To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ferrari Monza
1955-07-23 GP Lisboa Ferraris Palma.jpg
Also calledFerrari TF
Ferrari Mondial
Body and chassis
ClassWorld Sportscar Championship
LayoutFront mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
EngineLampredi I4
Wheelbase2,250 mm (88.6 in)
PredecessorFerrari 250 MM
SuccessorFerrari 250 Testa Rossa

The Ferrari Monza is one of a series of cars built by Ferrari. In the early 1950s, Ferrari shifted from using the compact Gioacchino Colombo-designed V12 engine in its smallest class of sports racers to a line of four-cylinder engines designed by Aurelio Lampredi. Inspired by the success of the light and reliable 2.5 L 553 F1 car, the four-cylinder sports racers competed successfully through the late 1950s, culminating with the famed 500 Mondial and 750 Monza.

V12 models used downdraft carburettors located centrally in the "valley" of the engine, while the inline-engined fours used side-draft units and thus did not need the hood scoops.

Almost all Monzas had 2,250 mm (88.6 in) of wheelbase, except for 250 and 860 Monza.


1953 was a breakout year for Ferrari, beginning with the new World Sportscar Championship series. The company augmented their traditional V12-powered 250 MM with the new 340 MM and 375 MM and introduced the new four-cylinder 625 TF and 735 S models. With this profusion of cars, Ferrari was able to sweep the first running of the sportscar championship.

625 TF

Ferrari 625 TF
FERRARI 625 TF - Circuit de Dijon Prenois 02.jpg
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Engine2.5 L (2498.32 cc) Lampredi I4[1]
Curb weight730 kg (1610 lb)
PredecessorFerrari 250 MM
SuccessorFerrari 500 Mondial

The first four-cylinder closed-wheel sports racer from Ferrari was the 625 TF of 1953. Resembling the Vignale-designed 250 MM spyder in most respects, the 625 TF used a 2.5 L (2498 cc/152 in³) straight-4 lifted from the 625 F1 car instead of the 250's 3.0 L V12. It was a small car, with the same 2,250 mm (89 in) wheelbase as the 250 but even lighter at 730 kg (1,610 lb). The engine produced 220 hp (164 kW) at 7,000 rpm and could push the little roadster to over 240 km/h (150 mph).

The lightweight car debuted at the hands of Mike Hawthorn at Monza on June 29, 1953. Although it could not keep up on the long straights at that track, Hawthorn still brought the car to fourth place at its debut.

A single closed 625 TF berlinetta, one of the last Ferraris designed and built by Vignale, was created in the Spring of 1953. Per Giulio Vignale, it was destroyed in a fire. There is speculation it was rebodied as a Spyder by Scaglietti in 1954 but this is unconfirmed.[2]

735 S

Ferrari 735 S
1953-06-29 Monza Ferrari 735 0428M.jpg
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Engine2.9 L (2941.66 cc) Lampredi I4 [3]
PredecessorFerrari 250 MM
SuccessorFerrari 750 Monza

The same day that the 625 TF debuted, another car was fielded for Alberto Ascari. Sporting an enlarged 2.9 L (2941.66 cc/179 in³)[3] engine, Ascari's 735 S was more capable at Monza, leading the race until he collided with a 250 MM. The 735 S was a barchetta bodied by Carrozzeria Autodromo with recessed headlights, a drooping grille, and fender vents. Pinin Farina and Scaglietti also bodied an example each.

500 Mondial

Ferrari 500 Mondial
Ferrari 500 Mondial at 2014 Mille Miglia.jpg
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Engine2.0 L (1984.86 cc) Lampredi I4[4]
Curb weight720 kg (1,590 lb)
PredecessorFerrari 625 TF
SuccessorFerrari 500 TR

The early experiments with Lampredi's four-cylinder engine led to the creation of the famed 500 Mondial. Named to mark the world ("Mondial") championships won by Alberto Ascari, the 500 Mondial featured a 2.0 L version of Lampredi's four-cylinder engine in a small and light body with an advanced suspension. The car debuted on December 20, 1953 at the 12 Hours of Casablanca driven by Ascari and Luigi Villoresi, placing second to a 375 MM. In 1954 four 500 Mondials were entered in Mille Miglia race, with best result being second overall after Lancia D24.[5] The Mondial remained competitive through the end of the decade, including an entry in the 1957 Mille Miglia, and was raced as late as 1962, when Javier Valesquez entered chassis 0448MD in the 1962 Carrera Presidential race in Mexico City.[6]

The 500 Mondial's 2.0 L (1984.86 cc/121 in³) engine was taken from the 500 F2 which won the world championship but was detuned to produce 170 hp (127 kW).[4] It was extremely light at 720 kg (1,590 lb). and handled well with a modern de Dion tube rear suspension.

The first 500 Mondials were spiders bodied by Pinin Farina, but Carrozzeria Scaglietti later created a series of barchettas. Two berlinettas were also built by Pinin Farina. 29 were built in total. Of the 13 Pininfarina spiders built, 5 were the earlier Series I version with covered headlights.[6][7]

The car won the prestigious Gran Turismo Trophy at the 2012 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, meaning it will eventually be re-created for use in Gran Turismo 6.[8]


The 1954 and 1955 seasons were the heyday of the four-cylinder Ferrari sports racer. The company hit its stride, earning the World Sportscar Championship in 1954 and contending in 1955 despite the legendary Mercedes-Benz team. The Ferrari sports car lineup at the beginning of 1954 was made up of the 2.0 L 500 Mondial and 3.0 L 750 Monza. The team replaced the Mondial with the 500 TR later that year, and feverishly worked to hold off Mercedes-Benz, developing the larger 857 S and six-cylinder 118 LM and 121 LM. The planned V12 sports racer family, including the 250 Monza of 1954 and planned 410 S of 1955, were less notable.

750 Monza

Ferrari 750 Monza
Ferrari 750 Monza Scaglietti Spyder - front right (Crown Casino, Melbourne, Australia, 3 March 2007).JPG
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Engine3.0 L (2999.62 cc)[9] Lampredi I4
Curb weight760 kg
PredecessorFerrari 735 S
SuccessorFerrari 857 S

1954 saw the introduction of a new four-cylinder sports racer, the 750 Monza. Sporting a three-litre version of the 500 Mondial's engine, the Monza was much more powerful, with 260 PS (191 kW) available, but barely heavier at 760 kg (1,675 lb). The new-style body was penned by Pinin Farina and presaged the droop-nose look of the famed 250 GTO, but it was Scaglietti's 750 Monza, with its faired-in headrest suggesting the flowing Testa Rossa that drew attention.[10]

Alberto Ascari was killed in the car during an impromptu testing session at Monza in 1955.

Mike Hawthorn and Umberto Maglioli piloted their 750 Monza to victory at Monza

on its very first race, giving the car its name. Although they were strong on the track, the Monza was unable to hold off the Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR in 1955, allowing the Germans to seize the sports car championship that Ferrari claimed in 1954.

857 S

Ferrari 857 S
Rétromobile 2011 - Ferrari 857 S - 1955 - 001.jpg
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Engine3.4 L (3431.93 cc)[11]Lampredi I4
PredecessorFerrari 750 Monza
SuccessorFerrari 860 Monza

The short-lived 857 S of 1955 was an attempt to hold off the strong Mercedes-Benz team, something the 750 Monza and the 376 S/735 LM were unable to do. An existing 750 Monza chassis received an enlarged version of Lampredi's four, now displacing 3.4 L (3431.94 cc/208 in³) [11] and producing 280 PS (206 kW). The car was not competitive with the German team at the 1955 Tourist Trophy, so Lampredi went back to the drawing board for the next season. At the 1955 Targa Florio, the 857 S came third overall, driven by Castellotti.[12] A year later, at the 1956 1000 km Buenos Aires, Olivier Gendebien and Phil Hill scored second place.


With Mercedes-Benz pulling out of international sports car racing, the 860 Monza and new 290 MM showed well throughout 1956, bringing the sports car world championship home to Modena again. This despite the fact that Jaguar's new D-Type took the crown at the newly restricted Le Mans and Maserati's 300 S took the 1000km Nürburgring race.

500 TR

Ferrari 500 TR
Ferrari 500 TR.JPG
16 produced
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Engine2.0 L (1984.86 cc)[13] Lampredi I4
Curb weight680 kg (1,500 lb)
PredecessorFerrari 500 Mondial
SuccessorFerrari 860 Monza

As the 750 was introduced in 1954, the smaller 500 Mondial was replaced by another two-liter car, the 500 TR. The first car to bear the famed Testa Rossa name, the 500 TR differed from the Mondial in many details. Among the most important was a coil spring suspension, a radical departure for Ferrari, as well as a synchronized transmission with a two-disc clutch. The 500 TR continued its predecessors tradition of light weight, coming in at just 680 kg (1,500 lb), and this combined with the engine's 180 hp (132 kW) [13] to bring stirring performance to the car. Scaglietti bodied all of the 500 TRs.[14]

860 Monza

Ferrari 860 Monza
Ferrari 860 Monza Spider Scaglietti (Sinsheim).JPG
3 produced
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Engine3.4 L (3431.93 cc) [15] Lampredi I4
Wheelbase2,350 mm (92.5 in)
PredecessorFerrari 857 S
SuccessorFerrari 290 MM

Although little changed on paper from the 857 S, the 1956 860 Monza was much more competitive in international sports car racing. The engine was reworked with 102 mm (4 in) by 105 mm (4.1 in) dimensions for a total of 3.4 L (3431.93 cc/209 in³),[15] though power output remained at 280 PS (206 kW). The wheelbase was lengthened by 100 mm (3.9 in) to 2,350 mm (93 in), but a new front coil spring suspension, as on the 500 TR, allowed the 100 kg (220 lb) heavier car to handle well. In 1956 12 Hours of Sebring Fangio and Castellotti team won the race with Musso and Schell scoring 2nd place.[16] Also in 1956, during Mille Miglia two 860 Monzas placed second and third overall.[17]

An improved Ferrari 860 Monza, driven by Peter Collins and Louis Klemantaski to 2nd place overall at 1956 Mille Miglia
An improved Ferrari 860 Monza, driven by Peter Collins and Louis Klemantaski to 2nd place overall at 1956 Mille Miglia

625 LM

Ferrari 625 LM
Ferrari 625 LM.jpg
4 produced
Body and chassis
ClassLe Mans prototype
Engine2.5 L (2498.32 cc) Lampredi I4
PredecessorFerrari 735 LM
SuccessorFerrari 335 S
Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa

After the 1955 Le Mans disaster, the ACO reduced engine size and restricted prototype entries for the 1956 24 Hours of Le Mans to control the speed and danger of the race. Ferrari could not enter its 1956 3.4 L 860 Monza and 3.5 L 290 MM in race, so it instead modified three 500 TR barchettas to take the larger 2.5 L engine, and entered them as the 625 LM. The engine was only slightly modified from the 625 F1 with compression reduced to 9:1 and two Weber 42DCO/A carburettors used.[18] Of the three, only the car of Gendebien/Trintignant finished, placing third to the privately entered Ecurie Ecosse Jaguar D-Type and a factory entered Aston Martin DB3S (both these models had been produced and sold in sufficient numbers to be classed as 'production' sports cars and therefore not subject to the 2.5 litre restriction on 'prototypes'). Out of fours cars, three were bodied by Carrozzeria Touring, and the design aped the 750 Monza including the faired-in headrest.[19]


Ferrari handed off the four-cylinder sports racer line to customers at the end of 1956, choosing to equip Scuderia Ferrari with the Jano V12-powered 315 S and 335 S cars as well as the Colombo V12-powered 250 Testa Rossa.

500 TRC

Ferrari 500 TRC
Kristianstad GP13 - Ferrari 500 TRC.jpg
19 produced
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Engine2.0 L (1984.86 cc)[20] Lampredi I4
Curb weight680 kg (1,500 lb)
PredecessorFerrari 500 TR

The 1956/7 500 TRC was an altered version of the successful 500 TR of the previous year. The most significant changes were made to comply with Annex C of the International Racing Code, resulting in the "C" added to the model's name.[21] In order to follow these regulations, Ferrari widened the cockpit, added a passenger side door, fitted a full width windscreen with wipers, installed a 120 liters (32 U.S. gal) fuel tank and even added a stowable convertible top. The Scaglietti-built body, while similar to that of the 500 TR, had a lower hood and slightly reshaped wheel arches and fenders. Another change from the 500 TR was the longer 2,350 mm (93 in) wheelbase, derived from the 860 Monza. Suspension featured coil springs all around with a live rear axle. Like the 500 TR, the car weighed only 680 kg (1,500 lb), and produced 180 hp (132 kW).[21] [20] [22] Ferrari manufactured a total of 19 500 TRC chassis between 1956 and 1957. This model was the last 4-cylinder racing car built by Ferrari.[22]

Even though this model was never raced by Scuderia Ferrari as a works car, 500 TRCs were successfully raced by independent teams and drivers. At the 1957 24 Hours of Le Mans, a 500 TRC finished 7th overall, claiming victory in the 2,000 cc class, .[23] Another 500 TRC claimed a 2,000 cc class win at the 1958 Targa Florio.[20][24]

Two 500 TRC chassis were upgraded by factory to 2.5-litre specification, creating the very rare 625 TRC model. They were both owned and raced by John von Neumann, owner of the Ferrari Representatives of California dealership.[25] S/n 0672MDTR was further fitted with the 3.4 L 860 Monza engine, just to be refitted once more in 1958, this time with a 3.0 L 250 Testa Rossa unit.[26] S/n 0680MDTR was sold on May 12, 2012 at RM Sotheby's auction in Monaco for €5 million.[27]

Ferrari 625/250 TRC
Ferrari 625/250 TRC

Monza SP1/SP2

Ferrari Monza SP1 at 2018 Paris Motor Show
Ferrari Monza SP1 at 2018 Paris Motor Show

The Monza SP1 and SP2 are limited production sports cars inspired by the previous Monza models, such as 750 Monza and 860 Monza. It was introduced in 2018. The cars mark the start of a new lineage of models called the "Icona" series, a program aimed at creating special cars inspired by classic Ferrari models, all to be produced in limited series. The SP1 is a single seater, while the SP2 features two seats. Fewer than 500 are expected to be produced.[28]

See also

  • Ferrari 250 Monza A "hybrid" sports racing car of extended 500 Mondial chassis and 3.0-litre Colombo V12 engine.


  1. ^ "625 TF specifications". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  2. ^ "625 TF 0302TF 53 Ferrari 625 TF Vignale Berlinetta, RHD".
  3. ^ a b "735 S specifications". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  4. ^ a b "Ferrari 500 Mondial (1953)". Retrieved 20 October 2021.
  5. ^ "Mille Miglia 1954 Race Results". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  6. ^ a b Aucock, Richard (30 May 2019). "Rare 500 Mondial Spider is perfection". Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  7. ^ "Ferrari 500 Mondial - Register". Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  8. ^ "1954 Ferrari 500 Mondial Pinin Farina Coupe Wins Gran Turismo Trophy at Pebble Beach 2012". 20 August 2012. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Ferrari 750 Monza". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  10. ^ "Specifications of 50 famous racing engines up to 1994 - Page 7 -".
  11. ^ a b "Ferrari 857 S". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  12. ^ "857 Sport s/n 0570M". Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Ferrari 500 TR". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  14. ^ "Ferrari 500 TR - Register". Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Ferrari 860 Monza". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-11-08. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  16. ^ "1956 Sebring". Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Mille Miglia 1956 Race Results". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Ferrari 625 LM". Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  19. ^ "Ferrari 625 LM - Register". Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  20. ^ a b c "Ferrari 500 TRC". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  21. ^ a b Prunet, Antoine (1983). Ferrari : sport racing and prototypes competition cars. New York: Norton. pp. 144–146. ISBN 0-393-01799-0. OCLC 10382200.
  22. ^ a b Boe, Alan (December 2003). "Ferrari's Final Four". Cavallino. 138: 26–32.
  23. ^ Thomson, Laura (26 September 2019). "This four-cylinder Ferrari 500 TRC won at Le Mans in 1957". Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  24. ^ "500TRC s/n 0682MDTR". Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  25. ^ "625 TRC s/n 0680MDTR". Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  26. ^ "500 TRC s/n 0672MDTR". Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  27. ^ "1957 Ferrari 625 TRC Spider". Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  28. ^ Gastelu, Gary (2018-09-18). "Single-seat Ferrari Monza SP1 will cost seven figures". Fox News. Retrieved 2018-09-19.


External links

This page was last edited on 30 April 2022, at 20:40
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.