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Naval Air Station Port Lyautey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Naval Air Station Port Lyautey
Located near Kenitra, Morocco
Ban Port-Lyautey.jpg
Coordinates34°17′56.10″N 006°35′42.84″W / 34.2989167°N 6.5952333°W / 34.2989167; -6.5952333
TypeNaval Air Station
Site information
Controlled byFrench Naval Air Station
United States Navy
Site history
Built1919 (French)
In use1942–1977

Naval Air Station Port Lyautey is a former United States Navy Naval Air Station in Morocco, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north-northwest of Kenitra and about 120 kilometres (75 mi) northeast of Casablanca. The Naval Air Station was turned over to the Royal Moroccan Air Force and the last of US military personnel departed the base in 1977. The airport was later reopened as Kenitra Airport after it was closed.

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Transcription

Contents

History

World War II

The facility was established as an Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) shortly after the Operation Torch landing at the former Vichy France airfield at Mehdiya–Port Lyautey. The facility was captured by one American destroyer and a U.S. Army Raider team. The destroyer USS Dallas (DD-199) came up the Sebou River, silenced the shore batteries with its guns and landed the Raider team which in turn captured the airfield.

Naval Air Station Port Lyautey is located in Morocco
Naval Air Station Port Lyautey
Naval Air Station Port Lyautey
Location of Naval Air Station Port Lyautey, Morocco

After being secured, the airfield was used by the United States Army Air Forces Twelfth Air Force 33d Fighter Group, flying in P-40 Warhawks. The group took part in initial landings in French Morocco, arriving with the invasion force on 8 November. Remaining aircraft and ground echelon arrived shortly afterward. Moved to: Casablanca Airfield on 13 November. Other Air Force units stationed at the airfield were:

  • 1st Troop Carrier Squadron (10th Troop Carrier Group), 11 March – 25 November 1943, C-47 Skytrain
Operated from Agadir Airfield, July 1943

Later, the facility was used by the 2037th Antisubmarine Wing (Provisional), later being redesignated as the 480th Antisubmarine Group of Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command. The US Army Air Force units used the airfield to patrol the Atlantic Ocean approaches to the Straits of Gibraltar for German U-Boats along with two United States Navy PBY Catalina patrol squadrons, one being US Navy Patrol Squadron VP-63 using first generation MAGNETIC ANOMALY DETECTION (MAD) gear.[1][circular reference] The units were assigned to the Northwest African Coastal Air Force for administration and placed under the operational control of the United States Navy Fleet Air Wing 15, which answered to the commander of the Moroccan Sea Frontier.

Two USN K-class blimps completed the first transatlantic crossing by non-rigid airships when they landed at Craw Field, Port Lyautey on the evening of June 1, 1944.[2] Blimp Squadron 14 airships K-123 and K-130 were followed by K-109 and K-134 on June 15 and K-101 and K-112 on July 1, 1944. The K-ships flew nighttime antisubmarine patrols using magnetic anomaly detectors (MAD) while the PBY Catalinas from Fleet Air Wing 15 flew the dayshift, creating a 24/7 magnetic fence across the Straits of Gibraltar.[3]

In addition, the airfield was used by Air Transport Command. It functioned as a stopover en route to Tafarquay Airport, near Oran, Algeria or to Casablanca Airfield, on the North African CairoDakar transport route for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel.[4] After the end of the war in Europe, Air Transport Command was assigned several heavy bombardment squadrons by XII Tactical Air Command to transport key personnel back to the United States. Known units assigned were:

Cold War

A U.S. Navy A3D-2 Skywarrior landing at Port Lyautey, circa 1958.
A U.S. Navy A3D-2 Skywarrior landing at Port Lyautey, circa 1958.

After the war, the airfield was expanded to a major US Naval Air Station in 1951. In this capacity, it primarily supported land-based naval reconnaissance aircraft of the period, such as the P4M Mercator in the 1950s, the P-2 Neptune in the 1950s and 1960s, and the P-3 Orion,[5] EP-3 Aries and EA-3 Skywarrior[6][7] in the 1960s and 1970s until the installation's closure as a USN facility and transfer to the Royal Moroccan Air Force in 1977.

During the years 1966–69 Kenitra NAS was used also as a training facility by the Royal Moroccan Air Force with personnel from the Moroccan United States Liaison Office, MUSLO, staffed by USAF ATC support and flight personnel for the first delivery of F-5A and F-5B aircraft. Most of the MUSLO team members had previously been assigned to Williams Field, Arizona where the Moroccan pilots and technicians were initially trained.

Starting in the 1960s, the base was called a United States Naval Training Command, and would be called that until it closed in 1977. The base was closed in Sept/Oct 1978.

See also

External links

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Maurer Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • Maurer Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.

Citations

  1. ^ VPB-63
  2. ^ Blimp Squadron ZP-14
  3. ^ Kaiser, Don (2011). "K-Ships Across The Atlantic" (PDF). Naval Aviation News. Vol. 93 (2). Retrieved 2018-08-21.
  4. ^ File:Atcroutes-1sep1945.jpg
  5. ^ Pike, John. "VP-10 Patrol Squadron TEN". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2018-08-21.
  6. ^ http://www.portlyautey.com/ECM-2.htm
  7. ^ a3skywarrior.com/html_files/a-3production.html
This page was last edited on 27 May 2019, at 20:49
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