To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Amarcord
Theatrical release poster by John Alcorn
Directed byFederico Fellini
Written by
Produced byFranco Cristaldi
Starring
CinematographyGiuseppe Rotunno
Edited byRuggero Mastroianni
Music byNino Rota
Production
companies
Distributed by
Release dates
  • 18 December 1973 (1973-12-18) (Italy)
  • 10 May 1974 (1974-05-10) (France)
Running time
124 minutes
Countries
  • Italy
  • France
LanguageItalian
Box office$2.3 million[1]

Amarcord (Italian: [amarˈkɔrd]) is a 1973 comedy-drama film directed by Federico Fellini, a semi-autobiographical tale about Titta, an adolescent boy growing up among an eccentric cast of characters in the village of Borgo San Giuliano (situated near the ancient walls of Rimini)[2] in 1930s Fascist Italy. The film's title is a univerbation (words combined to form a single word) of the Romagnol phrase a m'arcôrd ("I remember").[3] The title then became a neologism of the Italian language, with the meaning of "nostalgic revocation".[4] The central role of Titta is based on Fellini's childhood friend from Rimini, Luigi Titta Benzi. Benzi became a lawyer and remained in close contact with Fellini throughout his life.[5]

Titta's sentimental education is emblematic of Italy's "lapse of conscience".[6] Fellini skewers Mussolini's ludicrous posturings and those of a Catholic Church that "imprisoned Italians in a perpetual adolescence"[7] by mocking himself and his fellow villagers in comic scenes that underline their incapacity to adopt genuine moral responsibility or outgrow foolish sexual fantasies.

The film won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, and was nominated for two more Academy Awards: Best Director and Best Original Screenplay.

In 2008, the film was included on the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage’s 100 Italian films to be saved, a list of 100 films that "have changed the collective memory of the country between 1942 and 1978."[8]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    1 507
    851 411
    198 827
    1 831 199
    2 711
  • Federico Fellini | Amarcord 1973 (full movie)
  • Amarcord Trailer (Federico Fellini, 1973)
  • Amarcord: Il pranzo in famiglia.
  • AMARCORD (1973)
  • Амаркорд. ( HD+ ) 1973 год, Италия. Комедия, драма. ( Федерико Феллини )

Transcription

Plot

In Borgo San Giuliano, a village near Rimini, the arrival of fluffy poplar seeds floating on the wind heralds the arrival of spring. As night falls, the inhabitants make their way to the village square for the fogheraccia, a traditional bonfire in which the segavecchia  [it], an effigy of an old woman, is ritually burned.[9][10] The townspeople play pranks on one another, explode fireworks, cavort with loose women and make lewd noises when the civically minded lawyer lectures on the history of the region.

School under Fascism is a tedious cavalcade of dry facts recited by instructors of varying levels of engagement and skill. All Titta and his fellow students can do is goof off or skip class when not called upon to solve math problems or identify obscure historical details. When Titta goes to confession, he manages to avoid telling Don Balosa about his masturbatory activities and attempt to seduce Gradisca, a glamorous older woman, because the priest is more concerned with floral arrangements.

Fascist officials come for a tour, and the schoolchildren are required to perform athletic routines for their approval. Titta's friend Ciccio daydreams about being married to his crush, Aldina, by the giant face of Mussolini. Surreptitiously wired into the bell tower of the town church, a gramophone plays a recording of "The Internationale", but it is soon shot at and destroyed by gun-crazy Fascists. Owing to his anarchist past, Titta's father Aurelio is brought in for questioning and forced to drink castor oil. He limps home in a nauseous state to be washed by his wife, Miranda.

One summer afternoon, the family visits Uncle Teo, Aurelio's brother, confined to an insane asylum. They take him out for a day in the country, but he escapes into a tree, repeatedly yelling, "Voglio una donna!" ("I want a woman!"). All attempts to bring him down are met with stones that Teo carries in his pockets. A dwarf nun and two orderlies finally arrive on the scene. Marching up the ladder, the nun reprimands Teo, who obediently agrees to return to the asylum.

Fall arrives. The town's inhabitants embark in small boats to meet the passage of the SS Rex, the regime's proudest technological achievement. By midnight they have fallen asleep waiting for its arrival. Awakened by a foghorn, they watch in awe as the liner sails past, capsizing their boats in its wake. Titta's grandfather wanders lost in a disorienting fog so thick it seems to smother the house and the autumnal landscape. Walking out to the town's Grand Hotel, Titta and his friends find it boarded up. Like zombies, they waltz on the terrace with imaginary female partners enveloped in the fog.

The annual car race provides the occasion for Titta to daydream of winning the grand prize, Gradisca. One evening he visits the buxom tobacconist at closing time. She becomes aroused when he demonstrates he is strong enough to lift her, but is annoyed when he becomes overwhelmed as she presses her breasts into his face. She gives him a cigarette then coldly sends him home.

Winter brings with it record snowfall. Miranda nurses a sick Titta to health, then as spring arrives again, dies of an illness herself. Titta is devastated. Later, the village attends the reception for Gradisca's marriage to a Fascist officer. As Gradisca drives off with her Carabiniere, someone notices that Titta has gone too.

Cast

  • Pupella Maggio as Miranda Biondi, Titta's mother
  • Armando Brancia as Aurelio Biondi, Titta's father
  • Magali Noël as Gradisca, a hairdresser
  • Ciccio Ingrassia as Teo, Titta's uncle
  • Nando Orfei as Lallo or "Il Pataca", Titta's uncle
  • Bruno Zanin as Titta
  • Josiane Tanzilli as Volpina
  • Maria Antonietta Beluzzi as tobacconist
  • Giuseppe Ianigro as Titta's grandfather
  • Stefano Proietti as Oliva, Titta's brother
  • Alvaro Vitali as Naso
  • Bruno Scagnetti as Ovo
  • Fernando De Felice as Cicco
  • Bruno Lenzi as Gigliozzi
  • Gianfranco Marrocco as Count Poltavo
  • Francesco Vona as Candela
  • Donatella Gambini as Aldina Cordini

Deleted scene

A scene was shot that was later cut from the film by Fellini. The scene was shot without sound. It is described, however, in the novelization published by Rizzoli in 1973 and involves the contessa's loss of a diamond ring down her toilet. Carlini, or "Eau de cologne", the man who empties the town's cesspits, is called to retrieve it. This scene is available on the Criterion release of the film.[11][12]

Reception

Europe

Released in Italy on 18 December 1973, Amarcord was an "unmitigated success".[13] Critic Giovanni Grazzini, reviewing for the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera, described Fellini as "an artist at his peak" and the film as the work of a mature, more refined director whose "autobiographical content shows greater insight into historical fact and the reality of a generation. Almost all of Amarcord is a macabre dance against a cheerful background".[14]

The film screened at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival, but was not entered into the main competition.[15]

Russell Davies, British film critic and later a BBC radio host, compared the film to the work of Thornton Wilder and Dylan Thomas: "The pattern is cyclic ... A year in the life of a coastal village, with due emphasis on the seasons, and the births, marriages and deaths. It is an Our Town or Under Milk Wood of the Adriatic seaboard, concocted and displayed in the Roman film studios with the latter-day Fellini's distaste for real stone and wind and sky. The people, however, are real, and the many non-actors among them come in all the shapes and sizes one cares to imagine without plunging too deep into Tod Browning freak territory."[16]

Rapidly picked up for international distribution after winning an Oscar for Best Foreign Film in 1975, the film was destined to be Fellini's "last major commercial success".[17] In 2008, the film was voted at number 50 on the list of the "100 Greatest Films" by the French magazine Cahiers du cinéma.[18]

United States

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, Amarcord holds an approval rating of 87%, based on 47 reviews, with an average rating of 8.2/10. The website's critics consensus reads, "Ribald, sweet, and sentimental, Amarcord is a larger-than-life journey through a seaside village and its colorful citizens."[19]

When Amarcord opened in New York City, critic Vincent Canby lauded it as possibly "Fellini's most marvelous film ... It's an extravagantly funny, sometimes dreamlike evocation of a year in the life of a small Italian coastal town in the nineteen-thirties, not as it literally was, perhaps, but as it is recalled by a director with a superstar's access to the resources of the Italian film industry and a piper's command over our imaginations. When Mr. Fellini is working in peak condition, as he is in Amarcord (the vernacular for 'I remember' in Romagna), he somehow brings out the best in us. We become more humane, less stuffy, more appreciative of the profound importance of attitudes that in other circumstances would seem merely eccentric if not lunatic."[20]

Rating the film four out of four stars, critic Roger Ebert discussed Fellini's value as a director: "It's also absolutely breathtaking filmmaking. Fellini has ranked for a long time among the five or six greatest directors in the world, and of them all, he's the natural. Ingmar Bergman achieves his greatness through thought and soul-searching, Alfred Hitchcock built his films with meticulous craftsmanship, and Luis Buñuel used his fetishes and fantasies to construct barbed jokes about humanity. But Fellini ... well, moviemaking for him seems almost effortless, like breathing, and he can orchestrate the most complicated scenes with purity and ease. He's the Willie Mays of movies."[21] Ebert ranked the film fourth on his "10 Best Films of 1973" list.[22] He later included the film on his Great Movies list.[23] Jay Cocks of Time magazine considered it "some of the finest work Fellini has ever done—which also means it stands with the best that anyone in film has ever achieved."[24]

In the British Film Institute's 2012 Sight & Sound polls of the greatest films ever made, Amarcord was ranked 30th among directors.

Accolades

Award Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards (1974)[25] Best Foreign Language Film Italy Won
Academy Awards (1975)[26] Best Director Federico Fellini Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Federico Fellini and Tonino Guerra Nominated
Bodil Awards Best European Film Federico Fellini Won
Cinema Writers Circle Awards Best Foreign Film Won
David di Donatello Awards Best Film Won
Best Director Federico Fellini Won
French Syndicate of Cinema Critics Best Foreign Film Won
Golden Globe Awards[27] Best Non-English Language Film Nominated
Italian Golden Globe Awards Best Film Federico Fellini Won
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards[28] Best Foreign Film Won
Kinema Junpo Awards Best Foreign Language Film Director Federico Fellini Won
Nastro d'Argento Best Director Won
Best Supporting Actor Ciccio Ingrassia Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Pupella Maggio Nominated
Best New Actor Gianfilippo Carcano Won
Best Screenplay Federico Fellini and Tonino Guerra Won
Best Original Story Won
Best Cinematography Giuseppe Rotunno Nominated
Best Costume Design Danilo Donati Nominated
Best Score Nino Rota Nominated
National Board of Review Awards[29] Top Five Foreign Language Films Won
Best Foreign Language Film Won
National Society of Film Critics Awards[30] Best Director Federico Fellini Runner-up
New York Film Critics Circle Awards[31] Best Film Won
Best Director Federico Fellini Won
SESC Film Festival Best Foreign Film Won
Turkish Film Critics Association Awards Best Foreign Film Won
Valladolid International Film Festival Golden Spike (Best Film) Federico Fellini Nominated

Home media

In 1984, Amarcord became the first film released for home video fully letterboxed, as implemented by RCA for their Capacitance Electronic Disc videodisc format.[32] The film was later released on DVD twice by The Criterion Collection, first in 1998, then re-released in 2006 with an anamorphic widescreen transfer and additional supplements. Criterion re-issued the 2006 release on Blu-ray Disc in 2011.

See also

References

  1. ^ Donahue, Suzanne Mary (1987). American film distribution : the changing marketplace. UMI Research Press. p. 295. ISBN 9780835717762. Please note figures are for rentals in US and Canada
  2. ^ "Borgo San Giuliano". Fondazione Federico Fellini.
  3. ^ Pettigrew 2003, p. 76. Fellini elaborated further by suggesting that the Italian words amare ('to love'), cuore ('heart'), ricordare ('to remember') and amaro ('bitter') were contracted into the Romagnolo neologism, amarcord (a m'arcôrd, in Italian io mi ricordo).
  4. ^ "amarcord in Vocabolario". Treccani (in Italian). Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  5. ^ "Fellini's Homecoming – Amarcord". The Criterion Channel.
  6. ^ Bondanella 1978, pp. 20–21.
  7. ^ Bondanella 1978, p. 20. For other discussions of Fellini and fascism, see Bondanella's The Cinema of Federico Fellini and I'm a Born Liar: A Fellini Lexicon.
  8. ^ "Ecco i cento film italiani da salvare Corriere della Sera". www.corriere.it. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  9. ^ "Fogheraccia 2023, dove andare in Romagna per i falò di San Giuseppe" [Fogheraccia 2023: Where to go in Romagna for the bonfires of St Joseph]. Il Resto del Carlino (in Italian). 15 March 2023. Retrieved 8 April 2024.
  10. ^ Lazzari, Martina (17 March 2024). "Fogheraccia: origine del falò che "incendia" la notte di San Giuseppe" [Fogheraccia: Origin of the bonfire that "alights" St Joseph's night]. RiminiToday (in Italian). Retrieved 8 April 2024.
  11. ^ "Amarcord". The Criterion Collection.
  12. ^ "AMARCORD Deleted Scene". The Criterion Channel.
  13. ^ Kezich 2006, p. 314.
  14. ^ Fava & Vigano 1990, p. 157. Grazzini's review was first published in Corriere della Sera, 19 December 1973.
  15. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Amarcord". Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
  16. ^ Fava & Vigano 1990, p. 158. Davies' review first published in The London Observer, 29 September 1974.
  17. ^ Bondanella, Peter (1992). The Cinema of Federico Fellini. Princeton University Press. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-6910-0875-2.
  18. ^ Heron, Ambrose (23 November 2008). "Cahiers du cinéma's 100 Greatest Films". FILMdetail.
  19. ^ "Amarcord". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  20. ^ Canby, Vincent (20 September 1974). "Movie Review – Amarcord – Funny, Marvelous Fellini 'Amarcord'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2008.
  21. ^ Ebert, Roger (19 September 1974). "Amarcord". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 4 December 2022 – via RogerEbert.com.
  22. ^ Ebert, Roger (15 December 2004). "Ebert's 10 Best Lists: 1967–present". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 8 September 2006 – via RogerEbert.com.
  23. ^ Ebert, Roger (4 January 2004). "Great Movies: Amarcord". RogerEbert.com.
  24. ^ Alpert 1988, p. 248.
  25. ^ "The 47th Academy Awards (1975) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  26. ^ "The 48th Academy Awards (1976) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  27. ^ "Amarcord – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  28. ^ "KCFCC Award Winners – 1970-79". kcfcc.org. 14 December 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  29. ^ "1974 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  30. ^ "Past Awards". National Society of Film Critics. 19 December 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  31. ^ "1974 New York Film Critics Circle Awards". Mubi. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  32. ^ Haines, Richard W. (2003). The Moviegoing Experience, 1968–2001. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-7864-1361-4.

Bibliography

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 27 May 2024, at 16:31
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.