To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Boyhood (2014 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Boyhood
Boyhood (2014).png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRichard Linklater
Written byRichard Linklater
Produced by
Starring
Cinematography
Edited bySandra Adair
Production
companies
Distributed by
Release date
  • January 19, 2014 (2014-01-19) (Sundance)
  • July 11, 2014 (2014-07-11) (United States)
Running time
165 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$4 million[2]
Box office$57.3 million[3]

Boyhood is a 2014 American epic coming-of-age drama film written and directed by Richard Linklater, and starring Patricia Arquette, Ellar Coltrane, Lorelei Linklater, and Ethan Hawke. Filmed from 2001 to 2013, Boyhood depicts the childhood and adolescence of Mason Evans Jr. (Coltrane) from ages six to eighteen as he grows up in Texas with divorced parents (Arquette and Hawke). Richard Linklater's daughter Lorelei plays Mason's sister, Samantha.

Production began in 2002 and finished in 2013, with Linklater's goal to make a film about growing up. The project began without a completed script, with only basic plot points and the ending written initially. Linklater developed the script throughout production, writing the next year's portion of the film after rewatching the previous year's footage. He incorporated changes he saw in each actor into the script, while also allowing all major actors to participate in the writing process by incorporating their life experiences into their characters' stories.

Boyhood premiered at the 2014 Sundance Film Festival[4] and was released theatrically on July 11, 2014.[5] The film competed in the main competition section of the 64th Berlin International Film Festival,[6] where Linklater won the Silver Bear for Best Director.[7] It received universal acclaim from critics, with praise for its performances, Linklater's screenplay and direction, and ambition. It has been featured in several listings as one of the greatest films ever made.[8][9][10] It was also nominated for five Golden Globe Awards, winning Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Director, and Best Supporting Actress for Arquette; five BAFTA awards, winning for Best Director and Best Film; and six Academy Awards, winning Best Supporting Actress for Arquette.

Plot

In 2002, six-year-old Mason Evans Jr. and his older sister Samantha live with their divorced mother, Olivia, in a small town in Texas. Mason overhears Olivia arguing with her boyfriend, saying she has no free time due to parenting. In 2003, Olivia moves the family to Houston so she can attend the University of Houston and get a better job. In 2004, Mason's father, Mason Sr., visits Houston and takes Mason and Samantha bowling. When he drops the children off at home, he argues with Olivia while Mason and Samantha watch from a window. Olivia takes Mason to one of her classes, introducing him to her professor, Bill Welbrock; Mason sees them flirt.

In 2005, Olivia and Bill have married and blended their two families. They share experiences such as playing video games and attending a midnight release of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. Mason and Samantha are enrolled in the same school as their step-siblings, where Mason befriends Nicole, who has a crush on him. In 2006, Mason and Samantha bond with Mason Sr. as he takes them out for a day in Houston, culminating in a Houston Astros game and a sleepover at his house. Olivia continues her education and is initially supportive of Bill's strict parenting style, which includes many chores for the children and an enforced cutting of Mason's long hair. In 2007, Bill gradually becomes abusive and violent as alcoholism takes over his life. After Bill assaults Olivia and endangers the children, Olivia moves her children (but not her stepchildren, as she is not their legal guardian and she is unable to locate their biological mother) to a friend's house and files for divorce.

In 2008, Mason Sr. learns that Samantha has a boyfriend and talks to her and Mason about contraception. Mason Sr. and Mason go camping and connect through music, film, and Mason's blossoming interest in girls. Mason and Samantha have grown into their lives in San Marcos, a town close to Austin. In 2009, Mason is bullied at school and playfully teased on a camping trip but starts receiving attention from girls. Olivia takes a job in teaching psychology at college and moves in with Jim, a student and Iraq War veteran.

In 2010, Mason has started high school and experimented with marijuana and alcohol. Mason Sr., who has remarried and has a baby, takes Mason and Samantha to visit his wife's parents. For his birthday, Mason Sr. gives Mason a suit and CDs; Mason's step-grandparents give him a Bible and a shotgun. In 2011, Mason is lectured by his photography teacher, who sees his potential but is disappointed in his lack of ambition. Mason attends a party and meets Sheena, who becomes his girlfriend. After Mason arrives home late one night from a party, a drunk Jim confronts Mason about his late hours. Olivia and Jim subsequently break up, and the family's financial situation worsens.

In 2012, Mason and Sheena visit Samantha, who is attending the University of Texas at Austin, where they share their hopes and fears about college. Samantha's roommate discovers them asleep together in her dormitory. In May 2013, during the end of Mason's senior year in high school, he has a painful breakup with Sheena, wins the second place silver medal in a state photography contest, and is awarded college scholarship money. Mason's family throws him a graduation party and toasts his success. Mason Sr. gives him advice about his breakup. Planning to sell the house and downsize, Olivia meets Samantha and Mason for lunch and asks them to sort through their possessions. Later that year, as Mason prepares to leave for college, Olivia breaks down, disillusioned by how quickly life has passed. At Sul Ross State University in Alpine, Mason moves into his dorm and meets his new roommate Dalton, Dalton's girlfriend Barb, and Barb's roommate, Nicole. Mason takes drugs given to him by Barb and the group goes hiking at Big Bend Ranch State Park. Nicole shares with Mason her belief that, rather than people seizing moments, moments seize people; Mason agrees.

Cast

  • Ellar Coltrane as Mason Evans Jr.
  • Patricia Arquette as Olivia
  • Ethan Hawke as Mason Evans Sr.
  • Lorelei Linklater as Samantha Evans
  • Libby Villari as Catherine
  • Marco Perella as Bill Welbrock
  • Brad Hawkins as Jim
  • Jamie Howard as Mindy Welbrock
  • Andrew Villarreal as Randy Welbrock
  • Jenni Tooley as Annie
  • Richard Andrew Jones as Annie's father
  • Karen Jones as Annie's mother
  • Bill Wise as Steve Evans
  • Zoe Graham as Sheena
  • Charlie Sexton as Jimmy
  • Barbara Chisholm as Carol
  • Cassidy Johnson as Abby
  • Richard Robichaux as Mason's boss
  • Steven Chester Prince as Ted
  • Tom McTigue as Mr. Turlington
  • Will Harris as Sam's boyfriend at college
  • Andrea Chen as Sam's college roommate
  • Maximillian McNamara as Dalton
  • Taylor Weaver as Barb, Dalton's girlfriend
  • Jessi Mechler as Nicole

Production

Development

In May 2002, Linklater said that he would begin shooting an untitled film in his home city of Houston that summer.[11] He planned to assemble the cast and crew for a few weeks' filming annually for 12 years. He said: "I've long wanted to tell the story of a parent–child relationship that follows a boy from the first through the 12th grade and ends with him going off to college. But the dilemma is that kids change so much that it is impossible to cover that much ground. And I am totally ready to adapt the story to whatever he is going through."[11] IFC, the film's distributor, committed to a film budget of US$200,000 per year, or $2.4 million over the 12-year shooting period.[12]

Casting

Linklater hired the six-year-old Coltrane to play the boy.[13][14] The cast could not sign contracts for the film due to the De Havilland Law, which makes it illegal to contract someone for more than seven years of work. Linklater told Hawke that he would have to finish the film if Linklater died.[15][16]

Filming and writing

Ellar Coltrane portrayed the film's protagonist, Mason Jr.
Ellar Coltrane portrayed the film's protagonist, Mason Jr.

Boyhood began filming without a completed script. Linklater had prepared each character's basic plot points, and the ending—including the final shot—but otherwise wrote the script for the next year's filming after rewatching the previous year's footage, incorporating the changes he saw in each actor. All major actors participated in the writing process, contributing their life experiences; for example, Hawke's character is based on his and Linklater's fathers—both Texan insurance agents who divorced and remarried—and Arquette's character is based on her mother, who resumed her education later in life and became a psychotherapist.[16]

Despite the unconventional screenwriting process, Linklater stated that he had a general storyline in mind, and that the actors did not change the general direction of the story:

People think I asked Ellar, "What did you do in school the other day? Let's make a scene about that!" That never happened. The time we spent together was me just gauging where he was at in his life—what his concerns were and what he was doing. Then I would think, maybe we could move the camping trip up, and we can do this or that.[17]

Scripts for certain scenes were sometimes finished the night prior to shooting. According to Hawke, the discussion about the possibility of additional Star Wars films is "the only honest-to-god improvised moment in the movie".[16] The cast and crew gathered once or twice each year, on varying dates, to film for three or four days. The production team spent approximately two months in pre-production, and one month in post-production each year.[18] When Arquette became the lead on the TV series Medium, she filmed her scenes over weekends.[16]

Hawke said in 2013:

It's Tolstoy-esque in scope. I thought Before Sunrise was the most unique thing I would ever be a part of, but Rick has engaged me in something even more strange. Doing a scene with a young boy at the age of seven when he talks about why do raccoons die, and at the age of 12 when he talks about video games, and 17 when he asks me about girls, and have it be the same actor—to watch his voice and body morph—it's a little bit like time-lapse photography of a human being.[19]

Although Linklater had referred to the project as Boyhood during the early years of production,[13] in 2013 he settled on the title 12 Years, but was forced to rename it due to the release of 12 Years a Slave the year prior.[12] In consideration of the possibility that the actors' circumstances or availability might change over the extended period of production, Linklater also had observed that the film potentially could also have been named Motherhood, Fatherhood, etc.[20] Hawke was amazed that the producers "still had their job" at the film's completion, despite "(having) to hide a couple hundred thousand dollars a year for over a decade while we slowly made this movie".[15] Despite the risks, Linklater was allowed an unusual level of freedom with the production, never having to show IFC the work as it progressed.[12]

Costume designer Kari Perkins had to review each year's footage to ensure there were no accidental repetitions and to create a "flow" to the costumes.[21]

When discussing shooting format in an interview, Linklater discussed how insistent he was on shooting 35mm film:

We very intentionally shot in the same way throughout, just to get a unified look. 35mm negative is about the most stable thing you could shoot on. We kinda had that from the beginning. I remember it not even being a question. You know the HD formats, I didn't really like them very much at all. I'm just not warming up to them. But they change a lot. The film would have six different looks if we tried to keep up.[22]

Reception

Box office

Boyhood premiered theatrically on July 11, 2014, in a limited release in four theaters in North America and grossed $387,618, with an average of $77,524 per theater, ranking number 19 at the box office. The film expanded the next week to 34 theaters and grossed $1.2 million, with an average of $34,418 per theater. The film's wide release occurred on August 15, opening in 771 theaters and grossing $2 million, with an average of $2,584 per theater and ranking number 11. The film's widest release in the U.S. was 775 theaters. The film ultimately earned $25.4 million domestically and $32 million internationally for a total of $57.3 million, against a $4 million production budget.[3]

Critical reception

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 97% based on 322 reviews, with an average rating of 9.20/10. The site's critics consensus reads: "Epic in technical scale but breathlessly intimate in narrative scope, Boyhood is a sprawling investigation of the human condition."[23] On Metacritic, the film has a perfect score of 100 out of 100, based on 50 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[24] It is the highest rated of all films reviewed upon their original release on the site,[25] and one of only eight films in the site's history to achieve a perfect aggregate score.[26] It also holds the highest number of reviews for a film with a score of 100[citation needed].

Patricia Arquette won Academy, BAFTA, Critics' Choice, Golden Globe, and SAG awards for her performance in the film.
Patricia Arquette won Academy, BAFTA, Critics' Choice, Golden Globe, and SAG awards for her performance in the film.

A collection of 25 French critiques on AlloCiné, including those from Le Monde and Cahiers du cinéma, indicates wide approval, with an average score of 4.0 out of 5.[27]

In her review for The New York Times, Manohla Dargis stated that the film's realism was "jolting" and "so brilliantly realized and understated that it would be easy to overlook".[28] A. O. Scott, also writing for The New York Times, called Boyhood the best film of 2014, saying that he could not think of any film that had affected him the way Boyhood had in his 15 years as a professional film critic.[29] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone also named Boyhood the best movie of the year, calling it the year's "biggest emotional powerhouse".[30] Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian called it "one of the greatest films of the decade".[31] Richard Roeper gave the film an A+, calling it one of the greatest films he had ever seen.[32] Wai Chee Dimock, writing in the Los Angeles Review of Books, compared Linklater's film with Nobel laureate J. M. Coetzee's memoir, Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life.[33]

Many critics singled out Patricia Arquette and Ethan Hawke's performances for praise. Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle said that watching Arquette was "like watching a generation's hopes and struggles, presented by an actress with a fullness of emotion, and yet with utter matter-of-factness".[34] Michael Phillips, writing for the Chicago Tribune, lauded Arquette's "lack of pretense or affectation as a performer".[35] Dana Stevens of Slate called Hawke's performance "Superb".[36] Indiewire, while ranking Ethan Hawke's best performances, felt that "Ethan swerves away from that easy route and instead digs down deep to create this portrait of a man who’s flawed but committed to growing, or at the very least doing the best he can today and hoping he’ll be able to do so again tomorrow".[37]

Ethan Hawke received his fourth Academy Award nomination for his performance.
Ethan Hawke received his fourth Academy Award nomination for his performance.

Boyhood also earned the admiration of other filmmakers and artists. Director Christopher Nolan named Boyhood as his favorite film of 2014, calling it "extraordinary".[38] Writer-director Mike Leigh, while accepting a fellowship from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 2015, called it "the definitive independent film".[39] Writer Joyce Carol Oates tweeted her support, saying: "It is rare that a film so mimics the rhythms and texture of actual life as Boyhood. Such seeming spontaneity is a very high art."[40] Poet and critic Dan Chiasson wrote in a contribution to The New York Review of Books: "This is a great film, the greatest American movie I have ever seen in a theater. It is great for what we see, but it is even greater for its way of making real what we cannot see, or for suggesting that what we cannot yet see we might one day see."[41] According to Canadian philosopher Howard Adelman, "[Boyhood] is Huckleberry Finn for the twenty-first century, for it is only Mason Jr. who retains his honesty, integrity and sense of decency throughout ... a masterful movie not to be missed."[42] Alejandro González Iñárritu, winner of the Academy Award for Best Director in 2015 and Linklater's fellow nominee, said that when he watched Boyhood, he sent an email to Linklater and thanked him for giving "this incredible gift".[43]

Other critics reacted less positively to the film. Los Angeles Times critic Kenneth Turan described it as "at best, OK" and one whose "animating idea is more interesting than its actual satisfactions".[44] Sam Adams of IndieWire argued that the unanimous praise for Boyhood is bad for film criticism, as it tends to marginalize the analysis of critics who disagree with the majority; Adams further elaborated that masterpieces are not made "by unanimous praise, but by careful scrutiny".[45] Richard Brody of The New Yorker listed the film at the top of a year-end list he called "The Negative Ten", a list of films with "significant merit", but that also "occluded the view toward the year's most accomplished and daringly original work".[46]

Several reviewers questioned the film's underlying racial assumptions. Writing for The Atlantic, Imran Siddiquee noted: “While Linklater and the character of Mason can choose not to see it, dialogue about race is happening all around them and affecting their lives and experiences.” Siddiquee also took issue with the apparent absence of non-white characters, particularly Latinos: “In this tale of a white family living in a state that borders Mexico, isn’t it strange that the only time they’re shown truly interacting with a Spanish-speaking non-white individual is when they are saving them from a life of manual labor?”[47] Teo Bugbee, of The Daily Beast asserted: “As a treatise on the essential vacuity of the white liberal male, Boyhood is a staggering achievement. As a portrait of childhood in America, it is incomplete enough to be irresponsible.”[48] Jaime Woo, of The Daily Dot, took issue with critics who identified the film as a portrait of “normal” Americans, asking: “More than one reviewer noted how impressive it was to capture these “ordinary” Americans: In fact, Salon's Andrew O’Hehir used the word three times in his review. So what does it mean when “ordinary” in 2014 still passes as the white experience? When the questionable treatment of ethnic minorities as props for the white characters nary raises a flag?”[49]

Year-end lists

The international film magazine Sight & Sound named it the best film of 2014 after polling an international group of 112 film critics.[50] Both Metacritic and Rotten Tomatoes listed Boyhood as the best-reviewed film of 2014.[51][52] Village Voice Film Poll voted Boyhood as the best film of the year.

Boyhood appeared on more critics' annual "best-of" lists in 2014 than any other film, including the most first-place votes.[53][54] According to CriticsTop10.com, it was included on 536 lists and topped 189 of them—with the latter being a record by that site's count.[55]

In a 2016 poll by BBC Culture, critics ranked Boyhood as the fifth greatest film since 2000.[100] The film was also named the eighth "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far" in 2017 by The New York Times.[101] In 2019, The Guardian ranked the film 3rd in its 100 best films of the 21st century list.[102] In 2021, the film was ranked at No. 91 on Time Out magazine's list of The 100 best movies of all time.[103]

Home media

Linklater told Hypable in July 2014 that he was planning a DVD/Blu-ray release through The Criterion Collection:[104]

Yeah, we've got a ton of behind the scenes stuff. We made this in the era where everyone has a digital camera so we unearthed an interview from year one with Ellar, Lorelei, Patricia and myself, Patricia interviewed me in 2002. I hadn't seen this since we shot it, Ellar had forgotten quite a bit of it but he got to see himself as a wide-eyed six year old. For people who like the movie, I think there will be a lot of cool little treasures.

On August 21, Variety reported that Paramount Home Media Distribution had acquired the U.S. home entertainment rights for DVD, Blu-ray and digital distribution. IFC Films will retain VOD and EST sales as part of the deal.[105] The film became available on Digital HD on December 9, 2014, and was released on Blu-ray and DVD on January 6, 2015.[106] The Criterion Collection released a special edition of the film on Blu-ray and DVD on October 18, 2016.[107]

Accolades

Boyhood earned dozens of accolades, including top prizes from the New York Film Critics Circle, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association, the Chicago Film Critics Association, the Broadcast Film Critics Association, and the London Film Critics' Circle. It received both the Golden Globe Award and the British Academy Film Award for Best Film. At the 87th Academy Awards, it received its sole Oscar for Supporting Actress, losing the other nominations to Birdman and Whiplash.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ "BOYHOOD (15)". British Board of Film Classification. June 5, 2014. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
  2. ^ "Boyhood (2014)". Box Office Mojo. July 11, 2014. Archived from the original on June 10, 2016. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Boyhood (2014) – Financial Information". The Numbers. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  4. ^ "Richard Linklater's Ambitious 'Boyhood' Premieres at Sundance". Slashfilm.com. January 13, 2014. Archived from the original on May 20, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
  5. ^ Neumyer, Scott (October 25, 2013). "Richard Linklater Talks Before Midnight, Boyhood, and a Possible TV Series". Parade. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  6. ^ "Berlinale 2014: Competition Complete". berlinale. Archived from the original on January 18, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  7. ^ "The Awards Of The 64th Berlin International Film Festival". berlinale. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  8. ^ "Boyhood is ranked 64th". The Greatest Films. Archived from the original on October 17, 2020. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  9. ^ Nelson, Libby (February 26, 2015). "Boyhood is the best movie ever made about why we go to college". Vox. Archived from the original on October 17, 2020. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  10. ^ "Best Movies of All Time". Metacritic. Archived from the original on January 2, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  11. ^ a b Blackburn, Rachel. (May 16, 2002) PA News Shooting begins on film that will take 12 years.
  12. ^ a b c Chang, Justin (June 25, 2014). "Richard Linklater on 'Boyhood,' the 'Before' Trilogy and the Luxury of Time". Variety. Archived from the original on July 1, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  13. ^ a b Carroll, Larry (November 29, 2006). "Got Plans For 2013? Check Out Richard Linklater's '12-Year Movie'". MTV Movies. Archived from the original on March 12, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
  14. ^ Rea, Steven (May 19, 2002). "De Niro reassures a studio about a boy". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Features Arts & Entertainment section, page H9. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  15. ^ a b O'Brien, Conan (host); Hawke, Ethan; Rajskub, Mary Lynn; Scott, Jamie (August 5, 2014). "Full Episode — Tues. 8/5 – Ethan Hawke, Mary Lynn Rajskub, And Musical Guest Jamie Scott". Conan. TBS. Archived from the original on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
  16. ^ a b c d Stern, Marlow (July 10, 2014). "The Making of 'Boyhood': Richard Linklater's 12-Year Journey to Create An American Masterpiece". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on January 4, 2015. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  17. ^ McKittrick, Christopher. ""I want to tell a story in a new way" – Linklater on Boyhood". Creative Screenwriting. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
  18. ^ "Boyhood Q&A". Santa Barbara International Film Festival. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  19. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (June 6, 2013). "Ethan Hawke Says Richard Linklater's Secret, Long Developing 'Boyhood' Will Be Released In 2 Years". Indiewire. The Playlist (blog). Archived from the original on April 26, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  20. ^ "The Making of Boyhood". YouTube. Archived from the original on August 30, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  21. ^ Wooding, Andy (February 23, 2015). "In Conversation: Kari Perkins (Boyhood costume designer)". Film Doctor. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  22. ^ "The Challenges Of A 12-Year Film Shoot, According To "Boyhood" Director Richard Linklater". Co.Create. Archived from the original on April 20, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
  23. ^ "Boyhood (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on May 11, 2019. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  24. ^ "Boyhood Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on March 5, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  25. ^ "Highest Rated Movies of All Time". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on July 19, 2014. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  26. ^ "The Best Movies of All Time". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  27. ^ "Boyhood critiques presse et spectateurs". Allocine. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  28. ^ Manohla Dargis. "Movie Review: Boyhood". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
  29. ^ A.O. Scott. "A.O. Scott's Top 10 Movies 2014". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
  30. ^ "10 Best Movies of 2014". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
  31. ^ Peter Bradshaw. "Boyhood review – one of the great films of the decade | Film". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 16, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  32. ^ "Boyhood | Richard Roeper Reviews". YouTube. Archived from the original on August 9, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  33. ^ Wai Chee Dimock, "A Boyhood Epic" http://lareviewofbooks.org/essay/a-boyhood-epic Archived August 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ "Boyhood review: Linklater changes the game". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  35. ^ "Boyhood review". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on January 11, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  36. ^ Stevens, Dana (July 10, 2014). "Richard Linklater's Boyhood: As Transcendent as It Is Ordinary—Just Like Life". Slate Magazine. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
  37. ^ Ehrlich, David (August 20, 2018). "Ethan Hawke's 13 Best Performances — IndieWire Critics Survey". IndieWire. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
  38. ^ "Christopher Nolan on Interstellar critics". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  39. ^ "Baftas 2015 awards: the Baftas should be bold – not boring". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on February 9, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  40. ^ "Joyce Carol Oates on Twitter". Twitter. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  41. ^ "Making Real What We Cannot See". The New York Review of Books. Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  42. ^ Adelman, Howard (September 16, 2014). "Movie Review: Richard Linklater's Boyhood". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  43. ^ "Alejandro G. Inarritu on Oscar Glory and Why He Wouldn't Have Minded Losing". Variety. Archived from the original on March 31, 2015. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  44. ^ Kenneth Turan. "Kenneth Turan takes a critic's lonely stand on Boyhood". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 17, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
  45. ^ Sam Adams. "Why the unanimous praise for Boyhood is bad for film criticism and for Boyhood". IndieWire. Archived from the original on August 7, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
  46. ^ Richard Brody. "The Best Movies of 2014". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
  47. ^ Siddiquee, Imran. "Not Everyone's Boyhood". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  48. ^ Bugbee, Teo. "Black 'Boyhood' Is Always Black First, Boy Later". The Daily Beast. The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on April 29, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  49. ^ Woo, Jaime. "The one scene in 'Boyhood' no one is talking about". The Daily Dot. The Daily Dot. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  50. ^ S&S Contributors. "The best films of 2014". Sight & Sound. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  51. ^ "Best Movies for 2014". Metacritic. Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
  52. ^ "Top 100 Movies of 2014". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
  53. ^ "Film Critic Top 10 Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on July 10, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  54. ^ "The Top Ten Lists". Movie City News. Archived from the original on January 2, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  55. ^ "Best of 2014". CriticsTop10. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  56. ^ Jeffrey M. Anderson. "2014's best films". San Francisco Examiner. Archived from the original on October 9, 2015. Retrieved September 8, 2015.
  57. ^ Marjorie Baumgarten. "Marjorie Baumgarten's Top 10 List". The Austin Chronicle. Archived from the original on January 4, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  58. ^ Peter Bradshaw. "And the Braddie goes to ..." The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  59. ^ Justin Chang. "Justin Chang's Top 10 Films of 2014". Variety. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  60. ^ Simon Crook. "Boyhood: The 50 Best Films of 2014". Empire. Archived from the original on December 13, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  61. ^ A.A. Dowd. "The 20 Best Movies of 2014". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  62. ^ David Edelstein. "The 11 Best Movies of 2014". New York. Archived from the original on December 9, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  63. ^ Bill Goodykoontz. "Top 10 Movies of 2014". The Arizona Republic. Archived from the original on June 3, 2020. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  64. ^ Stephen Holden. "Stephen Holden's Best Movies 2014". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 13, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  65. ^ Ann Hornaday. "The Best Movies of 2014". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 27, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  66. ^ Peter Howell. "Top 10: Boyhood Leads Peter Howell's Favourite Movies of 2014". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on December 24, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  67. ^ Eric Kohn. "The Best Films of 2014". Indiewire. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  68. ^ Mick LaSalle. "Mick LaSalle's Top Ten". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  69. ^ Bob Mondello. "Favorite Films of 2014: Why Stop at 10?". NPR. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  70. ^ Joe Morgenstern. "The Best Films of 2014: Boyhood and other rare gems". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  71. ^ Andrew O'Hehir. "Andrew O'Hehir's Top 10 Movies of 2014". Salon. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
  72. ^ Michael Phillips. "Best and worst movies of 2014". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  73. ^ Claudia Puig. "Claudia Puig's movie of the year". USA Today. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  74. ^ Richard Roeper. "Best of 2014: The ten movies that moved me". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  75. ^ Joshua Rothkopf. "The 20 best movies of 2014". Time Out New York. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  76. ^ A.O. Scott. "A.O. Scott's Top 10 Movies 2014". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 13, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  77. ^ Betsy Sharkey. "Betsy Sharkey's best films of 2014". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  78. ^ Sight & Sound contributors. "The best films of 2014". BFI. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  79. ^ Peter Travers. "10 Best Movies Of 2014". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
  80. ^ Tom Brook. "Talking Movies' top 10 films of 2014". BBC News. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  81. ^ Robbie Collin. "The five best films of 2014". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  82. ^ Seth Malvín Romero. "A.V. Wire's Top 10 Films of 2014". A.V. Wire. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  83. ^ Richard Corliss. "Top 10 Best Movies". Time. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  84. ^ Chris Nashawaty. "10 Best Movies of 2014". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  85. ^ Kyle Smith. "The Post's critics' top 10 movies of 2014". New York Post. Archived from the original on December 7, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  86. ^ Mark Kermode (December 30, 2014). "My Top Ten Films of 2014 – Part 2". BBC. Archived from the original on January 14, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  87. ^ Rex Reed. "The Best Films of 2014". The New York Observer. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  88. ^ "Top 10 movies of the year". The Sydney Morning Herald. December 2014. Archived from the original on February 14, 2016. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  89. ^ James Berardinelli. "The 2014 Top 10". Reelviews. Archived from the original on January 2, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  90. ^ Richard Lawson. "Best movies of 2014". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  91. ^ Todd McCarthy. "Todd McCarthy's 10 Best Films of 2014". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  92. ^ Christopher Orr. "The Best Movies of 2014". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  93. ^ Peter Rainer. "The 10 best movies of 2014". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  94. ^ Lou Lumenick. "The Post's critics' top 10 movies of 2014". New York Post. Archived from the original on December 7, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  95. ^ The Editors (December 18, 2014). "The Individual Top Tens of 2014". RogerEbert.com. Ebert Digital LLC. Archived from the original on May 19, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
  96. ^ Manohla Dargis. "Manohla Dargis's Best Movies of 2014". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 14, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  97. ^ David Denby. "The 10 Best Movies of 2014". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on December 14, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  98. ^ Steven Rea. "Steven Rea's 10 Best Films of 2014". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on December 21, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  99. ^ Dana Stevens. "The top 10 movies of 2014". Slate. Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  100. ^ "The 21st century's 100 greatest films". BBC. August 23, 2016. Archived from the original on August 23, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  101. ^ Dargis, Manohla; Scott, A.O. "The 25 Best Films of the 21st Century ... So Far". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 8, 2017. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  102. ^ "The 100 best films of the 21st century". The Guardian. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  103. ^ "The 100 best movies of all time". April 8, 2021.
  104. ^ "'Boyhood' director Richard Linklater talks about the star's unwavering 12-year commitment". Hypable. July 18, 2014. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  105. ^ "'Boyhood' to Grow Old with Paramount on Home Entertainment Platforms". Variety. August 21, 2014. Archived from the original on August 22, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  106. ^ "Exclusive: 'Boyhood' heads to DVD in January". October 10, 2014. Archived from the original on September 6, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  107. ^ "Boyhood (2014) – The Criterion Collection". July 15, 2016. Archived from the original on August 8, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 25 November 2021, at 21:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.