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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1213 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1213
MCCXIII
Ab urbe condita1966
Armenian calendar662
ԹՎ ՈԿԲ
Assyrian calendar5963
Balinese saka calendar1134–1135
Bengali calendar620
Berber calendar2163
English Regnal year14 Joh. 1 – 15 Joh. 1
Buddhist calendar1757
Burmese calendar575
Byzantine calendar6721–6722
Chinese calendar壬申(Water Monkey)
3909 or 3849
    — to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3910 or 3850
Coptic calendar929–930
Discordian calendar2379
Ethiopian calendar1205–1206
Hebrew calendar4973–4974
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1269–1270
 - Shaka Samvat1134–1135
 - Kali Yuga4313–4314
Holocene calendar11213
Igbo calendar213–214
Iranian calendar591–592
Islamic calendar609–610
Japanese calendarKenryaku 3 / Kenpō 1
(建保元年)
Javanese calendar1121–1122
Julian calendar1213
MCCXIII
Korean calendar3546
Minguo calendar699 before ROC
民前699年
Nanakshahi calendar−255
Thai solar calendar1755–1756
Tibetan calendar阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
1339 or 958 or 186
    — to —
阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1340 or 959 or 187

Year 1213 (MCCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Transcription

Contents

Events

Births

Deaths

References

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  2. ^ Moore, John Clare (2003). Pope Innocent 3rd 1160/61-1216: To Root Up and to Plant. The Medieval Mediterranean. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. pp. 212–214. ISBN 9789004129252.
  3. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. (2009). A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East. Volume I: ca. 3000 BCE - 1499 CE. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver, CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 269. ISBN 9781851096725.
  4. ^ Poole, Austin Lane (1993). From Domesday Book to Magna Carta, 1087-1216. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 459–461. ISBN 9780192852878.
  5. ^ de Puylaurens, Guillaume (2003). The Chronicle of William of Puylaurens: The Albigensian Crusade and Its Aftermath. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. pp. 45–47. ISBN 9780851159256.
  6. ^ Brooks, Constantina E. (June–November 1872). "The Battle of Muret, A.D. 1213". Harper's New Monthly Magazine. XLV: 449.
  7. ^ Bennett, Matthew (1998). The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient & Medieval Warfare. Chicago, London: Taylor & Francis. p. 73. ISBN 9781579581169.
  8. ^ McNab, Chris (2017). Famous Battles of the Medieval Period. New York: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC. p. 47. ISBN 9781502632470.
  9. ^ Mylod, E. J.; Perry, Guy; Smith, Thomas W.; Vandeburie, Jan (2016). The Fifth Crusade in Context: The Crusading Movement in the Early Thirteenth Century. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781317160175.
  10. ^ Tyerman, Christopher (2006). God's War: A New History of the Crusades. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 612–613. ISBN 9780674023871.
  11. ^ Bird, Jessalynn; Peters, Edward; Powell, James M. (2013). Crusade and Christendom: Annotated Documents in Translation from Innocent III to the Fall of Acre, 1187-1291. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 106–112. ISBN 9780812207651.
  12. ^ Campbell, James; Bill, Nicholas; Draper, Karey; Fleming, Patrick; Pan, Yiting; Andrews, Wendy (2015). "Old Ennisnag Bridge (by D. O'Dwyer and R. Cox)". Proceedings of the First Conference of the Construction History Society. Exeter, UK: Short Run Press. p. 307. ISBN 9780992875107.
  13. ^ "Kilkenny Castle". www.kilkenny.ie. September 29, 2007. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  14. ^ Commire, Anne (1999). Women in World History. Volume I. Waterford, CT: Gale. p. 77. ISBN 9780787640613.
  15. ^ Clark, Matthew (2017). "Religious Sects, Syncretism, and Claims of Antiquity: The Dashanami–Sannyasis and South Asian Sufis'. In Literary, Religious and Political Cultures in Medieval and Early Modern India". In Aquil, Raziuddin; Curley, David L. (eds.). Literary and Religious Practices in Medieval and Early Modern India. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 87. ISBN 9781351987325.
  16. ^ Dabashi, Hamid (2012). The World of Persian Literary Humanism. Harvard University Press. pp. Cambridge, MA and London. ISBN 9780674067592.
  17. ^ Cook, Bernard A. (2006). Women and War: A Historical Encyclopedia from Antiquity to the Present. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver, CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 579. ISBN 9781851097708.
  18. ^ Schmermund, Elizabeth (2017). Women Warriors. New York: Enslow Publishing, LLC. pp. 39–43. ISBN 9780766081529.
  19. ^ Baldwin, John W. (1991) [1986]. The Government of Philip Augustus: Foundations of French Royal Power in the Middle Ages. Berkeley, Los Angeles, Oxford: University of California Press. p. 199. ISBN 9780520911116.
  20. ^ Everard, Judith; Jones, Michael C. E. (1999). The Charters of Duchess Constance of Brittany and Her Family, 1171-1221. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell & Brewer. p. 141. ISBN 9780851157511.
  21. ^ Woodward, Bernard Bolingbroke; Cates, William Leist Readwin (1872). Encyclopaedia of Chronology: Historical and Biographical. London: Lee and Shepard. p. 227.
  22. ^ Martin, Therese (2012). Reassessing the Roles of Women as 'Makers' of Medieval Art and Architecture (2 Vol. Set). Visualizing the Middle Ages. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 352. ISBN 9789004185555.
  23. ^ de Puylaurens, Guillaume (2003). The Chronicle of William of Puylaurens: The Albigensian Crusade and Its Aftermath. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. p. 30. ISBN 9780851159256.
  24. ^ Jenkins, Ernest E. (2012). The Mediterranean World of Alfonso II and Peter II of Aragon (1162–1213). The New Middle Ages. New York: Springer. p. 2. ISBN 9781137078261.
  25. ^ Sarfaty, David E. (2010). Buy Columbus Re-discovered: Why the King of Aragon Suppressed the Discoverer's Identity and How He Did. Pittsburgh, PA: Dorrance Publishing. p. 160. ISBN 9781434997500.
  26. ^ Berend, Nora (2017). The Expansion of Central Europe in the Middle Ages. The Expansion of Latin Europe, 1000 - 1500. New York and London: Routledge. ISBN 9781351890083.
  27. ^ Bork, Robert; Clark, William W.; McGehee, Abby (2016). New Approaches to Medieval Architecture. New York and London: Routledge. ISBN 9781351915137.
  28. ^ Loud, Graham A.; Schenk, Jochen (2017). The Origins of the German Principalities, 1100-1350: Essays by German Historians. New York and London: Taylor & Francis. pp. xxiii. ISBN 9781317022008.
  29. ^ Jeep, John M. (2001). Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia. New York and London: Psychology Press. p. 467. ISBN 9780824076443.
  30. ^ Weis, Frederick Lewis (1992). Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who Came to America Before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 213. ISBN 9780806313672.
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  32. ^ Dahan-Dalmédico, Amy; Peiffer, Jeanne (2010) [1986]. History of Mathematics: Highways and Byways. Washington, D.C.: Mathematical Association of America. p. 97. ISBN 9780883855621.
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This page was last edited on 14 October 2019, at 12:24
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