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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 1230s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1230, and ended on December 31, 1239.

Events

1230

By area

Africa
Asia
Europe

By topic

Arts

1231

By area

Asia
  • April 9 – After a bizarre weather phenomena of yellowish clouds and dust chokes the air around Hangzhou, Song Dynasty, China, obscuring the sky and sun, a fire breaks out at night in the southeast of the city, which continues into the next day. Fighting the flames is difficult due to limited visibility. When the fires are extinguished, it is discovered that an entire district of some 10,000 houses in the southeast of the city were consumed by the flames.
  • Mongol troops cross the Yalu River into Korea, then under the Goryeo Kingdom.
Europe

By topic

Religion

1232

By area

Africa
  • The Almohad army besieges Ceuta, where Abu Musa, the rebellious brother of the caliph, has received shelter and the support of the population. The Genoese rent a part of their fleet to the rebels, who successfully resist the forces of the caliph.[6] The consequences of this revolt are threefold: the city becomes de facto independent from the Almohads, but its reliance on the Italian maritime powers increases, and the trans-Saharan trade routes begin to shift eastward, due to the local turmoil.
Asia
Europe

By topic

Markets
Religion

1233

By area

Asia
Europe

By topic

Religion

1234

By area

Africa
Asia
Europe

By topic

1235

1236

By area

Africa
Asia
Europe

By topic

Arts
Markets
  • A drought causes the harvest to fail, and leads to one of the great famines of the century in Europe.

Religion

1237

1238

By place

Europe
Asia

1239

Significant people

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.
  2. ^ a b c d Peter Linehan (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–673. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.
  3. ^ a b Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  4. ^ Carmina Burana. Die Lieder der Benediktbeurer Handschrift. Zweisprachige Ausgabe, hg. u. übers. v. Carl Fischer und Hugo Kuhn, dtv, München 1991; wenn man dagegen z. B. CB 211 und 211a jeweils als zwei Lieder zählt, kommt man auf insgesamt 315 Texte in der Sammlung, so auch Dieter Schaller, Carmina Burana, in: Lexikon des Mittelalters, Bd. 2, Artemis Verlag, München und Zürich 1983, Sp. 1513
  5. ^ Rashdall, Hastings (1895). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Clarendon Press. p. 85. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  6. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  7. ^ Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-9-00417565-5.
  8. ^ Dal-Gal, Niccolò (1907). "St. Anthony of Padua". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2011-06-13.
  9. ^ Lourie, Elena (2004). Jews, Muslims, and Christians in and around the Crown of Aragon: essays in honour of Professor Elena Lourie. Brill. p. 270. ISBN 90-04-12951-0.
  10. ^ Bartlett, Robert (1995). "The Celtic Lands of the British Isles". In Abulafia, David (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History:. Volume 5: c.1198 - c.1300. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 818. ISBN 9780521362894.
  11. ^ Brown, Daniel (2016). Hugh de Lacy, First Earl of Ulster: Rising and Falling in Angevin Ireland. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell & Brewer. pp. 188–190. ISBN 9781783271344.
  12. ^ Lea, Henry Charles (2005). A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages. Volume II. New York: Cosimo, Inc. pp. 115–116. ISBN 9781596056206.
  13. ^ Limborch, Philippus van (1731). The History of the Inquisition. Volume I. London: J. Gray. p. 81.
  14. ^ Tricht, Filip Van (2018). The Horoscope of Emperor Baldwin II: Political and Sociocultural Dynamics in Latin-Byzantine Constantinople. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 62. ISBN 9789004383180.
  15. ^ Lower, Michael (2013). The Barons' Crusade: A Call to Arms and Its Consequences. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 58–59. ISBN 9780812202670.
  16. ^ Cazelles, Brigitte (1991). The Lady as Saint: A Collection of French Hagiographic Romances of the Thirteenth Century. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 151. ISBN 9780812213805.
  17. ^ Manor), Exeter Symposium (2004 : Charney (2004). The Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium VII : Papers Read at Charney Manor, July 2004. Woodbridge, UK and Rochester, NY: DS Brewer. p. 101. ISBN 9781843840077.
  18. ^ Lockard, Craig (2007). Societies, Networks, and Transitions: A Global History. Volume I: To 1500. Boston and New York: Cengage Learning. p. 307. ISBN 9780618386123.
  19. ^ Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History. Volume II: From 1600. Boston and New York: Cengage Learning. p. 139. ISBN 9781111808143.
  20. ^ Breverton, Terry (2014). Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Tudors but Were Afraid to Ask. Stroud, UK: Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781445638454.
  21. ^ Howorth, Billy F. K. (2018). Lancaster in 50 Buildings. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 9781445676630.
  22. ^ Jaques, Tony (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: P-Z. Volume 3: P - Z. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1143. ISBN 9780313335396.
  23. ^ Hey, David. Medieval South Yorkshire.
  24. ^ Coss, Peter R.; Coss, P. R.; Lloyd, Simon D. (1988). Thirteenth Century England II: Proceedings of the Newcastle Upon Tyne Conference 1987. Boydell & Brewer. p. 83. ISBN 9780851155135.
  25. ^ de Epalza, Miguel (1999). Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror. Brill. p. 96. ISBN 90-04-11244-8.
This page was last edited on 27 December 2018, at 21:01
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