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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Askham Bryan
Askham Fields Lane - geograph.org.uk - 1707785.jpg

Askham Bryan
Askham Bryan is located in North Yorkshire
Askham Bryan
Askham Bryan
Location within North Yorkshire
Population564 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSE553484
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townYORK
Postcode districtYO23
Dialling code01904
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°55′44″N 1°09′32″W / 53.929°N 1.159°W / 53.929; -1.159

Askham Bryan is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of City of York in the north of England, 6 miles (10 km) south-west of York, west of Bishopthorpe, and close to Askham Richard and Copmanthorpe. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 582, reducing to 564 at the 2011 census.[1]

The village was historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire until 1974. It was then a part of the district of Selby District in North Yorkshire from 1974 until 1996. Since 1996 it has been part of the City of York unitary authority.[2]

Askham Bryan is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The name comes from Ascam or Ascha meaning "enclosure of ash-tree". "Bryan" is Bryan FitzAlan. He and his heirs held the manor from the 12th century.[3][4]

In the village is Askham Hall and nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture. The village became a Conservation Area in 1980.

History

The name of the village is derived partly from Bryan FitzAlan, who was granted the lands by the warden of Richmond Castle. Other notable local families to have been titled Lord of the Manor for the village include the Mowbray's, Stapleton's, and Grey's. The village has sometimes been called East or Great Askham.[5][6] Harry Croft Esq. was one of the last to be recorded as being Lord of the Manor of Askham Bryan in 1890.

Water Tower on the Copmanthorpe link road
Water Tower on the Copmanthorpe link road

The villages of Askham Bryan and close-by Askham Richard were once just one manor around the time of Edward the Confessor and belonged to Edwin, Earl of Mercia. When Edwin's lands were confiscated by the William the Conqueror, the village was granted to Roger de Mowbray who then passed the Manor to his friend, William de Tykhill, a former Warden of Foss Bridge.[7] It eventually came into the hands of Bryan Fitzalan. During the times of Edward III, the Manor passed from the Grey family via marriage to Sir John Deincourt. The last known hereditary Lord of the Manor of Askham Bryan was Sir John Devede in the reign of Richard III.[8][9]

Governance

Askham Bryan lies in the Rural West York Ward of the City of York Unitary Authority. As of the 2019 elections it is represented by Councillors James Barker and Anne Hook who are both members of the local Liberal Democrats.[10] It is a part of the UK Parliamentary Constituency of York Outer. Until January 2020 it was also within the boundaries of the Yorkshire and the Humber European Parliament constituency.

Demography

The population of the village has fluctuated from 332 in 1811[11] to 342 inhabitants in 1848[5] to about 300 inhabitants in 1890.[12] The population in 2001 stood at 582. In 2011 the population had reduced to 564.[13]

Geography

The Nag's Head Pub
The Nag's Head Pub

The soil in and around the village is composed chiefly of gravel and clay.[5] The village consists of two main streets, Main Street and Askham Fields Lane, which are surrounded by closes and cul-de-sacs. There is a small duck pond opposite the church which was believed to have been dug as part of a medieval drainage system. Several species of waterbirds, including mallard, moorhen and the Canada goose have been seen on and around the pond. The centre of the village is the oldest part of Askham Bryan but it also includes the 18th century Nag's Head pub, the Victorian Doctor's House and the old school, which was closed in the 1960s when it merged with St. Mary's C. of E. Primary School in Askham Richard. The Village Hall was built in 1836 and is a former Methodist Chapel.[14]

Climate

Climate data for Askham Bryan 32m amsl (1991–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
8.1
(46.6)
10.9
(51.6)
13.8
(56.8)
17.1
(62.8)
20.0
(68.0)
21.6
(70.9)
21.8
(71.2)
18.9
(66.0)
14.4
(57.9)
10.8
(51.4)
7.4
(45.3)
14.4
(57.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
4.7
(40.5)
6.7
(44.1)
9.1
(48.4)
12.3
(54.1)
15.2
(59.4)
16.8
(62.2)
17.2
(63.0)
14.4
(57.9)
11.0
(51.8)
7.6
(45.7)
4.4
(39.9)
10.3
(50.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
1.2
(34.2)
2.5
(36.5)
4.4
(39.9)
7.4
(45.3)
10.3
(50.5)
12.1
(53.8)
12.5
(54.5)
9.8
(49.6)
7.6
(45.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.4
(34.5)
6.3
(43.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 46.6
(1.83)
52.0
(2.05)
28.7
(1.13)
59.6
(2.35)
41.1
(1.62)
55.2
(2.17)
62.2
(2.45)
78.6
(3.09)
42.4
(1.67)
76.4
(3.01)
55.6
(2.19)
52.3
(2.06)
650.7
(25.62)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.0 10.6 7.4 10.6 9.0 9.0 9.8 10.8 7.8 13.2 10.0 9.0 118.2
Source: Meteoclimat[15]

Economy

The village is mainly a commuter village for nearby cities, though there is still some agriculture. The nearby Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture provides some local employment.

Transport

York Pullman buses serve Askham Bryan 2/3 times a day (Monday-Saturday) in each direction as part of route 37 between York and Tadcaster.[16]

Education

The old Victorian school was recorded as having 45 children.[17] As of 2010, Primary Education is catered for at St Mary's Church of England Voluntary Community School in nearby Askham Richard.[18] For secondary education, the village is in the catchment area of York High School on Cornlands Road in nearby Acomb, though most pupils choose to attend Tadcaster Grammar School in whose catchment area it remains despite the village falling within the City of York boundaries. There is a daily bus service available to the Grammar School.[19][20]

Nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture. The college was originally known as the Yorkshire Institute of Agriculture, which opened in 1948. It became Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture in 1967. It now includes equine management, animal management, land management, business, food production, engineering and bioscience.[21] The College lay on coach transport to many Yorkshire destinations, including Northallerton, for students.[22]

Sports

Askham Bryan Cricket Club fondly called as ABCC, is cricket club based in Askham Bryan, York. The Club have two teams in the York Vale[23] league, first XI in division 1 and the second XI in division 4. Askham Bryan Cricket Club has been competing in one form or another for roughly 100 years.

Religion

St Nicholas Church
St Nicholas Church

The parish church of St Nicholas can be found near the centre of the village and dates back to the 11th century and is of an original Norman design though with a working 17th century bell tower.[5][failed verification] The church is a Grade I listed building[24] and the war memorial in the churchyard is Grade II listed.[25]

References

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Askham Bryan Parish (1170211380)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  2. ^ "History of Askham Bryan, in York and West Riding | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Name Origin". Archived from the original on 18 October 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  4. ^ "Name origins". Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d Lewis, Samuel, ed. (1848). "Ashurst - Aspull". A Topographical Dictionary of England. London. pp. 96–100. Retrieved 22 June 2021 – via British History Online.
  6. ^ "Name History".
  7. ^ "Nobility" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  8. ^ "History of Landowners". Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  9. ^ "History of Landowners". Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  10. ^ "Councillors". Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  11. ^ Encyclopaedia (1845). Population History. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  12. ^ "Village Population". Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  13. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Askham Bryan Parish (1170211380)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Village History". Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  15. ^ "Askham Bryan Climate Period: 1991-2020". Meteoclimat. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  16. ^ "Route 37 timetable" (PDF). northyorkstravel.info. 29 August 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  17. ^ "School History". Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  18. ^ "Village School". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  19. ^ "Guide to School Catchment Areas" (PDF). york.gov.uk. p. 64. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  20. ^ "School Transport". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  21. ^ "Education". Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  22. ^ "College Transport" (PDF).
  23. ^ "Askham Bryan Cricket Club". Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  24. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Nicholas (1132520)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  25. ^ Historic England. "Askham Bryan War Memorial (1454748)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 May 2021.

External links

This page was last edited on 30 December 2021, at 13:09
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