top drivers such as Mario Andretti, Jacky Ickx, Pedro Rodríguez, and Derek Bell. Different races were sometimes featured together on the same weekend (e.g., Six Hours and Can-Am) and drew sizable crowds. However, without a Formula One race, the circuit struggled to survive. It finally declared bankruptcy and closed in 1981.


The track was not well maintained for two years and hosted only a few SCCA meets without spectators. In 1983, Corning Enterprises, a subsidiary of nearby Corning, partnered with International Speedway Corporation to purchase the track and rename it Watkins Glen International.

The renovated track, with the chicane at the bottom of the Esses removed, reopened in 1984 with the return of IMSA with the Camel Continental I,[8] which would be conducted until 1995, with the last two years under the name "The Glen Continental" after Camel's withdrawal from IMSA. (The event was numbered with Roman numerals.)

In 1986, the top NASCAR series returned to Watkins Glen after a long layoff, holding one of only three road races on its schedule (two beginning in 1988), using the 1971 Six Hours course, raced when the new section off the Loop-Chute was not finished in time. As the cars come off the Loop-Chute, instead of making the downhill left into Turn 6, the cars shot straight through the straight and headed toward Turn 10, as was the case from 1961 until 1970.

NASCAR Busch Series (now called Xfinity Series) action would arrive in 1991 with a 150-mile (240 km) race on the weekend of the Camel Continental, won by Terry Labonte, who would be a master of the circuit during its Busch Series races, winning the inaugural race, and winning three consecutive races from 1995 until 1997. The 1995 race would be the first conducted as a 200-mile (320 km) race, and became the first Busch Series race to be televised on broadcast network television, as CBS broadcast the race live until TNN took over in 1997.

Only twice—1998 and 1999—did a Busch Series regular driver win the race. The first seven races were won by Winston Cup Series regular drivers, sometimes referred to as "Buschwhackers", during their off-week. In 1998, the race went against the Cup race in Sonoma, California, eliminating the idea, and stayed that way until 2000. In 2001, the race was run the day after the first Saturday in July.

However, the race was eliminated from the schedule after the 2001 season, only to return in 2005 as an undercard to the Nextel Cup race.

The Start/Finish line at Watkins Glen International

A pair of incidents in 1991 resulted in a massive overhaul of the circuit's safety. During the IMSA Camel Continental VIII, Tommy Kendall's prototype crashed in Turn 5, severely injuring his legs. Seven weeks later, NASCAR Cup Series driver J. D. McDuffie died in an accident at the same site in the 1991 Budweiser at the Glen. Track officials added a bus stop chicane to the back straight in Spring 1992.

In 1996, the Glen Continental reverted to a six-hour format, again called the Six Hours at the Glen with the IMSA format, and stayed there until a split in American sports car racing. In 1998, the race became an event sanctioned by the Sports Car Club of America under their United States Road Racing Championship. In 1999, the FIA GT series staged a 500 km race of three hours with some USRRC entrants after USRRC canceled the last two rounds of their season before their six-hour event at the track. The following year, the six-hour race returned once again with the newly founded Grand American Road Racing Association (Grand-Am) sanctioning the event. The event is now sanctioned by IMSA with the WeatherTech SportsCar Championship. The six-hour race is now the third part of the four-part North American Endurance Cup series.

In 1997, International Speedway Corporation became the sole owner of the course, as Corning Enterprises believed they had completed their intended goals to rebuild the race track and increase tourism in the southern Finger Lakes region of New York State.

The circuit annually hosts one of the nation's premier vintage events, the Zippo U.S. Vintage Grand Prix. When the fiftieth anniversary of road racing in Watkins Glen was celebrated during the 1998 racing season, this event was the climax, returning many original cars and drivers to the original 6.6-mile (10.6 km) street circuit through the village during the Grand Prix Festival Race Reenactment.

After a 25-year layoff, major-league open-wheel racing returned to the track as one of three road courses on the 2005 Indy Racing League schedule. In preparation, the circuit was overhauled again. Grandstands from Pennsylvania's Nazareth Speedway, which had closed, were installed, the gravel in The 90 was removed and replaced with a paved runoff area, and curbing was cut down for the Indy Racing League event. Previously, the high curbing in the chicane had become a place where Cup Series cars would bounce high off the curbing, creating an ideal opportunity for cars to lose control and to slow cars. Other areas of the track received improvements: the exits of turn 2 (the bottom of the esses), the chicane, turn 6 (the entrance to the boot), turn 9, and turn 11 all had additional runoff areas created and safety barrier upgrades. The carousel runoff was paved, and turn 1 (the 90), and the esses were paved in the winter of 2006–07. Augmenting what was already in place along the front stretch, additional high safety fences were installed on the overpasses crossing the service roads at the top of the esses and just out of the boot immediately after the exit of turn 9.

Cars drive through the Esses during the 2014 Sahlen's Six Hours of The Glen.

Another overhaul for 2006 made fundamental changes to the circuit for the first time since 1992. Officials installed a new control tower, which includes booths for the officials, timing and scoring, television and radio (the new position allows broadcasters to see more action from Turn 10 through the foot of the Esses), and the public address announcer on top of the new front stretch grandstand, moving the start-finish line farther ahead of the bridge, as the start-finish line is moved 380 feet (120 m) farther toward The 90 in order to accommodate the new timing and scoring post. The new start-finish line also meant the starting lights used for club races were moved farther ahead, creating more action off Turn 11 as tactics changed with the later finish line, where slingshot moves could become paramount to the finish. A new media center was constructed to replace the former building, which also had been the control tower with the 1971 improvements. The aging structure had been the bane of many professional media members during those years with many uncomplimentary things published and broadcast about its inadequacies, especially the lack of insulation, air conditioning, few (if any) amenities that other facilities had, which resulted in race control moving to the new control tower at the start-finish line in 2006. Plans were made to move the new media center back to allow an entire 43-car NASCAR grid. Other changes to the infrastructure included the purchase of adjoining property. Most of Bronson Hill Road was incorporated as a service road to the facility. A new section of Bronson Hill leading up from NY 414 was built as the main ingress road to the facility, bending south at Gate 6 and continuing to County Road 16, just south of the credentials and sheriff's office buildings.

Watkins Glen International Garage Area

Track safety also is constantly changing, and constant training is needed. Race Services Inc. provides the track with volunteers to work Fire-Rescue, Medical, Grid personnel, and Corner workers to help keep drivers and spectators safe.

The Argetsinger family is an advisor to the circuit. The track named the trophy for the inaugural Watkins Glen Indy Grand Prix presented by Argent in honor of the late patriarch, Cameron.

On Tuesday, March 6, 2007, just before 9 pm, a fire destroyed the recently remodeled Glen Club situated on top of the esses. Originally called the Onyx Club (named for the sponsor, Onyx Cologne), the Glen Club was used primarily as an upscale venue for race fans. After being recently remodeled, it was advertised as a social venue for locals for weddings, business meetings, etc. No cause could be determined, and the building was a total loss. The loss included irreplaceable, unique original motorsport artwork donated to the facility by several artists and other racing memorabilia. Glen officials were quoted in local media stories as being adamant that the loss of the Glen Club would not affect the 2007 racing schedule.

For 2007, Watkins Glen International again improved the facility, specifically the track surface. All of turns 1 (the "90"), 5 (the "Loop-Chute") and 6 (entry turn into the "Boot") were repaved. A temporary "Glen Club" replaced the permanent structure destroyed by fire at the races in 2007, which was replaced with another permanent building. New sponsors for both the INDY and NASCAR weekends were signed to multi-year deals. Camping World became the sponsor of the "Camping World Grand Prix" INDY weekend at the Glen through 2010. The NASCAR weekend at the Glen received a double shot—Zippo Manufacturing announced a three-year extension of the Busch-Nationwide Series race, the "Zippo 200". The NASCAR Cup Series race became known as "The Heluva Good! Sour Cream dips at the Glen". Additionally, Brad Penn lubricants of Pennsylvania (former Kendall Oil refinery) was announced as the sponsor of the annual vintage sports car weekend for 2007 and 2008. IndyCar took a six-year hiatus from the facility when the series pulled out of the Glen after 2010 due to a dispute with track owner ISC.

In June 2011, Tony Stewart and Lewis Hamilton participated in the "Mobil 1 Seat Swap". Stewart drove his No. 14 Mobil 1 Chevy for four laps around the circuit while Hamilton drove the MP4-23, Vodafone McLaren Mercedes's entry in the 2008 Formula One season. After some time, both drivers swapped cars and drove more laps around the circuit. The event was open to the public, and it was hoped that it would renew interest in the track. Before this event, the curbs on some of the turns were changed, the white rumble strips being replaced by the more common, red-white designs seen on most road courses around the world.

In July 2011, WGI hosted a Phish concert. This is the first concert that WGI has held since the Summer Jam.

In October 2012, the track suffered damage from Hurricane Sandy, with damage reported to be up to $50,000.[9]

Marcos Ambrose celebrating the Finger Lakes 355 at the Glen

Prior to the 2014 season, the track cleaned out a storage barn on track property when the original Dunlop Bridge was found. The bridge was initially used as a VIP area for Dunlop until being moved for use as the starters stand years later. It was taken down and replaced by a new starters stand during renovations in 2006. The bridge was put back up at the exit to the 90 near the original location where it once stood near the original start/finish line for the track and is now once again used for VIP use by companies on race weekends, with the company sponsoring the bridge.

After the 2014 racing season, it was announced that the 2015 racing season would conclude with the NASCAR weekend in early August. This was to allow for a complete repaving of the track. The repave involved removing the entire racing surface. In some places, the track was taken down to the dirt roadbed. This was funded not only by International Speedway Corporation but with a grant from New York State.

In March 2015, due to their previous concert's success, Phish said they would do another concert at WGI in late August.

In August 2015, with repaving already having taken place in the Boot, NASCAR announced that they are considering running the complete Grand Prix Course.[10] But as of 2022, NASCAR is still not using the Boot, and the use or not of the Boot is still a debate between NASCAR and fans.[11]

2016 would see the return of IndyCar racing to Watkins Glen, with the track being added to the schedule following the collapse of plans for a street race in Boston. It was held over the Labor Day weekend and used the full layout: ICS officials were also negotiating with WGI to race there permanently.[12]

No races were held in 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.



Lap records

As of September 2023, the fastest official race lap records at Watkins Glen International are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Date
Grand Prix Circuit (with Inner Loop Chicane): 5.552 km (1992–present)[13]
IndyCar 1:23.9166 Sébastien Bourdais Dallara DW12 2017 IndyCar Grand Prix at The Glen
DPi 1:29.657[14] Olivier Pla Mazda RT24-P 2019 6 Hours of The Glen
LMP2 1:32.444[15] Giedo van der Garde Oreca 07 2022 Sahlen's Six Hours of The Glen
LMDh 1:33.028[16] Jack Aitken Cadillac V-Series.R 2023 Sahlen's Six Hours of The Glen
Indy Lights 1:33.6921[17] Dean Stoneman Dallara IL-15 2016 Watkins Glen Indy Lights round
DP 1:34.515[18] Olivier Pla Ligier JS P2 2016 6 Hours of The Glen
LMPC 1:37.300[18] Renger van der Zande Oreca FLM09 2016 6 Hours of The Glen
IMSA GTP 1:39.011[19] Juan Manuel Fangio II Eagle MkIII 1993 Fay's Drugs Weekend at the Glen
LMP900 1:39.200[20] Oliver Gavin Lola B2K/10 2000 6 Hours of The Glen
WSC 1:39.617[21] Didier Theys Ferrari 333 SP 2001 6 Hours of The Glen
LMP3 1:39.967[22] Colin Braun Ligier JS P320 2021 WeatherTech 240 at The Glen
LM GTE 1:41.563[14] Antonio García Chevrolet Corvette C7.R 2019 6 Hours of The Glen
Pro Mazda 1:43.573[23] Victor Franzoni Star Formula Mazda 'Pro' 2017 Watkins Glen Pro Mazda round
GT1 (Prototype) 1:43.580[24] Thierry Boutsen Porsche 911 GT1 Evo 1998 First Union 6 Hours of The Glen
GT3 1:44.286[25] Álvaro Parente Bentley Continental GT3 2019 Watkins Glen GT World Challenge America round
Trans-Am 1:44.842[26] Justin Marks Chevrolet Camaro Trans-Am 2023 Watkins Glen Trans-Am round
LMP675 1:45.460[27] Ralf Kelleners Lola B2K/40 2002 6 Hours of The Glen
Lamborghini Super Trofeo 1:45.672[28] Loris Spinelli Lamborghini Huracán Super Trofeo Evo 2021 Watkins Glen Lamborghini Super Trofeo North America round
US F2000 1:46.785[29] Rinus VeeKay Tatuus USF-17 2017 Watkins Glen US F2000 round
GT2 1:47.717[30] Jean-Philippe Belloc Chrysler Viper GTS-R 1999 FIA GT Watkins Glen 3 Hours
IMSA GTP Lights 1:48.300[19] Parker Johnstone Spice SE90P 1993 Fay's Drugs Weekend at the Glen
Ferrari Challenge 1:48.418[31] Cooper MacNeil Ferrari 488 Challenge Evo 2021 Watkins Glen Ferrari Challenge North America round
Porsche Carrera Cup 1:48.619[32] Kay van Berlo Porsche 911 (992) GT3 Cup 2021 Watkins Glen Porsche Carrera Cup North America round
IMSA GTS 1:48.833[19] Darin Brassfield Oldsmobile Cutlass 1993 Fay's Drugs Weekend at the Glen
GT3 (1998–1999) 1:49.073[24] Steve Marshall Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 1998 First Union 6 Hours of The Glen
GT1 (GTS) 1:50.423[21] Chris Bingham Saleen S7-R 2001 6 Hours of The Glen
American GT 1:50.700[20] Irv Hoerr Chevrolet Camaro 2000 6 Hours of The Glen
N-GT 1:51.317[33] John O'Steen Porsche 911 GT2 1999 FIA GT Watkins Glen 3 Hours
GTO 1:51.800[20] Cort Wagner Porsche 911 (996) GT2 2000 6 Hours of The Glen
GTU 1:54.000[20] David Murry Porsche 911 (996) GT3-R 2000 6 Hours of The Glen
GT4 1:54.077[34] Devin Jones BMW M4 GT4 2019 Tioga Downs Casino Resort 240 at The Glen
TCR Touring Car 1:56.114[35] Ryan Eversley Honda Civic Type R TCR (FL5) 2023 Watkins Glen International 120
IMSA GTO 1:57.100[36] Brian DeVries Oldsmobile Cutlass 1994 The Glen Continental
IMSA GTU 2:01.420[19] Butch Leitzinger Nissan 240SX 1993 Fay's Drugs Weekend at the Glen
Mazda MX-5 Cup 2:09.086[37] Matthew Dirks Mazda MX-5 (ND) 2022 Watkins Glen Mazda MX-5 Cup round
IMSA Supercar 2:12.099[38] Hans-Joachim Stuck Porsche 911 Turbo (964) 1993 Fay's Drugs Weekend at the Glen
Short Circuit (with Inner Loop Chicane): 3.943 km (1992–present)[13]
IMSA GTP 0:59.920[39] Davy Jones Jaguar XJR-14 1992 Camel Continental
LMP900 1:03.676[40] Didier Theys Dallara SP1 2002 Bully Hill Vineyards 250
DP 1:05.349[41] Scott Pruett Riley MkXX 2010 Crown Royal 200 at The Glen
LMP675 1:08.499[42] Bruno St. Jacques Lola B2K/40 2001 Bully Hill Vineyards 250
IMSA GTP Lights 1:09.020[39] Parker Johnstone Spice SE91P 1992 Camel Continental
NASCAR Cup 1:10.540[43] Martin Truex Jr. Toyota Camry 2019 Go Bowling at The Glen
GT1 (GTS) 1:10.939[42] Ron Johnson Saleen S7-R 2001 Bully Hill Vineyards 250
GT2 1:11.478[44] Paul Edwards[45] Chevrolet Corvette C6.R 2010 Crown Royal 200 at The Glen
NASCAR Xfinity 1:11.830[46] Justin Allgaier Chevrolet Camaro SS 2023 Shriners Children's 200 at The Glen
American GT 1:11.899[40] Chris Bingham Chevrolet Corvette 2002 Bully Hill Vineyards 250
GT 1:13.541[40] Bill Auberlen Ferrari 360 GT 2002 Bully Hill Vineyards 250
NASCAR Truck 1:14.933[47] Austin Hill Toyota Tundra 2021 United Rentals 176 at The Glen
IMSA Supercar 1:23.651[48] Shawn Hendricks Nissan 300ZX 1994 Glen Contiental
Short Circuit (with Esses Chicane): 3.907 km (1979–1991)[13]
IMSA GTP 0:59.920[49] Davy Jones Jaguar XJR-16 1991 Camel Continental
CART 1:06:085[50] Al Unser Longhorn LR01 1980 Kent Oil 150
IMSA GTP Lights 1:07.060[49] Parker Johnstone Spice SE90P 1991 Camel Continental
IMSA Supercar 1:21.350[51] Hurley Haywood Porsche 911 Turbo (964) 1991 Camel Continental
Grand Prix Circuit: 5.435 km (1971–1974, 1986–present)[13]
IMSA GTP 1:35.600[52] Chip Robinson Nissan NPT-90 1990 Camel Continental
Group 7 1:39.571[53] Mark Donohue Porsche 917/30 TC 1973 Watkins Glen Can-Am round
Formula One 1:40.608 Carlos Pace Brabham BT44 1974 United States Grand Prix
F5000 1:41.406[54] Mario Andretti Lola T332 1974 Watkins Glen F5000 round
Group 5 1:43.847[55] François Cevert Matra-Simca MS670B 1973 Watkins Glen 6 Hours
IMSA GTP Lights 1:45.100[52] Ruggero Melgrati Spice SE89P 1990 Camel Continental
IMSA GTO 1:47.150[56] Hans-Joachim Stuck Audi 90 Quattro 1990 Kodak Copier 500
IMSA GTU 1:56.050[56] Bob Leitzinger Nissan 240SX 1990 Kodak Copier 500
IMSA AAC 1:56.550[57] Ray Kong Oldsmobile Cutlass 1991 Camel Continental
Trans-Am 1:58.300[58] Peter Gregg Porsche Carrera RSR 1974 Watkins Glen Trans-Am round
Grand Prix Circuit with Esses Chicane: 5.435 km (1975–1985)[13]
Formula One 1:34.068 Alan Jones Williams FW07B 1980 United States Grand Prix
F5000 1:39.021[59] Mario Andretti Lola T332 1975 Watkins Glen F5000 round]
IMSA GTP 1:40.260[60] Klaus Ludwig Ford Mustang Probe 1985 Serengeti Drivers New York 500
Can-Am 1:40.746[61] Geoff Brabham Lola T530 1981 Watkins Glen Can-Am round
Group 6 1:45.956[62] Gérard Larrousse Alpine-Renault A442 Turbo 1975 Watkins Glen 6 Hours
Formula Super Vee 1:48.293[63] Peter Moodie Ralt RT5 1984 Watkins Glen SCCA Formula Super Vee round
Sports 2000 1:50.830[64] Gary Gove Ralt RT2 1980 Watkins Glen Can-Am round
IMSA GTO 1:51.380[60] Darin Brassfield Ford Thunderbird 1985 Serengeti Drivers New York 500
IMSA GTP Lights 1:52.400[65] Bill Alsup Royale RP40 1985 Camel Continental
Group 5 1:52.831[66] John Paul Jr. Porsche 935 JLP-3 1981 Watkins Glen 6 Hours
Trans-Am 1:54.402[67] Wally Dallenbach Jr. Chevrolet Camaro 1984 Watkins Glen Trans-Am round
IMSA GTU 2:00.370[68] Elliot Forbes-Robinson Porsche 924 Carrera 1985 Camel Continental
Sports Car Circuit: 3.911 km (1971)[13]
Group 7 (Can-Am) 1:06.083[69] Denny Hulme McLaren M8F 1971 Watkins Glen Can-Am round
Group 5 1:08.297[70] Derek Bell Porsche 917K 1971 Watkins Glen 6 Hours
Trans-Am 1:18.196[71] George Follmer Ford Mustang Boss 302 1971 Watkins Glen Trans-Am round
Original Grand Prix Circuit: 3.782 km (1956–1970)[13]
Group 7 (Can-Am) 1:02.600[72] Denny Hulme McLaren M8B 1969 Watkins Glen Can-Am round
Formula One 1:02.740 Jacky Ickx Ferrari 312B 1970 United States Grand Prix
Group 5 1:04.900[73] Pedro Rodríguez Porsche 917K 1970 Watkins Glen 6 Hours
Group 6 1:09.130[74] Vic Elford Porsche 908/02 1969 Watkins Glen 6 Hours
Group 4 1:11.100[75] Jacky Ickx Ford GT40 1968 Watkins Glen 6 Hours
Trans-Am 1:14.650[76] Parnelli Jones Ford Mustang Boss 302 1970 Watkins Glen Trans-Am round
Group 3 1:24.800[77] Ken Miles Shelby Cobra 1964 Watkins Glen Sports Car Grand Prix
Second Public Road Course: 7.403 km (1953–1955)
Sports car 3:10.800[78] Bill Spear Ferrari 375 MM 1954 Watkins Glen Grand Prix
Original Public Road Course: 10.622 km (1948–1952)
Formula Libre 5:13.500[79] Phil Walters[80] Healey-Cadillac Special 1950 Watkins Glen Grand Prix


Category Driver(s) Date Time
FIA Formula One Qualifying (GP Course) Bruno Giacomelli 1980 1:33.291 (130.315 mph; 209.722 km/h)
FIA Formula One Race (199.24 miles; 318.784 km) Alan Jones 1980 1:34:36 (126.367 mph; 203.368 km/h)
FIA Formula One Qualifying (2.35–mile course) Jacky Ickx 1970 1:03.07 (134.136 mph; 214.617 km/h)
FIA Formula One Race (253.8 miles; 408.2 km) Emerson Fittipaldi 1970 1:57:33.2 (129.541 mph; 207.265 km/h)
NASCAR Cup Series Qualifying Marcos Ambrose 2014 1:08.113 seconds (129.491 mph; 208.355 km/h)[81]
NASCAR Cup Series Race (220.5 miles; 354.860 km) Martin Truex Jr. 2017 2:26:17 (104.132 mph; 167.584 km/h)
NASCAR Xfinity Series Qualifying William Byron 2022 1:10.548 (125.021 mph; 197.266 km/h)
NASCAR Xfinity Series Race (200.9 miles; 323.317 km) Terry Labonte 1996 2:11:47 (91.468 mph; 146.348 km/h)
World Sportscar Championship (qualifying) Brian Redman 1970 1:06.3
World Sportscar Championship (fastest lap) Pedro Rodriguez 1970 1:04.9
FIA GT Championship (qualifying) Olivier Beretta 1999 1:47.576
FIA GT Championship (fastest lap) Olivier Beretta 1999 1:47.717
IndyCar Series Qualifying (GP Course) Scott Dixon 2017 1:22.4171 (147.202 mph; 236.898 km/h)
Indy Lights Qualifying (GP Course) Santiago Urrutia 2016 131.278 mph (211.271 km/h)
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Qualifying (DPi, GP Course) Tom Blomqvist 2022 1:29.580
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Qualifying (P, GP Course) Luis Felipe Derani 2017 1:34.405
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Qualifying (LMP2, GP Course) Ben Keating 2022 1:33.930
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Qualifying (PC, GP Course) James French 2017 1:40.049
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Qualifying (LMP3, GP Course) Nicolás Varrone 2022 1:40.028
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Qualifying (GTLM, GP Course) Antonio García 2021 1:40.944
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Qualifying (GTD, GP Course) Jack Hawksworth 2021 1:45.081
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Fastest Race Lap (DPi, GP Course) Olivier Pla 2019 1:29.657
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Fastest Race Lap (LMP2, GP Course) Gabriel Aubry 2021 1:32.918
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Fastest Race Lap (LMP3, GP Course) Colin Braun 2021 1:39.967
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Fastest Race Lap (GTLM, GP Course) Antonio García 2019 1:41.563
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Fastest Race Lap (GTD, GP Course) Jack Hawksworth 2017 1:44.786
IMSA WeatherTech Championship Race (6 Hours, GP Course) João Barbosa/Christian Fittipaldi/Felipe Albuquerque 2017 200 laps, 680 mi (112.922 mph; 181.730 km/h)
Grand Am Rolex Sports Car Series (Short Course) Qualifying Jon Fogarty 2007 1:07.020 (131.603 mph; 211.794 km/h)
Grand-Am Crown Royal 200 at the Glen Brian Frisselle 2008 1:05.243[82]
Barber Saab Pro Series Qualifying (2.35–mile course) Rino Mastronardi 1997 1:15.041
Barber Saab Pro Series Race Derek Hill 1997 1:15.296
Atlantic Championship Race Jimmy Simpson 2014 1:40.634

NASCAR Cup Series records

Most wins 5 Tony Stewart
Most top 5s 12 Mark Martin
Most top 10s 16
Starts 24 Jeff Gordon
Poles 4 Jeff Gordon
Most laps completed 2,075 Jeff Gordon
Most laps led 262 Jeff Gordon
Avg. start* 5.9 Tony Stewart
Avg. finish* 8.9 Carl Edwards

* from minimum 10 starts.


See also


  1. ^ Watkins Glen International's Grade 2 licence expired 8 June 2022.


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  2. ^ Santelli, Robert (1980). Aquarius Rising. New York: Dell. ISBN 978-0-440-50956-1., cited in Strycharz, Robb. "Watkins Glen "Summer Jam" Archive". Chronos. Archived from the original on 2 August 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
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External links

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