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Chicago Daily Journal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chicago Daily Journal
Chicago Daily Journal February 12 1909.png
Front page for February 12, 1909
Formatbroadsheet
FoundedApril 22, 1844
Political alignmentWhig (-1850s), Republican (1850s-1904); Democratic (1904-)
Ceased publicationAugust 21, 1929
HeadquartersChicago
Circulation125,000 (1925 estimate)
OCLC number12352717 

The Chicago Daily Journal (Chicago Evening Journal from 1861-1896) was a Chicago newspaper that published from 1844 to 1929.[1]

Journalism

Originally a Whig paper, by the late 1850s it firmly became a Republican paper, and a strong supporter of Abraham Lincoln. Editor Charles L. Wilson made the motion to nominate Lincoln as the Republican candidate for U.S. Senate for Illinois in 1858. And Wilson (with others) helped Lincoln draft his challenge to Stephen A. Douglas to conduct the Lincoln–Douglas debates.[2][3][4]

In later years, after a 1904 sale, it became a Democratic paper.

The Journal was the first newspaper to publish the story (now believed false) that a cow owned by Catherine O'Leary was responsible for the Chicago fire in 1871.

In 1875, reporter Newton S. Grimwood died as the sole passenger in a balloon flight with noted balloonist Washington Harrison Donaldson.[5]

When screenwriter Ben Hecht was a young reporter for the paper in the 1910s, he dug a trench in Lincoln Park for a photograph to support a hoax story that the city had suffered a great earthquake.[6]

The Library of Congress identifies the official titles of the paper over its lifetime as: Chicago Daily Journal (1844-1853); Daily Chicago Journal (1853-1855); Chicago Daily Journal (1855-1861); Chicago Evening Journal (1861-1896); Chicago Journal (1896-1904); Chicago Daily Journal (1904-1929).

History

Circulation figures for Chicago newspapers appearing in Editor & Publisher in 1919.  The Journal's circulation of 116,807 ranked 5th among daily papers, substantially behind the Chicago Tribune (424,026), Chicago Daily News (386,498), Chicago American (330,216), and Chicago Herald-Examiner (289,094).
Circulation figures for Chicago newspapers appearing in Editor & Publisher in 1919. The Journal's circulation of 116,807 ranked 5th among daily papers, substantially behind the Chicago Tribune (424,026), Chicago Daily News (386,498), Chicago American (330,216), and Chicago Herald-Examiner (289,094).

In April 1844, a group of men bought the two-year old Chicago Express. A few days later, publishing out of the former office of the Express, the Journal was first published, three years prior to the start of the Chicago Tribune.[7][2]

Richard L. Wilson acquired the paper from its founding group after the 1844 election. He served as editor, with a break when President Taylor appointed him postmaster of Chicago in 1849. When Wilson died in 1856, his brother Charles L. Wilson became sole owner.[2] When Lincoln appointed this Wilson to a diplomatic post in London in 1861, brother John L. Wilson managed the paper alone until Charles returned in 1864. Charles L. Wilson died in 1878,[8] and Andrew Shuman (Lieutenant Governor of Illinois from 1877-1881) then became editor in chief.[2] Shuman was associated with the paper for 33 years, starting as an assistant editor in 1856, and retiring as editor in 1888. George Martin and Slason Thompson succeeded as editors in the late 1880s and into the mid-1890s.[2][9][10]

James E. Scripps and his son-in-law George Gough Booth acquired the paper in 1895. George's brother Ralph also later acquired an interest, and became editor and publisher in 1900.[11][12]

John C. Eastman, who had run Hearst's Chicago operations, bought the paper from the Booths in 1904.[13][14][15][16] From 1904-06, the paper claimed it increased its daily circulation from 34,800 to 85,000.[17] He left the paper to five of his employees upon his death in 1925, when it had a claimed circulation of about 125,000. Samuel Emory Thomason, a prior general manager of the Tribune, along with John Stewart Bryan of The Richmond News Leader, bought the paper in 1928 for $2,000,000.[1][18] Richard J. Finnegan became managing editor of the paper in 1916.[19]

Demise and legacy

The Chicago Daily News purchased the name and circulation of the Journal in 1929, announced on August 2,[20] which printed its last issue on August 21, 1929.[21][7][22][23] But Thomason retained the Journal building and resources, and quickly launched the tabloid Daily Illustrated Times (with Finnegan continuing as managing editor).[24][25] That paper (simply known as the Daily Times after 1935) was merged into the Chicago Sun in 1948 to become the Chicago Sun-Times.[7] By way of that descent, the Sun-Times lays a claim to the 1844 lineage of the Journal.

Other Journals

Subsequent Chicago publications have also used the Chicago Journal name, though without any direct relationship to the prior paper. A weekly community paper went by the name from 1977 to 1984. And another weekly Chicago Journal lasted in a print edition from 2000 to 2012.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b (11 June 1928). The Press: Chicago Journal, Time
  2. ^ a b c d e Blanchard, Rufus. Discovery and Conquests of the Northwest with the History of Chicago, Vol. II, pp. 248-52 (1900)
  3. ^ White, Horace. The Lincoln and Douglas Debates, p. 17 (1914)
  4. ^ (12 February 1909). Charles L. Wilson of The Chicago Journal Was Active in Senatorial Campaign Against Douglas; Arranged Debtes, Chicago Daily Journal
  5. ^ Currey, J. Seymour. Chicago: Its History and Its Bulders, Vol. II, p. 289 (1918)
  6. ^ Petersen, Clarence (19 March 1995). The Man Who Tasted Shapes, Chicago Tribune
  7. ^ a b c d Studenkov, Ivan (12 December 2012). As paper shutters, a look back at the legacy of Chicago Journal, Chicago Journal
  8. ^ (13 March 1878). Hon. Charles L. Wilson (obituary), The New York Times
  9. ^ (19 January 1889). Compelled to Lay Down His Pen, The New York Times
  10. ^ Abbot, Willis J. Chicago Newspapers and Their Makers, pp. 660-61 (June 1895)
  11. ^ (9 April 1904). Chicago Paper in New Hands, The Fourth Estate
  12. ^ (26 January 1948). The Booth Lived Surrounded By Art, Life
  13. ^ (5 April 1904). Eastman is Said to Have Deserted W. R. Hearst, Indianapolis Journal
  14. ^ (5 April 1904). THE CHICAGO JOURNAL SOLD.; Oldest Daily in Illinois Purchased by John C. Eastman, The New York Times
  15. ^ Chicago Journal Changes Hands, Mahin's Magazine, p. 164 (May 1904)
  16. ^ (26 January 1925). Noted Chicago Editor and Newspaper Owner Dies Suddenly, Medina Daily Journal
  17. ^ Chico Daily Journal (ad), Edward P. Remington's Annual Newspaper Directory, p. 44 (1906)
  18. ^ (1 June 1928). Oldest Chicago Daily Sold, Brooklyn Daily Eagle
  19. ^ (24 July 1919). Newspaper Makers at Work, Editor & Publisher
  20. ^ Associated Press, “Two Chicago Papers Form Consolidation,” The San Bernardino Daily Sun, San Bernardino, California, Saturday 3 August 1929, Volume 64, Number 156, page 2.
  21. ^ (21 August 1929). Chicago Oldest Paper absorded; Its Last Issue Today, Cattaraugus Republican (Associated Press story)
  22. ^ (2 August 1929). Journal Joins Chicago News, Canton Daily News
  23. ^ (12 August 1929). The Press. Journal to News, Time
  24. ^ (21 March 1944). Veteran Newsman Dies in Florida, Wilson Daily Times
  25. ^ INVENTORY OF THE FIELD ENTERPRISES RECORDS, 1858-2007, BULK 1950-1975, The Newberry, Retrieved 26 November 2018
This page was last edited on 14 May 2020, at 19:02
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