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Principality of Pereyaslavl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Principality of Pereyaslavl
Переяславське князівство (Ukrainian)
988–1239/1323
Map of the Kievan Rus' with the Principality of Pereyaslavl in purple
Map of the Kievan Rus' with the Principality of Pereyaslavl in purple
StatusPrincipality of Kievan Rus'
CapitalPereyaslavl
Common languagesOfficial language:
Old East Slavic
Religion
Official religion:
Orthodox
Governmentmonarchy
Prince of Pereyaslavl 
• 988–1010
Yaroslav I the Wise (first)
• 1206–1239
Vladimir IV Rurikovich (last)
History 
• Established
988
• Disestablished
1239/1323
CurrencyGrivna
Today part of
Principalities of Kievan Rus' (1054-1132)
Principalities of Kievan Rus' (1054-1132)

The Principality of Pereyaslavl (Ukrainian: Переяславське князівство) was a regional principality of Kievan Rus' from the end of 9th century until 1323, based in the city of Pereyaslavl (now Pereiaslav) on the Trubizh River.[1]

Siting

The Principality of Pereyaslavl was usually administrated by younger sons of the Grand Prince of Kiev. It stretched over the extensive territory from the left banks of the middle Dnieper river on the west to its eastern frontier that laid not far west from the Seversky Donets, where the legendary Cuman city of Sharuk(h)an was presumably situated.

History

The Primary Chronicle dates the foundation of the city of Pereyaslavl' to 992; the archaeological evidence suggests it was founded not long after this date.[2] In its early days Pereyaslavl' was one of the important cities in Kievan Rus' behind the Principality of Chernigov and Kiev. The city was located at a ford where Vladimir the Great fought a battle against the nomad Pechenegs.[3]

The principality can be traced as a semi-independent dominion from the inheritance of the sons of Yaroslav the Wise, with Svyatoslav receiving Chernigov, Vsevolod getting Pereyaslavl, Smolensk going to Vyacheslav, and Vladimir-in-Volhynia going to Igor.[4] The Primary Chronicle records that in 988 Vladimir assigned the northern lands (later associated with Pereyaslavl) to Yaroslav.[5]

Pereyaslavl was destroyed by the Mongols in March 1239.[6]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 4.
  2. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence, p. 107.
  3. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence, p. 173.
  4. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 26.
  5. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 38.
  6. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 139.

References

  • Franklin, Simon; Shepard, Jonathan (1996), The Emergence of Rus, 750-1200, Longman History of Russia, London & New York: Longman, ISBN 0-582-49091-X
  • Martin, Janet (1995), Medieval Russia, 970-1584, Cambridge Medieval Textbooks, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-36832-4
  • Liaskoronskyi, Vasyl (1897), Istoriya Pereyaslavskoy zemly s drevneyshykh vremen, Kyiv: Тип. И. И. Чоколова
  • Kuchera, Mykhailo (1975), Drevnerusskye knyazhestva X-XIII st. / Pereyaslavskoe knyazhestvo (118—143), Moscow: Наука

External links

This page was last edited on 29 July 2021, at 11:44
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