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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tom Udall
Thomas Stewart Udall, Ambassador to New Zealand.jpg
United States Ambassador to Samoa
Assumed office
February 17, 2022
PresidentJoe Biden
Preceded byScott Brown
United States Ambassador to New Zealand
Assumed office
December 2, 2021
PresidentJoe Biden
Preceded byScott Brown
United States Senator
from New Mexico
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2021
Preceded byPete Domenici
Succeeded byBen Ray Luján
Vice Chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee
In office
January 3, 2017 – January 3, 2021
Preceded byJon Tester
Succeeded byLisa Murkowski
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Mexico's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2009
Preceded byWilliam T. Redmond
Succeeded byBen Ray Luján
28th Attorney General of New Mexico
In office
January 1, 1991 – January 1, 1999
GovernorBruce King
Gary Johnson
Preceded byHal Stratton
Succeeded byPatricia A. Madrid
Personal details
Born
Thomas Stewart Udall

(1948-05-18) May 18, 1948 (age 74)
Tucson, Arizona, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Jill Cooper
Children1
EducationPrescott College (BA)
Downing College, Cambridge (LLB)
University of New Mexico (JD)
Signature

Thomas Stewart Udall (/ˈjdɔːl/ YOO-dawl; born May 18, 1948) is an American diplomat, lawyer and politician serving as the United States Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa since 2021. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a United States senator from New Mexico from 2009 to 2021. Udall also served as the U.S. representative for New Mexico's 3rd congressional district from 1999 to 2009 and New Mexico Attorney General from 1991 to 1999. Born in Tucson, Arizona, he is the son of former U.S. Representative Stewart Udall and the nephew of former U.S. Representative Mo Udall. A member of the Udall family, a western American political family, his relatives include Colorado's Mark Udall and Utah's Mike Lee. He was the dean of New Mexico's congressional delegation. Udall was first elected in the 2008 Senate race. He did not seek a third term in 2020, making him the only Democratic senator to retire that cycle. On July 16, 2021, President Joe Biden nominated Udall to serve as United States Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa.[1]

Early life, education and law career

Udall was born in Tucson, Arizona, to Ermalee Lenora (née Webb) and Stewart Udall, the Secretary of the Interior from 1961 to 1969.[2] Two of his maternal great-grandparents were Swiss.[3][importance?]

Early political career

In 1982, Udall ran for Congress in the newly created 3rd district, based in the state capital, Santa Fe, and including most of the north of the state. He lost the Democratic primary to Bill Richardson. In 1988, he ran for Congress again, this time in an election for the Albuquerque-based 1st district seat left open by retiring twenty-year incumbent Manuel Lujan, Jr., but narrowly lost to Bernalillo County District Attorney Steven Schiff. From 1991 to 1999 he served as Attorney General of New Mexico.[4]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

Udall ran for Congress again in 1998 in the 3rd district against incumbent Bill Redmond, who had been elected in a 1997 special election to replace Richardson. Redmond was a conservative Republican representing a heavily Democratic district, and Udall defeated Redmond with 53 percent of the vote.[5] He was reelected four more times with no substantive opposition, including an unopposed run in 2002.[citation needed]

Tenure

As a U.S. Representative, Tom Udall was a member of both the centrist New Democrat Coalition and the more liberal Congressional Progressive Caucus. He was a member of the United States House Peak oil Caucus, which he co-founded with Representative Roscoe Bartlett of Maryland.[6][7]

Committee assignments

Udall sat on the United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations in the Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies, the Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies and the Subcommittee on Legislative Branch.[citation needed]

Caucuses

He was the Co-Vice Chair of the House Native American Caucus and Co-Chair of the International Conservation Caucus.[citation needed]

U.S. Senate

Udall's official Senate portrait, 2009
Udall's official Senate portrait, 2009

Elections

In November 2007, Udall announced his run for the Senate seat held by retiring six-term incumbent Republican Pete Domenici.[8] Potential Democratic rival Albuquerque Mayor Martin Chavez dropped out, handing Udall the nomination. New Mexico's other two members of the House, 1st and 2nd district's Heather Wilson and Steve Pearce, ran in the Republican primary. Pearce won the Republican nomination, and lost to Udall, who won 61 percent of the vote.

While Udall ran for Senate in New Mexico, his younger first cousin, Congressman Mark Udall, ran for the Senate in Colorado. Their double second cousin, incumbent Gordon Smith of Oregon, also ran for reelection. Both Udalls won but Smith lost.

Tenure

He voted in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, DREAM Act,[9] American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act, and the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009.[10]

Udall was one of the first members of Congress to publicly express concern about the possibility of NSA overreach, a year before Edward Snowden's 2013 disclosure of the PRISM program.[11]

On March 25, 2019, Udall announced that he would not run for reelection in 2020.[12]

In November 2020, it was reported that Udall was being considered for Secretary of the Interior in the Biden Administration.[13]

Legislation

Tom Udall during his visit to the Navajo Nation Council Chamber in Window Rock, Arizona
Tom Udall during his visit to the Navajo Nation Council Chamber in Window Rock, Arizona

On March 19, 2013, Udall introduced into the Senate the Sandia Pueblo Settlement Technical Amendment Act (S. 611; 113th Congress), a bill that would transfer some land to the Sandia Pueblo tribe.[14][15]

Also during the 113th Congress, Udall introduced a proposed amendment to the Constitution that would reverse Citizens United and allow limits on outside spending in support of political candidates.[16][17] The Amendment won the approval of the Senate Judiciary Committee on a 10-8 vote in July 2014.[17]

In March 2015 Udall sponsored Senate bill 697, the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, a bill to amend and reauthorize the Toxic Substances Control Act.[18] The legislation, as amended, was signed into law by President Barack Obama on June 22, 2016.[19] It updated the nation's safety system for thousands of chemicals in products like cleaners, paints, carpets and furniture.[20][21] The bill initially faced criticism over the balance between federal and state authority to regulate chemicals, but after changes to the legislation, it earned broader support, including from liberal members of the Senate and the President.[22][23] It passed by a vote of 403-12 in the House and voice vote in the Senate.[24]

In March 2019, he and Rand Paul co-sponsored the bipartisan AFGHAN Service Act to compensate members of the armed forces and repeal the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists at the end of the Afghanistan withdrawal.[25][26]

Committee assignments

Udall's committee assignments included:[27]

Caucuses

Political positions

Gun law

In 2013, Udall voted for state-by-state reciprocity of concealed carry and for the names of gun owners to be protected and released only in select situations.[29] In 2016, within weeks of the Orlando nightclub shooting, he participated in a sit-in at the House to demand votes on gun control legislation, saying, "We owe it to the LGBT community & all families harmed by gun violence to keep terror suspects fr[om] obtaining guns."[30] In 2017, Udall had a "C-" rating from the National Rifle Association and a "F" rating from the Gun Owners of America for his support of gun control.[31]

Environmental issues

Udall has a lifetime score of 96% from the League of Conservation Voters.[32] In 2018 he received the Sierra Club's top award for public officials, the Edgar Wayburn Award.[33]

In September 2019, Udall was one of eight senators to sign a bipartisan letter to congressional leadership requesting full and lasting funding of the Land and Water Conservation Act to aid national parks and public lands, benefit the $887 billion American outdoor recreation economy, and "ensure much-needed investment in our public lands and continuity for the state, tribal, and non-federal partners who depend on them."[34]

In late 2019, Udall co-sponsored the Green New Deal, a policy introduced in the U.S. Senate that would establish net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.[35]

Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa

Udall and his wife meet with Governor-General Cindy Kiro (right) at Government House, Wellington to present his credentials as US ambassador on December 2, 2021
Udall and his wife meet with Governor-General Cindy Kiro (right) at Government House, Wellington to present his credentials as US ambassador on December 2, 2021

On July 16, 2021, President Joe Biden nominated Udall to serve as United States Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa.[1] On September 22, a hearing on his nomination was held before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.[36] On October 19, his nomination was reported favorably out of committee.[37] The Senate confirmed Udall by voice vote on October 26.[38]

Udall presented his credentials to the New Zealand governor-general, Dame Cindy Kiro, in Wellington on December 2, 2021.[39] On February 17, 2022, he virtually presented his credentials to the Head of State of Samoa, Afioga Tuimalealiʻifano Vaʻaletoʻa Sualauvi II.[40][41]

Electoral history

1990

New Mexico Attorney General Democratic primary election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Udall 59,676 35.95
Democratic Patricia Madrid 50,875 30.65
Democratic Dick Minzner 28,860 17.39
Democratic Patrick Apodoco 26,576 16.01
Total votes 165,987 100.00
New Mexico Attorney General election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Democratic Tom Udall 265,582 67.59
Republican William Davis 127,364 32.41
Majority 138,218 35.18
Turnout 392,946
Democratic gain from Republican
New Mexico Attorney General election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Democratic Tom Udall (Incumbent) 277,225 60.92 -6.67
Republican Donald Bruckner, Jr. 177,822 39.08 +6.67
Majority 99,403 21.84
Turnout 455,047
Democratic hold
New Mexico's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 1998
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Udall 32,533 44.03
Democratic Eric Serna 26,340 35.64
Democratic Roman Maes, III 4,382 5.93
Democratic Tony Scarborough 3,681 4.98
Democratic Carol Cloer 2,631 3.56
Democratic Patricia Lundstrom 2,580 3.49
Democratic Francesca Lobato 1,251 1.69
Democratic Eric Treisman 498 0.67
Total votes 73,896 100.00
New Mexico's 3rd congressional district election, 1998
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Democratic Tom Udall 91,248 53.16
Republican Bill Redmond (Incumbent) 74,266 43.27
Green Carol Miller 6,103 3.56
Write-in 32 0.01
Majority 16,982 9.89
Turnout 171,649 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican
New Mexico's 3rd congressional district election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Democratic Tom Udall (Incumbent) 135,040 67.18 +14.02
Republican Lisa Lutz 65,979 32.82 -10.45
Majority 69,061 34.36 +24.47
Turnout 201,019
Democratic hold
New Mexico's 3rd congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Democratic Tom Udall (Incumbent) 122,921 100.00 +32.82
Majority 122,921 100.00 +65.64
Turnout 122,921
Democratic hold
New Mexico's 3rd congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Democratic Tom Udall (Incumbent) 175,269 68.68 -31.32
Republican Gregory Tucker 79,935 31.32 +31.32
Majority 95,334 37.36 -62.64
Turnout 255,204
Democratic hold
New Mexico's 3rd congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Democratic Tom Udall (incumbent) 144,880 74.64 +5.96
Republican Ronald Dolin 49,219 25.36 -5.96
Majority 95,661 49.28 11.92
Turnout 194,099
Democratic hold

2008

Democratic Party primary results[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Udall 141,629 100.00
Total votes 141,629 100.00
General election results[43]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Tom Udall 505,128 61.33% +26.37%
Republican Steve Pearce 318,522 38.67% -26.37%
Majority 186,606 22.66% -7.43%
Turnout 823,650
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

2014

Democratic primary results[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Udall (Incumbent) 113,502 100
Total votes 113,502 100
New Mexico's US Senate Election, 2014[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Udall (Incumbent) 286,409 55.56
Republican Allen Weh 229,097 44.44
Total votes 515,506 100
Democratic hold

Personal life

Udall is married to Jill Cooper Udall. They live in Santa Fe with their daughter, Amanda Cooper. Tom Udall is the son of former Arizona Congressman and Interior Secretary Stewart Lee Udall, nephew of Arizona Congressman Morris Udall, and first cousin of former Colorado U.S. Senator Mark Udall, double second cousin of former Oregon U.S. Senator Gordon Smith,[46] and second cousin of Utah U.S. Senator Mike Lee.[47]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "President Biden Announces Seven Key Nominations" (Press release). Washington, D.C.: The White House. July 16, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  2. ^ Obituary Los Angeles Times, March 21, 2010; page A39.
  3. ^ "Thomas Stewart Udall". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  4. ^ "Ten things to know about Senate hopeful Rep. Tom Udall". Albuquerque Tribune. November 29, 2007. Archived from the original on December 24, 2007. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  5. ^ "Udall wins Redmond's New Mexico House seat". Associated Press. November 4, 1998. Archived from the original on September 7, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  6. ^ Rep. Tom Udall on resource depletion and climate change (transcript) Archived October 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Global Public Media, December 9, 2005, Post Carbon Institute
  7. ^ "Roscoe G. Bartlett". Archived from the original on September 25, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
  8. ^ Baker, Deborah (November 10, 2007). "New Mexico Rep. Tom Udall to seek Democratic nomination for Senate". Associated Press (SignOnSanDiego.com). Archived from the original on December 6, 2020. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  9. ^ "Key Votes by Tom Udall – page 2". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  10. ^ "Key Votes by Tom Udall – page 3". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  11. ^ Sargent, Greg (June 6, 2013). "We need more transparency and debate around NSA phone records program". Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  12. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (March 25, 2019). "Sen. Tom Udall won't seek a third term in 2020". Roll Call. Archived from the original on January 24, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  13. ^ "Who Are Contenders for Biden's Cabinet?". The New York Times. November 11, 2020. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  14. ^ "S. 611 – Summary". United States Congress. Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  15. ^ "Chairwoman Cantwell Holds Hearing on Tribal Resources Legislation". Tulalip News. May 10, 2013. Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  16. ^ "Senate Democrats Begin Efforts to Amend Constitution". Roll Call. June 6, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  17. ^ a b Prokop, Andrew (July 10, 2014). "A Senate committee just approved a constitutional amendment to reverse Citizens United". Vox. Archived from the original on July 11, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  18. ^ "All Bill Information (Except Text) for S.697 – Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act". Congress.gov. March 10, 2015. Archived from the original on April 13, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
  19. ^ "President Obama signs the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on January 29, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2016 – via National Archives.
  20. ^ "Congress Passes Largest Chemical Safety Legislation In 40 Years". NPR.org. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  21. ^ Korte, Gregory. "Obama signs bipartisan chemical safety bill". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  22. ^ "White House Statement of Administration Policy" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. May 23, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016 – via National Archives.
  23. ^ Eilperin, Juliet; Fears, Darryl (May 19, 2016). "Congress is overhauling an outdated law that affects nearly every product you own". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 17, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  24. ^ "Congress.gov". Congress.gov. U.S. Congress. June 22, 2016. Archived from the original on September 16, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  25. ^ "Sens. Paul and Udall Introduce Legislation to End War in Afghanistan". paul.senate.gov. March 5, 2019. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  26. ^ Britschgi, Christian (March 5, 2019). "Sens. Rand Paul, Tom Udall Introduce Bill to End the War in Afghanistan". Reason. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  27. ^ "About Tom". www.tomudall.senate.gov. Archived from the original on March 29, 2016. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
  28. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Archived from the original on October 12, 2018. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  29. ^ Weiner, Rachel (April 17, 2013). "How almost all the gun amendments failed". Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  30. ^ Melton, Tara (June 23, 2016). "New Mexico senators speak out about gun reform". Alamogordo Daily News. Archived from the original on December 6, 2020. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  31. ^ Blake, Aaron (December 17, 2012). "Where the Senate stands on guns — in one chart". Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 4, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  32. ^ "Senator Tom Udall". League of Conservation Voters. Archived from the original on October 27, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  33. ^ "Sierra Club Announces 2018 Award Winners". sierraclub.org. October 1, 2018. Archived from the original on August 9, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  34. ^ "Tester, Daines push for full funding of conservation fund". Havre Daily News. September 19, 2019. Archived from the original on September 22, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  35. ^ "S.Res.59". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  36. ^ "PN918 – Nomination of Tom Udall for Department of State, 117th Congress (2021-2022)". www.congress.gov. October 26, 2021. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  37. ^ "SFRC Approves 33 Critical Foreign Policy Nominations" (Press release). Washington, D.C.: United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. October 19, 2021. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  38. ^ Kelly, Laura (October 26, 2021). "Senate confirms four Biden ambassadors after delay". The Hill. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  39. ^ Craymer, Lucy (December 2, 2021). "US ambassador Tom Udall excited to be in New Zealand, ready to engage". Stuff. Retrieved December 5, 2021.
  40. ^ @USAmbNZ (February 17, 2022). "I was honored to present my credentials virtually today to the Samoa Head of State" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  41. ^ "Credentialing Ceremony - U.S. Ambassador Tom S. Udall". U.S. Embassy in Samoa. February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  42. ^ "Canvass of Returns of Primary Election Held on June 3, 2008 – State of New Mexico" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 14, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  43. ^ "2008 Election Statistics". Clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  44. ^ "New Mexico - Election Night Results – June 3rd, 2014". Electionresults.sos.state.nm.us. June 3, 2014. Archived from the original on December 28, 2015. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
  45. ^ "Official Results General Election – November 4, 2014". New Mexico Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  46. ^ Udall family of Arizona Archived June 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine at the Political Graveyard, Lawrence Kestenbaum, 2013
  47. ^ Lee Davidson (October 24, 2010). "Senate race: Mike Lee ready to ride Senate roller coaster". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013.

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by Attorney General of New Mexico
1991–1999
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Mexico's 3rd congressional district

1999–2009
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from New Mexico
(Class 2)

2008, 2014
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by United States Senator (Class 2) from New Mexico
2009–2021
Served alongside: Jeff Bingaman, Martin Heinrich
Succeeded by
Preceded by Ranking Member of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee
2017–2021
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by United States Ambassador to New Zealand
2021–present
Incumbent
United States Ambassador to Samoa
2022–present
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former Vice President Order of precedence of the United States
Within Samoa and New Zealand
Succeeded byas US Secretary of State
Preceded byas Former US Senator Order of precedence of the United States
Outside Samoa and New Zealand
Succeeded byas Former US Senator
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