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Ferrari America

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ferrari 340 America, 342 America, 375 America, 410 Superamerica, 400 Superamerica, 500 Superfast, 365 California
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Production1950–1967
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
EngineV12

Ferrari America is a series of top-end Ferrari models built in the 1950s and 1960s. They were large grand touring cars with the largest V12 engines and often had custom bodywork. All America models used a live axle in the rear, were front-engined, and had worm and sector steering.

Two of the series, the 410 and the 400, were called Superamerica. The final member of the America production family was called the 500 Superfast. The series also includes the 365 California.

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From special edition Rolls, to masterpieces of engineering, here are 10 of the rarest cars in the world…. 10. Mercedes CLK-GTR The Mercedes CLK-GTR was designed to take part in the new FIA GT championship series in 1997 and was built with a Mercedes-Benz LS600 6 litre, V12 engine. The car performed quite well in the competition that year, and as part of the terms of entry, Mercedes were required to produce a limited production run of road-legal versions. In total, 25 were made, all as true to the original design of the race car as possible. The engine was enhanced to a 6.9 litre version, and produced 604 horsepower. The company claimed that this allowed the car to reach a speed of 62 miles per hour in just 3.8 seconds, and a top speed of 214 miles per hour. At the time of its release, the CLK-GTR was the most expensive production car ever, costing a whopping 1.5 million dollars. This is a beautiful, and rare, vehicle, and even if you had the funds to buy one- actually finding one that’s up for sale would prove to be difficult! 9. 1905 Rolls-Royce 15 HP Rolls Royce is one of the most recognisable names in the world of automobiles. They began making cars in 1904. Since then, they have been responsible for some of the most iconic designs, and branched out into other areas including aircraft engines! But it’s the classic luxury cars that stand out in collectors minds. This 1905 Rolls Royce 15 HP car is the second oldest vehicle by the manufacturer that remains in existence, and by far the rarest. Surprisingly, the last one of these that was made still works! Just imagine a brand new car that you bought today, still running in 120 years time, it’s unbelievable! It has a 3-speed manual gearbox with a 3.1 litre engine, and can reach up to 39 miles per hour- a significant speed at that time, I mean it is 122 years old! It may not sound like much now…. The company, though, was still in its infancy in 1905, so only six of them were ever built. The history and collectability associated with this car means that the insured replacement is approximately 35 million dollars. Yes, 35 million dollars!! 8. McLaren F1 LM I just saw a McLaren on the highway the other day! But I don’t know what model it was. This stunning car is the McLaren F1 LM. It’s a tuned edition that was built to celebrate the success of the track version in 1995’s Le Mans 24-hour race, with only a few alterations to make it road legal. The car weighs only 2,341 pounds, and has a 680 brake horsepower engine that allows it to reach 60 miles per hour in 3.9 seconds, with a top speed of 225 miles per hour. Only six were ever made, all in the super original Papaya orange colour as a tribute to Bruce McLaren, who the company is named after, and his racing colours when he was a driver. The rarity and desirability of this McLaren means that it’s REALLY expensive. In 2015 one sold, at auction, for 13.75 million dollars. This is particularly high considering it doesn’t have any of the creature comforts you may expect from a supercar. To stay true to the original design, there’s stiffer suspension, no radio, and it definitely does NOT have any cup holders! And now for the Bugatti, but first be sure to subscribe if you haven’t already! 7. 1927 Bugatti Royale In the 1920’s, Bugatti saw an opportunity to sell a new style of luxury car, and designed the Bugatti Royale. To accommodate all the features they wanted to put in, they made the car 21 feet long! It remains one of the largest cars to ever be built. With a 12.7 litre engine that produced up to 300 brake horsepower, no one ever tested it to see how fast it could go. At least not officially. Initially the plan was to build 25 of the vehicles to sell to the wealthy, but in the end only 7 were made. One of these was destroyed- leaving only six remaining, each of which was built with a different body, making them truly one of a kind. Most of them are now displayed in museums around the world, but one- known as the Kellner car, is still in private hands. It’s virtually impossible to put a price on how expensive one of these would be today, but the last time one sold in 1999, it went for 20 million dollars. 6. 1954 Oldsmobile F-88 GM Concept Car The Oldsmobile F-88 is thought by many to be one of the most influential ever made, and it’s now one of the rarest too. It was designed as a dream car in 1954, and was a project of love by American designer Harley Earl, based on designs by Bill Lange. It was built around the chassis of a Chevrolet Corvette, and had a body made entirely out of fiberglass. The two door roadsters had a super 88 V8 engine which produced 250 brake horsepower, and the style of design was the first of a new era of car aesthetics and the one that led the way. Despite this, only four were ever made. Two became part of private collections and their whereabouts are unknown, one was destroyed in a fire, and the final car was used as a show car. It was sold at the Barrett-Jackson collector car auction in 2005 for three million dollars, and is now permanently on display, for anyone to see, at the Gateway Colorado automobile museum. 5. Lamborghini Reventon The Lamborghini Reventon hardly looks real, and turned heads when it was first revealed at the Frankfurt Motor show in 2007. Just as insane was the price at two million dollars, which made it by far the most expensive car that the Italian manufacturer had sold at the time. To create the Reventon, they had designed a completely new exterior, but used very similar mechanical designs as seen in the Murciélago LP640. The 6.5 litre V12 engine gives the car a maximum top speed of 221 miles per hour. This was somewhat of a vanity project for Lamborghini, and they announced that only 21 of them would ever be made- including one that would be kept in the Lamborghini museum. All 20 sold almost instantly, so it’s now impossible to get one new- the only way you can get your hands on one of these is by convincing a current owner to part ways with it. Practically impossible!! The company released details on where they sold the cars to, with 10 being delivered to the US, seven to Europe, one to Canada, and two to Asia. It was so popular that two years later they designed a roadster version, again producing only 20 cars, and this time costing 2.1 million dollars. Still, both versions are incredibly rare, and would make a great addition to any one’s collection of supercars. 4. Honda NSX “Alex Zanardi Edition” The original Honda NSX, known in America as the Acura NSX, was produced by the Japanese company between 1990 and 2005, and looked to be the last mid engine sports car made by them, until they resurrected the name for a successor in 2016. In 1999, a special edition “Alex Zanardi” version was produced to celebrate the driver’s back to back CART championship wins for Honda. Only 51 were built, one of which was a press car, and they were only available in New Formula Red. It had an all aluminium body, and a 3.2 litre V6 engine which produced 290 brake horsepower, which allowed it to reach 60 miles per hour in 4.5 seconds. The first off the production line was given to Zanardi himself, with the rest being sold through dealers in the US. It’s not known how much they would sell for today, but with standard Honda NSX’s still commanding around 160,000 dollars, it’ll likely be lot more. 3. 1996 Ferrari F50 GT Every list of rare and desirable cars has to have a Ferrari, and here’s one of the rarest of all- the Ferrari F50 GT. The car was originally designed to take part in the BPR Global GT series, but the F50 project was soon cancelled because competitor manufacturers, such as Porsche and Mercedes, designed much faster and agile vehicles for the championship. Still, 3 F50’s were made- one of which was a prototype, and 2 which were to be sold. With a 4.7 litre V12 engine that provides 750 brake horsepower, it can reach 60 miles per hour in a lightning fast 2.9 seconds, and hits a top speed of 235 miles per hour. Perhaps it’s the legend of what might have been, but never was, but despite never taking part in a single race, the F50 reached legendary status with Ferrari fans. In 2013 one of these was up for sale with an asking price of 2.9 million dollars. While that’s a lot of money to most people for a car, it’s an absolute bargain for such a rarity, and a piece of Ferrari history. 2. 2005 Maybach Exelero The 2005 Maybach Exelero is a stunning piece of engineering, and was originally built for Fulda, a German tyre company, to display its products. It weighs in at 2.9 tons, but with a V12, twin turbo engine that generates 700 brake horsepower, it hits 62 miles per hour in 4.4 seconds and reaches a top speed of 218 miles per hour. Only one of these cars has ever been built, and while that may seem surprising- it makes sense when you hear the price. Brand new it cost 8 million dollars. It was put up for sale in 2005, but it took until 2011 before the rapper “Birdman” decided to buy it. It turned out to be too costly a purchase for him, though, so the deal seemingly fell through- so, if you have a spare 8 million lying around, you might just be able to get your hands on this one. 1. Captain Nemo’s Car And finally number one and without doubt the most unique car in the world, and one of the rarest. If you think it looks familiar, then that’s probably because it was used in 2003’s “League of Extraordinary Gentlemen” movie starring Sean Connery. It’s the car used by Captain Nemo, and needed to be extravagant. It was designed by the production designer of the movie, Carol Spier, and is fully functional- if not entirely road legal. It’s 22-feet long, and has a Rover V8 engine. It began life as a Land Rover, which was modified with a steel frame, and covered with an ivory coloured fibreglass shell. Taking inspiration from the Hindu god Ganesha, there are aged gold embellishments across the entire vehicle, and a faux leather interior. The six 28-inch wheels are mounted on hydraulics so you can adjust the ride height, and it was designed to drive in such a way that special effects weren’t needed in the movie. There are only 2 in the world after an enthusiast built one of his own. Surprisingly for such an elaborate and unique vehicle, the original sold at auction in 2015 for just over 30,000 English pounds- which is about 40 to 45,000 dollars. By far the rarest and the cheapest on this whole list! Thanks for watching! Which one would you like to own? Let us all know in the comments below!

Contents

340 America

Ferrari 340 America
Ferrari 340 America Spyder Vignale at Mille Miglia 2012.jpg
Ferrari 340 America Spyder Vignale
Overview
Production1950–1952
23 made
Body and chassis
Body style2-door coupé
2-door roadster
Powertrain
Engine4.1 L Lampredi V12
Power output220hp
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,420 mm (95 in)
Kerb weight900 kg (1,984 lb) (dry, berlinetta)

The first America cars were the 340, produced between 1950 and 1952. Using the new Lampredi V12 developed for Formula One racing, the 340 America could produce 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp).[1] Only 23 copies were built: 11 by Vignale, eight by Touring, and four by Ghia.[2] Giovanni Michelotti designed Coupé and 2+2 Coupé for Ghia and Coupé and Spider for Vignale. In 1951, 340 America Vignale Berlinetta won Mille Miglia race driven by Luigi Villoresi. Three Touring barchettas were also entered that year but did not finish.[3]

The 340 America was replaced by its larger-engined brother, the 375 America.

342 America

Ferrari 342 America
Ferrari 1952 342 America Pinin Farina Front Right on Pebble Beach Tour d'Elegance 2011 -Moto@Club4AG.jpg
Ferrari 342 America Pinin Farina Coupé
Overview
Production1952
6 made
Body and chassis
Body style2-door coupé
2-door convertible
Powertrain
Engine4.1 L Lampredi V12
Power output200hp
Transmission4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104 in)
Kerb weight1,200 kg (2,646 lb)

Only six road cars were made: Vignale Cabriolet (designed by Giovanni Michelotti), two Pinin Farina Cabriolets and three Pinin Farina Coupés. Using the same Lampredi-designed engine as in 340 America with a different carburettor air filter arrangement and thus was detuned to 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp). Last example, the Pinin Farina Cabriolet s/n 0248AL presented at 1953 New York Auto show, was upgraded to 4.5 L engine.[4] Both 340/342 Americas used even chassis numbering of a race cars, while 375 America and later used odd chassis numbering of a road cars. A Black Pinin Farina Cabriolet was owned by King Leopold III of Belgium.

375 America

Ferrari 375 America
Ferrari 375 Vignale 1.jpg
Overview
Production1953–1954
12 made (two were converted from 250 Europas)
Body and chassis
Body style2-door coupé
2-door roadster
Powertrain
Engine4.5 L (4,522 cc) Lampredi Tipo 104 V12
Power output300hp
Transmission4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,800 mm (110 in)
Kerb weight1,150 kg (2,535 lb)

The 375 America was introduced in 1953 and a Pinin Farina bodied example was shown at that year's Paris Salon. Built as a successor to the 342 America, The 375 used the new 4.5 L (4,522 cc) "long block" Lampredi designed V12 engine that produced up to 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) at 6500 rpm and allowed it do 0-60 mph in under seven seconds and reach a top speed of almost 160 mph (257.5 kmh).[5] The 375 and later used odd chassis numbering of a road cars, while the 340/342 Americas using even chassis numbering of a race cars. The 375 was expensive and exclusive and was only built from late 1953 through 1954. 12 cars were made, with ten being original 375s and two being 250 Europas that were subsequently converted to 375 specifications (the 250 Europa and 375 had a nearly identical wheelbase).[6] The majority of 375s had either three or five-window coupe bodies by Pinin Farina, though Vignale bodied around three Coupés and one convertible.

410 Superamerica

Ferrari 410 Superamerica
1959 Ferrari 410 Superamerica.jpg
Series III 410 Superamerica Pinin Farina Coupé
Overview
Production1955–1959
35 made
Body and chassis
Body style2-door coupé
2-door roadster
Powertrain
Engine5.0 L Lampredi Tipo 126 V12
Power output340hp/360hp
Transmission4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,800 mm (110 in)
2,600 mm (102 in)
Kerb weight1,200 kg (2,646 lb)

Ferrari produced another line of America cars, beginning with the 1955 410 Superamerica. The engine was now up to 5.0 L with 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) at 6,000 rpm produced thanks to triple Weber 40 DCF carburettors. A 1957 Superamerica series III had triple 46 DCF3 Weber carburetors for even more power (360 PS (265 kW; 355 hp)) and was also the final development for the 'long-block' Lampredi V12.[7]

Each 410 Superamerica had custom bodywork, with a few by Boano and Ghia but most by Ferrari stalwart, Pinin Farina. The price was extremely high—at US$16,800, the 410 Superamerica offered at the New York Auto Show by importer Luigi Chinetti was more than twice as expensive as the Mercedes-Benz 300SL "Gullwing" exhibited by Max Hoffman. Just 35 were built when the series ended in 1959.[8] First 2 series of Pinin Farina coupés were very similar with only 3rd series radically redesigned with non-panoramic rear window, different side-line, lower front grille and more recessed headlights, some covered. While most 3rd series PF coupés had 3 louvres behind side-windows, some have this space glassed over. Series III cars were introduced in 1958.

410 Superfast Pinin Farina Speciale

Also known as "Superfast I", made on 410 Superamerica chassis with 24-plug racing engine, prominent tailfins and bi-coloured body. It was unveiled at the 1956 Paris Auto Show. Wheelbase was shorter at 2,600 mm.

4.9 Superfast

Another show car based on 410 Superamerica chassis and engine was Ferrari 4.9 Superfast. First time presented in Paris, 1957, this car was an evolution of 410 Superfast but without the prominent rear fins. Also the colours were similar but with dark blue-green full body and white roof.

400 Superamerica

Ferrari 400 Superamerica
1962 Ferrari 400 Superamerica Aerodinamico - Flickr - exfordy.jpg
Series I Ferrari 400 Superamerica Coupé Aerodinamico
Overview
Production1959—1964
47 made
DesignerAldo Brovarone at Pinin Farina (Coupé Aerodinamico)
Body and chassis
Body style2-door coupé
2-door roadster
Powertrain
Engine4.0 L Colombo Tipo 163 V12
Power output340hp
Transmission4-speed manual with overdrive
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,420 mm (95 in)(series I)
2,600 mm (102 in)(series II)
Kerb weight1,250 kg (2,756 lb) (dry, coupé)

The 400 Superamerica had a smaller 4.0 L Colombo engine, but produced as much power as its predecessor, 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) at 7,000 rpm. It debuted in 1959 as 410 production ended, and was available as a coupe, spider, or cabriolet with custom Pinin Farina bodywork. Four-wheel disc brakes were a new addition. 47 Ferrari 400s had been built, along 2 series, when the 400 stepped aside in 1964, of which 32 were coupé aerodinamico variant. Series I coupés aerodinamico had open hood air scoop while series II cars had covered scoop and slightly longer wheelbase.[9]

400 Superamerica Pinin Farina Coupé Speciale

Special one-off version of 400 Superamerica built in 1959 for Gianni Agnelli. This car was also the very first of 400 Superamericas. Worth note is the fact that very similar body was used on Maserati 5000 GT also built for Sig. Agnelli.

400 Superamerica Superfast II–IV

Originally built as series I Ferrari 400 Superamerica Aerodinamico Pinin Farina Coupé, chassis no. 2207SA, was bodied and presented as Superfast II at the Torino Motor Show in 1960 and 1961. It was used by Battista ‘Pinin’ Farina as his personal car. In 1961 rebodied into Superfast III and presented at 1962 Geneva Motor Show. Same year redesigned another, final, time as Superfast IV. It was a styling concept for the upcoming 500 Superfast model. Currently this show car can be seen on various events with its first styling.

500 Superfast

Ferrari 500 Superfast
1964 Ferrari 500 Superfast fr.jpg
Overview
Production1964–1966
36 made
DesignerPininfarina
Body and chassis
Body style2-door coupé
Powertrain
Engine5.0 L Ferrari Tipo 208 V12
Power output400hp
Transmission4-speed manual with overdrive
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104 in)
Length4,820 mm (190 in)
Width1,730 mm (68 in)
Height1,280 mm (50 in)
Kerb weight1,400 kg (3,086 lb)

The end of the top-line America series was the 500 Superfast, first shown on the Pininfarina stand at the March 1964 Geneva Motor Show.[10] During development these cars were to be called "Superamerica", but the decision was made at the last moment to use "Superfast" instead.[citation needed]

The engine was a unique 4,962.96 cc (303 cu in) Ferrari Colombo V12 engine,[11] which had the same dimensions as the Lampredi "long-block" engines of the 410 Superamerica, otherwise the design was based on the original Colombo "short block". Breathing through six twin-choke Weber 40 DCZ/6 carburettors, the V12 produced 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp) at 6,500 rpm and could push the car to 280 kilometres per hour (174 mph).[11] The chassis was very similar in construction to the contemporary 330 GT 2+2, and bodywork was again done by Pininfarina. When leaving the factory the 500 Superfast originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato CN72 205 VR15 tyres. 36 cars were made from 1964 to 1966, including 12 improved models with a 5-speed transmission in place of the earlier 4-speed plus overdrive. This production total excludes a one-off 330 GT 2+2 produced with a Superfast-style body for Prince Bernhard of The Netherlands. Only coupés were made and no Superfast roadsters were available.

365 California

Ferrari 365 California
Ferrari 1967 365 California (9062327161).jpg
Overview
Production1966–1967
14 made
DesignerTom Tjaarda at Pininfarina[12]
Body and chassis
Body style2+2 convertible
RelatedFerrari 500 Superfast
Powertrain
Engine4.4 L Colombo Tipo 217B V12
Power output320hp
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104 in)
Length4,900 mm (193 in)
Width1,780 mm (70 in)
Height1,330 mm (52 in)
Kerb weight1,320 kg (2,910 lb) (dry)

The 365 California replaced the 500 Superfast for 1966. It was the first 365 model, with its 4,390 cc (268 cu in) V12 based on the 330's 4.0 L Colombo unit but with an 81 mm bore. The 365 California used the same chassis as the 500 Superfast but with an evolutionary cabriolet body by Pininfarina. Debuting at the Geneva Motor Show in 1966, just 14 examples were produced (including 2 in right hand drive) before production ended in 1967. Whilst the prototype was built on a 330 GT 2+2 type 571 chassis,[13] production cars featured type 598 chassis. Chassis' were sent to Pininfarina's Grugliasco plant to be bodied and trimmed which were later returned to Ferrari for fitment of the mechanical components.

Notes

  1. ^ "Ferrari 340 America". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  2. ^ Thorson, Thor (September 2008). "1951 Ferrari 340 America Coupe". Sports Car Market. 20 (9): 44.
  3. ^ "Mille Miglia 1951 Race Results". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Ferrari 342 America". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  5. ^ "RM Sotheby's - r210 1953 Ferrari 375 America Coupe by Carrozzeria Vignale". RM Sotheby's. 2017-08-16. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  6. ^ "Ferrari 375 America (1953) - Ferrari.com". Ferrari GT - en-US. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  7. ^ "Ferrari 410 Superamerica". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  8. ^ Ahlgrim, Steve (April 2012). "1957 Ferrari 410 Superamerica Coupe". Sports Car Market. 24 (4): 46–47.
  9. ^ "Ferrari 400 Superamerica". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  10. ^ Bernabò, Ferruccio (12 March 1964). "Si apre oggi a Ginevra il Salone dell'Auto, primo grande confronto della produzione mondiale". La Stampa. p. 13. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  11. ^ a b "Ferrari 500 Superfast". Ferrari official website—past models. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  12. ^ "Cars by Tom Tjaarda". tom-tjaarda.net. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  13. ^ "Ferrari 365 California". Retrieved 21 May 2019.

References

  • Buckley, Martin; Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.
This page was last edited on 22 May 2019, at 19:25
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