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Mauro Forghieri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mauro Forghieri
Mauro Forghieri.png
Forghieri in 2005
Born (1935-01-13) 13 January 1935 (age 85)
Modena, Italy
NationalityItalian
OccupationFormula One car designer

Mauro Forghieri (born 13 January 1935) is an Italian mechanical engineer, best known for his work as a Formula One racing car designer with Scuderia Ferrari during the 1960s and 1970s. He is credited for introducing the first designed rear wings to Formula One at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix,[1] and designing the first transversal automatic gear, also known as T gear.

Early life

Forghieri was born in Modena, the only child of Reclus and Afra Forghieri. His father Reclus, a turner, did war work during World War II for the Ansaldo mechanical workshops of Naples. During this time, Mauro lived primarily with his mother, spending time in Naples, Milan, Modena and Abbiategrasso. After the conflict, the Forghieri family reunited and returned to Modena, where Reclus began working in the Ferrari workshop in Maranello.[2] Meanwhile, Mauro completed the Liceo Scientifico and in 1959 obtained a degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Bologna.[3]

Ferrari

Forghieri (right) with John Surtees inspecting a Ferrari 1512 in 1965 at the Nürburgring.
Forghieri (right) with John Surtees inspecting a Ferrari 1512 in 1965 at the Nürburgring.

Despite his initial interest in aviation design, Forghieri accepted an internship offer from Ferrari, where he had been introduced by his father.[4] There he started a period of apprenticeship in the racing engines department along with another young engineer, Gian Paolo Dallara.[3]

Following an unsuccessful campaign in 1962, a few key figures at Ferrari, including chief designer Carlo Chiti, walked out to join the breakaway ATS Formula One team. At only 27 years of age, Forghieri was appointed Chief of the Technical Department for racing cars. In 1964 Forghieri designed the V8-powered Ferrari 158, in which John Surtees won the 1964 Formula One World Championship. Forghieri was later promoted to Technical Director of the Racing Department.

Forghieri (kneeling, right) with driver Carlos Reutemann testing the Ferrari 312 T3 at Zandvoort in 1978
Forghieri (kneeling, right) with driver Carlos Reutemann testing the Ferrari 312 T3 at Zandvoort in 1978

In 1970, Forghieri designed the Ferrari 312 series (consisting of the 312 and 312B formula one cars and 312P and 312PB sportscars). He also designed the first transversal automatic gear and Ferrari's first turbocharged engine. Under his guidance Ferrari won the driver's F1 world championship title four times, with John Surtees (1964), Niki Lauda (1975 and 1977), and Jody Scheckter (1979). Ferrari also won the constructors F1 world championship title eight times.

Lamborghini and Bugatti

After leaving Ferrari in 1987, Forghieri joined Lamborghini Engineering, a department created by Lee Iacocca, the then CEO of Chrysler, who had bought the Emilian car firm Lamborghini.

In that organization, which had the ex-Ferrari Daniele Audetto as sports director, Forghieri designed the naturally aspirated Lamborghini 3512 V12 engine, which made its racing debut at the 1989 Brazilian Grand Prix. The V12 engine was used exclusively by the Larrousse team in the 1989 F1 season.

Following the encouraging performance of the engine, the project of designing a whole car was conceived, thanks to financing by the Mexican businessman Fernando Gonzalez Luna. The car, whose bodywork was designed by Mario Tolentino, was slated for a 1991 debut, but the day before the official presentation to the press, Gonzalez Luna disappeared with a conspicuous amount of money that had been paid by sponsors. Nevertheless, the car debuted thanks to financing by Carlo Patrucco, of the newly created Modena Team (also known as Lambo).

The latter was an unsuccessful enterprise, however, and Forghieri left Lamborghini soon afterwards. In 1992, he became the technical director of the re-emerging Bugatti, where he stayed until 1994. In the same year, he was also called as an expert in the trial relating to the death of driver Ayrton Senna on the Imola track.

Oral Engineering Group

On 1 January 1995, Forghieri co-founded with Franco Antoniazzi and Sergio Lugli the Oral Engineering Group, a mechanical design company.[5][6] Forghieri is still active in company operations, which include design, research and development of automobile, motorcycle, marine and go-kart engines and components.[5] Clients include BMW, Bugatti and Aprilia.[7] Oral Engineering was commissioned to convert the Ferrari Pinin concept car from a static display into a driveable vehicle.[8]

References

  1. ^ Fagnan, René (31 January 2018). "The first appearance of wings on Formula 1 cars". us.motorsport.com. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  2. ^ Fragale, Martina; Forghieri, Mauro (15 January 2018). "Mauro Forghieri - Chapter 1". International Classic. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Mauro Forghieri Biography". grandprixhistory.org. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  4. ^ Behnia, Afshin (13 June 2013). "Legendary Ferrari F1 Engineer Speaks About His Life & Career". Petrolicious. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Informazioni Generali". www.oralengineering.com. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  6. ^ "I Fondatori". www.oralengineering.com. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  7. ^ F1i.com (22 January 2015). "Ferrari engineer Mauro Forghieri at 80: Still "Furia"…". F1i.com. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Bonhams : The Turin Motor Show,1980 Ferrari 'Pinin' Sports Saloon Chassis no. TBA". www.bonhams.com. Retrieved 7 March 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 8 March 2020, at 17:49
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