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List of Formula One World Constructors' Champions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A silver trophy with team logos on it in a glass case
The constructors' trophy

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and cars must conform.[2] The F1 World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held usually on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets.[3] The World Constructors' Championship is presented by the FIA to the most successful F1 constructor over the course of the season through a points system based on individual Grand Prix results. Constructors' Championship points are calculated by adding points scored in each race by any driver for that constructor.[4] Up until 1979, most seasons saw only the highest-scoring driver in each race for each constructor contributing points towards the Championship.[5] The Constructors' Championship is won when it is no longer mathematically possible for another constructor to overtake another's points total regardless of the outcome of the remaining races,[6] although it is not officially awarded until the FIA Prize Giving Ceremony held in various cities following the conclusion of the season.[7]

The Constructors' Championship was first awarded, as the International Cup for F1 Manufacturers, in 1958 to Vanwall.[8] Out of the 170 chassis constructors that have entered an F1 Grand Prix,[9] a total of 15 have won the Championship in its 62 seasons. Ferrari holds the record for the highest number of World Constructors' Championships victories, having won the title on 16 occasions. Williams is in second position with nine Constructors' Championships and McLaren is in third with eight titles.[10][11] With 16 titles, Ferrari has amassed the highest amount of Constructors' Championships as an engine manufacturer, followed by Renault, Ford, Mercedes and Honda with twelve, ten, nine and six titles, respectively.[12] Mercedes holds the record for the most consecutive constructors' titles with seven between the 2014 and the 2020 seasons.[13] All but 17 titles have been won by chassis that were designed and constructed in the United Kingdom.[14] On ten occasions, the World Constructors' Champion team has not contained the World Drivers' Champion for that season.[11] Among drivers that have contributed with at least a single point to the constructors' title, Michael Schumacher has contributed to the most with seven constructors' titles, six of those consecutively with Ferrari.[15]

By season

Key
* Indicates that the driver also won the Drivers' Championship
** Season in progress
World Constructors' Champions by season[10][11][16]
Season Constructor Tyre Drivers[a] Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points[b] Clinched[17] Margin (points) Margin (%)
Chassis Engine
1958 Vanwall Vanwall D Stirling Moss
Tony Brooks
5 6 9 3 48 Race 10 of 11 8 16.66%
1959 Cooper Climax D Jack Brabham*
Stirling Moss
Bruce McLaren
5 5 13 5 40 Race 8 of 9 8 20.00%
1960 Cooper Climax D Jack Brabham*
Bruce McLaren
4 6 14 5 48 Race 7 of 10 14 29.17%
1961 Ferrari Ferrari D Phil Hill*
Wolfgang von Trips
6 5 14 5 45 Race 5 of 8 10 22.22%
1962 BRM BRM D Graham Hill* 1 4 8 3 42 Race 9 of 9 6 14.29%
1963 Lotus Climax D Jim Clark* 7 7 9 6 54 Race 7 of 10 18 33.33%
1964 Ferrari Ferrari D John Surtees*
Lorenzo Bandini
2 3 10 2 45 Race 10 of 10 3 6.67%
1965 Lotus Climax D Jim Clark* 6 6 7 6 54 Race 7 of 10 9 16.67%
1966 Brabham Repco G Jack Brabham* 3 4 9 2 42 Race 8 of 9 11 26.19%
1967 Brabham Repco G Denny Hulme*
Jack Brabham
2 4 14 2 63 Race 8 of 11 19 30.16%
1968 Lotus Ford F Graham Hill*
Jo Siffert
Jim Clark
Jackie Oliver
5 5 9 5 62 Race 12 of 12 13 20.97%
1969 Matra[c] Ford D Jackie Stewart*
Jean-Pierre Beltoise
2 6 10 6 66 Race 8 of 11 17 25.72%
1970 Lotus Ford F Jochen Rindt*
Emerson Fittipaldi
Graham Hill
John Miles
3 6 7 1 59 Race 12 of 13 7 11.86%
1971 Tyrrell Ford G Jackie Stewart*
François Cevert
6 7 11 4 73 Race 9 of 11 37 50.68%
1972 Lotus Ford F Emerson Fittipaldi* 3 5 8 4 61 Race 10 of 12 10 19.39%
1973 Lotus Ford G 1. Emerson Fittipaldi
2. Ronnie Peterson
10 7 15 7 92 Race 15 of 15 10 10.87%
1974 McLaren Ford G 5. Emerson Fittipaldi*
6. Denny Hulme
33. Mike Hailwood
(33). David Hobbs
(33). Jochen Mass
2 4 10 1 73 Race 15 of 15 8 10.96%
1975 Ferrari Ferrari G 11. Clay Regazzoni
12. Niki Lauda*
9 6 11 6 72.5 Race 13 of 14 18.5 25.52%
1976 Ferrari Ferrari G 1. Niki Lauda
2. Clay Regazzoni
4 6 13 7 83 Race 15 of 16 9 10.84%
1977 Ferrari Ferrari G 11. Niki Lauda*
12. Carlos Reutemann
2 4 16 3 95 Race 14 of 17 33 34.73%
1978 Lotus Ford G 5. Mario Andretti*
6. Ronnie Peterson
12 8 14 7 86 Race 13 of 16 28 32.56%
1979 Ferrari Ferrari M 11. Jody Scheckter*
12. Gilles Villeneuve
2 6 13 6 113 Race 13 of 15 38 33.63%
1980 Williams Ford G 27. Alan Jones*
28. Carlos Reutemann
3 6 18 5 120 Race 12 of 14 54 45.00%
1981 Williams Ford G 1. Alan Jones
2. Carlos Reutemann
2 4 13 7 95 Race 14 of 15 34 35.79%
1982 Ferrari Ferrari G 27. Gilles Villeneuve
28. Didier Pironi
(27). Patrick Tambay
(28). Mario Andretti
3 3 11 2 74 Race 16 of 16 5 6.75%
1983 Ferrari Ferrari G 27. Patrick Tambay
28. René Arnoux
8 4 12 3 89 Race 15 of 15 10 11.24%
1984 McLaren TAG M 7. Alain Prost
8. Niki Lauda*
3 12 18 8 143.5 Race 13 of 16 86 59.93%
1985 McLaren TAG G 1. Niki Lauda
2. Alain Prost*

(1). John Watson
2 6 12 6 90 Race 16 of 16 8 8.89%
1986 Williams Honda G 5. Nigel Mansell
6. Nelson Piquet
4 9 19 11 141 Race 14 of 16 45 31.91%
1987 Williams Honda G 5. Nigel Mansell
6. Nelson Piquet*

(5). Riccardo Patrese
12 9 18 7 137 Race 13 of 16 61 44.53%
1988 McLaren Honda G 11. Alain Prost
12. Ayrton Senna*
15 15 25 10 199 Race 11 of 16 134 67.34%
1989 McLaren Honda G 1. Ayrton Senna
2. Alain Prost*
15 10 18 8 141 Race 12 of 16 64 45.39%
1990 McLaren Honda G 27. Ayrton Senna*
28. Gerhard Berger
12 6 18 5 121 Race 15 of 16 11 9.10%
1991 McLaren Honda G 1. Ayrton Senna*
2. Gerhard Berger
10 8 18 4 139 Race 16 of 16 14 10.07%
1992 Williams Renault G 5. Nigel Mansell*
6. Riccardo Patrese
15 10 21 11 164 Race 12 of 16 65 39.63%
1993 Williams Renault G 0. Damon Hill
2. Alain Prost*
15 10 22 10 168 Race 12 of 16 84 50.00%
1994 Williams Renault G 0. Damon Hill
2. Ayrton Senna
(2). David Coulthard
(2). Nigel Mansell
6 7 13 8 118 Race 16 of 16 15 12.71%
1995 Benetton Renault G 1. Michael Schumacher*
2. Johnny Herbert
4 11 15 8 137 Race 16 of 17 25 18.25%
1996 Williams Renault G 5. Damon Hill*
6. Jacques Villeneuve
12 12 21 11 175 Race 12 of 16 105 60.00%
1997 Williams Renault G 3. Jacques Villeneuve*
4. Heinz-Harald Frentzen
10 8 15 9 123 Race 16 of 17 21 17.07%
1998 McLaren Mercedes B 7. David Coulthard
8. Mika Häkkinen*
12 9 20 9 156 Race 16 of 16 23 14.74%
1999 Ferrari Ferrari B 3. Michael Schumacher
4. Eddie Irvine
(3). Mika Salo
3 6 17 6 128 Race 16 of 16 4 3.13%
2000 Ferrari Ferrari B 3. Michael Schumacher*
4. Rubens Barrichello
10 10 21 5 170 Race 17 of 17 18 10.59%
2001 Ferrari Ferrari B 1. Michael Schumacher*
2. Rubens Barrichello
11 9 24 3 179 Race 13 of 17 77 43.02%
2002 Ferrari Ferrari B 1. Michael Schumacher*
2. Rubens Barrichello
10 15 27 12 221 Race 13 of 17 129 58.37%
2003 Ferrari Ferrari B 1. Michael Schumacher*
2. Rubens Barrichello
8 8 16 8 158 Race 16 of 16 14 8.86%
2004 Ferrari Ferrari B 1. Michael Schumacher*
2. Rubens Barrichello
12 15 29 14 262 Race 13 of 18 143 54.58%
2005 Renault Renault M 5. Fernando Alonso*
6. Giancarlo Fisichella
7 8 18 3 191 Race 19 of 19 9 4.71%
2006 Renault Renault M 1. Fernando Alonso*
2. Giancarlo Fisichella
7 8 19 5 206 Race 18 of 18 5 2.43%
2007 Ferrari Ferrari B 5. Felipe Massa
6. Kimi Räikkönen*
11 9 22 11 204 Race 14 of 17 103[d] 50.49%
2008 Ferrari Ferrari B 1. Kimi Räikkönen
2. Felipe Massa
8 8 19 13 172 Race 18 of 18 21 12.21%
2009 Brawn Mercedes B 22. Jenson Button*
23. Rubens Barrichello
5 8 15 4 172 Race 16 of 17 18.5 10.76%
2010 Red Bull Renault B 5. Sebastian Vettel*
6. Mark Webber
15 9 20 6 498[e] Race 18 of 19 44 8.84%
2011 Red Bull Renault P 1. Sebastian Vettel*
2. Mark Webber
18 12 28 10 650 Race 16 of 19 153 23.54%
2012 Red Bull Renault P 1. Sebastian Vettel*
2. Mark Webber
8 7 14 7 460 Race 19 of 20 60 13.04%
2013 Red Bull Renault P 1. Sebastian Vettel*
2. Mark Webber
11 13 24 12 596 Race 16 of 19 236 39.60%
2014 Mercedes Mercedes P 6. Nico Rosberg
44. Lewis Hamilton*
18 16 31 11 701 Race 16 of 19 296 42.23%
2015 Mercedes Mercedes P 6. Nico Rosberg
44. Lewis Hamilton*
18 16 32 13 703 Race 15 of 19 275 39.12%
2016 Mercedes Mercedes P 6. Nico Rosberg*
44. Lewis Hamilton
20 19 33 9 765 Race 17 of 21 297 38.82%
2017 Mercedes Mercedes P 44. Lewis Hamilton*
77. Valtteri Bottas
15 12 26 9 668 Race 17 of 20 146 21.86%
2018 Mercedes Mercedes P 44. Lewis Hamilton*
77. Valtteri Bottas
13 11 25 10 655 Race 20 of 21 84 12.82%
2019 Mercedes Mercedes P 44. Lewis Hamilton*
77. Valtteri Bottas
10 15 32 9 739 Race 17 of 21 235 31.80%
2020 Mercedes Mercedes P 44. Lewis Hamilton*
77. Valtteri Bottas
(63). George Russell
15 13 25 9 573 Race 13 of 17 254 44.33%
Season Chassis Engine Tyre Drivers[a] Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points[b] Clinched Margin (points) Margin (%)
Constructor
  1. ^ a b Only drivers who contributed to the final points tally are shown. Car numbers are indicated where the driver kept the same number over the season (replacement drivers' numbers are shown in parentheses).
  2. ^ a b Only points counted towards the Constructors' Championship are shown.
  3. ^ Matra is the only constructor to have won the Constructors' Championship without running its own works team. (Matra cars were entered by Ken Tyrrell's privateer team Matra International)[18][19]
  4. ^ McLaren-Mercedes scored 218 points but were excluded from the championship.[20]
  5. ^ The points system was overhauled for the 2010 season, accounting for the extreme difference in total points.[21]

By chassis constructor

Constructors in bold are participating in the 2021 World Championship.

Constructors by number of World Constructors' Championships won[11]
Constructor Titles Seasons
Ferrari 16 1961, 1964, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008
Williams 9 1980, 1981, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997
McLaren 8 1974, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1998
Lotus 7 1963, 1965, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1978
Mercedes 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Red Bull 4 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
Cooper 2 1959, 1960
Brabham 1966, 1967
Renault 2005, 2006
Vanwall 1 1958
BRM 1962
Matra 1969
Tyrrell 1971
Benetton 1995
Brawn 2009

By engine manufacturer

Engine manufacturers in bold are competing in the 2021 World Championship.

Engine manufacturers by World Constructors' Championship wins[10][11]
Manufacturer Titles Seasons
Ferrari 16 1961, 1964, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008
Renault[a] 12 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
Ford[b] 10 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1981
Mercedes[c] 9 1998, 2009, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Honda 6 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991
Climax 4 1959, 1960, 1963, 1965
Repco 2 1966, 1967
TAG[d] 1984, 1985
Vanwall 1 1958
BRM 1962
  1. ^ Built by Mecachrome.[22]
  2. ^ Built by Cosworth.[23]
  3. ^ In 1998 built by Ilmor.[24]
  4. ^ Built by Porsche.[25]

By tyres used

Tyre manufacturers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

World Constructors' Championship victories by tyre manufacturer[16]
Rank Manufacturer Titles Seasons
G Goodyear 26 19661967, 1971, 19731978, 19801983, 19851997
B Bridgestone 11 19982004, 20072010
P Pirelli 10 20112020
D Dunlop 9 19581969
M Michelin 4 1979, 1984, 20052006
F Firestone 3 1968, 1970, 1972

By drivers which contributed to a title

Drivers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

Drivers who have contributed to a World Constructors' Championship win[16]
Drivers Total Seasons
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 7 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Germany Michael Schumacher 7 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
Brazil Rubens Barrichello 6 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2009
Austria Niki Lauda 5 1975, 1976, 1977, 1984, 1985
France Alain Prost 1984, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1993
Brazil Ayrton Senna 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1994
Australia Jack Brabham 4 1959, 1960, 1966, 1967
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974
United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1986, 1987, 1992, 1994
Germany Sebastian Vettel 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
Australia Mark Webber 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
Finland Valtteri Bottas 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
United Kingdom Jim Clark 3 1963, 1965, 1968
United Kingdom Graham Hill 1962, 1968, 1970
Argentina Carlos Reutemann 1977, 1980, 1981
United Kingdom Damon Hill 1993, 1994, 1996
Germany Nico Rosberg 2014, 2015, 2016
United Kingdom Stirling Moss 2 1958, 1959
New Zealand Bruce McLaren 1959, 1960
United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1969, 1971
New Zealand Denny Hulme 1967, 1974
Switzerland Clay Regazzoni 1975, 1976
Sweden Ronnie Peterson 1973, 1978
Australia Alan Jones 1980, 1981
United States Mario Andretti 1978, 1982
Canada Gilles Villeneuve 1979, 1982
France Patrick Tambay 1982, 1983
Brazil Nelson Piquet 1986, 1987
Austria Gerhard Berger 1990, 1991
Italy Ricardo Patrese 1987, 1992
Canada Jacques Villeneuve 1996, 1997
United Kingdom David Coulthard 1994, 1998
Spain Fernando Alonso 2005, 2006
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella 2005, 2006
Finland Kimi Räikkönen 2007, 2008
Brazil Felipe Massa 2007, 2008
United Kingdom Tony Brooks 1 1958
United States Phil Hill 1961
Germany Wolfgang Von Trips 1961
United Kingdom John Surtees 1964
Italy Lorenzo Bandini 1964
Switzerland Jo Siffert 1968
United Kingdom Jackie Oliver 1968
France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 1969
Austria Jochen Rindt 1970
United Kingdom John Miles 1970
France François Cevert 1971
United Kingdom Mike Hailwood 1974
Germany Jochen Mass 1974
United Kingdom David Hobbs 1974
South Africa Jody Scheckter 1979
France Didier Pironi 1982
France René Arnoux 1983
United Kingdom John Watson 1985
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 1995
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen 1997
Finland Mika Häkkinen 1998
United Kingdom Eddie Irvine 1999
Finland Mika Salo 1999
United Kingdom Jenson Button 2009
United Kingdom George Russell 2020

Consecutive titles

By chassis constructor

There have been nine constructors who have achieved consecutive wins in the World Constructors' Championship. Of those, only Ferrari and Williams have won four sets of consecutive Formula One World Constructors' Championships.[11][13]

Consecutive World Constructors' Championship wins by chassis[11][13]
Titles Constructor Seasons
7 Mercedes 20142020
6 Ferrari 19992004
4 McLaren 19881991
Red Bull 20102013
3 Ferrari 19751977
Williams 19921994
2 Cooper 19591960
Brabham 19661967
Lotus 19721973
Williams 19801981
19861987
19961997
Ferrari 19821983
20072008
McLaren 19841985
Renault 20052006

Constructors in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

By engine manufacturer

Consecutive World Constructors' Championship wins by engine[10][11]
Titles Manufacturer Seasons
7 Ford 19681974
Mercedes 20142020
6 Honda 19861991
Renault 19921997
Ferrari 19992004
4 Renault 20102013
3 Ferrari 19751977
2 Climax 19591960
Repco 19661967
Ford 19801981
Ferrari 19821983
20072008
TAG 19841985
Renault 20052006

Manufacturers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

See also

References

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Archived from the original on 1 May 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  2. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A brief history of Formula One". ESPN. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  3. ^ Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 82–83. ISBN 0-75258-766-8.
  4. ^ "2020 Formula One Sporting Regulations" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). 7 April 2020. p. 3–4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 April 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  5. ^ Hayhoe, David (1989). Kimberley Grand Prix Data Book: Formula 1 Racing Facts and Figures 1950 to Date. Sparkford, England: Haynes Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 0-946132-63-1.
  6. ^ Galloway, James (29 October 2020). "Mercedes: How they can clinch F1 Constructors' Championship at Emilia Romagna GP". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  7. ^ Murphy, Luke (8 December 2018). "Hamilton & Mercedes F1 officially crowned at FIA Prize Giving Ceremony". Motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  8. ^ Hughes, Peter (1 August 2018). "Vanwall's constructors' championship in '58 changed Grand Prix racing forever". Autoweek. Archived from the original on 21 April 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  9. ^ "F1 Stats Zone – Results by Team". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 1 June 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d "Constructors' Championships". ChicaneF1. Archived from the original on 1 December 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Diepraam, Mattijs (3 November 2019). "European & World Champions". 8W. Archived from the original on 4 November 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Statistics Engines - World Champion titles - Chronology • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  13. ^ a b c "Statistics Constructors – World Champion titles consecutively". StatsF1. Archived from the original on 18 December 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  14. ^ Barretto, Lawrence (26 June 2013). "Motorsport Valley – the home of Formula 1". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 27 September 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Michael Schumacher – F1 Hall of Fame". Formula One. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  16. ^ a b c "Results". Formula One. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  17. ^ "Decisive – Chronology – Constructors championship". StatsF1. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  18. ^ Diepraam, Mattijs (November 2000). "Ken's team at the height of its powers". 8W. Archived from the original on 17 July 2006. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  19. ^ "Matra Sports SARL". GrandPrix.com. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  20. ^ Knutson, Dan (14 December 2007). "It was feast or famine in 2007 F1 season". ESPN. Archived from the original on 20 December 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Formula 1 adopts new points system for 2010 season". BBC Sport. 2 February 2010. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  22. ^ "New contract for Renault, Mecachrome". Crash. 24 November 2007. Archived from the original on 8 December 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  23. ^ "Cosworth's Gearing Up For F1 Return In 2021". CarScoops. 20 July 2017. Archived from the original on 8 December 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  24. ^ Tytler, Ewan (3 January 2001). "Ilmor: Bowmen of the Silver Arrows". Atlas F1. 7 (1). Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  25. ^ Perkins, Chris (31 May 2019). "Porsche Was Working on a Formula 1 Engine for 2021". Road & Track. Archived from the original on 26 September 2019. Retrieved 19 September 2020.

External links

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