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Souk-el-Arba Airfield

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Souk-el-Arba airfield complex
Logo of the Royal Air Force.svg
   
Twelfth Air Force - Emblem (World War II).png
Part of Royal Air Force and Twelfth Air Force
Coordinates 36°29′N 08°48′E / 36.483°N 8.800°E / 36.483; 8.800
Type Military airfield complex
Site information
Condition Returned to civilian uses
Site history
Built Various dates up to 1943
In use (By Allied forces) November 1942 to about August 1943
Souk-el-Arba Airfield is located in Tunisia
Souk-el-Arba Airfield
Souk-el-Arba Airfield
Location of Souk-el-Arba Airfields, Tunisia

The Souk-el-Arba Airfields are a pair of World War II military airfields in Tunisia, located near what was at the time the village of Souk-el-Arba but since 1966 has been known as Jendouba. The location is approximately 130 km west-southwest of Tunis.

Souk-el-Arba I

The original airfield, which pre-dates Operation Torch, was located immediately to the south-east of the town and was captured by paratroops of the British 1st Parachute Brigade on 16 November 1942.[1]

Within days, Souk-el-Arba I was used by the Royal Air Force, an example being No.255 Squadron.[2]

Souk-el-Arba II

The second airfield was constructed later by US military engineers, located about 4 km to the South-West of the town [3] and used primarily by American bombers.

Souk-el-Arba II was a temporary airfield constructed by Army Engineers using compacted earth for its runway, parking and dispersal areas, not designed for heavy aircraft or for long-term use.

Also known as Engle Field, it was used by the United States Army Air Force Twelfth Air Force during the North African campaign. Known units assigned to the airfield were:

After the Americans moved east to Sicily in August, the airfield was closed and dismantled. Today, the former main runway is visible in aerial photography and, other than two hangars south of the runway, no buildings or physical features remain.

Bibliography

  •  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
  • Johnson, Kenneth M. Capt. USAAF. "My stretch in the Service, book III". Personal collection of Jeffrey M. Johnson, 1943

References

  1. ^ Kurowski, F. (1982) Endkampf in Afrika, Leoni-am-Starnberger See:Druffel-Verlag, p.54. ISBN 3806110247 (German language).
  2. ^ The National Archives of the UK : AIR27/1518 folio 117 side 1.
  3. ^ Luftwaffe aerial photograph: http://www.wwii-photos-maps.com/targetnorthafrica/Algeria/slides/Souk%20el%20Arba%20I%20u.%20II%201.html
This page was last edited on 1 July 2017, at 02:35
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