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North Yorkshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

North Yorkshire
Coat of arms of North Yorkshire
Location of North Yorkshire within England
Location of North Yorkshire within England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionDivided between Yorkshire and the Humber & North East
Established byLocal Government Act 1972
Preceded byNorth Riding of Yorkshire
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceNorth Yorkshire Police
Cleveland Police
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantJohanna Ropner[1]
High SheriffDavid Kerfoot (2020–21)[2]
Area9,020 km2 (3,480 sq mi)
 • Ranked1st of 48
Population (mid-2019 est.)1,158,816
 • Ranked14th of 48
Density134/km2 (350/sq mi)
Ethnicity96% White
2.0% S.Asian
0.6% Black
Non-metropolitan county
County councilNorth Yorkshire County Council
Admin HQNorthallerton[3]
Area8,037 km2 (3,103 sq mi)
 • Ranked1st of 26
 • Ranked20th of 26
Density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-NYK
ONS code36
North Yorkshire numbered districts (1974-2023).svg

Districts of North Yorkshire
Districts County council area:

North Yorkshire is the largest ceremonial county (lieutenancy area) in England, covering an area of 9,020 square kilometres (3,480 sq mi).[4] Around 40% of the county is covered by national parks, including most of the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors. It is one of four counties in England to hold the name Yorkshire; the three other counties are the East Riding of Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire.

North Yorkshire is also a non-metropolitan county for local government purposes, covering an area of 8,037 square kilometres (3,103 sq mi).[5] The non-metropolitan county administered by North Yorkshire County Council does not include northern parts of the ceremonial county or the City of York.

Most of the county is within the Yorkshire and the Humber region, but northern parts of the county are within the North East England region.

The Middlesbrough built-up area (at 174,700) is the most populous settlement while the York built-up area is second with 152,841, although neither form part of the administrative county governed by North Yorkshire County Council. Mid-2016 estimates by the ONS recorded a 602,300 population in the county council area. The most populous settlement in the administrative county (and third in the overall ceremonial county) is Harrogate (at 75,070); followed by Scarborough (at 61,749). Northallerton, the administrative county town, was recorded with a 16,832 population.[6][7][8] Other large settlements in the county are Redcar, Thornaby-on-Tees and Ingleby Barwick.


North Yorkshire was formed on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, and covered most of the lands of the historic North Riding of Yorkshire, as well as northern parts of the West Riding of Yorkshire, northern and eastern East Riding of Yorkshire and the former county borough of York. The new county was governed by North Yorkshire County Council and was wholly within the Yorkshire and the Humber region.[9]

On 1 April 1996, Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton borough south of the River Tees became part of the ceremonial county, but not part of the non-metropolitan county governed by North Yorkshire County Council. These areas were and remain within the North East England region. They had been part of the North Riding until 1974, but for twenty-two years from 1974 to 1996 were part of the county of Cleveland.

Also on 1 April 1996, York, rural areas around York, and the town of Haxby were transferred from the non-metropolitan county to become a unitary authority independent of county council authority. The enlarged City of York remained within the ceremonial county.[10]


The geology of North Yorkshire is closely reflected in its landscape. Within the county are the North York Moors and most of the Yorkshire Dales; two of eleven areas of countryside within England and Wales to be officially designated as national parks. Between the North York Moors in the east and the Pennine Hills in the west lie the Vales of Mowbray and York. The Tees Lowlands lie to the north of the North York Moors and the Vale of Pickering lies to the south. Its eastern border is the North sea coast. The highest point is Whernside, on the Cumbrian border, at 736 metres (2,415 ft).[11]

The two major rivers in the county are the River Swale and the River Ure. The Swale and the Ure form the River Ouse which flows through York and into the Humber Estuary. The River Tees forms part of the border between North Yorkshire and County Durham and flows from upper Teesdale through Stockton-on-Tees and Middlesbrough and to the coast. The River Wharfe forms much of the southern border and also flows into the Ouse within the county.

Green belt

North Yorkshire contains a small section of green belt in the south of the county, just north of Ilkley and Otley along the North and West Yorkshire borders. It extends to the east to cover small communities such as Huby, Kirkby Overblow, and Follifoot before covering the gap between the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough, helping to keep those towns separate.

The belt adjoins the southernmost part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park, and the Nidderdale AONB. It extends into the western area of Selby district, reaching as far as Tadcaster and Balne. The belt was first drawn up from the 1950s.

The city of York has an independent surrounding belt area affording protections to several outlying settlements such as Haxby and Dunnington, and it too extends into the surrounding districts.


North Yorkshire has a temperate oceanic climate, like most of the UK. However, there are large climate variations within the county. The upper Pennines border on a Subarctic climate, whereas the Vale of Mowbray has an almost Semi-arid climate. Overall, with the county being situated in the east, it receives below-average rainfall for the UK, but the upper Dales of the Pennines are one of the wettest parts of England, where in contrast the driest parts of the Vale of Mowbray are some of the driest areas in the UK. Summer temperatures are above average, at 22 °C, but highs can regularly reach up to 28 °C, with over 30 °C reached in heat waves. Winter temperatures are below average, with average lows of 1 °C. Snow and Fog can be expected depending on location, with the North York Moors and Pennines having snow lying for an average of between 45 and 75 days per year.[12] Sunshine is most plentiful on the coast, receiving an average of 1650 hours a year, and reduces further west in the county, with the Pennines only receiving 1250 hours a year.

Climate data for North Yorkshire
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
Average high °C (°F) 6
Average low °C (°F) 1
Record low °C (°F) −14
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40
Source: [13][14]


Local authorities

# Local authority 2011 census
Ceremonial county 1,125,547
Non-metropolitan county 598,376
1 York 198,051[15]
2 Harrogate 157,869[16]
3 Middlesbrough 138,412[17]
4 Redcar and Cleveland 135,177[18]
5 Scarborough 108,793[19]
6 Hambleton 89,140[20]
7 Selby 83,449[21]
8 Stockton-on-Tees
(south Tees)
9 Craven 55,409[23]
10 Richmondshire 51,965[24]
11 Ryedale 51,751[25]

County council

North Yorkshire County Council governs the non-metropolitan county in a cabinet-style council.[26] The non-metropolitan county excludes the City of York and boroughs of Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and Stockon-on-Tees. 90 councillors (increased from 72 councillors with effect from the May 2022 election) elect a council leader, who in turn appoints up to 9 councillors to form an executive cabinet. Offices for the county are in County Hall, Northallerton.

In July 2021 the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government announced that in April 2023, the non-metropolitan county will be reorganised into a unitary authority, which will be called North Yorkshire Council.[27] The district councils (Harrogate, Scarborough, Hambleton, Selby, Craven, Richmondshire and Ryedale), are to be abolished and their functions transferred to a single authority. The parts of the county already unitary authorities will not be affected.[28][29][30]


Until April 2023, the county is divided into the local government districts of Craven, Hambleton, Harrogate, Richmondshire, Ryedale, Scarborough and Selby.[31]

Unitary authorities

Parts of the county are administered independently of the county council, having their own unitary authorities: the City of York Council, Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council, Middlesbrough Council and Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council. The latter three are part of the Tees Valley Combined Authority. Uniquely for England, the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees is split between North Yorkshire and County Durham.


In large areas of North Yorkshire, agriculture is the primary source of employment; some 85% of the county is considered to be "rural or super sparse".[32]

Other sectors in 2019 included some manufacturing, the provision of accommodation and meals (primarily for tourists) which accounted for 19 per cent of all jobs and food manufacturing which employed 11 per cent of workers; a few people are involved in forestry and fishing in 2019. The average weekly earnings in 2018 were £531. Some 15% of workers declared themselves as self-employed. One report in late 2020 stated that "North Yorkshire has a relatively healthy and diverse economy which largely mirrors the national picture in terms of productivity and jobs.[33][34]

The Teesport sea port handled over 53 million tonnes of cargo in 2013
The Teesport sea port handled over 53 million tonnes of cargo in 2013
Drax Power Station has the highest generating capacity of any power station in the UK
Drax Power Station has the highest generating capacity of any power station in the UK

Mineral extraction and power generation are also sectors of the economy as is high technology.[35]

Tourism is a significant contributor to the economy. A study of visitors between 2013 and 2015 indicated that the Borough of Scarborough, including Filey, Whitby and parts of the North York Moors National Park, received 1.4m trips per year on average.[36] A 2016 report by the National Park however, provides more impressive numbers: the park area gets 7.93 million visitors annually, generating £647 million and supporting 10,900 full-time equivalent jobs.[37]

The Yorkshire Dales have also attracted many visitors. In 2016, there were 3.8 million visits to the National Park including 0.48 million who stayed at least one night. The parks service estimates that this contributed £252 million to the economy and provided 3,583 full-time equivalent jobs. The wider Yorkshire Dales area received 9.7 million visitors who contributed £644 million to the economy.[38] The North York Moors and Yorkshire Dales are among England's best known destinations.[39]

The Shambles, a popular tourist area in York
The Shambles, a popular tourist area in York
Harrogate is also a popular tourist destination, famous for its Turkish Baths, Gastronomy and High-End Shops.
Harrogate is also a popular tourist destination, famous for its Turkish Baths, Gastronomy and High-End Shops.

The North Yorkshire County Council operates many small tourist information offices in rural areas.[40] Nature or eco-tourism has become an important factor. In addition to hiking, some areas attract tourists with wildlife, although the latter aspect has yet to be fully developed.[41] Another agency promoting tourism to the region is the Herriot Country Tourism Group which covers the North York Moors and Yorkshire Dales as well as communities such as Thirsk, Northallerton, Easingwold, Great Ayton & Bedale.[42] 

The historic towns of York and Harrogate are the top tourist destinations in the geographic area.[43] York attracts millions of visitors, some of whom may be enticed to continue northward to other areas of North Yorkshire. A 2014 report, based on 2012 data,[44] stated that York alone receives 6.9 million visitors annually; they contribute £564 million to the economy and support over 19,000 jobs.[45] In the 2017 Condé Nast Traveller survey of readers, York rated 12th among The 15 Best Cities in the UK for visitors.[46] In a 2020 Condé Nast Traveller report, York rated as the sixth best among ten "urban destinations [in the UK] that scored the highest marks when it comes to ... nightlife, restaurants and friendliness".[47]

During February 2020 to January 2021, the average property in North Yorkshire county sold for £240,000, up by £8100 over the previous 12 months. By comparison, the average for England and Wales was £314,000.[48] In certain communities of North Yorkshire, however, house prices were higher than average for the county, as of early 2021: Harrogate (average value: £376,195), Knaresborough (£375,625), Tadcaster (£314,278), Leyburn (£309,165) and Ripon (£299,998), for example.[49]

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added for North Yorkshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British pounds sterling.[50]

Year Regional Gross Value Added[Notes 1] Agriculture[Notes 2] Industry[Notes 3] Services[Notes 4]
1995 7,278 478 2,181 4,618
2000 9,570 354 2,549 6,667
2003 11,695 390 3,025 8,281

Effects of the pandemic

Unemployment in the county was traditionally low in recent years, but the lockdowns and travel restrictions necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on the economy during much of 2020 and into 2021.[51] The UK government said in early February 2021 that it was planning "unprecedented levels of support to help businesses [in the UK] survive the crisis".[52] A report published on 1 March 2021 stated that the unemployment rate in North Yorkshire had "risen to the highest level in nearly 5 years - with under 25s often bearing the worst of job losses".[53]

York experienced high unemployment during lockdown periods. One analysis (by the York and North Yorkshire Local Enterprise Partnership) predicted in August 2020 that "as many as 13,835 jobs in York will be lost in the scenario considered most likely, taking the city's unemployment rate to 14.5%". Some critics claimed that part of the problem was caused by "over-reliance on the booming tourism industry at the expense of a long-term economic plan".[54] A report in mid June 2020 stated that unemployment had risen 114 per cent over the previous year because of restrictions imposed as a result of the pandemic.[55]

Tourism in the county was expected to increase after the restrictions imposed due the pandemic are relaxed. One reason for the expected increase is the airing of All Creatures Great and Small, a TV series about the vet James Herriot, based on a successful series of books; it was largely filmed within the Yorkshire Dales National Park.[56] The show aired in the UK in September 2020 and in the US in early 2021. One source stated that visits to Yorkshire websites had increased significantly by late September 2020.[57]




The East Coast Main Line (ECML) bisects the county stopping at Northallerton, Thirsk and York. Passenger services on the ECML within the county are operated by London North Eastern Railway, TransPennine Express and Grand Central. TransPennine Express run services on the York to Scarborough Line and the Northallerton–Eaglescliffe Line (for Middlesbrough) that both branch off the ECML.

Northern operates the remaining lines in the county, including commuter services on the Harrogate Line, Airedale Line and York & Selby Lines, of which the former two are covered by the Metro ticketing area. Remaining branch lines operated by Northern include the Yorkshire Coast Line from Scarborough to Hull, the Hull to York Line via Selby, the Tees Valley Line from Darlington to Saltburn and the Esk Valley Line from Middlesbrough to Whitby. Last but certainly not least, the Settle-Carlisle Line runs through the west of the county, with services again operated by Northern.

Current and former railway routes in eastern North Yorkshire
Current and former railway routes in eastern North Yorkshire

The county suffered badly under the Beeching cuts of the 1960s. Places such as Richmond, Ripon, Tadcaster, Helmsley, Pickering and the Wensleydale communities lost their passenger services. Notable lines closed were the Scarborough and Whitby Railway, Malton and Driffield Railway and the secondary main line between Northallerton and Harrogate via Ripon. Heritage railways within North Yorkshire include: the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, between Pickering and Grosmont, which opened in 1973; the Derwent Valley Light Railway near York; and the Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway. The Wensleydale Railway, which started operating in 2003, runs services between Leeming Bar and Redmire along a former freight-only line. The medium-term aim is to operate into Northallerton station on the ECML, once an agreement can be reached with Network Rail. In the longer term, the aim is to reinstate the full line west via Hawes to Garsdale on the Settle-Carlisle line.

York railway station is the largest station in the county, with 11 platforms and is a major tourist attraction in its own right. The station is immediately adjacent to the National Railway Museum.


The main road through the county is the north–south A1(M), which has gradually been upgraded in sections to motorway status since the early 1990s. The only other motorways within the county are the short A66(M) near Darlington and a small stretch of the M62 motorway close to Eggborough.[31] The other nationally maintained trunk routes are the A168/A19, A64, A66 and A174.

Coach and bus

Long-distance coach services are operated by National Express and Megabus. Local bus service operators include Arriva Yorkshire, Harrogate Bus Company, Scarborough & District (East Yorkshire), Yorkshire Coastliner, First York and the local Dales & District.


There are no major airports in the county itself, but nearby airports include Teesside International (Darlington), Newcastle, Doncaster Sheffield and Leeds Bradford.



The 19 largest settlements of North Yorkshire, along with Malton. Cities and county town (Northallerton) in bold, district centres in yellow.

Settlements and parishes

Settlements in italics lie within one of four unitary authorities.

# Place Population
Local authority Defined as
1 Middlesbrough 174,700[a] Middlesbrough Town
2 York 152,841[b] City of York City
3 Harrogate 73,576[c] Harrogate Town
4 Scarborough 38,715[d] Scarborough Town
5 Redcar 37,073[e] Redcar and Cleveland Town
6 Thornaby-on-Tees 24,741[f] Stockton-on-Tees (south) Town
7 Ingleby Barwick 20,378[69] Stockton-on-Tees (south) Town
8 Saltburn, Marske and New Marske 19,134[70] Redcar and Cleveland Civil Parish
9 Guisborough 17,777[71] Redcar and Cleveland Town
10 Ripon 16,702[72] Harrogate City
11 Knaresborough 15,441[73] Harrogate Town
12 Selby 14,731[74] Selby Town
13 Skipton 14,623[75] Craven Town
14 Whitby 13,213[76] Scarborough Town
15 Skelton and Brotton 12,848[77] Redcar and Cleveland Civil Parish
16 Northallerton 10,655[g] Hambleton Town
17 Haxby 8,428[79] City of York Town
18 Richmond 8,413[80] Richmondshire Town
19 Yarm-on-Tees 8,384[81] Stockton-on-Tees (south) Town
20 Loftus 7,988[82] Redcar and Cleveland Town
  1. ^ Based on its built-up area subdivision; including areas outside the council area.[58]
  2. ^ Based on its built-up area, excluding outlying towns and villages within the council area.[59]
  3. ^ Unparished built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to town boundaries; no outlying areas.[60]
  4. ^ No population count measured the town independently at the 2011 census. Including parishes equates to 61,749, excluding outlying parishes of Eastfield,[61] Osgodby,[62] Cayton,[63] Newby, Scalby[64] and part of Seamer.[65] equates to total.
  5. ^ Unparished built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to town boundaries; no outlying areas.[67]
  6. ^ Built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to town boundaries; no outlying areas.[68]
  7. ^ County town[78]

They are also multiple smaller settlements of North Yorkshire, italics denote a place in one of the unitary authorities apart from settlements of Middlesbrough:


North Yorkshire LEA has a mostly comprehensive education system with 42 state schools secondary (not including sixth form colleges) and 12 independent schools.

Places of interest

AP Icon.svg
Accessible open space
Accessible open space
Themepark uk icon.png
Amusement/Theme Park
CL icon.svg
Country Park
Country Park
EH icon.svg
English Heritage
Forestry Commission
Heritage railway
Heritage railway
Historic house
Historic House
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Museum (free)

Museum (free/not free)
National Trust
National Trust
Zoo icon.jpg

Places of interest in italics lie are in the non-administrative county.

News and media

The county is served by BBC North East and Cumbria, and for more southerly parts of the county BBC Yorkshire. Yorkshire Television and Tyne Tees Television are also received in most areas of the county, Settle and the Western part of the Craven area is served by BBC North West and Granada Television. BBC Tees is broadcast to northern parts of the county, whilst BBC Radio York is broadcast more widely. BBC Radio Leeds broadcasts to southern parts of the county.



Yorkshire County Cricket Club play a number of fixtures at North Marine Road, Scarborough. The ball game Rock-It-Ball was developed in the county.

Association football

Middlesbrough vs West Ham in FA Cup semi-final 2006
Middlesbrough vs West Ham in FA Cup semi-final 2006

North Yorkshire has multiple association football clubs:

Middlesbrough are currently the highest-ranked team in the county as they play in the EFL Championship. In the past, they have won the EFL Cup and reached the UEFA Cup final. Harrogate Town play in the EFL League Two. York City play in the National League North and finished 2nd on points-per-game during the 2019–20 season, but they lost their play-off semi-final to Altrincham. Whitby Town have reached the FA Cup first round seven times and have played the likes of Hull City, Wigan Athletic and Plymouth Argyle; they currently play in the Northern Premier League Premier Division, along with nearby Scarborough Athletic, a phoenix club of Scarborough.

Rugby football

Scarborough ground
Scarborough ground
Rugby Union Teams 2021-22
League Team Venue Capacity Location
National League 2 North Harrogate Rudding Lane Harrogate
Wharfedale The Avenue 2,000 Threshfield, Craven
North Premier York Clifton Park York, North Yorkshire
North 1 East Malton & Norton The Gannock Malton
Scarborough Silver Royd 4,500 (425 seats) Scalby, Scarborough
Yorkshire 1 Selby Sandhill Lane Selby
Durham & Northumberland 1 Acklam Talbot Park Acklam, Middlesbrough
Middlesbrough Acklam Park 5,000 (159 seats) Acklam, Middlesbrough

The leading rugby union teams in the county include Wharfedale RUFC, Harrogate RUFC, but teams also include Middlesbrough RUFC and Acklam RUFC who play their league games in Durham/Northumberland 1. York City Knights, previously known as York F.C., are a rugby league team who play in the Rugby League Championships.


North Yorkshire has multiple racecourses at: Catterick Bridge, Redcar, Ripon, Thirsk and York. It also has one motor racing circuit, Croft Circuit; the circuit holds meetings of the British Touring Car Championship, British Superbike and Pickup Truck Racing race series and one Motorcycle Racing Circuit at Oliver's Mount, Scarborough.

See also


  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and construction
  4. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured


  1. ^ "New Lord-Lieutenant of North Yorkshire appointed". Gazette & Herald. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  2. ^ "No. 62943". The London Gazette. 13 March 2020. p. 5161.
  3. ^ "North Yorkshire County Council : Contact us". Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  4. ^ "North Yorkshire Lieutenancy Area". Morth Yorkshire Lieutenancy. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
  5. ^ "A unitary council for North Yorkshire: The Case for Change. Appendix 1. North Yorkshire Data Analysis" (PDF). December 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
  6. ^ "North Yorkshire population information". North Yorkshire County Council. 30 November 2017. Archived from the original on 15 July 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  7. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Scarborough Built-up area (E34004408)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  8. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – York Built-up area sub division (1119883765)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  9. ^ Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
  10. ^ "The North Yorkshire (District of York) (Structural and Boundary Changes) Order 1995". Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  11. ^ "The County Tops". The Relative Hills of Britain. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012.
  12. ^ "Regional mapped climate averages". The Met Office. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  13. ^ "UK mapped climate averages". The Met Office. Archived from the original on 30 December 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  14. ^ "Temperature of −19C is new Yorkshire record". BBC News Online. BBC. 3 December 2010. Archived from the original on 6 December 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  15. ^ "York Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Harrogate Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Middlesbrough Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Redcar and Cleveland Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Scarborough Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Hambleton Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  21. ^ "Selby Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  22. ^ Parishes:
  23. ^ "Craven Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Richmondshire Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Ryedale Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
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  28. ^ "North Yorkshire councils scrapped and replaced with one authority". BBC News. 21 July 2021. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  29. ^ "Government backs bid for single unitary authority to replace North Yorkshire councils including Harrogate". Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  30. ^ "Next steps for new unitary councils in Cumbria, North Yorkshire and Somerset". GOV.UK. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  31. ^ a b "Transport map of shire county divided into districts". North Yorkshire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2008.
  32. ^ "Independent commission hears evidence on how North Yorkshire's rural economy can achieve its potential". 26 January 2020.
  33. ^ Council, North Yorkshire County (24 December 2019). "Jobs and the economy – North Yorkshire's Rural Commission calls for evidence". North Yorkshire County Council.
  34. ^ "Rural study group to look at farming and tourism jobs and the North Yorkshire economy". Craven Herald.
  35. ^ "North Yorkshire population information". North Yorkshire County Council. 19 December 2013. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
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  38. ^ "Trends in tourism in the Yorkshire Dales 2010 to 2016" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
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