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River Leven, North Yorkshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

River Leven
Leven Mouth.jpg
The mouth of the Leven.
Location
CountryEngland
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationKildale Moor, North Yorkshire
 ⁃ coordinates54°27′50″N 1°2′47″W / 54.46389°N 1.04639°W / 54.46389; -1.04639
 ⁃ elevation279 metres (915 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
River Tees at Yarm
 ⁃ coordinates
54°30′31″N 1°20′12″W / 54.50861°N 1.33667°W / 54.50861; -1.33667Coordinates: 54°30′31″N 1°20′12″W / 54.50861°N 1.33667°W / 54.50861; -1.33667
 ⁃ elevation
16 metres (52 ft)
Length46.2 kilometres (28.7 mi)
Basin size196.3 square kilometres (75.8 sq mi)

The River Leven in North Yorkshire, England is a tributary of the River Tees. It rises on Warren Moor, part of Kildale Moor, in the North York Moors and flows to the north of the moors to join the River Tees at Yarm.

Course

The source of the river is on Warren Moor, part of Kildale Moor, just south of the village of Kildale. The river flows east until it reaches the Whitby to Middlesbrough rail line where it turns around to flow west to Kildale. It then flows south-south-west through woodland to its confluence with Dundale Beck where it turns north-west through Low Easby and Little Ayton, before turning west and then south-west at Great Ayton. It runs parallel to the A173 to Stokesley. The river becomes increasingly meandering as it continues south-west past Skutterskelfe to Hutton Rudby and Rudby, where it turns north-west and then west again over Slape Stones waterfall. At Crathorne it turns north and then north-east as far as Middleton-on-Leven before passing under the A19 in a north-west direction. The final couple of miles are north and north-west between Ingleby Barwick and Yarm, before the river joins the River Tees.[1]

Water levels

Monitoring station[2] Station elevation Low water level High water level Record high level
Easby 101.3 m (332 ft) 0.11 m (0.36 ft) 0.4 m (1.3 ft) 1.25 m (4.1 ft)
Great Ayton 83 m (272 ft) 0.03 m (0.098 ft) 0.5 m (1.6 ft) 1.64 m (5.4 ft)
Stokesley 67 m (220 ft) 0.09 m (0.30 ft) 0.8 m (2.6 ft) 1.62 m (5.3 ft)
Foxton Bridge 56 m (184 ft) 0.21 m (0.69 ft) 1.5 m (4.9 ft) 2.63 m (8.6 ft)
  • Low and High Water Levels are an average figure.

Geology

The river drains from the Cleveland Hills across a mixed geology of mostly Permian and Jurassic age bedrock of low permeability. Most of the deposits on top of the bedrock are boulder clay. There is mixed agriculture, with some moorland and forestry near the source.[3]

Natural history

Since a weir on the lower river was built during the Industrial Revolution, migratory and territorial fish and mammals had been missing from the river. In 2007, the Environment Agency built a fish bypass at the weir and in 2011, announced the return of spawning salmon for the first time in 150 years.[4]

History

In Stokesley, the river is crossed by Taylorson's Bridge, a 17th-century packhorse bridge,[5] which was once the only crossing in the town.[6] The Domesday Book records a water mill on the banks of the river in the town.[7] In Hutton Rudby, a plaque on a bridge marks the spot of a water mill that, amongst several uses, once made sailcloth.[8]

Lists

Gallery

Sources

  • Ordnance Survey Open Viewer [1]
  • Google Earth
  • National Environment Research Council - Centre for Ecology and Hydrology [2]
  • Environment Agency [3]

References

  1. ^ "Moors Knowledge". Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  2. ^ "River levels". Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Geology". Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  4. ^ "Salmon returns". Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  5. ^ Hinchliffe, Ernest (1994). A Guide to the Packhorse Bridges of England. Milnrow, Cumbria: Cicerone Press. p. 81. ISBN 1-85284-143-5.
  6. ^ "Local history". Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  7. ^ "Stokesley History". Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  8. ^ "Hutton Rudby History". Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
This page was last edited on 14 May 2020, at 03:40
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