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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Royal County of Berkshire
Flag of Berkshire.svg
Berkshire within England

Coordinates: 51°25′N 1°00′W / 51.417°N 1.000°W / 51.417; -1.000
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantJames Puxley
High SheriffG E Barker of Maidenhead (2018–19)[1]
Area1,262 km2 (487 sq mi)
 • Ranked40th of 48
Population (mid-2017 est.)905,800
 • Ranked24th of 48
Density717/km2 (1,860/sq mi)
Ethnicity88.7% White
6.8% S.Asian
2.0% Black
Non-metropolitan county
Joint committeesBerkshire Local Transport Body
Royal Berkshire Fire and Rescue Service
Berkshire numbered districts.svg

Districts of Berkshire
  1. West Berkshire
  2. Reading
  3. Wokingham
  4. Bracknell Forest
  5. Windsor and Maidenhead
  6. Slough
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceThames Valley Police
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)

Berkshire (/ˈbɑːrkʃər/, abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled phonetically as Barkeshire) is one of the home counties in England. It was recognised by the Queen as the Royal County of Berkshire in 1957 because of the presence of Windsor Castle, and letters patent were issued in 1974.[2][3] Berkshire is a county of historic origin, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council. The county town is Reading.

The River Thames formed the historic northern boundary, from Buscot in the west to Old Windsor in the east. The historic county therefore includes territory that is now administered by the Vale of White Horse and parts of South Oxfordshire in Oxfordshire, but excludes Caversham, Slough and five less populous settlements in the east of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead. All the changes mentioned, apart from the change to Caversham, took place in 1974. The towns of Abingdon, Didcot, Faringdon, Wallingford and Wantage were transferred to Oxfordshire, the six places joining came from Buckinghamshire.[4] Berkshire County Council was the main local government of most areas from 1889 to 1998 and was based in Reading, the county town which had its own County Borough administration (1888-1974).

Since 1998, Berkshire has been governed by the six unitary authorities of Bracknell Forest, Reading, Slough, West Berkshire, Windsor and Maidenhead and Wokingham. Berkshire borders the counties of Oxfordshire (to the north), Buckinghamshire (to the north-east), Greater London (to the east), Surrey (to the south-east), Wiltshire (to the west) and Hampshire (to the south).[5] All parts of the county are no more than 8.5 miles (13.7 km) from the M4 motorway.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ How Buffett Did It: Building Berkshire Hathaway
  • ✪ TIMESAVER EDIT FULL Q&A Warren Buffett Charlie Munger Berkshire Hathaway Annual Meeting 2018
  • ✪ Berkshire Hathaway 2018 Annual Shareholders Meeting
  • ✪ Berkshire is better than the S&P 500 - invest with Buffett


Warren Buffett is a man who needs no introduction for he is the patron saint of investing for almost anyone who has dabbled in picking stocks. He is revered by many because he did something truly exceptional: he became one of the richest men alive not by innovative technology or by inheriting billions but by winning on the stock market consistently for over half a century. In this video, we’re gonna learn how Warren Buffett became a self-made investing billionaire. This video is brought to you by Skillshare and you’ll probably be happy to learn that I’ve partnered with them to make a series of lessons on the stock market, but more on that later. Warren Buffett’s immense fortune is tied the world’s largest conglomerate: Berkshire Hathaway. But Buffett’s beginnings are much more humble. He was born in Omaha in 1930, right as the Great Depression was kicking off. The stock market had crashed half a year earlier and Nebraska was hit particularly hard. The state’s economy relied on agriculture and the collapsing price of crops left many communities devastated. Buffett himself was lucky enough to be born into the family of a local stock broker, Howard Buffett. Warren’s father was a smart businessman so despite the crash he was able to provide for his family. In fact once the economy started recovering, Howard’s career took off, so much so that in 1942 he ran for Congress as a Republican and actually won the election, despite the immense popularity of FDR and Democrats at the time. Amidst his rise in politics, Howard moved the Buffett family to Washington DC, where Warren naturally felt very lonely. He’d spend his days doing math both at home and at school, and reading investment books in his father’s study. It is these early years that instilled in Warren the ambition to become rich, and in fact he would tell his friends in school that if he wasn’t a millionaire by the time he was thirty, he would jump off the tallest building he could find. To that end Warren started playing on the stock market before even finishing high school, buying just a couple of shares here and there to see how it goes. But Warren’s aspirations weren’t limited to the stock market; one of the books he read inspired him to try nearly every business venture he came up with. He would buy six-packs of Coca Cola and sell them to his fellow students at a markup. His first real job came in 1944, when he started delivering the Washington Post around his neighborhood. That year, the 14-year-old Warren Buffett filed his first tax return, featuring a $45 deduction for his bicycle and watch. With the money he made delivering newspapers, he would purchase pinball machines, which he would then place in stores around the neighborhood. But in 1948 Howard Buffett lost his re-election campaign and the family was forced to go back to Omaha. Warren sold his pinball business in Washington DC for a little over a thousand dollars, and back home in Nebraska he used that money to buy a 40-acre farm, which he then rented out. Warren used the farm’s rent to pay his way through the University of Nebraska, where he got a Bachelors in Business Administration. He applied to the Harvard Business School when he was 19, but he was rejected, so he went with the next best option: the Columbia Business School. There he met a teacher who would change his life forever: in fact, that man, Benjamin Graham, would go down in history as the father of value investing. The two met in 1949, the same year when Graham published his magnum opus: the Intelligent Investor. In this book Graham lined out a step-by-step guide on how to invest successfully and consistently without speculating. In a nutshell, his approach was finding decent companies at bargain prices, essentially finding a $1 stock that was trading at 50 cents. Buffett fell in love with this method and he quickly became one of Graham’s favorite students. In fact, just a few years after graduating, Warren went to work for Graham at his investment company. There, Warren would master the art of security analysis, learning how to see the real value of a company just by glancing at its numbers. But, just two year later Graham decided to retire, closing down his company and leaving Buffett on his own. Now at the time Buffett had saved up $175,000, which he used to start a partnership where he could apply Graham’s method. He started looking for companies that were essentially cigarette butts: not doing great but still undervalued by the market, or in other words, still good for one more puff. Here’s an example: in 1958 Buffett noticed the Sanborn Map Company, which held a virtual monopoly on the production of detailed maps used in the insurance business. The company had been around for nearly a century, and while it had been doing poorly for the past decade, Buffett noticed something interesting on their books: the company had been investing its profits for the past 20 years in over 40 different stocks. Buffett did the math and it turned out that while the company’s stock was trading at about $45 per share, just the investment portfolio alone was worth $65. So Buffett naturally started buying up the Sanborn stock until he held the majority of the voting power, at which point he liquidated the investment portfolio. Effectively, he spent $45 to buy $65 and in two years he made a 45% return with almost no risk. Warren’s early investments followed the same philosophy and unsurprisingly they outperformed the stock market by a factor of four. Thus, in January 1962, at 32 years old, Warren had officially become a millionaire, just two years after he had promised to jump off a building. That very same year Warren encountered a cigarette butt that caught his eye: a struggling textile company called Berkshire Hathaway. The textile industry in New England was in decline for decades and Berkshire had closed 9 out of its 11 textile mills. The stock itself was trading at around $7, but its assets were worth at least $11. But here’s the thing: the company’s CEO at the time was using whatever cash the company earned to buy back its own stock. Thus, whenever Berkshire sold off another mill, it would offer to buy out the shares of its own investors, essentially liquidating the company one mill at a time. Warren purchased a lot of stock at $7 and eagerly awaited the CEOs offer to buy them back. A few years later, the two men shook hands on a price: $11.50 per stock, but when the day came, the offered price was only $11.375. The CEO had tried to cheat Buffett out of 13 cents, and to return the favor Warren bought out the whole company and fired him. But now Warren was stuck owning a declining company which he had no way to get rid of. Instead of letting Berkshire go to waste, Warren started investing in stocks through the company, but this bad experience dramatically changed his philosophy. Instead of searching for cigarette butts, that is mediocre companies at low prices, he started looking for amazing companies at fair prices. His first purchase using this new philosophy was American Express, a company whose stock he still owns to this day. Buffett applied his analytical skills to find the best stocks in the whole market, but that’s only part of the reason he became successful. What really allowed him to make astronomical returns was his entry into the insurance business. That might sound like strange statement, after all insurance is pretty boring and you wouldn’t expect it to double your money every year. But Warren saw the path to ultimate wealth in exactly this business, which is why in 1967 he started buying up insurance companies, beginning with National Indemnity and culminating with GEICO in 1996. Here’s why Buffett fell in love with insurance companies: they’re essentially like banks. Thousands of people regularly pay their insurance premiums, effectively giving the insurance company a huge cash balance, but people can only “withdraw” their deposits when something bad happens, for example when their house burns down or their car breaks. In other words, Buffett was buying companies with a billion-dollars in cash that was technically considered a liability and thus wasn’t a factor in the purchasing price. Suddenly he had access to immense capital which he invested wisely and carefully into A-grade companies. By 1983 Berkshire’s portfolio was worth over a billion dollars and just three years later Buffett himself was worth a billion. Now, I’ll probably make a separate video for the stocks Buffett invested in over the years, but what I can tell you is that picking winning stocks isn’t as hard as it sounds. As long as you understand how the market works you can earn a lot of money by investing in it, and to help you learn the ins and outs of the stock market I’m happy to announce that I’ve partnered up with Skillshare to make a series of educational videos on how the stock market works. I’ve made a 20-minute animated introductory series exclusively on Skillshare, and the first 500 of you can watch it right now by registering for a 2-month free trial of Skillshare using the link in the description. Once you’ve registered search for “investing 101” or follow the link I’ve conveniently left in the comments below. The videos cover fundamental topics like what is a stock or an ETF or why companies go public, and if you have any interest in investing I think my class will help you a lot. So go check out my class and let me know if you enjoyed it. I’m hoping to make many more lessons on investing, and your support will be very encouraging. Anyway thank you for watching this video. Make sure to leave a like and maybe consider checking out my Patreon, especially if you want early access to my future videos or HD versions of the music I use. Thanks again for watching and until next time, stay smart.



Windsor Castle, viewed from the Long Walk
Windsor Castle, viewed from the Long Walk

According to Asser's biography of King Alfred, written in 893 AD,[6] its old name Bearrocscir takes its name from a wood of box trees, which was called Bearroc (a Celtic word meaning "hilly").[7] This wood, perhaps no longer extant, was west of Frilsham, near Abingdon.[8]

Berkshire has been the scene of some notable battles through its history. Alfred the Great's campaign against the Danes included the Battles of Englefield, Ashdown and Reading. Newbury was the site of two English Civil War battles: the First Battle of Newbury (at Wash Common) in 1643 and the Second Battle of Newbury (at Speen) in 1644. The nearby Donnington Castle was reduced to a ruin in the aftermath of the second battle. Another Battle of Reading took place on 9 December 1688. It was the only substantial military action in England during the Glorious Revolution and ended in a decisive victory for forces loyal to William of Orange.

Reading became the new county town in 1867, taking over from Abingdon, which remained in the county. Under the Local Government Act 1888, Berkshire County Council took over functions of the Berkshire Quarter Sessions, covering the administrative county of Berkshire, which excluded the county borough of Reading. Boundary alterations in the early part of the 20th century were minor, with Caversham from Oxfordshire becoming part of the Reading county borough, and cessions in the Oxford area.

On 1 April 1974, Berkshire's boundaries changed under the Local Government Act 1972. Berkshire took over administration of Slough and Eton and part of the former Eton Rural District from Buckinghamshire.[4] The northern part of the county became part of Oxfordshire, with Faringdon, Wantage and Abingdon and their hinterland becoming the Vale of White Horse district, and Didcot and Wallingford added to South Oxfordshire district.[4] 94 (Berkshire Yeomanry) Signal Squadron still keep the Uffington White Horse in their insignia, even though the White Horse is now in Oxfordshire. The original Local Government White Paper would have transferred Henley-on-Thames from Oxfordshire to Berkshire: this proposal did not make it into the Bill as introduced.[citation needed]

On 1 April 1998 Berkshire County Council was abolished under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, and the districts became unitary authorities. Unlike similar reforms elsewhere at the same time, the non-metropolitan county was not abolished.[9][10] Signs saying "Welcome to the Royal County of Berkshire" exist on borders of West Berkshire, on the east side of Virginia Water, on the M4 motorway, on the south side of Sonning Bridge, on the A404 southbound by Marlow, and northbound on the A33 past Stratfield Saye.

A flag for the historic county of Berkshire was registered with the Flag Institute in 2017.


Historic map of Berkshire[11]
Historic map of Berkshire[11]

All of the county is drained by the Thames. Berkshire divides into two topological (and associated geological) sections: east and west of Reading. North-east Berkshire has the low calciferous (limestone) m-shaped bends of the Thames south of which is a broader, clayey, gravelly former watery plain or belt from Earley to Windsor and beyond, south, are parcels and belts of uneroded higher sands, flints, shingles and lightly acid soil and in north of the Bagshot Formation, north of Surrey and Hampshire. Swinley Forest also known as Bracknell Forest, Windsor Great Park, Crowthorne and Stratfield Saye Woods have many pine, silver birch and other lightly acid-soil trees. East of the grassy and wooded bends a large minority of East Berkshire's land mirrors the clay belt being of low elevation and on the left ('north') bank of the Thames: Slough, Eton, Eton Wick, Wraysbury, Horton and Datchet. In the heart of the county Reading's northern suburb Caversham is also on that bank but rises steeply into the Chiltern Hills.

Two main tributaries skirt past Reading, the Loddon and its sub-tributary the Blackwater draining parts of two counties south and the Kennet draining part of upland Wiltshire in the west. Heading west the reduced, but equally large, part of county becomes ever further from the Thames which flows from the north-north-west before the Goring Gap; West Berkshire hosts the varying-width plain of the River Kennet rising to high chalk hills by way of and lower clay slopes and rises. To the south, the land crests along the boundary with Hampshire; the highest parts of South-East and Eastern England taken together are here. The highest is Walbury Hill at 297 m (974 ft). To the north of the Kennet are the Berkshire Downs. This is hilly country, with smaller and well-wooded valleys those of the Lambourn, Pang, and their Thames sub-tributaries. The open upland areas vie with Newmarket, Suffolk for horse racing training and breeding centres and have good fields of barley, wheat and other cereal crops.


According to 2003 estimates there were 803,657 people in Berkshire, or 636 people/km². The population is mostly based in the urban areas to the east and centre of the county: the largest towns here are Reading, Slough, Bracknell, Maidenhead, Woodley, Wokingham, Windsor, Earley, Sandhurst, and Crowthorne. West Berkshire is much more rural and sparsely populated, with far fewer towns: the largest are Newbury, Thatcham, and Hungerford.

In 1831, there were 146,234 people living in Berkshire; by 1901 the population had risen to 252,571 (of whom 122,807 were male and 129,764 were female). Below are the largest immigrant groups in 2011.

Country of Birth Immigrants in Berkshire (2011 Census)
 India 23,660
 Pakistan 17,590
 Poland 16,435
 Ireland 7,629
 South Africa 6,221
 Germany 5,328
 Kenya 4,617
 China 4,242
 Zimbabwe 4,043
 United States 3,509

Population of Berkshire:

  • 1831: 146,234
  • 1841: 161,759
  • 1851: 170,065
  • 1861: 176,256
  • 1871: 196,475
  • 1881: 218,363
  • 1891: 238,709
  • 1901: 252,571
  • 1951: 198,000[12]
  • 1983: 400,000[12]

Ceremonial county

The ceremonial county of Berkshire consists of the area controlled by the six unitary authorities, each of which is independent of the rest. Berkshire has no county council. The ceremonial county has a Lord Lieutenant and a High Sheriff. The Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire is James Puxley, and the High Sheriff of Berkshire for 2018/19 is Graham Barker.

Berkshire districts

District Main towns Population
(2007 estimate)
Area Population
density (2007)
Bracknell Forest Bracknell, Sandhurst 113,696 109.38 km² 1038/km²
Reading Reading 155,300 40.40 km² 3557/km²
Slough Slough 140,200 32.54 km² 3691/km²
West Berkshire Newbury, Thatcham 150,700 704.17 km² 214/km²
Windsor and Maidenhead Windsor, Maidenhead 104,000 198.43 km² 711/km²
Wokingham Wokingham, Twyford 88,600 178.98 km² 875/km²
TOTAL Ceremonial N/A 752,436 1264 km² 643/km²


Berkshire, as a ceremonial county and non-metropolitan county, is one of three currently in England in that it has no council covering its entire area; rather it is divided into unitary authorities. Of the other English non-metropolitan counties, at present Bedfordshire and Cheshire function in the same manner.


As at 2015-2019 a Conservative Party group of local councillors co-run the unitary authorities of West Berkshire, Windsor and Maidenhead, Wokingham and Bracknell Forest with the employed executives. An equivalent group of Labour Party local councillors co-run Reading and Slough.

At the national legislature

Since the last general election in 2017, six of the elected candidates (MPs) have been Conservative and two (Slough and Reading East) have been Labour. The Prime Minister since June 2016, Theresa May represents Maidenhead, the geographically larger seat west of Slough.

General Election 2010 : Berkshire
Conservative Liberal Democrats Labour UKIP Green Others BNP Christian Party Monster Raving Loony Party Turnout
Overall Number of seats as of 2010
Conservative Labour Liberal Democrats UKIP Green Others BNP Christian Party Monster Raving Loony Party
7 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Berkshire at current basic prices published by the Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British pounds sterling.[14]

Year Regional Gross Value Added1 Agriculture2 Industry3 Services4
1995 10,997 53 2,689 8,255
2000 18,412 40 3,511 14,861
2003 21,119 48 3,666 17,406
  1. Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. Includes hunting and forestry
  3. Includes energy and construction
  4. Includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured


Reading has a historical involvement in the information technology industry, largely as a result of the early presence in the town of sites of International Computers Limited and Digital. These companies have been swallowed by other groups, but their descendants, Fujitsu and Hewlett-Packard respectively, still have local operations. More recently Microsoft and Oracle have established multi-building campuses on the outskirts of Reading. Other technology companies with a presence in the town include Huawei Technologies, Agilent Technologies, Audio & Design (Recording) Ltd, Bang & Olufsen, Cisco, Comptel, Ericsson, Harris Corporation, Intel, Nvidia, Rockwell Collins, Sage, SGI, Symantec, Symbol Technologies, Verizon Business, Virgin Media, Websense, Xansa (now Steria), and Xerox. The financial company ING Direct has its headquarters in Reading, as does the directories company Yell Group. The insurance company Prudential has an administration centre in the town. PepsiCo and Holiday Inn have offices. As with most major cities, Reading also has offices of the Big Four accounting firms Deloitte, KPMG, Ernst and Young, and PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Slough Trading Estate plays a major part in making Slough an important business centre in South East England
Slough Trading Estate plays a major part in making Slough an important business centre in South East England

The global headquarters of Reckitt Benckiser and the UK headquarters of Mars, Incorporated are based in Slough. The European head offices of major IT companies BlackBerry, CA Technologies, are in the town. O2 has headquarters in four buildings. The town is home to the National Foundation for Educational Research, which is housed in The Mere. Other major brands with offices in the town include Nintendo, Black and Decker,, Honda, HTC, Scottish and Southern Energy and Abbey Business Centres.[15] Dulux paints are still manufactured in Slough by AkzoNobel, which bought Imperial Chemical Industries in 2008.

Bracknell is a base for high-tech industries, with the presence of companies such as Panasonic, Fujitsu (formerly ICL) and Fujitsu-Siemens Computers, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Siemens (originally Nixdorf), Honeywell, Cable and Wireless, Avnet Technology Solutions and Novell. Firms subsequently spread into the surrounding Thames Valley or M4 corridor, attracting IT firms such as Cable and Wireless, DEC (subsequently Hewlett-Packard), Microsoft, Sharp Telecommunications, Oracle Corporation, Sun Microsystems and Cognos. Bracknell is also home to the central Waitrose distribution centre and head office, which is on a 70-acre (280,000 m2) site on the Southern Industrial Estate. Waitrose has operated from the town since the 1970s. The town is also home to the UK headquarters of BMW Group.[16]

Newbury is home to the world headquarters of the mobile network operator Vodafone, which is the town's largest employer with over 6,000 people. Before moving to their £129 million headquarters in the outskirts of the town in 2002, Vodafone used 64 buildings spread across the town centre.[17] As well as Vodafone, Newbury is also home to National Instruments, Micro Focus, EValue, NTS Express Road Haulage, Jokers' Masquerade and Quantel. It also is home to the Newbury Building Society, which operates in the region.

London Heathrow Airport, in the neighbouring London Borough of Hillingdon, is a major contributor to the economy of Slough in east Berkshire.[18]

Agricultural produce

Abingdon Abbey once had dairy-based granges in the south-east of the county,[citation needed] Red Windsor Cheese was developed with red marbling. Some Berkshire cheeses are Wigmore, Waterloo and Spenwood (named after Spencers Wood) in Riseley;[19] and Barkham Blue, Barkham Chase and Loddon Blewe at Barkham.


Horse racing

The grandstand at Ascot Racecourse
The grandstand at Ascot Racecourse

Berkshire hosts more Group 1 flat horse races than any other county. Ascot Racecourse is used for thoroughbred horse racing. It is one of the leading racecourses in the United Kingdom, hosting 13 of the UK's 35 annual Group 1 races. The course is closely associated with the British Royal Family, being approximately 6 miles (10 km) from Windsor Castle, and owned by the Crown Estate.[20]

Ascot today stages twenty-five days of racing over the course of the year, comprising sixteen flat meetings held between May and October. The Royal Meeting, held in June, remains a major draw; the highlight is the Ascot Gold Cup. The most prestigious race is the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes run in July.

Newbury Racecourse is in the civil parish of Greenham, adjoining the town of Newbury. It has courses for flat races and over jumps. It hosts one of Great Britain's 32 Group 1 races, the Lockinge Stakes. It also hosts the Hennessy Gold Cup, which is said to be the biggest handicap race of the season apart from the Grand National.[21]

Windsor Racecourse, also known as Royal Windsor Racecourse is a thoroughbred horse racing venue located in Windsor. It is one of only two figure-of-eight courses in the United Kingdom. (The other is at Fontwell Park). It abandoned National Hunt jump racing in December 1998, switching entirely to flat racing.

Lambourn also has a rich history in horse racing, the well drained, spongy grass, open downs and long flats make the Lambourn Downs ideal for training racehorses. This area of West Berkshire is the largest centre of racehorse training in the UK after Newmarket, and is known as the 'Valley of the Racecourse'.[22]


The Madejski Stadium in Reading
The Madejski Stadium in Reading

Reading F.C. is the only Berkshire football club to play professional football. The club did not join the Football League until 1920, and first played in the top tier of English football in the 2006–07 season.

Newbury was home to A.F.C. Newbury, which was for a period one of only two football clubs to be sponsored by Vodafone (the other being Manchester United). In May 2006 Vodafone ended its sponsorship of the club,[23] following which the club collapsed. A local pub team from the Old London Apprentice took over the ground temporarily and now compete in the Hellenic Football League as Newbury F.C.

There are several amateur and semi-professional football clubs in the county. These include Maidenhead United, Slough Town, Thatcham Town, Ascot United, A.F.C. Aldermaston, Sandhurst Town, Windsor F.C., Wokingham & Emmbrook F.C., Bracknell Town F.C. and Reading City.


Reading is a centre for rugby union football, with the Aviva Premiership team London Irish as tenants at the Madejski Stadium.

Newbury's rugby union club, Newbury R.F.C. (the Newbury 'Blues'), is based in the town. In the 2004–05 season, the club finished second in the National Two division earning promotion to National One. Newbury had previously won National Four South (now renamed as National Three South) in 1996–97 with a 100% win record. In 2010–11 the club finished bottom of National League 2S,[24] with a single win and twenty-nine defeats. The club was founded in 1928 and in 1996 moved to a new purpose-built ground at Monks Lane,[25] which has since hosted England U21 fixtures.

Ice hockey

The Bracknell Bees Ice Hockey Club are former national champions, who play in the English Premier League.

Slough Jets also play in the English Premier League winning the title in 2007. Slough Jets also won the play-offs in 2005–06, 2007–08, 2009–10 & 2011–12. they have finished in the top 4 in the last 9 seasons. They also won the EPIH Cup in 2010–11. Slough Jets have been in the EPIHL since 1999.


Slough Hockey Club is home to the Slough Ladies 1XI who play in the Women's Premier League. Slough Hockey club have 5 adult teams; the Ladies 1XI play in the top tier of English Hockey, the Ladies 2XI play in the TrySports League, the Men's 1XI play in MBBO Regional 1, the Men's 2XI play in MBBO Division 3 & the Men's Swifts (3XI) in MBBO Division 6. There are other hockey teams in the county: Reading Hockey Club, Sonning Hockey Club, Wokingham Hockey Club, Maidenhead Hockey Club, Bracknell Hockey Club, Windsor Hockey Club, Newbury & Thatcham Hockey Club and Reading University Hockey Club.


Berkshire is home to the following universities: the University of Reading (which includes the Henley Business School), Imperial College (Silwood Park Campus), and University of West London. It is also home to prestigious independent schools Ludgrove School, Eton College and Wellington College, and several grammar schools including Reading School, Kendrick School and Herschel Grammar School.

Towns and villages

See the List of places in Berkshire, List of settlements in Berkshire by population and the List of civil parishes in Berkshire

Notable people

Berkshire has many notable people associated with it.

Places of interest

AP Icon.svg
Accessible open space
Accessible open space
Themepark uk icon.png
Amusement/Theme Park
CL icon.svg
Country Park
Country Park
EH icon.svg
English Heritage
Forestry Commission
Heritage railway
Heritage railway
Historic house
Historic House
Museum (free)

Museum (free/not free)
National Trust
National Trust
Zoo icon.jpg

See also


  1. ^ "Berkshire 2018/2019". High Sheriffs Association. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  2. ^ ""The Royal County of Berkshire". Title Confirmed by the Queen". The Times. UK. 30 December 1957.
  3. ^ Berkshire Record Office. "Berkshire, The Royal County". Golden Jubilee 2002 collection. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
  4. ^ a b c Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. pp. 1, 31. ISBN 0-11-750847-0.
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