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Nancy – Ochey Air Base

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nancy - Ochey Air Base

Roundel of France.svg

Base aérienne 133 Nancy-Ochey

(Advanced Landing Ground A-96)
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
OwnerGovernment of France
OperatorFrench Air Force
LocationOchey, France
Elevation AMSL1,105 ft / 337 m
Coordinates48°34′59″N 005°57′15″E / 48.58306°N 5.95417°E / 48.58306; 5.95417
Map
LFSO is located in France
LFSO
LFSO
Location of Nancy – Ochey Air Base
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02/20 2,400 7,874 Paved
Source:World Aero Data [1]

Nancy-Ochey Air Base (French: Base aérienne 133 Nancy-Ochey) (ICAO: LFSO) is a front-line French Air Force base located approximately 11 km west-southwest of Neuves-Maisons in the Département de Meurthe-et-Moselle, France.

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Transcription

Contents

History

World War I, Interwar period and French Use in World War II

Ochey airfield was of particular importance to air operations during the latter stages of World War I. From 1917 onwards, No. 41 Wing of the Royal Flying Corps was flying a considerable number of sorties against strategic targets in Southwest Germany. It was also used by No. 3 Wing Royal Naval Air Service.

Nancy Air Base is a pre-World War II French Air Force airfield.

In May 1940, it served as headquarter for the Zone D'Opérations Aériennes Est (ZOAE). This translates as Area of Air Operations - East. Aircraft assigned were:[1]


German use during World War II

The base was seized by the Germans in June 1940 during the Battle of France. The Luftwaffe, however did not station any flying units at the airfield until April 1943, when a glider unit, Luftlandegeschwader 2 (LLG 2), equipped with Heinkel He 111s medium bombers being used to tow Gotha Go 242 transport gliders. LLG 2 moved out in June, being replaced by Luftlandegeschwader 1 (LLG 1) in September 1943, equipped with Dornier Do 17/DFS 230 gliders. The glider units remained until August 1944.[2]

In the spring of 1944, as a result of the Luftwaffe going on a defensive footing as part of the "Defense of the Reich" campaign, Jagdgeschwader 26 (JG 26) moved to Nancy, equipped with Messerschmitt Bf 109G day interceptor fightes to attack the American Eighth Air Force heavy bomber fleets attacking targets in Occupied Europe and Germany.[2]

The interceptors remained until June 1944, when they were moved out and replaced by Kampfgeschwader 53 (KG 53), a bomber unit which was moved in from the Eastern Front, flying Heinkel He 111s, the unit used the bombers to air launch the V-1 flying bomb. The Heinkels would carry the V-1 airborne and launch it, negating the need for a long launch ramp for the weapon.[2]

KG 53 remained at Nancy until September when the Luftwaffe was removed from the base by the advancing United States Third Army moving east towards the Saarland.

Allied use

50th Fighter Group P-47 Thunderbolt landing at Toul/Ochey Airfield (A-96) in December 1944.
50th Fighter Group P-47 Thunderbolt landing at Toul/Ochey Airfield (A-96) in December 1944.

Nancy Air Base was liberated by Allied ground forces about 20 August 1944 during the Northern France Campaign. Almost immediately, the USAAF IX Engineering Command 826th Engineer Aviation Battalions began clearing the airport of mines and destroyed Luftwaffe aircraft, and repairing operational facilities for use by American aircraft. Subsequently, it became a USAAF Ninth Air Force combat airfield, designated as Advanced Landing Ground "A-96" Toul/Ochey Airfield about 29 August.[3]

Under American control, Toul/Ochey was turned over to the Ninth Air Force, and the 50th Fighter Group moved into the repaired airfield on 3 November with three squadrons of P-47 Thunderbolts, flying combat missions from the field until moving east into Germany in April 1945.[4]

Also, during March and April 1945, the Twelfth Air Force 27th Fighter Group operated P-47s from the airfield. Another Twelfth Air Force unit, the 415th Night Fighter Squadron operated Bristol Beaufighters from the airfield between November 1944 and March 1945, flying night interceptor missions against Luftwaffe aircraft.[4]

With the end of the war in Europe in May, 1945 the airfield became a central collection point for captured German aircraft as part of Operation Lusty. Various Luftwaffe aircraft, both piston and jet propelled were flown to Ochey for storage prior to being flown to airfields near Cherbourg where they were loaded on ships and sent to the United States. After Lusty began to phase down in the fall of 1945, the Americans began to withdraw their aircraft and personnel. Control of the airfield was turned over to French authorities on 5 November.[5]

Cold War

During the early years of the Cold War, the French Government allocated Ochey airfield to the United States Air Force as an emergency NATO Dispersed Operating Base for its fighter aircraft stationed in France in the 1950s and 1960s.[6]

Postwar and modern use

In French control after the war, Nancy-Ochey Air Base was completely rebuilt. The wartime east-west (07/25) concrete runway, severely damaged by the war was removed, and a modern 8000' asphalt jet runway was laid down 01/19. In addition, three circular marguerite system of hardstands that could be revetted later with earth for added protection were laid out, two on the north end of the runway and one on the south. Each margueriete consisted of fifteen to eighteen hardstands around a large central hangar, with each hardstand capable of one or two aircraft, and allowed the planes to be spaced approximately 150 feet (46 m) apart. Each squadron was assigned to a separate hangar/hardstand complex.

Today, Nancy Air Base is a front line French airfield, well equipped, flying state of the art aircraft.

It is the home of 3 squadrons of Dassault Mirage 2000D multirole fighters (60 aircraft).

  • EC 01.003 Navarre
SPA.95 Oriflamme chargé d'un Martinet
SPA.153 Gypaéte
SPA.62 Coq de Combat
  • EC 02.003 Champagne
SPA.67 Cigogne de Navarre
SPA.75 Charognard
SPA.102 Soleil de Rhodes
  • EC 03.003 Ardennes
1° Esc GC III/3 Hure Barre bleue
2° Esc GC III/3 Hure Barre rouge
BR.44 Sanglier assis ou Hure Barre verte

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ "Armée de l'Air Order of Battle, 10th May 1940"
  2. ^ a b c The Luftwaffe, 1933-45
  3. ^ IX Engineering Command ETO Airfields General Construction Information
  4. ^ a b Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  5. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  6. ^ McAuliffe, Jerome J: U.S. Air Force in France 1950-1967 (2005), Chapter 17, Dispersed Operating Bases

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 June 2019, at 19:46
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