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Theatrical release poster
Directed byDelbert Mann
Written byPaddy Chayefsky
Produced by
CinematographyJoseph LaShelle
Edited byAlan Crosland, Jr.
(editorial supervision)
Music byRoy Webb
Distributed byUnited Artists
Release date
  • April 11, 1955 (1955-04-11)
Running time
90 minutes
CountryUnited States
Box office$2,000,000 (U.S./Canada rentals)[3]
$1,500,000 (overseas rentals)[1]

Marty is a 1955 American romantic drama film directed by Delbert Mann in his directorial debut. The screenplay was written by Paddy Chayefsky, expanding upon his 1953 teleplay of the same name, which was broadcast on The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse and starred Rod Steiger in the title role.[4][5]

The film stars Ernest Borgnine, who won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance, and Betsy Blair. In addition to also winning the Oscar for Best Picture, the film enjoyed international success, becoming the first film to win the Palme d'Or. Marty, The Lost Weekend (1945) and Parasite (2019) are the only three films to win both organizations' grand prizes.

In 1994, Marty was deemed "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant" and selected for preservation in the Library of Congress' National Film Registry.[6]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Marty (3/10) Movie CLIP - A Big Night of Heartache (1955) HD
  • Marty (1955) Original Trailer [FHD]
  • Marty (4/10) Movie CLIP - We Ain't Such Dogs (1955) HD
  • Ernest Borgnine winning the Oscar® for Best Actor for "Marty"



Marty Piletti is an Italian-American butcher who lives in The Bronx with his mother. Unmarried at 34, the good-natured but socially awkward Marty faces constant badgering from family and friends to settle down, as they point out that all his brothers and sisters are already married, most of them with children. Not averse to marriage but disheartened by his lack of prospects, Marty has reluctantly resigned himself to bachelorhood.

After being harassed by his mother into going to the Stardust Ballroom one Saturday night, Marty connects with Clara, a plain high school science teacher, who is weeping outside on the roof after being abandoned by her blind date. Marty and Clara spend the evening together dancing, walking the busy streets, and talking in a diner. Marty eagerly spills out his life story and ambitions, and they encourage each other. He takes Clara to his house, where he awkwardly tries to kiss her and is rebuffed. Clara then explains that she just didn't know how to handle the situation, and she does like him. At this point, Marty's mother returns.

Marty takes Clara home by bus, promising to call her at 2:30 the next afternoon, after Mass. Overjoyed on his way back home, he punches the bus stop sign and weaves between the cars, looking for a cab instead.

Meanwhile, Marty's Aunt Catherine moves in to live with Marty and his mother. She warns his mother that Marty will soon marry and cast her aside. Fearing that Marty's new romance could spell her abandonment, his mother belittles Clara. Marty's friends, with an undercurrent of envy, deride Clara for her plainness and try to convince him to forget her and to remain with them, unmarried, in their fading youth. Harangued into submission by the pull of his friends, Marty fails to call Clara.

That night, back in the same lonely rut, Marty realizes that he is giving up a woman whom he not only likes but who makes him happy. Over the objections of his friends, he dashes to a phone booth to call Clara, who is disconsolately watching television with her parents. When his friend asks what he's doing, Marty bursts out saying:

You don't like her, my mother don't like her, she's a dog and I'm a fat, ugly man! Well, all I know is I had a good time last night! I'm gonna have a good time tonight! If we have enough good times together, I'm gonna get down on my knees and I'm gonna beg that girl to marry me! If we make a party on New Year's, I got a date for that party. You don't like her? That's too bad!

Marty closes the phone booth door when Clara answers the phone. In the last line of the film, he says, "Hello...Hello, Clara?"


Ernest Borgnine with Betsy Blair in the trailer for Marty, 1955


For the film, Esther Minciotti, Augusta Ciolli and Joe Mantell reprised their roles from the live television production. The screenplay changed the name of the Waverly Ballroom to the Stardust Ballroom. The film expanded the role of Clara, and added subplots about Marty's career, his mother, and her sister.[7]

Rod Steiger, who had played Marty in the teleplay, initially declined an offer to reprise the role after Harold Hecht and Burt Lancaster, the film's producers, demanded Steiger sign a multiple-picture commitment as a condition of retaining his role.[8] Ernest Borgnine assumed the title role in Steiger's stead.

Shooting for the film began on September 7, 1954, in The Bronx and included many aspects of the borough into the film, such as Grand Concourse, Arthur Avenue, Gun Hill Road, White Plains Road, and several Bronx subway and elevated train lines, including the Concourse, Third Avenue, White Plains Road, and Jerome Avenue lines. On-set filming took place at Samuel Goldwyn Studios on November 1, 1954. Bronx native Jerry Orbach made his film debut in an uncredited role as a ballroom patron. Chayefsky had an uncredited cameo as Leo.

The role of Clara initially was going to be reprised by actress Nancy Marchand, later of Lou Grant and The Sopranos fame, who had portrayed the character in the television version. However, actress Betsy Blair was interested in playing the role and lobbied for it. At the time, Blair, who was married to actor Gene Kelly, had been blacklisted due to her Marxist and Communist sympathies. It was only through the lobbying of Kelly, who used his major star status and connections at MGM to pressure United Artists, that Blair got the role. Reportedly, Kelly threatened to withdraw from the film It's Always Fair Weather if Blair did not get the role of Clara.[9][10]

Mann shot the film in sixteen days and an additional three days for retakes.[11]


Upon its premiere on April 11, 1955 (followed by a wide release on July 15), Marty received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics.[12] Ronald Holloway of Variety wrote "If Marty is an example of the type of material that can be gleaned, then studio story editors better spend more time at home looking at television."[13] Time described the film as "wonderful".[14] Louella Parsons enjoyed the film, but she felt that it would not likely be nominated for Oscars.[15] At a budget of $343,000, the film generated revenues of $3 million in the U.S., making it a box-office success.[16]

Rotten Tomatoes gives it a 96% rating based on 77 reviews, with an average rating of 8.1/10. The site's consensus reads: "Scriptwriter Paddy Chayefsky's solid dialogue is bolstered by strong performances from Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair in this appealingly low-key character study."[12]

The film is recognized by the American Film Institute.

Awards and nominations

Award[17] Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards Best Motion Picture Harold Hecht Won
Best Director Delbert Mann Won
Best Actor Ernest Borgnine Won
Best Supporting Actor Joe Mantell Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Betsy Blair Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Paddy Chayefsky Won
Best Art Direction – Black-and-White Art Direction: Ted Haworth and Walter M. Simonds;
Set Decoration: Robert Priestley
Best Cinematography – Black-and-White Joseph LaShelle Nominated
Bodil Awards Best American Film Delbert Mann Won
British Academy Film Awards Best Film Nominated
Best Foreign Actor Ernest Borgnine Won
Best Foreign Actress Betsy Blair Won
Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Delbert Mann Won
OCIC Award Won
Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Won
Golden Globe Awards Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama Ernest Borgnine Won
Karlovy Vary International Film Festival Best Film Delbert Mann Nominated
National Board of Review Awards Best Film Won
Top Ten Films Won
Best Actor Ernest Borgnine Won
National Film Preservation Board National Film Registry Inducted
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Film Won
Best Actor Ernest Borgnine Won
Online Film & Television Association Awards Hall of Fame – Motion Picture Won
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Written American Drama Paddy Chayefsky Won

Marty received the first Palme d'Or ever awarded.[18] Marty, The Lost Weekend and Parasite are the only films ever to win both the Academy Award for Best Picture and the highest award at the Cannes Film Festival (Marty and Parasite both received the Palme d'Or, which, beginning at the 1955 festival, replaced the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film as the highest award).[19][20][21] Marty is the shortest film ever to win Best Picture, at only 90 minutes.

See also


  1. ^ a b Godbout, Oscar (September 11, 1955). "HOLLYWOOD DOSSIER: 'Marty' Hits Jackpot – Team-– On the Set". The New York Times. p. X7.
  2. ^ Balio, Tino (1987). United Artists: The Company That Changed the Film Industry. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-2991-1440-4.
  3. ^ "1955's Top Film Grossers". Variety. Vol. 201, no. 8. January 25, 1956. Retrieved 2024-03-03.
  4. ^ "LIVE: The Golden Age of TV Drama". That's Entertainment. September 23, 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2024.
  5. ^ "Marty". Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  6. ^ "25 Films Added to National Registry". The New York Times. 15 November 1994. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  7. ^ Chayefsky, Paddy (1955). "Two Choices of Material". Television Plays. Simon & Schuster. p. 183. ISBN 978-1-55783-191-0. Retrieved 2024-03-03.
  8. ^ Schmidt, M.A. (January 29, 1956). "Rod Steiger: From V.A. to V.I.P. on Screen". The New York Times.
  9. ^ Multiple sources:
  10. ^ Blair, Betsy (2004). The Memory of All That. London: Elliott & Thompson. ISBN 978-1-9040-2730-0.
  11. ^ "Delbert Mann". Rome News-Tribune. 13 November 2007. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Marty (1955)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved August 5, 2022.
  13. ^ Holloway, Ronald (March 23, 1055). "Film Reviews: Marty". Variety. March 23, 1955.
  14. ^ "The New Pictures". Time. April 18, 1955.
  15. ^ Mann, Delbert; Skutch, Ira (1998). Looking Back, at Live Television and Other Matters. Directors Guild of America. ISBN 978-1-8827-6605-5.
  16. ^ "Marty (1955) – Box office / business". IMDb. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  17. ^ "Marty". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. February 12, 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
  18. ^ "Marty". Festival de Cannes. Retrieved 2023-12-06.
  19. ^ "The Lost Weekend Awards". IMDb.
  20. ^ "Marty Awards". IMDb.
  21. ^ "A Brief History Of The Palme D'Or". Festival De Cannes.

External links

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