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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tees Barrage
Tees barrage-2008.jpg
View of the Tees barrage, bridge and footbridge from the upstream north bank
Coordinates54°33′51.84″N 1°17′10.32″W / 54.5644000°N 1.2862000°W / 54.5644000; -1.2862000
CarriesTees Barrage Way – pedestrians and cyclists use the footbridge (Teesdale Way)
CrossesRiver Tees and Teesdale Way
LocaleStockton-on-Tees, England, United Kingdom
Official nameTees Barrage
Maintained byCanal & River Trust
Websitewww.teesbarrage.co.uk/about.php
Preceded byInfinity Bridge
Followed byTees Viaduct
Characteristics
Designarched viaduct
MaterialConcrete, welded tubular steel and plate steel
Total length160 m
Longest span7.5 m
No. of spans8
Piers in water3
Load limit45 units of HB loading
Clearance below5 m (5.37 m in the lock)
Design life120 years
History
DesignerOve Arup and The Napper Partnership
Constructed byTarmac Construction
Fabrication byWestbury Tubular Structures
Construction start4 November 1991
Construction end1995
Opened22 April 1995
Inaugurated17 July 1995
Statistics
Daily trafficvery light
Location

The Tees Barrage is a barrage across the River Tees just upriver of Blue House Point in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees in North East of England and is used to control the flow of the river, preventing flooding and the effects of tidal change. The Tees Barrage comprises a river barrage, road bridge, footbridge, barge lock, fish pass and white water course. The waters above the barrage are permanently held at the level of an average high tide and are used for watersports such as canoeing, jet skiing, dragonboat racing and incorporates a 1 km rowing course. The barrage is accessible by road only from Thornaby-on-Tees as there is very limited road access to the north bank of the Tees.

The Tees Barrage and Tees Barrage International White Water Course are developments of the Teesside Development Corporation.

Design

The concrete base of the barrage is 70 m wide, 32 m long, and 5 m thick; it is supported by five concrete piers.[1][2] In between the piers are four 8 m tall, 50 tonne fish belly plates to control the flow of water, operated by 21 tonne hydraulic rams.[2][3][4][5][6] The 600 ton road bridge[3] is of a tubular steel arched viaduct design specified at 45 units of HB motorway loading.[7] The bridge has eight welded tubular steel arches each 17.5 m wide with a 5 m rise but only the four central arches actually cross the waters of the river Tees. The arches are sprayed with green chlorinated rubber paint and are sealed against corrosion.[1] Some 16,500 cubic metres of reinforced concrete and 650 tons of structural steel went into the building of the barrage.[1][2][4][8][9]

On the downstream side of the central pier is a 29 m tower of lights with reflective globes and plates, supported by guy ropes. Illumination is provided by four lights on the concrete barrage base for ease of maintenance.[1]

The barrage has two pavilions, one on the south bank, and a little-used one on the north bank, both extending under the road bridge. The south bank pavilion houses the barrage control room and the offices of the SMi – Stockton Middlesbrough Initiative'. A visitors' centre is also planned for the barrage.[10] The barrage has a design life of 120 years. The project also included the regeneration of 100 ha of adjacent derelict land producing riverside walks, parkland and leisure facilities.[2]

Construction

The Teesside Development Corporation proposed a barrage across the Tees in an act of Parliament[11] and then organised a design competition for the barrage bridge that was won by Ove Arup and the Napper Partnership.[1][8] The barrage was constructed by Tarmac Construction.[3][8][12] Construction work was started on 4 November 1991.[3][12][13] The construction method chosen by Tarmac was to divert the River Tees around the barrage site to allow the barrage to be built "in the dry" and avoid the need for providing time consuming and expensive cofferdams and jetties in the existing river. To prevent uplift of the dry river bed, deep pressure relief wells were required which needed to be fully functional until the barrage was built and the site flooded. The wells were installed and maintained by WJ Groundwater Limited under a subcontract with Tarmac.[14][15]

Operation

The barrage was opened on 22 April 1995[2][16] with an international competition on the white water course, and inaugurated on 17 July the same year by the Duke of Edinburgh.[17] In April 2001 ownership of the Tees Barrage and white water course was passed to British Waterways (now the Canal & River Trust) from its original owners English Partnerships.[18]

The Canal & River Trust are also responsible for managing the 11 miles of navigable grade A two star waters of the river Tees from the barrage up to the Low Moor Weir at Low Worsall beyond Yarm.[2][16] Operation of the river below the barrage is the responsibility of the Tees and Hartlepool Port Authority. Large quantities of natural debris such as branches are being washed down and caught by the barrage that otherwise would have been taken out to sea, and there are ongoing studies looking into the feasibility of burning this debris for power generation in waste-to-energy power stations.[19]

Barge Lock

Tees barrage barge lock
Tees barrage barge lock

The lock is a single-rise lock with two pairs of lock gates to allow light river traffic to negotiate the barrage. The dimensions of the lock are length 24.88 m, beam 6.08 m, height 5.37 m with a draught of 2.48 m.[20] If necessary, when the lock is in use, a single leaf steel bascule lifting bridge over the lock is raised to allow the passage of lock traffic. There is no charge to use the lock however users must have permits to use the river both above and below the barrage.

Tidal Turbine Test Facility

On 8 June 2007 a new facility was opened for testing prototype marine current turbines and other turbine devices. This facility is operated and funded by the National Renewable Energy Centre. It uses the hydraulic head in the barge lock to release water through sluices at a controlled velocity to create a simulation of steady ocean current conditions downstream of the lock.

The first turbine to be tested at this site was Evopod, a semi submerged floating tidal turbine developed by offshore consultancy Ocean Flow Energy Ltd based in North Shields. The test was largely a success and further devices are booked including a Rugged Renewables Savonius rotor that is to be deployed as a building-mounted turbine. The development of this facility completes NaREC's portfolio of test facilities.

Tees Barrage International White Water Course

As part of the project, an artificial whitewater course was created that has since hosted many significant watersport competitions. The £4.6 million facility was opened ahead of the 2012 London Olympics. It produces its own green energy, which it feeds back into the National Grid.

Footbridge

View along the footbridge/cycleway with north bank pavilion in the background
View along the footbridge/cycleway with north bank pavilion in the background

A steel footbridge carries walkers and cyclists across the concrete piers of the barrage on the Teesdale Way, part of the National Cycle Network. The footbridge consists of two parts, a steel footbridge across the concrete piers and a hydraulically operated single-leaf steel bascule across the lock to allow river craft to pass. Although the public cannot gain direct access to the barrage itself, the footbridge affords excellent views of the fish belly plates and hydraulics.

Fish pass

To allow migratory salmon and sea trout to negotiate the barrage a fish pass with fish counter and viewing area is installed next to the north bank pavilion.[10][21] Some angling groups argue that the progress of migratory fish is delayed below the barrier as fish have difficulty finding the very narrow entrance to the fish pass and that excessive numbers of foraging seals are taking advantage of this delay and are predating these fish and thus damaging the recovery of salmonids on the Tees.[22] The fish pass still only has provisional approval from the Environment Agency[18] and as an interim measure fish pen stocks are being used on the river and the barrage lock is being operated in such a way as to allow fish to pass. Starting in April 2008 British Waterways commissioned a three-year electronic fish tagging survey to help understand the interactions and relationships between various wildlife at the barrage focusing on seal numbers and salmonid migration.[18]

Photo gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Department of Civil Engineering. "Tees Barrage, Cleveland". University of Portsmouth. Archived from the original on 13 June 2008. Retrieved 21 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f McLusky, Sarah (9 October 2003). "Holding back the tide". Cities of Science. Archived from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b c d "Tarmac opens £50m Tees barrage". ContractJournal.com. 13 October 1994. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b "Information about River Tees". waterscape.com. Archived from the original on 3 June 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Tees barrage gate floats in". ContractJournal.com. 31 March 1994. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "River Tees – Crossings". Three Rivers Cycle Route. Archived from the original on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Tees Barrage and Footbridge". Arup. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 29 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ a b c Janberg, Nicolas (28 February 2007). "Tees Barrage Bridge". Structurae. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ Barlow, Rob (24 August 2007). "The Tees Barrage". BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ a b "Tees Barrage". WaterScape. British Waterways. 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "River Tees Barrage and Crossing Act 1990" (PDF). HMSO. 26 July 1990. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ a b "Bridges on the Tees: Tees Barrage". Bridges on the Tyne. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ Kenyon, Chris (March 2002). "A Trip up the Tees". Tees Rowing Club. Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ Cashman, Pat M.; Preene, Martin. Groundwater Lowering in Construction – A Practical Guide. Retrieved 15 May 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "WJ Groundwater Limited". WJ Groundwater Ltd. Retrieved 9 March 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[dead link]
  16. ^ a b Simpson, David. "Timeline of North East History". The North East History Pages. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "Photo Tees Barrage". Trivago. March 2008. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ a b c "Enough is enough – ACA demands new fish pass for the Tees Barrage". Martin James. Retrieved 17 August 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. ^ "Plan for barrage power generation". BBC News. BBC. 2 November 2005. Retrieved 10 March 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. ^ "River Tees". waterways.org. Inland Waterways Association. 2006. Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  21. ^ Lloyd, Mark (24 December 2006). "Salmonid migration". Angling News. Retrieved 20 January 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  22. ^ "Barrage 'threat to fish stocks'". BBC News. 20 December 2006. Retrieved 29 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links

NaREC

This page was last edited on 17 April 2021, at 22:23
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