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Party of Action and Solidarity

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Party of Action and Solidarity
Partidul Acțiune și Solidaritate
AbbreviationPAS
PresidentIgor Grosu (acting)
Secretary-GeneralAndrei Spînu
FounderMaia Sandu
Founded15 May 2016; 5 years ago (2016-05-15)
HeadquartersMaria Cebotari 9/1, Chișinău
Youth wingPAS Youth
Membership (2020)13,000
IdeologyLiberalism[1][2]
Pro-Europeanism[3][4]
Political positionCentre-right[5][6][7]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party (observer)
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union (observer)
Colours    Yellow and black
Slogan"It's time for good people" (Romanian: E vremea oamenilor buni)
Parliament
63 / 101
District Presidents
1 / 32
Website
unpaspentru.md

The Party of Action and Solidarity (Romanian: Partidul Acțiune și Solidaritate, PAS) is a centre-right,[8][9][10][11] liberal,[1][2] and pro-European political party in Moldova. The PAS was founded by Maia Sandu, the former Minister of Education and current President of Moldova. The party is an observer of the European People's Party[12] and International Democrat Union.[13]

History

Formation

The party was created amid the 2015–2016 protests in Moldova and growing dissatisfaction with the ruling parties among citizens. On 23 December 2015, Maia Sandu posted a YouTube video in which she announced her intention to form a new political party. Her stated reason for doing so was the creation of a grassroots party, that would function based on the principles of internal democracy and would be financed through small donations.[14] Sandu was elected as leader of the PAS on 15 May 2016 and the party was officially registered by the Ministry of Justice on 26 May. At the time of registration, the party had 7,500 members and 20 local organizations.[15] In February 2017, the party applied for membership of the European People's Party.[16]

In coalition government: June 2019–November 2019

In the 2019 Moldovan parliamentary election, the PAS and the Dignity and Truth Platform Party formed the NOW Platform electoral alliance, which gathered 26.8% of the votes. After the alliance split into two separate parliamentary groups, the PAS ended up with 15 seats. On 6 June, the Party announced that it was ready to form a coalition government with the pro-Russian Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) with the goal of freeing state institutions, which in their opinion were under oligarchic control. After the coalition was formed, PSRM leader Zinaida Greceanîi was elected as Speaker of the Parliament and the Sandu Cabinet was inaugurated.[17] Largely because of the significant ideological differences between the ruling parties, the government only lasted for five months and was ousted on 12 November after the PSRM and the Democratic Party of Moldova voted in favor of a motion of no confidence.[18]

In opposition: November 2019–present

After the ousting of the Sandu cabinet, the PAS has been in opposition. In the 2020 Moldovan presidential election, the party's candidate and leader Maia Sandu was elected as President of Moldova. According to Moldovan law, the president cannot be a member of a political party which resulted in Sandu resigning from the office of party president and renouncing her party membership. Until the next party congress, the post of PAS president is held by first vice president Igor Grosu on an interim basis.[19]

Political positions

Economic policies

According to its program, the PAS supports the idea of an economy based on private initiative and is in favor of a significant reduction of bureaucracy in all stages of business.[20] In the 2020 Moldovan presidential election campaign, the party's candidate Maia Sandu proposed raising the minimum pension to 2,000 lei (around 117 USD).[21]

Foreign policy

The PAS supports the integration of Moldova into the European Union, establishing a strategic partnership with the United States and maintaining a normal and non-confrontational relationship with Russia. The party supports strengthening Moldova's relationship with Romania but does not explicitly endorse the unification of Romania and Moldova.[20][22]

Leadership

Name
Image Term start Term end Duration
1 Maia Sandu
Maia Sandu (2019) II.jpg
15 May 2016 10 December 2020 4 years, 6 months and 25 days
2 Igor Grosu
(acting)
Igor Grosu (cropped).jpg
10 December 2020 Incumbent 7 months and 21 days

Election results

Parliament
Election Leader Performance Rank Government
Votes % ± pp Seats +/–
2019 Maia Sandu 380,181
26.84%
(ACUM)[a]
New
15 / 101
New 3rd Coalition (ACUM (PASPPPDA)PSRM)
Opposition (PSRMPDM)
2021 Igor Grosu 774,754
52.80%
Increase 25.96
63 / 101
Increase 48 1st Majority government
President
Election Candidate First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
2016 Maia Sandu 549,152
38.71%
766,593
47.89%
Lost Red XN
2020 Maia Sandu 487,635
36.16%
943,006
57.72%
Elected Green tickY
  1. ^ NOW Platform DA and PAS won 26 seats of which 15 went to the PAS and 11 to the PPPDA.

References

  1. ^ a b "Program-PAS" (PDF). unpaspentru.md. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Moldova". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Moldova election: Pro-EU candidate Maia Sandu wins presidency". BBC News. Politico. 16 November 2020. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Pro-EU Sandu becomes Moldova's president". Politico. 16 November 2020. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  5. ^ Tidey, Alice (16 November 2020). "Moldova: Pro-western Maia Sandu won the presidency, but the battle for power is only just beginning". EuroNews. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  6. ^ Necșuțu, Mădălin. "Pro-European Maia Sandu Wins First Round of Moldova Election". EuroNews. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  7. ^ Milheiro, Karine (21 October 2016). "EPP Presidency: Maia Sandu is the change Moldova needs (EN+RO)". EPP. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Moldovan leader dissolves parliament, sets July elections". France 24. 2021-04-28. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  9. ^ Party, EPP-European People's. "EPP Presidency: Maia Sandu is the change Moldova needs (EN+RO)". EPP - European People's Party. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  10. ^ "Pro-European Maia Sandu Wins First Round of Moldova Election". Balkan Insight. 2020-11-02. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  11. ^ Tidey, Alice (2020-11-16). "Moldova: Sandu is president, but the battle for power has only begun". euronews. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  12. ^ "EPP - European People's Party".
  13. ^ https://www.idu.org/members/
  14. ^ "(ȘTIREA ZILEI) Maia Sandu anunță formarea unei MIȘCĂRI pentru crearea unui nou partid politic". timpul.md (in Romanian). 23 December 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  15. ^ "(doc) Partidul Acțiune și Solidaritate/PAS a fost înregistrat oficial la Ministerul Justiției". diez.md (in Romanian). 26 May 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  16. ^ Olaf Wientzek (2019). The European People's Party and the East: Party Cooperation in Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. Nomos Verlag. p. 54. ISBN 978-3-7489-0401-4.
  17. ^ "Distopie politică la Chișinău. PAS acceptă colaborarea cu PSRM". dw.com (in Romanian). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Moldovan parliament approves Ion Chicu as new prime minister". reuters.com. 14 November 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Maia Sandu leaves PAS". ipn.md. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  20. ^ a b "THE PROGRAM OF THE POLITICAL PARTY "ACTION AND SOLIDARITY PARTY" (PAS)" (PDF). 15 May 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  21. ^ "Program". Maia Sandu Președinte 2020 (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  22. ^ "STATUTUL PARTIDULUI POLITIC "PARTIDUL ACŢIUNE ŞI SOLIDARITATE" (PAS)" (PDF) (in Romanian). 15 May 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
This page was last edited on 31 July 2021, at 22:06
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