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L'Amore (film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Film poster
Directed byRoberto Rossellini
Written by
Based on
Produced byRoberto Rossellini
Edited byEraldo Da Roma
Music byRenzo Rossellini
Tevere Film
Distributed by
Release dates
  • 21 August 1948 (1948-08-21) (Italy)[1]
  • December 1950 (1950-12) (US)[2]
Running time
78 minutes

L'Amore ('Love') is a 1948 Italian drama anthology film directed by Roberto Rossellini starring Anna Magnani and Federico Fellini.[1][3] It consists of two parts, The Human Voice (Una voce umana), based on Jean Cocteau's 1929 play of the same title, and The Miracle (Il miracolo), based on Ramón del Valle-Inclán's 1904 novel Flor de santidad.[1][4] The second part was banned in the United States until it was cleared in 1952 by the Supreme Court's decision upholding the right to freedom of speech.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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Episode one: The Human Voice

An unnamed woman, desperate and alone in her apartment, is having one last conversation with her former lover over the telephone. He asks her to return their letters to him. During their conversation, which is repeatedly interrupted, it is revealed that the man left her for another woman, and that she has just attempted suicide out of grief. As a last favour, she begs him not to take her successor to the same hotel in Marseilles where she and he had once stayed.

Episode two: The Miracle

Nannina, a simple-minded and obsessively religious woman, tends goats at the Amalfi coast. When a handsome bearded wanderer passes, she takes him to be Saint Joseph. Offering his flask of wine, he gets her drunk and she falls asleep. When she awakens, he is gone and she is convinced that his appearance was a miracle. A few months later, when she faints in an orchard, the women who help her discover that she is pregnant. Nannina believes this is another miracle, but to the townspeople she becomes a figure of ridicule, so she flees into the mountains. A single goat leads her to an empty church, where she gives birth to her child.


  • Anna Magnani – The woman/Nannina
  • Federico Fellini – The wanderer

Production and release

While Rossellini was preparing his next film, Germany, Year Zero, Anna Magnani suggested to the director to adapt Cocteau's play The Human Voice which she had already performed on stage in 1942.[2] Rossellini agreed and, because he and Magnani were staying in Paris at the time, filmed the first episode in a studio in Paris with a French crew.[2] In order to enable the short film a regular release, Rossellini had Federico Fellini script a second piece for Magnani, based on Valle-Inclán's novel Flor de santidad,[2] which Rossellini turned into a screenplay with Tullio Pinelli.[1]

L'Amore premiered at the Venice Film Festival on 21 August 1948 and was released in cinemas in Rome on 2 November the same year.[1] Reactions to the film were mostly negative; even French critic André Bazin, usually supportive of Rossellini's work, accused the first episode of "cinematic laziness".[2]

US censorship lawsuit

For the 1950 New York premiere, The Miracle was removed from L'amore and placed in a three-part anthology film called The Ways of Love with two other short films, Jean Renoir's A Day in the Country (1936) and Marcel Pagnol's Jofroi (1933).[3] While Rossellini's film had passed Italian censors without complaints, its New York screening was condemned by the National Legion of Decency and Catholic authorities for blasphemy.[2] As a result, the city authorities revoked the license for the film's screening.[2] Distributor Joseph Burstyn appealed the revocation in a lawsuit "Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson", which was finally heard at the U.S. Supreme Court.[2] In its May 1952 decision, the Court upheld Burstyn's appeal, declaring that the film was a form of artistic expression protected by the freedom of speech guarantee in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.[5][6]



  1. ^ a b c d e Forgacs, David; Nowell-Smith, Geoffrey; Lutton, Sarah, eds. (2000). Roberto Rossellini: Magician of the Real. British Film Institute. ISBN 9780851707952.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Moliterno, Gino (July 2009). "L'amore". Senses of Cinema. No. 51. Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  3. ^ a b Hal Erickson (2016). "Amore (1948)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016.
  4. ^ Draper, James P. (1992). World Literature Criticism 1500 to the Present Volume 2: Cervantes-Garcia Lorca. Gale Research. p. 722. ISBN 9780810383630.
  5. ^ Text of Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson, 343 U.S. 495 (1952) is available from: Findlaw 
  6. ^ "THE "MIRACLE" DECISION". The New York Times. 28 May 1952. Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  7. ^ Masi, Stefano; Lancia, Enrico (1987). I film di Roberto Rossellini. Gremese. p. 37. ISBN 9788876052811.
  8. ^ "New York Film Critics Circle – Awards". New York Film Critics Circle. Retrieved 15 January 2023.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 September 2023, at 18:19
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