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Circuito do Estoril

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Circuito do Estoril
Autódromo do Estoril
Estoril Circuit
Route of the Autódromo do Estoril
LocationEstoril, Cascais, Portugal
Time zoneUTC+0, UTC+1 (DST)
Capacity45,000
FIA Grade1
Opened1972
Major eventsMotoGP
Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix (2000-2012)
Portuguese Grand Prix (1984-1996)
World Superbike (1988, 1993, 2020-present)
FIA WTCR Race of Portugal (2008, 2021)
FIM Endurance World Championship (1987, 2000, 2020-present)
4 Hours of Estoril (ELMS), Superleague Formula (2008-2009), A1 Grand Prix (2005)
Grand Prix Circuit (2000–present)
Length4.182 km (2.599 mi)
Turns13
Race lap record1:26.711 (Spain Andy Soucek, Atlético Madrid Panoz DP09, 2008, Superleague Formula)
Grand Prix Circuit (1994–1999)
Length4.360 km (2.725 mi)
Turns12
Race lap record1:22.446 (United Kingdom David Coulthard, Williams-Renault FW16B, 1994, F1)
Grand Prix Circuit (1972–1993)
Length4.349 km (2.703 mi)
Turns12
Race lap record1:14.859 (United Kingdom Damon Hill, Williams-Renault FW15C, 1993, F1)
Websitewww.circuito-estoril.pt

The Circuito do Estoril or Autódromo do Estoril (Estoril Circuit), officially known as Autódromo Fernanda Pires da Silva, is a motorsport race track on the Portuguese Riviera, outside of Lisbon, owned by state-run holding management company Parpública. Its length is 4.182 km (2.599 mi). It was the home of the Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix from 1984 to 1996. The capacity of the motorsport stadium is 45,000.[1] The circuit has an FIA Grade 1 license.[2]

History

Estoril, a vacation-destination beach town located 20 miles west of the Portuguese capital city of Lisbon has had a motor racing dating back to the 1930s, with a 2.8 km (1.7 mi) street circuit used in 1937 for a local race. The current Estoril circuit was built and completed in 1972 on a rocky plateau near the village of Alcabideche, 9 km (5.6 mi) from Estoril, the town lending its name to the circuit. The course has two hairpin turns, noticeable elevation changes, and a long (986 metre) start/finish straight.[3] Its original perimeter was 4.350 km (2.703 mi), and the maximum gradient is nearly 7%.[4] Monsanto Park, another street circuit in Lisbon hosted a variety of motor racing events in the 1950s, including the 1959 Portuguese Grand Prix, an event it shared briefly with the Boavista street circuit in Porto.

Its first years saw many national races, as well as an occasional Formula 2 race. However, the course soon fell into disrepair due to the owning company having been taken over by the state between 1975 and 1978, and a significant redevelopment effort was needed before international motorsport returned in 1984.

Estoril became a popular event on the F1 calendar, the setting for many well-known moments including Niki Lauda winning the 1984 championship, his third and final, from McLaren teammate Alain Prost by just half a point by finishing second to Prost at the 1984 Portuguese Grand Prix; three-time world champion Ayrton Senna's first F1 win in 1985; Nigel Mansell's notorious black flag incident and subsequent collision with Senna in 1989; Riccardo Patrese being launched airborne in a near-backward flip after colliding with Gerhard Berger on the main straight in 1992; and Jacques Villeneuve overtaking Michael Schumacher around the outside of the final turn in 1996.

Throughout the years, Estoril has had numerous problems with safety, failing safety inspections on more than one occasion. After the death of Ayrton Senna at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, a chicane was added which increased the circuit length to 4.360 km (2.709 mi). Estoril sometimes has strong winds. Many teams were fond of using Estoril for winter testing.

Estoril was dropped from the F1 calendar for the 1997 season, though it continued to play host to top-level single-seater, sports car and touring car events, including the FIA GT Championship, the DTM and the World Series by Renault.[3] A new redesign of the parabolica turn which saw its length reduced to 4.182 km (2.599 mi) was implemented in 2000 in order to obtain FIM homologation.

Start of the second race of SuperLeague in Autódromo do Estoril
Start of the second race of SuperLeague in Autódromo do Estoril

On 3 September 2000, the Autódromo do Estoril held its first Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix, an event held annually. On 23 October 2005, the circuit hosted the third round of the first ever A1 Grand Prix racing season, with both races in the event being won by the French team.

In the 1980s, the Rally de Portugal had a special stage at the circuit.[5][6]

The track hosted Superleague Formula series events in 2008 and 2009.

In 2020, due to rescheduling of major international sport series due to COVID-19 pandemic, Estoril hosted the final race of 2020 Superbike World Championship (after hosting the series in 1988 and 1993) and the final race of 2019–20 FIM Endurance World Championship (after hosting the series in 1987 and 2000).

Lap records

The official race lap records at the Circuito do Estoril are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Event Circuit Map
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.182 km (2000–present)
Superleague Formula 1:26.711 Andy Soucek Panoz DP09 2008 Estoril Superleague Formula round
Estoril track map.svg
Formula Renault 3.5 1:26.925[7] Ben Hanley Dallara T05 2007 Estoril Formula Renault 3.5 Series round
Auto GP 1:29.638[8] Antônio Pizzonia Lola B05/52 2014 Estoril Auto GP round
LMP1 1:30.702[9] Neel Jani Lola B10/60 2011 6 Hours of Estoril
A1 GP 1:31.106 Alexandre Prémat Lola B05/52 2005–06 A1 Grand Prix of Nations, Portugal
SR1 1:31.442[10] Olivier Beretta Dallara SP1 2002 FIA Sportscar Championship Estoril
LMP2 1:32.611[9] Tom Kimber-Smith Zytek Z11SN 2011 6 Hours of Estoril
Formula Renault V6 Eurocup 1:34.019[11] José María López Tatuus FRV6 2003 Estoril Formula Renault V6 Eurocup round
Formula 3 1:34.067[12] Éric Salignon Dallara F303 2004 Estoril F3 Euro Series round
Euroformula Open 1:34.124[13] Harrison Scott Dallara F312 2017 Estoril Euroformula Open round
DTM 1:35.528[14] Gary Paffett AMG-Mercedes C-Klasse 2004 2004 Estoril DTM round
World SBK 1:36.594[15] Toprak Razgatlıoğlu Yamaha YZF-R1 2020 Estoril World SBK round
MotoGP 1:36.909 Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha YZR-M1 2012 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
LMPC 1:37.447[9] Nicolas Marroc Oreca FLM09 2011 6 Hours of Estoril
LMP3 1:37.519[16] Alex Brundle Ligier JS P320 2016 4 Hours of Estoril
SR2 1:37.630[10] Mirko Savoldi Lucchini SR2001 2002 FIA Sportscar Championship Estoril
GT1 1:37.708[17] Fabrizio Gollin Ferrari 550-GTS Maranello 2003 FIA GT Estoril 500km
Formula Renault 2.0 1:37.749[18] Valtteri Bottas Tatuus FR2000 2008 Estoril Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 round
GT3 1:38.863[19] Alessandro Pier Guidi Ferrari 488 GT3 2018 Estoril International GT Open round
FIM EWC 1:39.155[20] Sylvain Guintoli Suzuki GSX-R1000 2021 12 Hours of Estoril
LM GTE 1:39.370[21] Michele Rugolo Ferrari 458 Italia GT2 2014 4 Hours of Estoril
World SSP 1:40.053[22] Isaac Viñales Yamaha YZF-R6 2020 Estoril World SSP round
Moto2/250cc 1:40.521 Álvaro Bautista Aprilia RSA 250 2007 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
Formula 4 1:41.168[23] Bent Viscaal Tatuus F4-T014 2017 Estoril F4 Spain round
N-GT 1:42.413[17] Andrea Bertolini Ferrari 360 Modena GT 2003 FIA GT Estoril 500km
Super Touring 1:44.850[24] Yvan Muller Alfa Romeo 156 D2 2001 Estoril ESTC round
Moto3/125cc 1:45.027 Gabor Talmacsi Aprilia RSA 125 2007 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
TCR Touring Car 1:45.150[25] Attila Tassi Honda Civic Type R TCR (FK8) 2021 WTCR Race of Portugal
WTCC 1:49.075[26] Nicola Larini Chevrolet Lacetti WTCC 2008 WTCC Race of Portugal
Supersport 300 1:50.496[27] Koen Meuffels Kawasaki Ninja 400 2020 Estoril Supersport 300 round
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.360 km (1994-1999)
Formula One 1:22.446 David Coulthard Williams FW16B 1994 Portuguese Grand Prix
Circuit Estoril.png
F3000 1:31.193[28] Emmanuel Clérico Reynard 94D 1994 Estoril F3000 round
DTM 1:42.650[29] Nicola Larini Alfa Romeo 155 V6 TI 1995 Estoril DTM round
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.350 km (1972-1993)
Formula One 1:14.859 Damon Hill Williams FW15C 1993 Portuguese Grand Prix
Circuit Estoril 1984-1993.png
F3000 1:30.306[30] Mike Thackwell Ralt RB20 1985 Estoril F3000 round

Major event winners

Motorcycling - Portuguese Grand Prix

Year Track Moto3 Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2012 Estoril Germany Sandro Cortese KTM Spain Marc Márquez Suter Australia Casey Stoner Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2011 Estoril Spain Nicolás Terol Aprilia Germany Stefan Bradl Kalex Spain Dani Pedrosa Honda Report
2010 Estoril Spain Marc Márquez Derbi Germany Stefan Bradl Suter Spain Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha Report
Year Track 125 cc 250 cc MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2009 Estoril Spain Pol Espargaró Derbi Italy Marco Simoncelli Gilera Spain Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha Report
2008 Estoril Italy Simone Corsi Aprilia Spain Álvaro Bautista Aprilia Spain Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha Report
2007 Estoril Spain Héctor Faubel Aprilia Spain Álvaro Bautista Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2006 Estoril Spain Álvaro Bautista Aprilia Italy Andrea Dovizioso Honda Spain Toni Elías Honda Report
2005 Estoril Finland Mika Kallio KTM Australia Casey Stoner Aprilia Brazil Alex Barros Honda Report
2004 Estoril Spain Héctor Barberá Aprilia Spain Toni Elías Honda Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2003 Estoril Spain Pablo Nieto Aprilia Spain Toni Elías Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Honda Report
2002 Estoril France Arnaud Vincent Aprilia Spain Fonsi Nieto Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc 250 cc 500 cc Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2001 Estoril San Marino Manuel Poggiali Gilera Japan Daijiro Kato Honda Italy Valentino Rossi Honda Report
2000 Estoril Spain Emilio Alzamora Honda Japan Daijiro Kato Honda Australia Garry McCoy Yamaha Report

References

  1. ^ "StadiumZone". StadiumZone.
  2. ^ "LIST OF FIA LICENSED CIRCUITS" (PDF). FIA. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  3. ^ a b "The New Tracks". race-game.org. 2006. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
  4. ^ Seara.com. "TRACK DATA - Circuito Estoril - Portugal". www.circuito-estoril.pt.
  5. ^ "Estoril". RacingCircuits.info.
  6. ^ Seara.com. "History - Circuito Estoril - Portugal". www.circuito-estoril.pt.
  7. ^ "2007 Formula Renault 3.5 Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  8. ^ "2014 Auto GP World Series Estoril". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  9. ^ a b c "2011 6 Hours of Estoril Race Final Classification by Class" (PDF). elms.alkamelsystems.com. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  10. ^ a b "FIA Sportscar Championship Estoril 2002". Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  11. ^ "2003 Estoril Formula Renault V6 - Round 15". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  12. ^ "2004 F3 Euro Series Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  13. ^ "2017 Estoril Euroformula Open Race 2 Results" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  14. ^ "2004 Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  15. ^ "2020 Superbike World Championship Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  16. ^ "2016 4 Hours of Estoril Race Final Classification by Class" (PDF). elms.alkamelsystems.com. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  17. ^ a b "FIA GT Championship Estoril 2003". Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  18. ^ "2008 Formula Renault 2.0 Euro Estoril". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  19. ^ "GT Open Estoril 2018". Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  20. ^ "12 Hours of Estoril 2021 Race - Dinal Ranking". Retrieved 20 July 2021.
  21. ^ "2014 4 Hours of Estoril Race Final Classification by Class" (PDF). elms.alkamelsystems.com. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  22. ^ "World SSP Pirelli Estoril Round, 16-18 October 2020 Results Race 1" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  23. ^ "F4 Spain ESTORIL RACING FESTIVAL - 10 a 12 Novembro 2017 Race 1 (25' +1 lap) Final Classification" (PDF). Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  24. ^ "2001 Estoril ETCC". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  25. ^ "WTCR Race of Portugal 2021". Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  26. ^ "2008 WTCC Race Of Portugal Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  27. ^ "Supersport 300 Pirelli Estoril Round, 16-18 October 2020 Results Race 1" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  28. ^ "1994 F3000 International Championship Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  29. ^ "1995 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  30. ^ "1985 F3000 International Championship Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 4 May 2021.

External links

This page was last edited on 19 July 2021, at 22:14
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