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List of United States National Republican and Whig Party presidential tickets

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the defunct National Republican Party and the defunct Whig Party. The Whigs were not a direct continuation of the National Republican Party, but most former National Republicans did join the Whigs in the 1830s. Opponents who received over one percent of the popular vote or ran an official campaign that received Electoral College votes are listed. Offices held prior to Election Day are included, and those held on Election Day have an italicized end date.

National Republican Party ticket (1828–1832)

1828

Presidential
nominee
1828 (lost) Vice Presidential
nominee
John Quincy Adams of MA
(1767–1848)
John Q. Adams.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Richard Rush of PA
(1780–1859)
Richard Rush engraving.png
Opponent(s)
Andrew Jackson (Democratic)
Electoral vote (President)
  • Jackson: 178 (68.2%)
  • Adams: 83 (31.8%)
Electoral vote (Vice President)[1]
  • Calhoun: 171 (65.5%)
  • Rush: 83 (31.8%)
  • Smith: 7 (2.7%)
Popular vote
  • Jackson/Calhoun: 642,553 (55.9%)
  • Adams/Rush: 500,897 (43.7%)
Opponent(s)
John C. Calhoun (Democratic)

1832

Presidential
nominee
1832 (lost) Vice Presidential
nominee
Henry Clay of KY
(1777–1852)
Henry Clay.JPG
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
John Sergeant of PA
(1779–1852)
JohnsergeantPA.jpg
Opponent(s)
Andrew Jackson (Democratic)
William Wirt (Anti-Masonic)
Electoral vote (President)[2]
  • Jackson: 219 (76.0%)
  • Clay: 49 (17.0%)
  • Floyd: 11 (3.8%)
  • Wirt: 7 (2.4%)
  • None: 2 (0.7%)
Electoral vote (Vice President)
  • Van Buren: 189 (65.6%)
  • Sargent: 49 (17.0%)
  • Wilkins: 30 (10.4%)
  • Lee: 11 (3.8%)
  • Ellmaker: 7 (2.4%)
  • None: 2 (0.7%)
Popular vote
  • Jackson/Van Buren: 701,780 (54.7%)
  • Clay/Sargent: 484,205 (36.9%)
  • Wirt/Ellmaker: 100,715 (7.8%)
Opponent(s)
Martin Van Buren (Democratic)
Amos Ellmaker (Anti-Masonic)

Whig Party tickets (1836–1852)

1836

The Whig Party ran regional candidates in 1836. William H. Harrison and Francis Granger ran in Northern states, while Hugh Lawson White and John Tyler ran in Southern states. Daniel Webster was on the ballot in Massachusetts and Willie Person Mangum received votes from the Electoral College without being on the ballot.

Presidential
nominee
1836 (lost) Vice Presidential
nominee
Northern states:
William Harrison
of OH
(1773–1841)
William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Northern states:
Francis Granger
of NY
(1792–1868)
Francis Granger.jpg
Southern states:
Hugh White
of TN
(1773–1840)
HLWhite.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Prior public experience
Higher education
Southern states:
John Tyler
of VA
(1790–1862)
John Tyler.png
Opponent(s)
Martin Van Buren (Democratic)
Electoral vote (President)
  • Van Buren: 170 (57.8%)
  • Harrison: 73 (24.8%)
  • White: 26 (8.8%)
  • Webster: 14 (4.8%)
  • Magnum: 11 (3.7%)
Contingent vote (Vice President)
  • Johnson 33 (63.5%)
  • Granger: 16 (30.8%)
  • Blank: 3 (5.8%)
Electoral vote (Vice President)
  • Johnson 147 (50.0%)
  • Granger: 77 (26.2%)
  • Tyler: 47 (16.0%)
  • Smith: 23 (7.8%)
Popular vote
  • Van Buren/Johnson: 764,176 (50.8%)
  • Harrison/Granger: 550,816 (36.6%)
  • White/Tyler: 146,109 (9.7%)
  • Webster/Granger: 41,201 (2.7%)
Opponent(s)
Richard Johnson (Democratic)

1840

Presidential
nominee
1840 (won) Vice Presidential
nominee
William Harrison of OH
(1773–1841)
William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
John Tyler of VA
(1790–1862)
John Tyler.png
Opponent(s)
Martin Van Buren (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Harrison/Tyler: 234 (79.6%)
  • Van Buren/Johnson: 60 (20.4%)
Popular vote
  • Harrison/Tyler: 1,275,390 (52.9%)
  • Van Buren/Johnson: 1,128,854 (46.8%)
Opponent(s)
Richard Johnson (Democratic)

1844

Presidential
nominee
1844 (lost) Vice Presidential
nominee
Henry Clay of KY
(1777–1852)
Clay 1848.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Theodore Frelinghuysen of NJ
(1787–1862)
Frelinghuysen.jpg
Opponent(s)
James Polk (Democratic)
James Birney (Liberty)
Electoral vote
  • Polk/Dallas: 170 (61.8%)
  • Clay/Frelinghuysen: 105 (38.2%)
Popular vote
  • Polk/Dallas: 1,339,494 (49.5%)
  • Clay/Frelinghuysen: 1,300,004 (49.1%)
  • Birney/Morris: 62,103 (2.3%)
Opponent(s)
George Dallas (Democratic)
Thomas Morris (Liberty)

1848

Presidential
nominee
1848 (won) Vice Presidential
nominee
Zachary Taylor of LA
(1784–1850)
Zachary Taylor cropped.jpg
Prior public experience
  • None
Higher education
  • None
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Millard Fillmore of NY
(1800–1874)
Fillmore.jpg
Opponent(s)
Lewis Cass (Democratic)
Martin Van Buren (Free Soil)
Electoral vote
  • Taylor/Fillmore: 163 (56.2%)
  • Cass/Butler: 127 (43.8%)
Popular vote
  • Taylor/Fillmore: 1,361,393 (47.1%)
  • Cass/Butler: 1,223,460 (42.5%)
  • Van Buren/Adams 291,501 (10.1%)
Opponent(s)
William Butler (Democratic)
Charles Adams (Free Soil)

1852

Presidential
nominee
1852 (lost) Vice Presidential
nominee
Winfield Scott of NJ
(1786–1866)
WinfieldScott.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
William Graham of NC
(1804–1875)
William Alexander Graham - Brady-Handy.jpg
Opponent(s)
Franklin Pierce (Democratic)
John Hale (Free Soil)
Electoral vote
  • Pierce/King: 254 (85.8%)
  • Scott/Graham: 42 (14.2%)
Popular vote
  • Pierce/King: 1,607,510 (50.8%)
  • Scott/Graham: 1,386,942 (43.9%)
  • Hale/Julian: 155,210 (4.9%)
Opponent(s)
William King (Democratic)
George Julian (Free Soil)

Whig Party and American Party ticket (1856)

The collapse of the Whigs after 1852 left political chaos. Even though the party disintegrated, it continued to win some elections under its own banner, as the "Opposition Party", or as the American Party. The American, or "Know-Nothing" Party, formed from various prohibitionist and nativist movements, based originally on the secret Know-Nothing lodges. It was a moralistic party that appealed to the middle class fear of corruption, which it identified with Catholics, especially the recent Irish immigrants who seemed to bring crime, corruption, poverty and bossism as soon as they arrived. Remnants of the Whig party met once more in convention in 1856, and nominated the Know Nothing's nominees in order to provide a "centerist" pro-slavery alternative to James Buchanan.

Presidential
nominee
1856 (lost) Vice Presidential
nominee
Millard Fillmore of NY
(1800–1874)
Fillmore.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Prior public experience
Higher education
Andrew Donelson of TN
(1799–1871)
Andrew J. Donelson portrait.jpg
Opponent(s)
James Buchanan (Democratic)
John Frémont (Republican)
Electoral vote
  • Buchanan/Breckinridge: 174 (58.8%)
  • Frémont/Dayton: 114 (38.5%)
  • Fillmore/Donelson: 8 (2.7%)
Popular vote
  • Buchanan/Breckinridge: 1,836,072 (45.3%)
  • Frémont/Dayton: 1,342,345 (33.1%)
  • Fillmore/Donelson: 873,053 (21.5%)
Opponent(s)
John Breckinridge (Democratic)
William Dayton (Republican)

Constitutional Union Party ticket (1860)

The Republican Party was more driven, in terms of ideology and talent; it surpassed the hapless Whig/American Party coalition in 1856. By 1858 the Republicans controlled majorities in every Northern state, and hence controlled the electoral votes for president in 1860.[3] The tattered remnants of the Coalition's southern wing, under the name, "Constitutional Union Party", ran a ticket in order to prevent secession. They were joined by a few anti-secessionist Southern Democrats. Nearly all of the Northern wing had already joined the Republicans; the only free states where the Constitutional Union Party garnered more than 3% were Massachusetts and California.

Presidential
nominee
1860 (lost) Vice Presidential
nominee
John Bell of TN
(1796–1869)
John-bell-brady-handy-cropped restored.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Edward Everett of MA
(1794–1865)
Edward Everett.jpg
Opponent(s)
Abraham Lincoln (Republican)
Stephen Douglas (Democratic)
John Breckinridge (Southern Democrats)
Electoral vote
  • Lincoln/Hamlin: 180 (59.4%)
  • Breckinridge/Lane: 72 (23.8%)
  • Bell/Everett: 39 (12.9%)
  • Douglas/Johnson: 12 (4.0%)
Popular vote
  • Lincoln/Hamlin: 1,865,908 (39.7%)
  • Douglas/Johnson: 1,380,202 (29.5%)
  • Breckinridge/Lane: 848,019 (18.2%)
  • Bell/Everett: 590,901 (12.7%)
Opponent(s)
Hannibal Hamlin (Republican)
Herschel Johnson (Democratic)
Joe Lane (Southern Democrats)

See also

References

  1. ^ If not for unpledged electors, Rush would have won 178 (68.2%) votes.
  2. ^ South Carolina's delegates were selected by the state legislature and not by popular vote, which went to the Nullifier ticket of Floyd/Lee, which did not campaign, while 30 Pennsylvania delegates voted Wilkins for Vice President. Two Maryland delegates did not cast votes.
  3. ^ Gienap (1987); Holt (1978)
This page was last edited on 16 April 2021, at 01:06
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