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Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Chinese poster).png
International theatrical release poster
Traditional臥虎藏龍
Simplified卧虎藏龙
MandarinWò hǔ cáng lóng
Directed byAng Lee
Screenplay by
Based onCrouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
by Wang Dulu
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyPeter Pau
Edited byTim Squyres
Music byTan Dun
Production
companies
Distributed by
Release dates
  • 18 May 2000 (2000-05-18) (Cannes)
  • 7 July 2000 (2000-07-07) (Taiwan)
  • 8 July 2000 (2000-07-08) (Mainland China)
  • 13 July 2000 (2000-07-13) (Hong Kong)
  • 8 December 2000 (2000-12-08) (United States)
Running time
120 minutes[1]
Countries
LanguageMandarin
BudgetUS$17 million[3]
Box officeUS$213.5 million[3]
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Traditional Chinese臥虎藏龍
Simplified Chinese卧虎藏龙

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon[4] is a 2000 wuxia film directed by Ang Lee and written by Wang Hui-ling, James Schamus and Kuo Jung Tsai. The film features an international cast of actors of Chinese ethnicity, including Chow Yun-fat, Michelle Yeoh, Zhang Ziyi and Chang Chen. It is based on the Chinese novel of the same name serialized between 1941 and 1942 by Wang Dulu, the fourth part of his Crane Iron pentalogy.[5]

A multinational venture, the film was made on a US$17 million budget, and was produced by Asian Union Film & Entertainment, China Film Co-Productions Corporation, Columbia Pictures Film Production Asia, Edko Films, Good Machine International, and Zoom Hunt Productions. With dialogue in Mandarin, subtitled for various markets, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon became a surprise international success, grossing $213.5 million worldwide. It grossed US$128 million in the United States, becoming the highest-grossing foreign-language film produced overseas in American history.[6] The film was the first foreign-language movie (it was filmed in Mandarin Chinese) to break the $100 million (£51 million) mark in USA.[7]

The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival on 18 May 2000, and was theatrically released in the United States on 8 December. An overwhelming critical and commercial success, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon won over 40 awards and was nominated for 10 Academy Awards in 2001, including Best Picture, and won Best Foreign Language Film, Best Art Direction, Best Original Score and Best Cinematography,[3] receiving the most nominations ever for a non-English language film at the time, until 2018's Roma tied this record. The film also won four BAFTAs and two Golden Globe Awards, one for Best Foreign Film. Along with its awards success, Crouching Tiger continues to be hailed as one of the greatest and most influential wuxia films.[8][9] The film has been praised for its story, direction, cinematography, and martial arts sequences.

Plot

In 19th-century Qing dynasty China, Li Mu Bai is a renowned Wudang swordsman, and his friend Yu Shu Lien, a Machete female warrior, heads a private security company. Shu Lien and Mu Bai have long had feelings for each other, but because Shu Lien had been engaged to Mu Bai's close friend, Meng Sizhao[10] before his death, Shu Lien and Mu Bai feel bound by loyalty to Meng Sizhao and have not revealed their feelings for each other. Mu Bai, choosing to retire, asks Shu Lien to give his fabled 400-year-old sword "Green Destiny" to their benefactor Sir Te in Beijing. Long ago, Mu Bai's teacher was killed by Jade Fox, a woman who sought to learn Wudang skills. While at Sir Te's place, Shu Lien makes the acquaintance of Yu Jialong, or Jen, who is the daughter of rich and powerful Governor Yu and is about to get married.

One evening, a masked thief sneaks into Sir Te's estate and steals the Green Destiny. Sir Te's servant Master Bo and Shu Lien trace the theft to Governor Yu's compound, where Jade Fox had been posing as Jen's governess for many years. Soon after, Mu Bai arrives in Beijing and discusses the theft with Shu Lien. Master Bo makes the acquaintance of Inspector Tsai, a police investigator from the provinces, and his daughter May, who have come to Beijing in pursuit of Fox. Fox challenges the pair and Master Bo to a showdown that night. Following a protracted battle, the group is on the verge of defeat when Mu Bai arrives and outmaneuvers Fox. She reveals that she killed Mu Bai's teacher because he would sleep with her, but refuse to take a woman as a pupil, and she felt it poetic justice for him to die at a woman's hand. Just as Mu Bai is about to kill her, the masked thief reappears and helps Fox. Fox kills Tsai before fleeing with the thief (who is revealed to be Jen). After seeing Jen fight Mu Bai, Fox realizes Jen had been secretly studying the Wudang manual. Fox is illiterate and could only follow the diagrams, whereas Jen's ability to read the manual allowed her to surpass her teacher in martial arts.

At night, a desert bandit named Lo breaks into Jen's bedroom and asks her to leave with him. A flashback reveals that in the past, when Governor Yu and his family were traveling in the western deserts, Lo and his bandits had raided Jen's caravan and Lo had stolen her comb. She pursued him to his desert cave to get her comb back. However, the pair soon fell passionately in love. Lo eventually convinced Jen to return to her family, though not before telling her a legend of a man who jumped off a cliff to make his wishes come true. Because the man's heart was pure, he did not die. Lo came to Beijing to persuade Jen not to go through with her arranged marriage. However, Jen refuses to leave with him. Later, Lo interrupts Jen's wedding procession, begging her to leave with him. Nearby, Shu Lien and Mu Bai convince Lo to wait for Jen at Mount Wudang, where he will be safe from Jen's family, who are furious with him. Jen runs away from her husband on their wedding night before the marriage could be consummated. Disguised in male clothing, she is accosted at an inn by a large group of warriors; armed with the Green Destiny and her own superior combat skills, she emerges victorious.

Jen visits Shu Lien, who tells her that Lo is waiting for her at Mount Wudang. After an angry exchange, the two women engage in a duel. Shu Lien is the superior fighter, but Jen wields the Green Destiny: the sword destroys each weapon that Shu Lien wields, until Shu Lien finally manages to defeat Jen with a broken sword. When Shu Lien shows mercy, Jen wounds Shu Lien in the arm. Mu Bai arrives and pursues Jen into a bamboo forest. Mu Bai confronts Jen and offers to take her as his student. She promises to accept him as her teacher if he can take Green Destiny from her in three moves. Mu Bai is able to take the sword in only one move, but Jen goes back on her word and Mu Bai throws the sword over a waterfall. Jen dives after it and is then rescued by Fox. Fox puts Jen into a drugged sleep and places her in a cavern; Mu Bai and Shu Lien discover her there. Fox suddenly reappears and attacks the others with poisoned needles. Mu Bai blocks the needles with his sword and mortally wounds Fox, only to realize that one of the needles hit him in the neck. With her last breath, Fox confesses that her goal had been to kill Jen because Jen had hidden the secrets of Wudang's fighting techniques from her.

Jen leaves to prepare an antidote for the poisoned dart. With his last breath, Mu Bai finally confesses his love for Shu Lien. He dies in her arms as Jen returns, too late to save him. The Green Destiny is returned to Sir Te. Jen later goes to Mount Wudang and spends the night with Lo. The next morning, Lo finds Jen standing on a bridge overlooking the edge of the mountain. In an echo of the legend that they spoke about in the desert, she asks him to make a wish. He wishes for them to be together again back in the desert, and Jen jumps off the bridge.

Cast

Actor Chow Yun-Fat who portrayed Li Mu Bai
Actor Chow Yun-Fat who portrayed Li Mu Bai

Credits from British Film Institute:[11]

  • Chow Yun-fat as Li Mu Bai (C: 李慕白, P: Lǐ Mùbái)
  • Michelle Yeoh as Yu Shu Lien (T: 俞秀蓮, S: 俞秀莲, P: Yú Xiùlián)
  • Zhang Ziyi as Jen Yu (T: 玉嬌龍, S: 玉娇龙, P: Yù Jiāolóng)
  • Chang Chen as Lo "Dark Cloud" Xiao Hou (T: 羅小虎, S: 罗小虎, P: Luó Xiǎohǔ)
  • Cheng Pei-pei as Jade Fox (C: 碧眼狐狸, P: Bìyǎn Húli)
  • Sihung Lung as Sir Te (T: 貝勒爺, S: 贝勒爷, P: Bèi-lèyé)
  • Li Fazeng as Governor Yu (S: 玉大人, P: Yù Dàrén)
  • Wang Deming as Inspector Tsai (S: 蔡九, P: Cài Jiǔ)
  • Li Li as Tsai May (S: 蔡香妹, P: Cài Xiāng Mèi)
  • Hai Yan as Madam Yu (S: 玉夫人, P: Yù Fūren)
  • Gao Xi'an as Bo (S: 劉泰保, P: Liú Tàibǎo)
  • Huang Suying as Aunt Wu (S: 吳媽, P: Wú Mā)
  • Zhang JinTing as De Lu (S: 德祿, P: Dé Lù)
  • Du ZhenXi as Uncle Jiao (S: 焦大爺, P: Jiāo Dà-Yé)
  • Li Kai as Gou Jun Pei (S: 魯君佩, P: Lǔ Jūn Pèi)
  • Feng Jianhua as Shining Phoenix Mountain Gou (S: 魯君雄, P: Lǔ Jūn Xióng)
  • Ma Zhongxuan as Iron Arm Mi (S: 米大鏢, Mǐ-Dà Biāo)
  • Li Bao-Cheng as Flying Machete Chang (S: 飛刀常, P: Fēi Dāo Cháng)
  • Yang Yongde as Monk Jing (S: 法廣和尚, P: Fǎ Guǎng Héshang)

Themes and interpretations

Title

The name "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon" is a literal translation of the Chinese idiom "臥虎藏龍" which describes a place or situation that is full of unnoticed masters. It is from a poem of the ancient Chinese poet Yu Xin (513–581) that reads "暗石疑藏虎,盤根似臥龍", which means "behind the rock in the dark probably hides a tiger, and the coiling giant root resembles a crouching dragon".[12] The title "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon" also has several other layers of meaning. On the most obvious level, the Chinese characters in the title connect to the narrative that the last character in Xiaohu and Jiaolong's names mean "Tiger" and "Dragon", respectively. On another level, the Chinese idiomatic phrase "卧虎藏龍" "Wo Hu Cang Long" ("crouching tiger hidden dragon") is an expression referring to the undercurrents of emotion, passion, and secret desire that lie beneath the surface of polite society and civil behavior,[13] which alludes to the film's storyline. The hu dun pao is translated as "crouching tiger trebuchet" or "crouching tiger cannon" respectively into English.

Gender roles

The success of the Disney animated feature Mulan (1998) popularized the image of the Chinese woman warrior in the west.[14] The storyline of Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is mostly driven by the three female characters.[15] In particular, Jen is driven by her desire to be free from the gender role imposed on her,[16] while Shu Lien, herself oppressed by the gender role, tries to lead Jen back into the role deemed appropriate for her.[15] Some prominent martial arts disciplines are traditionally held to have been originated by women, e.g. Wing Chun. The film's title refers to masters one does not notice, which necessarily includes mostly women, and therefore suggests the advantage of a female bodyguard.

Poison

Poison is also a significant theme in the film. The Chinese word "毒" () means not only physical poison but also cruelty and sinfulness. In the world of martial arts, the use of poison is considered an act of one who is too cowardly and dishonorable to fight; and indeed, the only character who explicitly fits these characteristics is Jade Fox. The poison is a weapon of her bitterness[17] and quest for vengeance: she poisons the master of Wudang, attempts to poison Jen, and succeeds in killing Mu Bai using a poisoned needle. In further play on this theme by the director, Jade Fox, as she dies, refers to the poison from a young child, "the deceit of an eight-year-old girl", referring to what she considers her own spiritual poisoning by her young apprentice Jen. Li Mu Bai himself warns that, without guidance, Jen could become a "poison dragon".

China of the imagination

The story is set during the Qing dynasty (1644–1912), but it does not specify an exact time. Lee sought to present a "China of the imagination" rather than an accurate vision of Chinese history. At the same time, Lee also wanted to make a film that western audiences would want to see.[18] Thus, the film is shot for a balance between Eastern and Western aesthetics. There are some scenes showing uncommon artistry for the typical martial arts film such as an airborne battle among wispy bamboo plants.[13]

Production

The film was adapted from the novel Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon by Wang Dulu, serialized between 1941 and 1942 on Qingdao Xinmin News.[5] The novel was the fourth book in a series of five.[13] In the contract reached between Columbia Pictures and Ang Lee and Hsu Li-kong, they agreed to invest US$6 million in filming, but the stipulated recovery amount must be more than six times before the two parties will start to pay dividends.[19]

Casting

Shu Qi was Ang Lee's first choice for the role of Jen, but she turned it down.[20]

Filming

Mount Cangyan, including the bridge pictured above, was one of many filming locations.
Mount Cangyan, including the bridge pictured above, was one of many filming locations.

Although its Academy Award was presented to Taiwan, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was in fact an international co-production between companies in four regions: the Chinese company China Film Co-Production Corporation; the American companies Columbia Pictures Film Production Asia, Sony Pictures Classics, and Good Machine; the Hong Kong company EDKO Film; and the Taiwanese Zoom Hunt International Productions Company, Ltd; as well as the unspecified United China Vision, and Asia Union Film and Entertainment Ltd., created solely for this film.[21][22]

The film was made in Beijing, with location shooting in the Anhui, Hebei, Jiangsu, and Xinjiang provinces of China.[23] The first phase of shooting was in the Gobi Desert where it consistently rained. Director Ang Lee noted, "I didn't take one break in eight months, not even for half a day. I was miserable—I just didn't have the extra energy to be happy. Near the end, I could hardly breathe. I thought I was about to have a stroke."[24] The stunt work was mostly performed by the actors themselves and Ang Lee stated in an interview that computers were used "only to remove the safety wires that held the actors" aloft. "Most of the time you can see their faces", he added, "That's really them in the trees."[25]

Another compounding issue was the difference between accents of the four lead actors: Chow Yun-fat is from Hong Kong and speaks Cantonese natively; Michelle Yeoh is from Malaysia and grew up speaking English and Malay so[26] she learned the Mandarin lines phonetically;[27] Chang Chen is from Taiwan and he speaks Mandarin in a Taiwanese accent. Only Zhang Ziyi spoke with a native Mandarin accent that Ang Lee wanted.[24] Chow Yun Fat said, on "the first day [of shooting], I had to do 28 takes just because of the language. That's never happened before in my life."[24]

The film specifically targeted Western audiences rather than the domestic audiences who were already used to Wuxia films, as a result high quality English subtitles were needed. Ang Lee, who was educated in the West, personally edited the subtitles to ensure they were satisfactory for Western audiences.[citation needed]

Soundtrack

The score was composed by Tan Dun, originally performed by Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, Shanghai National Orchestra, and Shanghai Percussion Ensemble. It also features many solo passages for cello played by Yo-Yo Ma. The "last track" ("A Love Before Time") features Coco Lee, who later performed it at the Academy Awards. The composer Chen Yuanlin also collaborated in the project. The music for the entire film was produced in two weeks.[28]

Release

Marketing

The film was adapted into a video game, a comics series, and a 34-episode Taiwanese television series based on the original novel. The latter was released in 2004 as New Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon for US and Canadian release.[citation needed]

Home media

The film was released on VHS and DVD on 5 June 2001 by Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment.[29] In the United Kingdom, it was watched by 3.5 million viewers on television in 2004, making it the year's most-watched foreign-language film on television.[30]

Reception

Box office

The film premiered in cinemas on 8 December 2000, in limited release within the US. During its opening weekend, the film opened in 15th place, grossing $663,205 in business, showing at 16 locations.[3] On 12 January 2001, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon premiered in cinemas in wide release throughout the US grossing $8,647,295 in business, ranking in sixth place. The film Save the Last Dance came in first place during that weekend, grossing $23,444,930.[31] The film's revenue dropped by almost 30% in its second week of release, earning $6,080,357. For that particular weekend, the film fell to eighth place screening in 837 theaters. Save the Last Dance remained unchanged in first place, grossing $15,366,047 in box-office revenue.[3] During its final week in release, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon opened in a distant 50th place with $37,233 in revenue.[32] The film went on to top out domestically at $128,078,872 in total ticket sales through a 31-week theatrical run. Internationally, the film took in an additional $85,446,864 in box-office business for a combined worldwide total of $213,525,736.[3] For 2000 as a whole, the film cumulatively ranked at a worldwide box-office performance position of 19.[33]

Critical response

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, which is based on an early 20th century novel by Wang Dulu, unfolds much like a comic book, with the characters and their circumstances being painted using wide brush strokes. Subtlety is not part of Lee's palette; he is going for something grand and melodramatic, and that's what he gets.

— James Berardinelli, ReelViews[34]

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was very well received in the Western world, receiving numerous awards. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 97% based on 157 reviews, with an average rating of 8.61/10. The site's critical consensus states: "The movie that catapulted Ang Lee into the ranks of upper echelon Hollywood filmmakers, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon features a deft mix of amazing martial arts battles, beautiful scenery, and tasteful drama."[35] Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 94 out of 100, based on 32 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".[36]

Some Chinese-speaking viewers were bothered by the accents of the leading actors. Neither Chow (a native Cantonese speaker) nor Yeoh (who was born and raised in Malaysia) spoke Mandarin as a mother tongue. All four main actors spoke with different accents: Chow speaks with a Cantonese accent;[37] Yeoh with a Malaysian accent; Chang Chen a Taiwanese accent; and Zhang Ziyi a Beijing accent. Yeoh responded to this complaint in a 28 December 2000, interview with Cinescape. She argued, "My character lived outside of Beijing, and so I didn't have to do the Beijing accent." When the interviewer, Craig Reid, remarked, "My mother-in-law has this strange Sichuan-Mandarin accent that's hard for me to understand.", Yeoh responded: "Yes, provinces all have their very own strong accents. When we first started the movie, Cheng Pei Pei was going to have her accent, and Chang Zhen was going to have his accent, and this person would have that accent. And in the end nobody could understand what they were saying. Forget about us, even the crew from Beijing thought this was all weird."[38]

The film led to a boost in popularity of Chinese wuxia films in the western world, where they were previously little known, and led to films such as House of Flying Daggers and Hero marketed towards Western audiences. The film also provided the breakthrough role for Zhang Ziyi's career, who noted:

Because of movies like Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Hero, and Memoirs of a Geisha, a lot of people in the United States have become interested not only in me but in Chinese and Asian actors in general. Because of these movies, maybe there will be more opportunities for Asian actors.

Film Journal noted that Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon "pulled off the rare trifecta of critical acclaim, boffo box-office and gestalt shift", in reference to its ground-breaking success for a subtitled film in the American market.[39]

Accolades

Gathering widespread critical acclaim at the Toronto and New York film festivals, the film also became a favorite when Academy Awards nominations were announced in 2001. The film was screened out of competition at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival.[40] The film received ten Academy Award nominations, which was the highest ever for a non-English language film, up until it was tied by Roma (2018).[41]

The film is ranked at number 497 on Empire's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time.[42] and at number 66 in the magazine's 100 Best Films of World Cinema, published in 2010.[43] In 2010, the Independent Film & Television Alliance selected the film as one of the 30 Most Significant Independent Films of the last 30 years.[44] In 2016, it was voted the 35th-best film of the 21st century as picked by 177 film critics from around the world in a poll conducted by BBC.[45] The film was included in BBC's 2018 list of The 100 greatest foreign language films ranked by 209 critics from 43 countries around the world.[46] In 2019, The Guardian ranked the film 51st in its 100 best films of the 21st century list.[47]

Award[48][49] Category Nominee Result
73rd Academy Awards[50] Best Picture Hsu-Li Kong, Bill Kong and Ang Lee Nominated
Best Director Ang Lee Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Kuo Jung Tsai, Hui-Ling Wang and James Schamus Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Taiwan Won
Best Art Direction Art Direction and Set Decoration: Timmy Yip Won
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Best Costume Design Timmy Yip Nominated
Best Film Editing Tim Squyres Nominated
Best Original Score Tan Dun Won
Best Original Song Jorge Calandrelli, Tan Dun and James Schamus for "A Love Before Time" Nominated
2000 American Society of Cinematographers Awards Best Cinematography Peter Pau Nominated
54th British Academy Film Awards[51] Best Film Nominated
Best Film Not in the English Language Won
Best Actress in a Leading Role Michelle Yeoh Nominated
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Zhang Ziyi Nominated
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Nominated
Best Makeup and Hair Nominated
Best Editing Tim Squyres Nominated
Best Costume Design Tim Yip Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Music Tan Dun Won
Best Adapted Screenplay Kuo Jung Tsai, Wang Hui-Ling, James Schamus Nominated
Best Production Design Tim Yip Nominated
Best Sound Nominated
Best Visual Effects Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 2000[52] Best Foreign Film Won
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards 2000[53] Most Promising Actress Zhang Ziyi Won
Best Original Score Tan Dun Won
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Best Foreign Film Won
2000 Directors Guild of America Awards[54] Best Director Ang Lee Won
2000 Film Fest Gent festival Georges Delerue Award Tan Dun Won
58th Golden Globe Awards[55] Best Foreign Language Film Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Original Score Tan Dun Nominated
20th Hong Kong Film Awards[56] Best Film Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Screenplay Wang Hui-Ling, James Schamus, Kuo Jung Tsai Nominated
Best Actor Chow Yun-fat Nominated
Best Actress Zhang Ziyi Nominated
Michelle Yeoh Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Chang Chen Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Cheng Pei-pei Won
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Best Film Editing Tim Squyres Nominated
Best Art Direction Tim Yip Nominated
Best Costume Make Up Design Tim Yip Nominated
Best Action Choreography Yuen Woo-ping Won
Best Original Film Score Tan Dun Won
Best Original Film Song Tan Dun, Jorge Calandrelli, Yee Kar-Yeung, Coco Lee Won
Best Sound Design Eugene Gearty Won
Independent Spirit Awards 2000 Best Picture Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Supporting Actress Zhang Ziyi Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards 2000[57] Best Picture Won
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Best Music Score Tan Dun Won
Best Production Design Tim Yip Won
National Board of Review Awards 2000[58] Best Foreign Language Film Won
Top Foreign Films Shortlisted
2000 New York Film Critics Circle Awards[59] Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Toronto Film Critics Association Awards 2000[60] Best Picture Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Actress Michelle Yeoh Won
Best Supporting Actress Zhang Ziyi Won
2000 Toronto International Film Festival People's Choice Award Ang Lee Won
Writers Guild of America Awards 2000[61] Best Adapted Screenplay Kuo Jung Tsai, Wang Hui-Ling, James Schamus Nominated
37th Golden Horse Awards – 2000[62] Best Feature Film Won
Best Director Ang Lee Nominated
Best Leading Actress Michelle Yeoh Nominated
Zhang Ziyi Nominated
Best Screenplay Adaption Kuo Jung Tsai, Wang Hui-Ling, James Schamus Nominated
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Nominated
Best Film Editing Tim Squyres Won
Best Art Direction Tim Yip Nominated
Best Original Score Tan Dun Won
Best Sound Design Eugene Gearty Won
Best Action Choreography Yuen Woo-ping Won
Best Visual Effects Leo Lo, Rob Hodgson Won
54th Bodil Awards Best Non-American Film Won
Online Film Critics Society Awards 2000 Best Picture Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Won
Best Director Ang Lee Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Zhang Ziyi Nominated
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Best Editing Tim Squyres Nominated
Best Original Score Tan Dun Nominated

Sequel

A direct-to-television sequel to the film, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon: Sword of Destiny, was released in 2016. It was directed by Yuen Woo-ping, who was the action choreographer for the first film. It is a co-production between Pegasus Media, China Film Group Corporation, and the Weinstein Company.[63] Unlike the original film, the sequel was filmed in English for international release and dubbed to Mandarin for Chinese releases.

Sword of Destiny is based on the book Iron Knight, Silver Vase, the next (and last) novel in the Crane-Iron Pentalogy. It features a mostly new cast, headed by Donnie Yen. Michelle Yeoh reprised her role from the original.[64] Zhang Ziyi was also approached to appear in Sword of Destiny but refused, stating that she would only appear in a sequel if Ang Lee were directing it.[65]

In the United States, the sequel was for the most part not shown in theaters, instead being distributed via the video streaming service Netflix.[66]

Posterity

The theme of Janet Jackson's song "China Love" was related to the film by MTV News, in which Jackson sings of the daughter of an emperor in love with a warrior, unable to sustain relations when forced to marry into royalty.[67]

The names of the pterosaur genus Kryptodrakon and the ceratopsian genus Yinlong (both meaning hidden dragon in Greek and Mandarin respectively) allude to the film.[68][69]

The character of Lo, or "Dark Cloud" the desert bandit, influenced the development of the protagonist of the Prince of Persia series of video games.[70]

American experimental hip hop group Death Grips released an EP in 2017, titled Steroids (Crouching Tiger Hidden Gabber Megamix).

References

  1. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon". British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "Wo Hu Zang Long (2000)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 16 May 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
  4. ^ simplified Chinese: 卧虎藏龙; traditional Chinese: 臥虎藏龍; pinyin: Wò hǔ cáng lóng
  5. ^ a b 徐斯年 (2006). "序言 [Preface]". In 王芹 (ed.). 卧虎藏龍. 长江文艺出版社.
  6. ^ "Foreign Language Movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  7. ^ "First Foreign Language Film to Earn over $100 Million in The USA". guinness world records. Archived from the original on 7 May 2021. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
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