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Georgetown Loop Railroad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Georgetown Loop Railroad
Georgetown Loop, c. 1885.jpg
Train on the Georgetown Loop Railroad, about 1885.
LocaleGeorgetown, Colorado
TerminusSilver Plume, Colorado
Commercial operations
Original gauge3 ft (914 mm)
Preserved operations
Owned byColorado Historical Society
Operated byHistoric Rail Adventures, LLC[1]</ref>
Reporting markGLRX
Length4.5 mi (7.2 km)
Preserved gauge3 ft (914 mm)
Commercial history
Opened1877
Closed1938
Preservation history
1984Reopened
Georgetown Loop Railroad
Nearest citySilver Plume, Colorado
Built1877
NRHP reference No.70000909[2]
CSRHP No.5CC.9
Added to NRHPDecember 18, 1970
{{{events1}}}
Train crossing the new High Bridge of the Georgetown Loop in 2002. Engine is a Shay locomotive.
Train crossing the new High Bridge of the Georgetown Loop in 2002. Engine is a Shay locomotive.

The Georgetown Loop Railroad is a 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge United States heritage railroad located in the Rocky Mountains in Clear Creek County, adjacent to Interstate 70 in Colorado.

This tourist train runs between the communities of Georgetown and Silver Plume, a distance of 2 miles (3.2 km). The route is 4.5 miles (7.2 km) long and ascends an elevation of 640 feet (195.1 m) through mountainous terrain along with trestles, cuts, fills, and a grand loop.[3][4]

The railroad is situated near I-70, with Silver Plume Depot sitting adjacent to the eastbound on-ramp. Just east of Silver Plume on I-70 there is a parking area named Georgetown Loop Overlook providing scenic views to motorists. The Clear Creek Greenway Trail access road connects Silver Plume Depot, Georgetown Loop Overlook, and the Devil's Gate Station near Georgetown. This trail is accessible to bicyclists and hikers.

History

The Georgetown Loop Railroad was one of Colorado's first visitor attractions. This spectacular stretch of 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge railroad, built by the Georgetown, Breckenridge and Leadville Railway,[5][6] was completed in 1884 and considered an engineering marvel for its time. The thriving mining towns of Georgetown and Silver Plume lie 2 miles (3.2 km) apart in the steep, narrow canyon of Clear Creek in the Rocky Mountains west of Denver. Engineers designed a corkscrew route that traveled nearly twice that distance to connect them, slowly gaining more than 600 feet (183 m) in elevation. The route included horseshoe curves, grades of up to 4%, and four bridges across Clear Creek, including the massive Devil's Gate High Bridge.

The Georgetown, Breckenridge, and Leadville Railroad had been formed in 1881 under the Union Pacific Railroad.[7] The Loop portion of the line was the crowning segment of the line, crossing the top of the gorge on a 95-foot (29 m) high trestle.

Originally part of the larger line of the Colorado Central Railroad constructed in the 1870s and 1880s, in the wake of the Colorado Gold Rush, this line was also used extensively during the silver boom of the 1880s to haul silver ore from the mines at Silver Plume. In 1893, the Colorado and Southern Railway took over the line and operated it for passengers and freight until 1938.

Between 1906 and 1918, the Georgetown Loop connected with the Argentine Central Railway in Silver Plume, by which tourists could continue onward to the summit of Mount McClellan. Prior to 1916, the Argentine Central also served several large silver mines on the east side of Argentine Pass.

The line was dismantled in 1939, but was restored in the 1980s to operate during summer months as a tourist railroad, carrying passengers using historic 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge steam locomotives.

Rebuilding

In 1959, the centennial year of the discovery of gold in Georgetown, the Georgetown Loop Historic Mining & Railroad Park was formed by the Colorado Historical Society.[8] The Colorado Historical Society's chairman negotiated a donation of mining claims and mills, and nearly 100 acres (40 ha) of land.

Interest in restoration of the Loop segment as a tourist attraction in the 1970s led to reopening of the segment. Rail line construction began in 1973 with track and ties donated by the Union Pacific Railroad, and a new high bridge was built to the same specifications as the original. The 3-mile (4.8 km) restored segment, opened on March 10, 1984, is at the upper end of the historic Colorado Central main line up Clear Creek Canyon west of Golden. The Georgetown Loop Railroad climbs approximately 640 feet (195 m) between the two towns using 3 miles of track. Passengers can board the train at depots located in Silver Plume and Devils Gate 3/4 of a mile west of Georgetown.

The train ride includes an optional walking tour of the Lebanon Silver Mine, located at the halfway point on the railroad, where visitors can walk 500 feet (150 m) into a mine tunnel bored in the 1870s, with guides pointing out once-rich veins of silver and relating the history of the mine.

Operational Troubles and Recovery

The Loop operated continuously without major issues for 30 years from its rebuilding date until 2004, when contract negotiations between the Colorado Historical Society and the Loop's operator - Georgetown Loop Railroad, Inc. - broke down.[9] GLR rejected the new contract demands and the CHS began seeking out new bids, eventually rewarding Railstar, Inc. with a 10-year management contract. GLR owned all of the original equipment being used on the Loop and moved it all to the Colorado Railroad Museum for storage, leaving Railstar to purchase new equipment to use since they didn't own any narrow-gauge rolling stock at the time they accepted the new contract.[9] The Loop became plagued with problems after the Railstar takeover, including a lack of steam locomotives, derailments that resulted in Federal Railroad Administration investigation, and unreliable equipment that would often break down and leave the railroad closed for days at a time during peak tourist season. At its lowest point, annual Loop ridership under Railstar fell from 130,000 riders per year to 51,000 riders per year.[1] This left both local businesses and railroad enthusiasts very displeased with the state of the railroad.

A particular incident that helped shape the unfavorable perception of the Railstar operation occurred in 2006, when an attempt was made to restore Colorado and Southern Railway steam locomotive #9 to operation on the Loop. The restoration was successful, but Railstar mismanaged the operation of the small locomotive when it came back to them, ultimately resulting in severe damage which sent #9 back to static display.[10][11]

In 2009, the Colorado Historical Society decided to terminate the contract with Railstar and award the remaining time to a new operator, run by a local Georgetown businessman. He founded a new company to handle the operations called Historic Rail Adventures LLC,[1] which still operates the Georgetown Loop today.[citation needed] Operations and public relations under HRA have improved greatly, including the return of three operational steam engines and increased reliability and ridership.[12][better source needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Neligh, Ian (20 May 2009). "Railstar replaced as Loop operator: Local businessman takes over railroad". Clear Creek Courant. georgetowncolorado.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  3. ^ "Georgetown Look Historic Mining and Railroad Park". History Colorado. History Colorado, the Colorado Historical Society. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  4. ^ Trains May 2007 p 56
  5. ^ Ayres, John (August 13, 1976). "Supper Table Talk". The Port Arthur News. Port Arthur, Texas. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  6. ^ "No. 44 Chugs Its Riders Along Rocky Mountains". The Indianapolis News. Indianapolis, Indiana. August 13, 1977. p. 37 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  7. ^ Colorado Historical Society: Colorado Timeline
  8. ^ Colorado Historical Society
  9. ^ a b "End of the Line for the Georgetown Loop - (Why Is The Loop Closing?)". www.drgw.net. Retrieved 2019-07-04.
  10. ^ "Colorado & Southern #9". Trainorders.com Discussion. Retrieved 2019-07-04.
  11. ^ "C&S 2-6-0 #9 Status Update - 10-Jan-2010". www.drgw.net. Retrieved 2019-07-04.
  12. ^ "Railway Preservation News • View topic - Georgetown Loop in 2019?". www.rypn.org. Retrieved 2019-07-04.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 December 2021, at 10:59
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