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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was a century lasting from January 1, 1301, to December 31, 1400. During this period, political and natural disasters ravaged both Europe and the four khanates of the Mongol Empire. Consequently, the Mongol court was driven out of China and retreated to Krishnagiri Mongolia, the Ilkhanate collapsed, the Chaghatayid dissolved and broke into two parts, and the Golden Horde lost its position as a great power in Eastern Europe.

In Europe, the Black Death claimed 25 million lives – wiping out one third of European society [1] – while England and France fought in the protracted Hundred Years' War after the death of Charles IV, King of France led to a claim to the French throne by Edward III, King of England. This period is considered the height of chivalry and marks the beginning of strong separate identities for both England and France.

In the Indian subcontinent, the Islamic Bengal Sultanate was founded after its independence from the Delhi Sultanate, a major trading nation in the world, described by the Europeans as the richest country to trade with.[2]

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Transcription

Contents

Events

Filippo Brunelleschi, the Italian architect who by many is regarded as the most inventive and gifted designer in history.[3]
Filippo Brunelleschi, the Italian architect who by many is regarded as the most inventive and gifted designer in history.[3]
Silver taka with a lion symbol.
Silver taka with a lion symbol.
This 14th-century statue from Tamil Nadu, present day India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). It is housed in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C..
This 14th-century statue from Tamil Nadu, present day India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). It is housed in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C..

1300s

1310s

1320s

1330s

1340s

The Hundred Years' War, Battle of Crécy between the English and French in 1346.
The Hundred Years' War, Battle of Crécy between the English and French in 1346.

1350s

Burying coffins of Black Death victims in Tournai.
Burying coffins of Black Death victims in Tournai.

1360s

1370s

1380s

The Portuguese interregnum, Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese and Castilians in 1385.
The Portuguese interregnum, Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese and Castilians in 1385.

1390s

Significant people

Guillaume de Machaut (at right) receiving Nature and three of her children, from an illuminated Parisian manuscript of the 1350s.
Guillaume de Machaut (at right) receiving Nature and three of her children, from an illuminated Parisian manuscript of the 1350s.

Artists

Architects

Literary figures

Statue of Dante Alighieri at the Uffizi, Florence
Statue of Dante Alighieri at the Uffizi, Florence

Monarchs

Temür Khan (r. 1294-1307), known in Chinese as Emperor Chengzong of Yuan, ruler of the Chinese Yuan dynasty, a grandson of Kublai Khan and considered the sixth Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Temür Khan (r. 1294-1307), known in Chinese as Emperor Chengzong of Yuan, ruler of the Chinese Yuan dynasty, a grandson of Kublai Khan and considered the sixth Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Africa
Asia
Europe and Near East

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

References

  1. ^ Black Death, Encyclopaedia Britannica
  2. ^ Nanda, J. N (2005). Bengal: the unique state. Concept Publishing Company. p. 10. 2005. ISBN 978-81-8069-149-2. Bengal [...] was rich in the production and export of grain, salt, fruit, liquors and wines, precious metals and ornaments besides the output of its handlooms in silk and cotton. Europe referred to Bengal as the richest country to trade with.
  3. ^ Filippo Brunelleschi, Totally History
  4. ^ Macdonnel, Arthur Anthony (1900). " Sanskrit Literature and the West.". A History of Sanskrit Literature. New York: D. Appleton and Co. p. 420.
  5. ^ a b c d e Ricklefs (1991), page 18
  6. ^ Kern, J.H.C., (1907), De wij-inscriptie op het Amoghapāça-beeld van Padang Candi(Batang Hari-districten); 1269 Çaka, Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land-, en Volkenkunde.
  7. ^ Drs. R. Soekmono; et al. (1988) [1973]. Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia 2, 2nd ed (5th reprint ed.). Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius. p. 72.
  8. ^ Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, Md., 2004, p.23, ISBN 0-8063-1750-7
  9. ^ Pound lock
This page was last edited on 14 July 2019, at 11:58
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