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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A sea-griffin.

The sea-griffin (German: Fischgreif; Polish: rybogryf, gryf morski) is a heraldic charge in form of an aquatic griffin with the head, upper-half, wings, and talons of an eagle and the lower-half of a fish.[1]

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The coat of arms of the Puttkamer family, claimed to be related to Swienca family.

The symbol originates from the region of Lands of Schlawe and Stolp in Pomerania, Central Europe. It was used in the coat of arms of the Swienca family, which hold powerful offices in the area from 13th to 14th centuries. Following them dying out in around 1316, the area went back under the direct rule of the House of Griffin, which continued to use the sea-griffin in the regional coat of arms.[2]

The historical coat of arms of the Duchy of Pomerania, depicting a sea-griffin in one of its fields.

The sea-griffin was one of the nine charges present in the coat of arms of the Duchy of Pomerania introduced around 1530.[3][4] It was a white (silver) sea-griffin facing viewer's left and placed within a red field. It was meant to represent the island of Usedom, despite it never being used as its symbol before.[5][6][2] It is also present in the coat of arms of the Puttkamer family, which, according to some historians, is related to Swienca family, although such statement remains debated.[2][7]

Today, the sea-griffin if used in various municipal coats of arms in Pomeranian and West Pomeranian Voivodeships in northern Poland. It include the cities of Darłowo,[8] Łeba,[9] Sianów,[10] and Sławno,[11] as well as the coat of arms of the counties of Sławno,[12] and Tuchola,[13] and the gminas (municipalities) of Gniewino,[14] Potęgowo,[15] Sławno,[16] Trzebielino,[17] and Tuchomie.[18] It is also present in the coat of arms of commune of Trouville-la-Haule in Normandy, France.[19]


See also


  1. ^ Arthur Charles Fox-Davies; Graham Johnston:: A Complete Guide to Heraldry. London: Kessinger Publishing, 1909, p. 256. ISBN 1-4179-0630-8.
  2. ^ a b c Norbert Buske: Wappen, Farben und Hymnen des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Eine Erläuterung der neuen Hoheitszeichen des Landes verbunden mit einem Gang durch die Geschichte der beiden Landesteile dargestellt an der Entwicklung ihrer Wappenbilder. Mit Aufnahmen von Thomas Helms. Edition Temmen, Bremen 1993, ISBN 3-86108-202-0.
  3. ^ Encyklopedia Szczecina, vol. 1. A-O. Szczecin: University of Szczecin, 1999, p. 336. ISBN 83-87341-45-2.
  4. ^ Tadeusz Białecki: Herby miast Pomorza Zachodniego. Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Polskie Pismo i Książka, 1991, p. 10-11. ISBN 83-85360-01-8.
  5. ^ Boris Vasilyevich Köhne: Koehne's Zeitschrift für Münz-, Siegel- und Wappenkunde. E.S. Mittler, 1842. p. 239ff.
  6. ^ Hermann Grote: Münzstudien. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1862. p. 536ff.
  7. ^ Kausche, Dieter (1986). "Review of E. v. Puttkamer: Geschichte des Geschlechts v. Puttkamer, 2nd edition (1984)". Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte (122): 759–760.
  8. ^ Uchwała nr LX/462/2018 Rady Miejskiej W Darłowie z dnia 20 września 2018 r., In: Statut Miasta Darłowo. Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej.
  9. ^ "Symbole Łeby". (in Polish).
  10. ^ "Flaga i Herb". (in Polish).
  11. ^ Jan Sroka. "Herb miasta".
  12. ^ [Uchwała nr XXIV/181/2001 Rady Powiatu w Sławnie z dnia 30 sierpnia 2001 r. ws. ustanowienia herbu i flagi oraz pieczęci Powiatu Sławieńskiego (Dz. Urz. Woj. Zachodniopomorskiego z 2001 r. Nr 34, poz. 767) Uchwała nr XXIV/181/2001 Rady Powiatu w Sławnie z dnia 30 sierpnia 2001 r. ws. ustanowienia herbu i flagi oraz pieczęci Powiatu Sławieńskiego] (Dz. Urz. Woj. Zachodniopomorskiego z 2001 r. Nr 34, poz. 767).
  13. ^ Uchwałą Nr XXIX/161/2000 Rady Powiatu Tucholskiego z dnia 29 grudnia 2000 r.
  14. ^ Uchwała Nr XVI/100/91 Rady Gminy Gniewino z dnia 16 listopada 1991 roku ws. ustanowienia herbu gminy Gniewino
  15. ^ Uchwała nr VI/20/2003 Rady Gminy Potęgowo z dnia 21 lutego 2003 r. ws. Statutu Gminy Potęgowo § 6, subsection 1.
  16. ^ Uchwała nr XLII/383/2014 Rady Gminy Sławno z 17 marca 2014 w sprawie ustanowienia herbu, flagi i pieczęci Gminy Sławno oraz zasad ich stosowania. 17 March 2014.
  17. ^ "Herb".
  18. ^ [Uchwała Nr IX/103/2016 Rady Gminy Tuchomie z dnia 11 marca 2016 r. w sprawie herbu Gminy Tuchomie oraz zmian w statucie Gminy Tuchomie] (Dz. Urz. Woj. Pomorskiego z 2016 r. Nr BRAK, poz. 1362).
  19. ^ "27665 - TROUVILLE LA HAULE (Eure)". (in French).
This page was last edited on 11 August 2023, at 22:11
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