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List of British heritage and private railways

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of heritage, private and preserved railways throughout the United Kingdom and the Crown dependencies whether operational or former, for charitable purposes or shareholder profit. Some also provide a local economic transport purpose. For rail museums, see List of British railway museums.

Many of the standard-gauge railways listed (thus including former branch lines and ex-mainline routes) were closed by British Railways (later shortened to British Rail) under the Beeching Axe of the 1960s. Others later or earlier closed. All ceased their public financing with up-to-date rolling stock and often avoided electrification and electronic signals to be restored and operated as heritage lines. A smaller number of lines were formerly both industrial and colliery railways.

Many of these preserved railways and railway centres such as stations, engineering workshops and collections of old locomotives are mentioned in national and international tour guides, and visits may form part of a school curriculum and centres of other studies including in civil engineering, mechanics, social, economic and political history, visual arts and drama.

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Contents

England

South West

Steam locomotive (number 80136) with carriages at station platform.
Bishops Lydeard station on the West Somerset Railway
A general view of the Swanage Railway
A general view of the Swanage Railway

Standard gauge

Railway centres and museums

Narrow gauge

Restored Victorian coach at the Lynton & Barnstaple Railway
Restored Victorian coach at the Lynton & Barnstaple Railway

Miniature gauge

Tramways

East of England

Mixed train on the Mid-Suffolk Light Railway

Standard gauge

Railway centres and museums

Narrow gauge

Miniature gauge

Tramways

East Midlands

Standard gauge

Railway centres and museums

Narrow gauge

Miniature gauge

Tramways

A 1931 Leeds tram seen at Crich Tramway Village in 2004
A 1931 Leeds tram seen at Crich Tramway Village in 2004

North England

Goathland station on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway
Goathland station on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway

Standard gauge

Railway centres and museums

Narrow gauge

Miniature gauge

Tramways

South East

GWR Earl of Berkeley at Horsted Keynes Station, Bluebell Railway
GWR Earl of Berkeley at Horsted Keynes Station, Bluebell Railway

Standard gauge

Railway centres and museums

The engine sheds at Didcot Railway Centre
The engine sheds at Didcot Railway Centre

Narrow gauge

Miniature gauge

Tramways

West Midlands

Arley station on the Severn Valley Railway
Arley station on the Severn Valley Railway

Standard gauge

Railway centres and museums

Narrow gauge

Miniature gauge

Tramways

Dudley tram No. 5 of 1920 at Black Country Museum
Dudley tram No. 5 of 1920 at Black Country Museum

Tramways

Tramway operation in Britain ceased almost entirely throughout the 1950s and early 60s. Once Glasgow had disposed of its tram lines, the sole survivor was the Blackpool Corporation Tramways, although considerably reduced in size. In the late 20th (and early-mid 21st) centuries; came the tramway revival, notably in Tyne & Wear, Manchester, Nottingham, Sheffield, Croydon, the West Midlands and Edinburgh.

However; there are also various classic tramcars preserved and found at transport museums and recreated tourist tramways in some parts of the UK, most notably the National Tramway Museum (at Crich, Derbyshire), the Wirral Transport Museum and Heritage Tramway (in Birkenhead, Merseyside), The East Anglian Transport Museum in Suffolk, The Black Country Living Museum (in the West Midlands), the Museum of Scottish Industrial Life, (in Coatbridge, Scotland) and the Great Orme Tramway (Llandudno, North Wales).

Proposed

East of England

North of England

South and West of England

Defunct

Northern Ireland

See List of heritage railways in Northern Ireland

Broad gauge

Railway centres and museums

Narrow gauge

Defunct

  • Shanes Castle Railway, County Antrim – closed 1994 (stock moved to Giants Causeway and Bushmills Railway.)

Scotland

Standard gauge

Central Highlands

East Coast of Scotland

Scottish Borders

Railway centres and museums

Narrow gauge

Craignure station on the 10 1⁄4 in (260 mm) gauge Isle of Mull railway
Craignure station on the 10 14 in (260 mm) gauge Isle of Mull railway

Miniature railways

Tramways

Proposed

Defunct

Wales

North Wales

Standard gauge

Railway centres and museums

Narrow gauge

Miniature railways

Tramways

Mid Wales

Narrow gauge

Miniature railways

South Wales

Standard gauge

Narrow gauge

Proposed

North Wales

Narrow gauge

South Wales

Standard gauge

Defunct

  • Butetown Historical Railway Society, Cardiff Bay – closed in 1997, moved to Barry Tourist Railway
  • Caerphilly Railway Society, Caerphilly Railway Works – closed 1996, moved to Gwili Railway
  • Swansea Vale Railway, Pentrechwyth – closed in 2009, (most of the track and rolling stock are now located on the Gwili Railway).

Isle of Man

See Rail transport in the Isle of Man.

Channel Islands

See also

References

  1. ^ "One Suffolk". leistonworksrailwaytrust.onesuffolk.net. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Southwold Railway Trust – England's premier 3-foot gauge railway". www.southwoldrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  3. ^ "The Ferryhill Railway Heritage Trust Incorporating Ferryhill Men's Shed - Welcome Page". www.frht.org.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  4. ^ "ScottishIndustrialRailwayCentre". www.scottishindustrialrailwaycentre.org.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  5. ^ http://www.shed47.org/index.html
  6. ^ "Wayback Machine". archive.org. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  7. ^ Orme Tramway

External links

This page was last edited on 15 January 2019, at 00:06
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