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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Monza Circuit
Autodromo Nazionale Monza
The Temple of Speed

LocationMonza, Italy[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
Coordinates45°37′14″N 9°17′22″E / 45.62056°N 9.28944°E / 45.62056; 9.28944
FIA Grade1
OwnerComune di Monza & Milano[1]
OperatorSIAS S.p.A.[1]
Broke ground15 May 1922; 101 years ago (1922-05-15)
Opened3 September 1922; 101 years ago (1922-09-03)
ArchitectAlfredo Rosselli
Former namesCircuito di Milano (1922-1927)
Autodromo di Mona (1928-1964, 1975-1982)
Autodromo Nazionale Monza (1965-1974, 1983-Present)
Major eventsCurrent:
Formula One
Italian Grand Prix (1950–1979, 1981–present)
FIA World Endurance Championship and predecessors
6 Hours of Monza (1949–1988, 1990–1992, 1995–2001, 2003–2005, 2007–2008, 2021–2023)
GT World Challenge Europe (2013–2019, 2021, 2023)
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
Italian motorcycle Grand Prix (1949–1968, 1970–1971, 1973, 1981, 1983, 1986–1987)
World SBK (1990, 1992–1993, 1995–2013)
FIM EWC (1964–1965, 1985, 1987)
WTCC Race of Italy
(2005–2008, 2010–2013, 2017)
Race of Two Worlds (1957–1958)
Modern Grand Prix Circuit (2000–present)
Length5.793[3][4] km (3.600 miles)
Race lap record1:21.046
(257.35 km/h (159.91 mph)) (Brazil Rubens Barrichello, Ferrari F2004, 2004, F1)
Oval (1955–1971)
Length4.250[4] km (2.641 miles)
Race lap record0:54.0
(283.34 km/h (176.06 mph)) (United States Bob Veith, Bowes Seal Fast Special, 1958, IndyCar)
Junior Course (1959–present)[5][6]
Length2.405[4] km (1.494 miles)
Race lap record0:54.300 (Italy Giorgio Schön, Porsche 934/76, 1976, Group 5)
Combined Course (1955–1971)
Length10.000 km (6.213 miles)
Race lap record2.43.600
(223.02 km/h (138.58 mph)) (United States Phil Hill, Ferrari 246 F1, 1960, F1)

The Monza Circuit (Italian: Autodromo Nazionale Monza, lit.'National Automobile Racetrack Monza') is a 5.793 km (3.600 mi) race track near the city of Monza, north of Milan, in Italy. Built in 1922, it was the world's third purpose-built motor racing circuit after Brooklands and Indianapolis and the oldest in mainland Europe.[dubious ][7] The circuit's biggest event is the Italian Grand Prix. With the exception of the 1980 running when the track was closed while undergoing refurbishment, the race has been hosted there since 1949.[8]

Built in the Royal Villa of Monza park in a woodland setting,[9] the site has three tracks – the 5.793 km (3.600 mi) Grand Prix track,[3] the 2.405 km (1.494 mi) Junior track,[4] and a 4.250 km (2.641 mi) high speed oval track with steep bankings which was left unused for decades and had been decaying until it was restored in the 2010s.[10][8] The major features of the main Grand Prix track include the Curva Grande, the Curva di Lesmo, the Variante Ascari and the Curva Alboreto (formerly Curva Parabolica[11]). The high speed curve, Curva Grande, is located after the Variante del Rettifilo which is located at the end of the front straight or Rettifilo Tribune, and is usually taken flat out by Formula One cars.

In addition to Formula One, the circuit previously hosted the 1000 km Monza, an endurance sports car race held as part of the World Sportscar Championship and the Le Mans Series. Monza also featured the unique Race of Two Worlds events, which attempted to run Formula One and USAC National Championship cars against each other. The racetrack also previously held rounds of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing (Italian motorcycle Grand Prix), WTCC, TCR International Series, Superbike World Championship, Formula Renault 3.5 Series and Auto GP. Monza currently hosts rounds of the Blancpain GT Series Endurance Cup, International GT Open and Euroformula Open Championship, as well as various local championships such as the TCR Italian Series, Italian GT Championship, Porsche Carrera Cup Italia and Italian F4 Championship, as well as the Monza Rally Show. In 2020, Monza hosted the 2020 World Rally Championship final round, ACI Rally Monza, with the circuit hosting 10 of the 16 rally stages.

Monza also hosts cycling and running events, most notably the Monza 12h Cycling Marathon[12] and Monza 21 Half Marathon.[12] The venue was also selected by Nike scientists for the Breaking2 event, where three runners attempted to break the 2 hour barrier for the marathon. Eliud Kipchoge ran 2:00:25.[13]

A very fast circuit, Monza has been the site of many fatal accidents, especially in the early years of the Formula One world championship,[14] and has claimed the lives of 52 drivers and 35 spectators. Track modifications have continuously occurred, to improve spectator safety and reduce curve speeds,[8] but it is still criticised by the current drivers for its lack of run-off areas, most notoriously at the chicane that cuts the Variante della Roggia.[14][obsolete source]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    293 222
    209 738
    142 342
    191 167
    9 284 302
  • A Bird's Eye View of Monza
  • F1 1955 Monza [60 FPS] First time the banking (oval) was used / Original Mercedes team's last race
  • Monza F1 Circuit History, Crashes and Onboard (FULL Layout)
  • F1 Circuit Guide: Monza
  • Race Highlights | 2021 Italian Grand Prix



Early history

The starting grid of the "1st Cup Fiera di Milano" race held in 1925.
A race in 1925 with cars racing across the bridge.
The Pista di Alta Velocità banking, 2003.

The first track was built from May to July 1922 by 3,500 workers, financed by the Milan Automobile Club[9] – which created the Società Incremento Automobilismo e Sport (SIAS) (English: Motoring and Sport Encouragement Company) to run the track.[15] The initial form was a 3.4 square kilometres (1.31 sq mi) site with 10 km (6.2 mi) of macadamised road – comprising a 4.5 km (2.8 mi) loop track, and a 5.5 km (3.4 mi) road track.[clarification needed][9][15] The track was officially opened on 3 September 1922, with the maiden race the second Italian Grand Prix held on 10 September 1922.[15]

In 1928, the most serious Italian racing accident to date[9][14] ended in the death of driver Emilio Materassi and 27 spectators at that year's Italian Grand Prix.[9][14] The accident led to further Grand Prix races' confinement to the high-speed loop until 1932.[16] For these reasons the Italian Grand Prix wasn't held again until 1931; in the meantime the 1930 Monza Grand Prix was held on the high speed ring only, while in 1930 Vincenzo Florio introduced the Florio Circuit. The 1933 Italian Grand Prix was held on the original complete layout but it was marred by the deaths of three drivers (Giuseppe Campari, Baconin Borzacchini and Stanisław Czaykowski) in the supporting Monza Grand Prix held on the same day - which became known as the "Black Day of Monza" - over the shorter oval circuit[15][17][18] and the Grand Prix layout was changed: in 1934 a short circuit with two lanes of the straight line joined by a hairpin, Curva Sud of the banking (with a double chicane) driven in the opposite direction than usual, the "Florio link" and the Curva Sud (with a small chicane). This configuration was considered too slow and in 1935 Florio Circuit was used again, this time with four temporary chicanes and another one permanent (along the Curva Sud of the banking). In 1938 only the last one was used.[19]

There was major rebuilding in 1938–39, constructing new stands and entrances, resurfacing the track, removing the high speed ring and adding two new bends on the southern part of the circuit.[15][16] The resulting layout gave a Grand Prix lap of 6.300 km (3.915 mi), in use until 1954.[20] The outbreak of World War II meant racing at the track was suspended until 1948[20] and parts of the circuit degraded due to the lack of maintenance and military use.[8] Monza was renovated over a period of two months at the beginning of 1948[15] and a Grand Prix was held on 17 October 1948.[20]

High speed oval

In 1954, work began to entirely revamp the circuit, resulting in a 5.750 km (3.573 mi) course, and a new 4.250 km (2.641 mi) high-speed oval with banked sopraelevata curves (the southern one was moved slightly north).[8][21] The two circuits could be combined to re-create the former 10 kilometres (6.214 mi)[8] long circuit, with cars running parallel on the main straight. The first Lesmo curve was modified to be made faster, and the track infrastructure and facilities were also updated and improved to better accommodate the teams and spectators.[15][21]

The Automobile Club of Italy held 500 mi (800 km) Race of Two Worlds exhibition competitions, intended to pit United States Auto Club IndyCars against European Formula One and sports cars.[8][21] The races were held on the oval at the end of June in 1957 and 1958,[22] with three 63 lap[23] 267.67 kilometres (166.32 mi) heat races each year, races which colloquially became known as the Monzanapolis series.[22][24] Concerns were raised among the European drivers that flat-out racing on the banking would be too dangerous,[24] so ultimately only Ecurie Ecosse and Maserati represented European racing at the first running.[25] The American teams had brought special Firestone tyres with them, reinforced to withstand high-speed running on the bumpy Monza surface, but the Maseratis' steering was badly affected by the larger-than-usual tyre size, leading to the Modena-based team withdrawal.[25]

Ecurie Ecosse's three Jaguar D-type sports cars used their Le Mans-specification tyres with no ill-effects, but since they raced at less than their practice speeds to conserve their tyres, they were completely outpaced. Two heats in 1957 were won by Jimmy Bryan in his Kuzma-Offenhauser Dean Van Lines Special,[25][26] and the last by Troy Ruttman in the Watson-Offenhauser John Zink Special.[27] In 1958 Jaguar, Ferrari and Maserati teams appeared alongside the Indy roadsters,[21][28] but once again the American cars dominated the event and Jim Rathmann won the three races in a Watson-Offenhauser car.[22]

Formula One used the 10 km (6.2 mi) high speed track in the 1955, 1956, 1960 and 1961 Grands Prix.[8][21] Stirling Moss and Phil Hill both won twice in this period, with Hill's win at Monza making him the first American to win a Formula One race. The combined circuit was not used for 3 years because during the 1956 event the Ferraris and Maseratis were suffering mechanically on the banking, and the combined circuit was used again in 1960 because Ferrari's main strength that year was straight-line speed and the organizers wanted to maximise this advantage.[29] The 1961 race saw the death of Wolfgang von Trips and fifteen spectators when a collision with Jim Clark's Lotus sent von Trips' car airborne and into the barriers at the approach to the Parabolica.[15][29]

Although the accident did not occur on the oval section of the track, the high speeds were deemed unsafe and F1 use of the oval was ended. Another attempt was made to use the combined circuit for the 1963 race, but the extremely bumpy nature and poor overall quality of the concrete banking saw some cars suffer mechanically. The teams protested and threatened to leave unless only the road circuit was used, which is ultimately what happened.[30] Future Grands Prix were held on the shorter road circuit,[21] with the banking appearing one last time in the film Grand Prix.[30] New safety walls, rails and fences were added before the next race and the refuelling area was moved further from the track. Chicanes were added before both bankings in 1966, and another fatality in the 1968 1000 km Monza race led to run-off areas added to the curves, with the track layout changing the next year to incorporate permanent chicanes before the banked curves – extending the track length by 100 m (110 yd).[21]

The combined circuit held its last major race in 1969 with the 1000 km of Monza, the event moving solely to the road circuit the next year; the banking has never been used again for any major races.[21] The banking still exists, albeit in a decayed state in the years since the last race, escaping demolition in the 1990s. It is used once a year for the Monza Rally, which served part of the 2021 World Rally Championship, which was the first FIA championship event since 1969.[30] The banked oval was used several times for record breaking until the late 1960s, although the severe bumping was a major suspension and tyre test for the production cars attempting endurance records, such as the Ford Corsair GT which in 1964 captured 13 records.[31]

Circuit changes and modernisation

Both car and Grand Prix motorcycle racing were regular attractions at Monza.[21] These races involved drivers constantly slipstreaming competing cars, which produced several close finishes, such as in 1967, 1969, and 1971.

As the speed of the machines increased, two chicanes were added in 1972 to reduce racing speeds – the Variante del Rettifilo at the middle of the start/finish straight,[32] and the Variante Ascari.[15] This resulted in a new circuit length of 5.755 km (3.576 mi).[32] Grand Prix motorcycles continued to use the un-slowed road track until two serious accidents resulted in five deaths, including Renzo Pasolini and Jarno Saarinen,[32] in 1973, and motorcycle racing did not return to Monza until 1981.[32] The 1972 chicanes were soon seen to be ineffective at slowing cars; the Vialone was remade in 1974,[32] the other, Curva Grande in 1976,[15] and a third also added in 1976 before the Lesmo, with extended run-off areas.[32] The Grand Prix lap after these alterations was increased to 5.800 km (3.604 mi) long.[32]

With technology still increasing vehicle speeds the track was modified again in 1979 with added safety measures such as new kerbs, extended run-off areas and tyre-barriers to improve safety for drivers off the track.[33] The infrastructure was also improved, with pits able to accommodate 46 cars, and an upgraded paddock and scrutineering facilities.[33] These changes encouraged world championship motorcycling to return in 1981, but further safety work was undertaken through the 1980s.[33] Also in the 1980s the podium, paddock and pits complex, stands,[33][34] and camp site were either rebuilt or improved.[15]

As motorsport became more safety conscious following the deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger in 1994 at the Imola circuit, the three main long curves were "squeezed" in order to install larger gravel traps, shortening the lap to 5.770 km (3.585 mi).[34] In 1997 the stands were reworked to expand capacity to 51,000.[34] In 2000, the chicane on the main straight was altered, changing from a double left-right chicane to a single right-left chicane in an attempt to reduce the frequent accidents at the starts due to the conformation of the braking area, although it is still deemed unsafe in terms of motorcycle racing. The second chicane was also re-profiled. In the Formula 1 Grand Prix of the same year, the first to use these new chicanes, a fire marshal, Paolo Gislimberti, was killed by flying debris after a big pileup at the second chicane.[14]

In 2007, the run-off area at the second chicane was changed from gravel to asphalt. The length of the track in its current configuration is 5.793 km (3.600 mi).[3] At the 2010 Monza Superbike World Championship round, Italian rider Max Biaggi set the fastest ever motorcycle lap of Monza when he rode his Aprilia RSV4 1000 F to pole position in a time of 1:42.121. In the Superpole qualification for the 2011 race, he improved on this lap time, for a new lap record of 1:41.745 and his speed was captured at 205+ mph.

In late 2016, work was planned on a new first bend, which would have bypassed the first chicane and the Curva Grande. Drivers were to go through a fast right hand kink and into a new, faster chicane. Work was planned for to be completed by 2017 in hopes of a renewed contract for Formula 1. Gravel would have also returned to the run-off area at the Parabolica bend.[35] However, plans for the track's change were suspended due to the track being in the historic Monza Park.[citation needed]

A lap of the circuit in a Formula One car

Satellite photograph of the circuit from 2018
The 1.12 km (0.70 mi) start/finish straight.[36]

Monza, throughout its long and storied history has been known for its high-speed, simplistic nature (compared to "harder" circuits such as Singapore or Monaco, which are tight, unforgiving street circuits with lots of corners) thanks to its 1920s design and the few alterations it has received, and is currently the fastest track on the Formula One calendar and has been so since 1991. Monza consists of very long straights and tight chicanes, putting a premium on good braking stability and traction. The 5.793 km (3.600 mi)[3] circuit is very hard on engines; Formula 1 engines are at full throttle for nearly 80% of the lap, with engine failures common, notably Fernando Alonso in the 2006 Italian Grand Prix or Nico Rosberg in the 2015 Italian Grand Prix.

Drivers are on full throttle for most of the lap due to its long straights and fast corners, and is usually the scenario in which the open-wheeled Formula One cars show the raw speed of which they are capable: 372 km/h (231 mph) during the mid-2000s V10 engine formula, although in 2012 with the 2.4L V8 engines, top speeds in Formula One rarely reached over 340 km/h (210 mph); the 1.6L turbocharged hybrid V6 engine, reduced-downforce formula of 2014 displayed top speeds of up to 360 km/h (220 mph). The circuit is generally flat, but has a gradual gradient from the second Lesmos to the Variante Ascari. Due to the low aerodynamic profile needed, with its resulting low downforce,[14] the grip is very low; understeer is a more serious issue than at other circuits; however, the opposite effect, oversteer, is also present in the second sector, requiring the use of a very distinctive opposite lock technique.[citation needed] Since both maximum power and minimal drag are keys for speed on the straights, only competitors with enough power or aerodynamic efficiency at their disposal are able to challenge for the top places.[14]

Formula One cars are set up with one of the smallest wing angles on the F1 calendar to ensure the lowest level of drag on the straights. There are only 6 corner complexes at Monza: the first two chicanes, the two Lesmos, the Ascari complex and the Parabolica. Thus cars are set up for maximum performance on the straights.

Cars approach the first corner at 340 km/h (210 mph) in eighth gear,[3] and brake at about 120 m (130 yd) before the first chicane—the Variante del Rettifilo—entering at 86 km/h (53 mph) in second gear, and exiting at 72 km/h (45 mph) in second gear.[3] This is the scene of many first-lap accidents. Higher kerbs were installed at the first two chicanes in 2009 to prevent cutting.[37]

Good traction out of the first corner is imperative for a quick lap. Conservation of speed through the first chicane is made possible by driving the straightest line, as a small mistake here can result in a lot of time being lost through the Curva Grande down to the Variante della Roggia chicane in eighth gear, at 330 km/h (210 mph).[3] The braking point is just under the bridge. The kerbs are brutal and it is very easy for a car to become unbalanced and a driver to lose control, as Kimi Räikkönen did in 2005. This chicane is probably the best overtaking chance on the lap, as it is the only one with the "slow corner, long straight, slow corner"; one of the characteristics of modern circuits.

Aerial photo of the Autodromo of Monza, with the village of Villasanta in the upper part. The city of Monza is southwards off to the right of the photo.

The Curve di Lesmo are two corners that are not as fast as they used to be, but are still challenging corners. The first is blind, entered at 273 km/h (170 mph) in sixth gear, apexing at 217 km/h (135 mph),[3] and has a slight banking. The second is a seventh gear entry at 278 km/h (173 mph), apexing in fifth gear at 203.5 km/h (126.4 mph),[3] and it is very important that all the kerb is used. A mistake at one of these corners will result in a spin into the gravel, while good exits can set a driver up for an overtaking move into Variante Ascari.

The downhill straight down to Variante Ascari is very bumpy under the bridge. Variante Ascari is a very tricky sequence of corners and is key to the lap time.

The final challenge is the Curva Parabolica: approaching at 335 km/h (208 mph) in eighth gear,[3] cars quickly dance around the corner, apexing in sixth gear at 229 km/h (142 mph)[3] and exiting in sixth gear at 285 km/h (177 mph),[3] accelerating onto the main start/finish straight. A good exit and slipstream off a fellow driver along the main straight can produce an overtaking opportunity under heavy braking into Variante del Rettifilo; however, it is difficult to follow a leading car closely through the Parabolica as the tow will reduce downforce and cornering speed.

The maximum speed recorded in a 2023 Formula One car was 359.0 km/h (223.1 mph), established at the end of the start/finish straight.[38] They experience a maximum g-force of 4.50 during deceleration, and the track has many dramatic high to low speed transitions.[39][3]

Lap records

Lewis Hamilton recorded the fastest pole position lap at Monza in 2020, when he lapped in 1:18.887 at an average speed of 264.362 km/h (164.267 mph) – the fastest average lap speed recorded in qualifying for a World Championship event.[40][41] The official race lap record for the current circuit layout is 1:21.046, set by Rubens Barrichello during the 2004 Italian Grand Prix. As of September 2023, the fastest official race lap records of Autodromo Nazionale Monza are listed as:

Category Driver Vehicle Time Event
Grand Prix Circuit (2000–present): 5.793 km
Formula One Brazil Rubens Barrichello Ferrari F2004 1:21.046 2004 Italian Grand Prix
GP2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Dallara GP2/05 1:30.528 2006 Monza GP2 Series round
LMP1 France Nicolas Minassian Peugeot 908 HDi FAP 1:32.449[42] 2008 1000 km of Monza
FIA F2 Netherlands Richard Verschoor Dallara F2 2018 1:33.155 2022 Monza Formula 2 round
BOSS GP/Formula Renault 3.5 Brazil Antônio Pizzonia Dallara T12 1:33.276[43] 2023 Monza BOSS GP Series round
Formula Renault 3.5 United Kingdom Will Stevens Dallara T12 1:34.899[44] 2013 Monza Formula Renault 3.5 Series round
LMP2 Denmark Mikkel Jensen Aurus 01 1:35.988[45] 2020 4 Hours of Monza
Auto GP Italy Luca Filippi Lola B05/52 1:36.286[46] 2011 Monza Auto GP round
Superleague Formula Brazil Antonio Pizzonia Panoz DP09 1:36.466 2009 Monza Superleague Formula round
LMH France Romain Dumas Glickenhaus SCG 007 LMH 1:36.589[47] 2022 6 Hours of Monza
LMDh United Kingdom Alex Lynn Cadillac V-Series.R 1:37.251[48] 2023 6 Hours of Monza
GP3 United States Conor Daly Dallara GP3/13 1:38.237[49] 2013 Monza GP3 Series round
F3000 Sweden Björn Wirdheim Lola B02/50 1:38.881[50] 2003 Monza F3000 round
FIA F3 United Kingdom Jonny Edgar Dallara F3 2019 1:38.887[51] 2022 Monza Formula 3 round
F2 (2009–2012) Romania Mihai Marinescu Williams JPH1 1:39.997[52] 2011 Monza FTwo round
WSC Italy Christian Pescatori Ferrari 333 SP 1:40.775[53] 2000 Aprimatic Trophy
Group C France Éric Hélary Jaguar XJR-14 1:42.146[54] 2019 Monza Historic
Euroformula Open United Kingdom Frederick Lubin Dallara 320 1:43.708[55] 2022 Monza Euroformula Open round
LMP3 Germany Laurents Hörr Ligier JS P320 1:44.374[56] 2020 Monza Le Mans Cup round
GT1 (GTS) Germany Uwe Alzen Saleen S7-R 1:44.708[57] 2004 FIA GT Monza 500km
Superbike Italy Michel Fabrizio Ducati 1098R 1:45.336 2009 Monza World SBK round
LM GTE Italy Alessandro Pier Guidi Ferrari 488 GTE Evo 1:45.947[47] 2022 6 Hours of Monza
LMP675 South Africa Werner Lupberger Pilbeam MP84 1:47.071[53] 2000 Aprimatic Trophy
GT3 Portugal Miguel Ramos Mercedes-AMG GT3 1:47.153[58] 2019 Monza International GT Open round
Formula Regional France Isack Hadjar Tatuus F.3 T-318 1:47.236[59] 2021 Monza FREC round
SRO GT2 Germany Pierre Kaffer Audi R8 LMS GT2 1:48.064[60] 2023 Monza GT2 European Series round
Porsche Carrera Cup Italy Simone Iaquinta Porsche 911 (991 II) GT3 Cup 1:49.557[61] 2020 Monza Porsche Carrera Cup Italia round
GT2 Italy Gianmaria Bruni Ferrari F430 GTC 1:49.569[62] 2008 1000 km of Monza
Supersport United Kingdom Cal Crutchlow Yamaha YZF-R6 1:49.728 2009 Monza World SSP round
Formula Renault 2.0 France Sacha Fenestraz Tatuus FR2.0/13 1:49.922[63] 2017 Monza Formula Renault Eurocup round
Ferrari Challenge Spain Fernando Navarrete Rodrigo [es] Ferrari 488 Challenge Evo 1:49.956[64] 2023 Monza GT Cup Open Europe round
N-GT Monaco Stéphane Ortelli Porsche 911 (996) GT3-RSR 1:49.967[57] 2004 FIA GT Monza 500km
CN Switzerland Sabrina Hungerbühler [de] Osella PA20 1:50.299[65] 2003 Monza Interserie round
FIA Group 2 United Kingdom Sean Edwards Saleen S7-R 1:51.285[66] 2008 FIA GT Monza 2 Hours
Formula 4 United States Ugo Ugochukwu Tatuus F4-T421 1:52.863[67] 2023 Monza Italian F4 Championship round
TC1 Sweden Thed Björk Volvo S60 Polestar TC1 1:53.381[68] 2017 FIA WTCC Race of Italy
Group 6 Switzerland Yves Scemama TOJ SC304 1:54.109[54] 2019 Monza Historic
JS P4 France Gillian Henrion Ligier JS P4 1:54.159[69] 2022 Monza Ligier European Series round
Super Touring Netherlands Peter Kox Honda Accord 1:54.859[70] 2000 Monza ESTC round
Group 5 sports car Monaco Claudio Roddaro Porsche 917 1:55.137[54] 2019 Monza Historic
GT4 Turkey Yağız Gedik BMW M4 GT4 1:55.820[71] 2023 Monza GT4 European Series round
TCR Touring Car Spain Mikel Azcona Cupra León Competición TCR 1:57.333[72] 2021 Monza TCR Europe round
Formula BMW United Kingdom Jack Harvey Mygale FB02 1:58.683[73] 2009 Monza Formula BMW Europe Round
Super 2000 United Kingdom Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T 1:59.000 2012 FIA WTCC Race of Italy
Stock car racing Spain Ander Vilariño Chevrolet Camaro NASCAR 1:59.256[74] 2013 Monza NASCAR Whelen Euro Series round
Alpine Elf Europa Cup France Alexis Garcin Alpine A110 Cup 1:59.871[75] 2022 Monza Alpine Elf Europa Cup round
JS2 R Austria Horst Felix Felbermayr Ligier JS2 R 2:00.428[76] 2022 Monza Ligier European Series round
Group 2 Germany Michael Ferlich BMW 3.0 CSL 2:04.174[54] 2019 Monza Historic
Group 3 Switzerland Charles Firmenich Shelby Cobra 2:09.965[54] 2019 Monza Historic
Formula Junior Italy Pierre Tonetti Brabham BT6 2:11.003[54] 2019 Monza Historic
Renault Clio Cup Italy Massimilliano Danetti Renault Clio R.S. IV 2.11.756[77] 2020 Monza Renault Clio Cup Italy round
Motorcycle Circuit (2010–present): 5.777 km
World SBK United Kingdom Tom Sykes Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R 1:42.229[78] 2013 Monza World SBK round
Superbike Italy Luca Conforti Ducati 1098R 1:44.330[79] 2012 Monza CIV Superbike round
World SSP Republic of Ireland Eugene Laverty Honda CBR600RR 1:47.767 2010 Monza World SSP round
Supersport Italy Stefano Cruciani [it] Kawasaki Ninja ZX-6R 1:49.876[80] 2012 Monza CIV Supersport round
Junior Course (1959–present): 2.405 km
Group 5 Italy Giorgio Schön Porsche 934/76 54.300[81] 1976 Monza Group 5 round
Group 6 Italy Pier Giorgio Pellegrin Fiat Abarth 1000SP 56.500[82] 1971 Monza Sports Prototype round
Group 4 Italy Ennio Bonomelli Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 56.700[83] 1973 Coppa Agip Monza
Group 2 Italy Angelo Chiapparini Alfa Romeo GTA 1:02.000[84] 1973 Coppa Agip Monza
Grand Prix Circuit (1996–1999): 5.770 km
Formula One Finland Mika Hakkinen McLaren MP4/12 1:24.808[85] 1997 Italian Grand Prix
WSC Italy Andrea Montermini[86] Ferrari 333 SP 1:36.915[87] 1997 1000 km of Monza
F3000 Brazil Marcelo Battistuzzi Lola T96/50 1:40.849[88] 1999 Monza Italian F3000 round
GT1 United Kingdom Ray Bellm McLaren F1 GTR 1:44.354[89] 1996 BPR 4 Hours of Monza
Formula 3 Sweden Peter Sundberg Dallara F399 1:45.393[90] 1999 Monza Italian F3 round
GT2 Monaco Olivier Beretta Chrysler Viper GTS-R 1:46.278[91] 1999 FIA GT Monza 500km
World SBK Australia Troy Corser Ducati 996 1:46.533[92] 1999 Monza World SBK round
Super Touring Italy Fabrizio Giovanardi Alfa Romeo 156 D2 1:51.946[93] 1999 Monza Italian Superturismo round
World SSP Germany Christian Kellner Yamaha YZF-R6 1:53.155[94] 1999 Monza World SSP round
Porsche Carrera Cup Germany Ralf Kelleners Porsche 911 (996) GT3 Cup 1:54.460[95] 1998 Monza Porsche Supercup round
Grand Prix Circuit (1994–1995): 5.834 km[96]
Formula One United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams FW16B 1:25.930[97] 1994 Italian Grand Prix
GT1 Sweden Anders Olofsson Ferrari F40 GTE 1:46.203[98] 1995 BPR 4 Hours of Monza
Formula 3 Italy Michele Gasparini [pl] Dallara F394 1:46.910[99] 1994 Monza Italian F3 round
World SBK United Kingdom Carl Fogarty Ducati 916 1:48.330[100] 1995 Monza World SBK round
Super Touring Italy Antonio Tamburini Alfa Romeo 155 TS 1:56.133[101] 1994 Monza Italian Superturismo round
Grand Prix Circuit (1976–1993): 5.800 km
Formula One United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams FW15C 1:23.575[102] 1993 Italian Grand Prix
Group C United Kingdom Martin Brundle Jaguar XJR-14 1:29.128 1991 430 km of Monza
F3000 United Kingdom Damon Hill Lola T90/50 1:38.881[103] 1990 Monza F3000 round
Group C2 Italy Ranieri Randaccio Spice SE90C 1:41.884[104] 1992 500 km of Monza
Group 6 racing cars Italy Arturo Merzario Alfa Romeo T33/SC/12 1:42.350[105] 1977 500 km of Monza
Formula Two United Kingdom Brian Henton Toleman TG280B 1:42.790[106] 1980 Monza Grand Prix
Formula 3 Brazil Niko Palhares Dallara F391 1:46.408[107] 1991 Monza Italian F3 round
500cc Australia Wayne Gardner Honda NSR500 1:49.000 1987 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
Group A Italy Nicola Larini Alfa Romeo 155 GTA 1:50.297[108] 1992 1st Monza Italian Superturismo round
GT1 Italy Marco Brand Ferrari F40 1:53.220[109] 1993 Monza Italian GT round
BMW M1 Procar Austria Niki Lauda BMW M1 Procar 1:53.560[110] 1979 Monza BMW M1 Procar round
World SBK Australia Rob Phillis Kawasaki ZXR-750 1:54.650[111] 1990 Monza World SBK round
250cc France Dominique Sarron Honda NSR250 1:55.750 1987 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
Super Touring Belgium Eric van de Poele Nissan Primera GT 1:58.080[112] 1993 FIA Touring Car Challenge
Ferrari Challenge Italy Oscar Larrauri Ferrari 348 GTB 1:58.870[109] 1993 Monza Italian GT round
Group 5 Germany Harald Grohs Porsche 935J 2:01.800[113] 1981 1000 km of Monza
125cc Italy Bruno Casanova Garelli 125 GP 2:03.150 1987 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
50cc Italy Eugenio Lazzarini Garelli 50 GP 2:27.760 1983 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
Grand Prix Circuit (1974–1976): 5.780 km
Group 6 prototype France Jean-Pierre Jarier Alpine A442 1:29.600[114] 1976 Monza 4 Hours
Group 5 prototype United Kingdom Derek Bell Mirage GR7 1:31.300[115] 1974 1000km of Monza
Formula One Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Ferrari 312T 1:33.100[116] 1975 Italian Grand Prix
F5000 United Kingdom Peter Gethin Chevron B28 1:37.400[117] 1974 Monza F5000 round
Group 2 Italy Vittorio Brambilla BMW 3.0 CSL 1:41.300[118] 1975 4 Hours of Monza
Formula 3 Italy Luigino Grassi Ralt RT1 1:49.200[119] 1975 Monza European F3 round
Group 1 Sweden Reine Wisell Chevrolet Camaro Z28 1:51.650[120] 1976 4 Hours of Monza
Grand Prix Circuit (1972–1973): 5.775 km
Group 5 prototype France François Cevert Matra-Simca MS670 1:21.900[121] 1973 1000km of Monza
F1 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell 006 1:35.300 1973 Italian Grand Prix
Group 2 Italy Vittorio Brambilla[a]
West Germany Jochen Mass[a]
BMW 3.0 CSL[a]
Ford Capri RS 2600[a]
1:38.300[122] 1973 4 Hours of Monza
Group 4 Italy Marcello Gallo De Tomaso Pantera 1:40.000[123] 1973 6 Hours of Monza
Formula Two United Kingdom Roger Williamson March 732 1:41.000[124] 1973 Monza F2 round
Grand Prix Circuit (1955–1959, 1962–1971): 5.750 km
F1 France Henri Pescarolo March 711 1:23.800 1971 Italian Grand Prix
Group 5 sportscars Mexico Pedro Rodríguez Porsche 917K 1:24.000[125] 1971 1000km of Monza
F5000 Australia Frank Gardner Lola T192 1:27.300[126] 1971 Monza F5000 round
500cc Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta 500 Three 1:41:200 1971 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
350cc Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta 350 3C 1:44:100 1970 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
250cc United Kingdom Bill Ivy Yamaha 250 V4 1:45.700 1967 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc Italy Gilberto Parlotti Morbidelli 125 1:54.600 1971 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
50cc Netherlands  Jan de Vries Kreidler 50 GP 2:10.000 1971 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
Oval Circuit (1955–1971): 4.250 km
USAC Indycar United States Bob Veith Kurtis Kraft 500G-Offenhauser 0:54.000[127] 1958 Race of Two Worlds
Combined Circuit (1955–1971): 10.000 km
F1 United States Phil Hill Ferrari 246 F1 2:43.600[128] 1960 Italian Grand Prix
Grand Prix Circuit (1948–1954): 6.300 km[129]
F1 Italy Giuseppe Farina Alfa Romeo 159M 1:56.200[130] 1951 Italian Grand Prix
500cc United Kingdom Geoff Duke Gilera 500 4C 2:04.600 1954 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
350cc United Kingdom Fergus Anderson Moto Guzzi e50 2:14.800 1954 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
250cc Italy Enrico Lorenzetti Moto Guzzi 250 2:20.600 1953 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc West Germany Werner Haas NSU 125 2:37.000 1953 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
Florio Circuit (1938–1949): 6.993 km[129]
GP Nazi Germany Hermann Lang Mercedes-Benz W154 2:34.200[131] 1938 Italian Grand Prix
Florio Circuit with temporary chicanes (1935–1937): 6.95 km[129]
GP Italy Tazio Nuvolari Alfa Romeo Monoposto Tipo-C "8C-35" 2:49.800 1935 Italian Grand Prix
Grand Prix Circuit (1934): 4.330 km
GP Germany Hans Stuck Auto Union Type A 2:13.600[132] 1934 Italian Grand Prix
Original Grand Prix Circuit (1922–1933): 10.000 km
GP Italy Luigi Fagioli Alfa Romeo P3 3:13.200[133] 1933 Italian Grand Prix

Deaths from crashes

The curve where Alberto Ascari crashed in 1955. He died a few minutes later.

Previous track configurations



See also


  1. ^ a b c d Both drivers took the same lap time in this race independently.


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External links

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