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Lozenge (heraldry)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Escutcheon showing Argent, a lozenge gules

The lozenge in heraldry is a diamond-shaped rhombus charge (an object that can be placed on the field of the shield), usually somewhat narrower than it is tall. It is to be distinguished in modern heraldry from the fusil, which is like the lozenge but narrower, though the distinction has not always been as fine and is not always observed even today. A mascle is a voided lozenge—that is, a lozenge with a lozenge-shaped hole in the middle—and the rarer rustre is a lozenge containing a circular hole in the centre. A lozenge throughout has "four corners touching the border of the escutcheon".[1] A field covered in a pattern of lozenges is described as lozengy; similar fields of mascles are masculy, and fusils, fusily (see Variation of the field). In civic heraldry, a lozenge sable is often used in coal-mining communities to represent a lump of coal.

Ledger slab with lozenge arms of Dorothy Neville (1605–1672), Kirby Cane, Norfolk.

A lozenge-shaped escutcheon is used to depict heraldry for a female (in continental Europe especially an unmarried woman), but is also sometimes used as a shape for mural monuments in churches which commemorate females, as a shield was considered inappropriate for women who did not generally participate in combat; for the same reason, clergymen were also sometimes given oval-shaped arms.[2][3] Funerary hatchments are generally shown within lozenge shaped frames, for both male and female deceased.

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  • Intro to Heraldry: Part II - Tinctures, charges, and the blazon
  • COAT OF ARMS | | What is coat of arms? (explained)
  • Lozenge
  • How to make your own coat of arms with Drawshield, Heraldicon and Armoria

Transcription

Types

  • Lozenge: a diamond-shaped rhombus, usually somewhat narrower than it is tall
  • Lozenge throughout[4] or grand Lozenge:[4] a lozenge "with four corners touching the borders of the escutcheon".[5]
  • Fusil: a thin lozenge; very much taller than it is wide.
  • Mascle: a voided lozenge (i.e. with a largish lozenge shaped hole)
  • Rustre (very rare): a lozenge pierced (i.e. with a smallish round hole)

Lozengy

The blason Lozengy is a form of variation of the field or of another charge (for example a chevron lozengy) which consists of lozenges semée, or sown like seeds (Latin: semen, a seed), or strewn across the field, but in an organised contiguous pattern. The arms granted to the Canadian John Francis Cappucci bring an example of lozengy voided, the same as "lozengy" but with a smaller lozenge-shaped hole cut out of each segment.[6]

Examples

See also

  • Weckeler, an historical coin named after its depiction of a heraldic lozenge or lozenged shield

References

  1. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1909). A Complete Guide to Heraldry. London and Edinburgh: T. C. & E. C. Jack. p. 146.
  2. ^ "Coat-of-arms is Bishop Maurus Caruana's". Times of Malta. January 3, 2010.
  3. ^ For example the lozenge shaped monument to Arabella Morgan (1741-1828) in St Andrew's Church, High Ham, Somerset, see image File:St Andrew's Church, High Ham2.jpg
  4. ^ a b Nisbet, Alexander (1722). A System of Heraldry Speculative and Practical : with the Truc Ant of Blazon, According to the Most Approved Heralds in Europe : Illustrated with Suitable Examples of Armorial Figures, and Atchievements of the Most Considerable Svinames and Families in Scotland, Etc, Together with Historical and Genealogical Memorials Relative Thereto, Volume 1. Edinburgh: J. MackEuen. p. 208. Retrieved 22 May 2024.
  5. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1909). A Complete Guide to Heraldry. London and Edinburgh: T. C. & E. C. Jack. p. 146.
  6. ^ "Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges". 12 November 2020.

Further reading

  • Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1909). A Complete Guide to Heraldry. New York: Dodge Pub. Co.(and the more recent editions) LCCN 09-23803
  • Canadian Heraldic Authority, Public Register, with many official versions of modern coats of arms, searchable online archive.gg.ca
  • South African Bureau of Heraldry, data on registered heraldic representations (part of National Archives of South Africa); searchable online (but no illustration), national.archsrch.gov.za
  • Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, fully searchable with illustrations, civicheraldry.co.uk
  • Heraldry Society of Scotland, members' arms, fully searchable with illustrations of bearings, heraldry-scotland.com
  • Heraldry Society (England), members' arms, with illustrations of bearings, searchable online The Heraldry Society
  • Royal Heraldry Society of Canada, Members' Roll of Arms, with illustrations of bearings, searchable online Royal Heraldry Society of Canada
  • Brooke-Little, J P, Norroy and Ulster King of Arms, An heraldic alphabet (new and revised edition), Robson Books, London, 1985 (first edition 1975); very few illustrations
  • Greaves, Kevin, A Canadian Heraldic Primer, Heraldry Society of Canada, Ottawa, 2000, illustrations
  • Moncreiffe of Easter Moncreiffe, Iain, Kintyre Pursuivant of Arms, and Pottinger, Don, Herald Painter Extraordinary to the Court of the Lord Lyon King of Arms Simple Heraldry, Thomas Nelson and Sons, London and Edinburgh, 1953; illustrated
  • Friar, Stephen (ed) A New Dictionary of Heraldry Alphabooks, Sherborne, 1987; with very few illustration of attitudes
This page was last edited on 7 June 2024, at 11:07
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